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"""A tornado based IPython notebook server.
* Brian Granger
# Copyright (C) 2008-2011 The IPython Development Team
# Distributed under the terms of the BSD License. The full license is in
# the file COPYING, distributed as part of this software.
# Imports
import errno
import logging
import os
import signal
import socket
import sys
import webbrowser
import zmq
# Install the pyzmq ioloop. This has to be done before anything else from
# tornado is imported.
from zmq.eventloop import ioloop
import tornado.ioloop
tornado.ioloop.IOLoop = ioloop.IOLoop
from tornado import httpserver
from tornado import web
from .kernelmanager import MappingKernelManager
from .handlers import (LoginHandler,
NBBrowserHandler, NewHandler, NamedNotebookHandler,
MainKernelHandler, KernelHandler, KernelActionHandler, IOPubHandler,
ShellHandler, NotebookRootHandler, NotebookHandler, RSTHandler
from .notebookmanager import NotebookManager
from IPython.core.application import BaseIPythonApplication
from IPython.core.profiledir import ProfileDir
from IPython.zmq.session import Session, default_secure
from IPython.zmq.zmqshell import ZMQInteractiveShell
from IPython.zmq.ipkernel import (
flags as ipkernel_flags,
aliases as ipkernel_aliases,
from IPython.utils.traitlets import Dict, Unicode, Int, List, Enum, Bool
# Module globals
_kernel_id_regex = r"(?P<kernel_id>\w+-\w+-\w+-\w+-\w+)"
_kernel_action_regex = r"(?P<action>restart|interrupt)"
_notebook_id_regex = r"(?P<notebook_id>\w+-\w+-\w+-\w+-\w+)"
_examples = """
ipython notebook # start the notebook
ipython notebook --profile=sympy # use the sympy profile
ipython notebook --pylab=inline # pylab in inline plotting mode
ipython notebook --certfile=mycert.pem # use SSL/TLS certificate
ipython notebook --port=5555 --ip=* # Listen on port 5555, all interfaces
# The Tornado web application
class NotebookWebApplication(web.Application):
def __init__(self, ipython_app, kernel_manager, notebook_manager, log):
handlers = [
(r"/", NBBrowserHandler),
(r"/login", LoginHandler),
(r"/new", NewHandler),
(r"/%s" % _notebook_id_regex, NamedNotebookHandler),
(r"/kernels", MainKernelHandler),
(r"/kernels/%s" % _kernel_id_regex, KernelHandler),
(r"/kernels/%s/%s" % (_kernel_id_regex, _kernel_action_regex), KernelActionHandler),
(r"/kernels/%s/iopub" % _kernel_id_regex, IOPubHandler),
(r"/kernels/%s/shell" % _kernel_id_regex, ShellHandler),
(r"/notebooks", NotebookRootHandler),
(r"/notebooks/%s" % _notebook_id_regex, NotebookHandler),
(r"/rstservice/render", RSTHandler)
settings = dict(
template_path=os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), "templates"),
static_path=os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), "static"),
web.Application.__init__(self, handlers, **settings)
self.kernel_manager = kernel_manager
self.log = log
self.notebook_manager = notebook_manager
self.ipython_app = ipython_app
# Aliases and Flags
flags = dict(ipkernel_flags)
{'IPythonNotebookApp' : {'open_browser' : False}},
"Don't open the notebook in a browser after startup."
# the flags that are specific to the frontend
# these must be scrubbed before being passed to the kernel,
# or it will raise an error on unrecognized flags
notebook_flags = ['no-browser']
aliases = dict(ipkernel_aliases)
'ip': 'IPythonNotebookApp.ip',
'port': 'IPythonNotebookApp.port',
'keyfile': 'IPythonNotebookApp.keyfile',
'certfile': 'IPythonNotebookApp.certfile',
'ws-hostname': 'IPythonNotebookApp.ws_hostname',
'notebook-dir': 'NotebookManager.notebook_dir',
# remove ipkernel flags that are singletons, and don't make sense in
# multi-kernel evironment:
aliases.pop('f', None)
notebook_aliases = [u'port', u'ip', u'keyfile', u'certfile', u'ws-hostname',
# IPythonNotebookApp
class IPythonNotebookApp(BaseIPythonApplication):
name = 'ipython-notebook'
description = """
The IPython HTML Notebook.
