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/* Necessary includes for device drivers */
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h> /* printk() */
#include <linux/slab.h> /* kmalloc() */
#include <linux/fs.h> /* everything... */
#include <linux/errno.h> /* error codes */
#include <linux/types.h> /* size_t */
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h> /* O_ACCMODE */
#include <asm/uaccess.h> /* copy_from/to_user */
MODULE_LICENSE("Dual BSD/GPL");
/* Declaration of memory.c functions */
int memory_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp);
int memory_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp);
ssize_t memory_read(struct file *filp, char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *f_pos);
ssize_t memory_write(struct file *filp, char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *f_pos);
void memory_exit(void);
int memory_init(void);
/* Structure that declares the usual file */
/* access functions */
struct file_operations memory_fops = {
read: memory_read,
write: memory_write,
open: memory_open,
release: memory_release
};
/* Declaration of the init and exit functions */
module_init(memory_init);
module_exit(memory_exit);
/* Global variables of the driver */
/* Major number */
int memory_major = 60;
/* Buffer to store data */
char *memory_buffer;
//init
int memory_init(void) {
int result;
/* Registering device */
result = register_chrdev(memory_major, "memory", &memory_fops);
if (result < 0) {
printk(
"<1>memory: cannot obtain major number %d\n", memory_major);
return result;
}
/* Allocating memory for the buffer */
memory_buffer = kmalloc(1, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!memory_buffer) {
result = -ENOMEM;
goto fail;
}
memset(memory_buffer, 0, 1);
printk("<1>Inserting memory module\n");
return 0;
fail:
memory_exit();
return result;
}
//remove
void memory_exit(void) {
/* Freeing the major number */
unregister_chrdev(memory_major, "memory");
/* Freeing buffer memory */
if (memory_buffer) {
kfree(memory_buffer);
}
printk("<1>Removing memory module\n");
}
//open
int memory_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) {
/* Success */
return 0;
}
//release
int memory_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) {
/* Success */
return 0;
}
//read
ssize_t memory_read(struct file *filp, char *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *f_pos) {
/* Transfering data to user space */
copy_to_user(buf,memory_buffer,1);
/* Changing reading position as best suits */
if (*f_pos == 0) {
*f_pos+=1;
return 1;
} else {
return 0;
}
}
//write
ssize_t memory_write( struct file *filp, char *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *f_pos) {
char *tmp;
tmp=buf+count-1;
copy_from_user(memory_buffer,tmp,1);
return 1;
}