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#############
# Explenation for the new keep_order parameter:
# keep_order can accept the numbers 1 or 2, in which case it will make sure the resulting merged data.frame will be ordered according to the original order of rows of the data.frame entered to x (if keep_order=1) or to y (if keep_order=2). If keep_order is missing, merge will continue working as usual. If keep_order gets some input other then 1 or 2, it will issue a warning that it doesn't accept these values, but will continue working as merge normally would. Notice that the parameter "sort" is practically overridden when using keep_order (with the value 1 or 2).
# an example is offered at the end of this code chunk
merge.data.frame <- function (x, y, by = intersect(names(x), names(y)), by.x = by,
by.y = by, all = FALSE, all.x = all, all.y = all, sort = TRUE,
suffixes = c(".x", ".y"), incomparables = NULL, keep_order, ...)
{
# if we use the "keep_order" parameter, we might need to modify either the x or y data.frame objects: (either by placing 1 or "x", or by placing 2 or "y")
if(!missing(keep_order))
{
# some functions we will use soon:
add.id.column.to.data <- function(DATA)
{
data.frame(DATA, id... = seq_len(nrow(DATA)))
}
# example:
# add.id.column.to.data(data.frame(x = rnorm(5), x2 = rnorm(5)))
order.by.id...and.remove.it <- function(DATA)
{
# gets in a data.frame with the "id..." column. Orders by it and returns it
if(!any(colnames(DATA)=="id..."))
{
warning("The function order.by.id...and.remove.it is useful only for data.frame objects that includes the 'id...' order column")
return(DATA)
}
ss_r <- order(DATA$id...)
ss_c <- colnames(DATA) != "id..."
DATA[ss_r, ss_c]
}
# example:
# set.seed(3424)
# x <- data.frame(x = rnorm(5), x2 = rnorm(5))
# x2 <- add.id.column.to.data(x)[c(1,4,2,5,3),]
# x2
# order.by.id...and.remove.it(x2)
if(keep_order == "x") keep_order <- 1
if(keep_order == "y") keep_order <- 2
if(keep_order == 1) x<-add.id.column.to.data(x)
if(keep_order == 2) y<-add.id.column.to.data(y)
# if you didn't get 1 or 2 - issue a warning:
if(!(any(keep_order == c(1,2)) )) warning("The parameter 'keep_order' in the function merge.data.frame only accepts the values 1 (for the x data.frame) or 2 (for the y data.frame)")
# sort <- FALSE
# notice that if sort was TRUE, using the keep_order parameter will eventually override it...
}
fix.by <- function(by, df) {
if (is.null(by))
by <- numeric()
by <- as.vector(by)
nc <- ncol(df)
if (is.character(by))
by <- match(by, c("row.names", names(df))) - 1L
else if (is.numeric(by)) {
if (any(by < 0L) || any(by > nc))
stop("'by' must match numbers of columns")
}
else if (is.logical(by)) {
if (length(by) != nc)
stop("'by' must match number of columns")
by <- seq_along(by)[by]
}
else stop("'by' must specify column(s) as numbers, names or logical")
if (any(is.na(by)))
stop("'by' must specify valid column(s)")
unique(by)
}
nx <- nrow(x <- as.data.frame(x))
ny <- nrow(y <- as.data.frame(y))
by.x <- fix.by(by.x, x)
by.y <- fix.by(by.y, y)