This launches a Tornado based HTML Notebook Server that serves up an
HTML5/Javascript Notebook client.
examples = _examples
classes = [IPKernelApp, ZMQInteractiveShell, ProfileDir, Session,
MappingKernelManager, NotebookManager]
flags = Dict(flags)
aliases = Dict(aliases)
kernel_argv = List(Unicode)
log_level = Enum((0,10,20,30,40,50,'DEBUG','INFO','WARN','ERROR','CRITICAL'),
help="Set the log level by value or name.")
# Network related information.
ip = Unicode(LOCALHOST, config=True,
help="The IP address the notebook server will listen on."
def _ip_changed(self, name, old, new):
if new == u'*': self.ip = u''
port = Int(8888, config=True,
help="The port the notebook server will listen on."
ws_hostname = Unicode(LOCALHOST, config=True,
help="""The FQDN or IP for WebSocket connections. The default will work
fine when the server is listening on localhost, but this needs to
be set if the ip option is used. It will be used as the hostname part
of the WebSocket url: ws://hostname/path."""
certfile = Unicode(u'', config=True,
help="""The full path to an SSL/TLS certificate file."""
keyfile = Unicode(u'', config=True,
help="""The full path to a private key file for usage with SSL/TLS."""
password = Unicode(u'', config=True,
help="""Password to use for web authentication"""
open_browser = Bool(True, config=True,
help="Whether to open in a browser after starting.")
def get_ws_url(self):
"""Return the WebSocket URL for this server."""
if self.certfile:
prefix = u'wss://'
prefix = u'ws://'
return prefix + self.ws_hostname + u':' + unicode(self.port)
def parse_command_line(self, argv=None):
super(IPythonNotebookApp, self).parse_command_line(argv)
if argv is None:
argv = sys.argv[1:]
self.kernel_argv = list(argv) # copy
# Kernel should inherit default config file from frontend
# Scrub frontend-specific flags
for a in argv:
if a.startswith('-') and a.lstrip('-') in notebook_flags:
swallow_next = False
for a in argv:
if swallow_next:
swallow_next = False
if a.startswith('-'):
split = a.lstrip('-').split('=')
alias = split[0]
if alias in notebook_aliases:
if len(split) == 1:
# alias passed with arg via space
swallow_next = True
def init_configurables(self):
# Don't let Qt or ZMQ swallow KeyboardInterupts.
signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, signal.SIG_DFL)
# force Session default to be secure
# Create a KernelManager and start a kernel.
self.kernel_manager = MappingKernelManager(
config=self.config, log=self.log, kernel_argv=self.kernel_argv,
connection_dir = self.profile_dir.security_dir,
self.notebook_manager = NotebookManager(config=self.config, log=self.log)
def init_logging(self):
super(IPythonNotebookApp, self).init_logging()
# This prevents double log messages because tornado use a root logger that
# self.log is a child of. The logging module dipatches log messages to a log
# and all of its ancenstors until propagate is set to False.
self.log.propagate = False
def initialize(self, argv=None):
super(IPythonNotebookApp, self).initialize(argv)
self.web_app = NotebookWebApplication(
self, self.kernel_manager, self.notebook_manager, self.log
if self.certfile:
ssl_options = dict(certfile=self.certfile)
if self.keyfile:
ssl_options['keyfile'] = self.keyfile
ssl_options = None
self.web_app.password = self.password
self.http_server = httpserver.HTTPServer(self.web_app, ssl_options=ssl_options)
if ssl_options is None and not self.ip:
self.log.critical('WARNING: the notebook server is listening on all IP addresses '
'but not using any encryption or authentication. This is highly '
'insecure and not recommended.')
# Try random ports centered around the default.
from random import randint
n = 50 # Max number of attempts, keep reasonably large.
for port in [self.port] + [self.port + randint(-2*n, 2*n) for i in range(n)]:
self.http_server.listen(port, self.ip)
except socket.error, e:
if e.errno != errno.EADDRINUSE:
raise'The port %i is already in use, trying another random port.' % port)
self.port = port
def start(self):
ip = self.ip if self.ip else '[all ip addresses on your system]'
proto = 'https' if self.certfile else 'http'"The IPython Notebook is running at: %s://%s:%i" % (proto,
if self.open_browser:
ip = self.ip or ''"%s://%s:%i" % (proto, ip, self.port), new=2)
# Main entry point
def launch_new_instance():
app = IPythonNotebookApp()
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