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# Copyright 2017 The TensorFlow Authors. All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
# ==============================================================================
r"""Convert raw PASCAL dataset to TFRecord for object_detection.
Example usage:
python object_detection/dataset_tools/create_pascal_tf_record.py \
--data_dir=/home/user/VOCdevkit \
--year=VOC2012 \
--output_path=/home/user/pascal.record
"""
from __future__ import absolute_import
from __future__ import division
from __future__ import print_function
import hashlib
import io
import logging
import os
from lxml import etree
import PIL.Image
import tensorflow as tf
from object_detection.utils import dataset_util
from object_detection.utils import label_map_util
flags = tf.app.flags
flags.DEFINE_string('data_dir', '', 'Root directory to raw PASCAL VOC dataset.')
flags.DEFINE_string('set', 'train', 'Convert training set, validation set or '
'merged set.')
flags.DEFINE_string('annotations_dir', 'Annotations',
'(Relative) path to annotations directory.')
flags.DEFINE_string('year', 'VOC2007', 'Desired challenge year.')
flags.DEFINE_string('output_path', '', 'Path to output TFRecord')
flags.DEFINE_string('label_map_path', 'data/pascal_label_map.pbtxt',
'Path to label map proto')
flags.DEFINE_boolean('ignore_difficult_instances', False, 'Whether to ignore '
'difficult instances')
FLAGS = flags.FLAGS
SETS = ['train', 'val', 'trainval', 'test']
YEARS = ['VOC2007', 'VOC2012', 'merged']
def dict_to_tf_example(data,
dataset_directory,
label_map_dict,
ignore_difficult_instances=False,
image_subdirectory='JPEGImages'):
"""Convert XML derived dict to tf.Example proto.
Notice that this function normalizes the bounding box coordinates provided
by the raw data.
Args:
data: dict holding PASCAL XML fields for a single image (obtained by
running dataset_util.recursive_parse_xml_to_dict)
dataset_directory: Path to root directory holding PASCAL dataset
label_map_dict: A map from string label names to integers ids.
ignore_difficult_instances: Whether to skip difficult instances in the
dataset (default: False).
image_subdirectory: String specifying subdirectory within the
PASCAL dataset directory holding the actual image data.
Returns:
example: The converted tf.Example.
Raises:
ValueError: if the image pointed to by data['filename'] is not a valid JPEG
"""
img_path = os.path.join(data['folder'], image_subdirectory, data['filename'])
full_path = os.path.join(dataset_directory, img_path)
with tf.gfile.GFile(full_path, 'rb') as fid:
encoded_jpg = fid.read()
encoded_jpg_io = io.BytesIO(encoded_jpg)
image = PIL.Image.open(encoded_jpg_io)
if image.format != 'JPEG':
raise ValueError('Image format not JPEG')
key = hashlib.sha256(encoded_jpg).hexdigest()
width = int(data['size']['width'])
height = int(data['size']['height'])
xmin = []
ymin = []
xmax = []
ymax = []
classes = []
classes_text = []
truncated = []
poses = []
difficult_obj = []
if 'object' in data:
for obj in data['object']:
difficult = bool(int(obj['difficult']))
if ignore_difficult_instances and difficult:
continue
difficult_obj.append(int(difficult))
xmin.append(float(obj['bndbox']['xmin']) / width)
ymin.append(float(obj['bndbox']['ymin']) / height)
xmax.append(float(obj['bndbox']['xmax']) / width)
ymax.append(float(obj['bndbox']['ymax']) / height)
classes_text.append(obj['name'].encode('utf8'))
classes.append(label_map_dict[obj['name']])
truncated.append(int(obj['truncated']))
poses.append(obj['pose'].encode('utf8'))
example = tf.train.Example(features=tf.train.Features(feature={
'image/height': dataset_util.int64_feature(height),
'image/width': dataset_util.int64_feature(width),
'image/filename': dataset_util.bytes_feature(
data['filename'].encode('utf8')),
'image/source_id': dataset_util.bytes_feature(
data['filename'].encode('utf8')),
'image/key/sha256': dataset_util.bytes_feature(key.encode('utf8')),
'image/encoded': dataset_util.bytes_feature(encoded_jpg),
'image/format': dataset_util.bytes_feature('jpeg'.encode('utf8')),
'image/object/bbox/xmin': dataset_util.float_list_feature(xmin),
'image/object/bbox/xmax': dataset_util.float_list_feature(xmax),
'image/object/bbox/ymin': dataset_util.float_list_feature(ymin),
'image/object/bbox/ymax': dataset_util.float_list_feature(ymax),
'image/object/class/text': dataset_util.bytes_list_feature(classes_text),
'image/object/class/label': dataset_util.int64_list_feature(classes),
'image/object/difficult': dataset_util.int64_list_feature(difficult_obj),
'image/object/truncated': dataset_util.int64_list_feature(truncated),
'image/object/view': dataset_util.bytes_list_feature(poses),
}))
return example
def main(_):
if FLAGS.set not in SETS:
raise ValueError('set must be in : {}'.format(SETS))
if FLAGS.year not in YEARS:
raise ValueError('year must be in : {}'.format(YEARS))
data_dir = FLAGS.data_dir
years = ['VOC2007', 'VOC2012']
if FLAGS.year != 'merged':
years = [FLAGS.year]
writer = tf.python_io.TFRecordWriter(FLAGS.output_path)
label_map_dict = label_map_util.get_label_map_dict(FLAGS.label_map_path)
for year in years:
logging.info('Reading from PASCAL %s dataset.', year)
examples_path = os.path.join(data_dir, year, 'ImageSets', 'Main',
'aeroplane_' + FLAGS.set + '.txt')
annotations_dir = os.path.join(data_dir, year, FLAGS.annotations_dir)
examples_list = dataset_util.read_examples_list(examples_path)
for idx, example in enumerate(examples_list):
if idx % 100 == 0:
logging.info('On image %d of %d', idx, len(examples_list))
path = os.path.join(annotations_dir, example + '.xml')
with tf.gfile.GFile(path, 'r') as fid:
xml_str = fid.read()
xml = etree.fromstring(xml_str)
data = dataset_util.recursive_parse_xml_to_dict(xml)['annotation']
tf_example = dict_to_tf_example(data, FLAGS.data_dir, label_map_dict,
FLAGS.ignore_difficult_instances)
writer.write(tf_example.SerializeToString())
writer.close()
if __name__ == '__main__':
tf.app.run()
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