if ((l.b <- length(by.x)) != length(by.y))
stop("'by.x' and 'by.y' specify different numbers of columns")
if (l.b == 0L) {
nm <- nm.x <- names(x)
nm.y <- names(y)
has.common.nms <- any(cnm <- nm.x %in% nm.y)
if (has.common.nms) {
names(x)[cnm] <- paste(nm.x[cnm], suffixes[1L], sep = "")
cnm <- nm.y %in% nm
names(y)[cnm] <- paste(nm.y[cnm], suffixes[2L], sep = "")
}
if (nx == 0L || ny == 0L) {
res <- cbind(x[FALSE, ], y[FALSE, ])
}
else {
ij <- expand.grid(seq_len(nx), seq_len(ny))
res <- cbind(x[ij[, 1L], , drop = FALSE], y[ij[,
2L], , drop = FALSE])
}
}
else {
if (any(by.x == 0L)) {
x <- cbind(Row.names = I(row.names(x)), x)
by.x <- by.x + 1L
}
if (any(by.y == 0L)) {
y <- cbind(Row.names = I(row.names(y)), y)
by.y <- by.y + 1L
}
row.names(x) <- NULL
row.names(y) <- NULL
if (l.b == 1L) {
bx <- x[, by.x]
if (is.factor(bx))
bx <- as.character(bx)
by <- y[, by.y]
if (is.factor(by))
by <- as.character(by)
}
else {
bx <- x[, by.x, drop = FALSE]
by <- y[, by.y, drop = FALSE]
names(bx) <- names(by) <- paste("V", seq_len(ncol(bx)),
sep = "")
bz <- do.call("paste", c(rbind(bx, by), sep = "\r"))
bx <- bz[seq_len(nx)]
by <- bz[nx + seq_len(ny)]
}
comm <- match(bx, by, 0L)
bxy <- bx[comm > 0L]
xinds <- match(bx, bxy, 0L, incomparables)
yinds <- match(by, bxy, 0L, incomparables)
if (nx > 0L && ny > 0L)
m <- .Internal(merge(xinds, yinds, all.x, all.y))
else m <- list(xi = integer(), yi = integer(), x.alone = seq_len(nx),
y.alone = seq_len(ny))
nm <- nm.x <- names(x)[-by.x]
nm.by <- names(x)[by.x]
nm.y <- names(y)[-by.y]
ncx <- ncol(x)
if (all.x)
all.x <- (nxx <- length(m$x.alone)) > 0L
if (all.y)
all.y <- (nyy <- length(m$y.alone)) > 0L
lxy <- length(m$xi)
has.common.nms <- any(cnm <- nm.x %in% nm.y)
if (has.common.nms)
nm.x[cnm] <- paste(nm.x[cnm], suffixes[1L], sep = "")
x <- x[c(m$xi, if (all.x) m$x.alone), c(by.x, seq_len(ncx)[-by.x]),
drop = FALSE]
names(x) <- c(nm.by, nm.x)
if (all.y) {
ya <- y[m$y.alone, by.y, drop = FALSE]
names(ya) <- nm.by
ya <- cbind(ya, x[rep.int(NA_integer_, nyy), nm.x,
drop = FALSE])
x <- rbind(x, ya)
}
if (has.common.nms) {
cnm <- nm.y %in% nm
nm.y[cnm] <- paste(nm.y[cnm], suffixes[2L], sep = "")
}
y <- y[c(m$yi, if (all.x) rep.int(1L, nxx), if (all.y) m$y.alone),
-by.y, drop = FALSE]
if (all.x)
for (i in seq_along(y)) is.na(y[[i]]) <- (lxy + 1L):(lxy +
nxx)
if (has.common.nms)
names(y) <- nm.y
res <- cbind(x, y)
if (sort)
res <- res[if (all.x || all.y)
do.call("order", x[, seq_len(l.b), drop = FALSE])
else sort.list(bx[m$xi]), , drop = FALSE]
}
attr(res, "row.names") <- .set_row_names(nrow(res))
if(!missing(keep_order) && any(keep_order == c(1,2))) return(order.by.id...and.remove.it(res))
# notice how it is essential to use && here, since if the first argument is false, it will not be possible to evaluate the second argument
res
}
if(F) # example
{
merge( x.labels, x.vals, by='ref', all.y = T, sort=F )
merge( x.labels, x.vals, by='ref', all.y = T, sort=F ,keep_order = 2) # yay - works as we wanted it to...
}
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