Generic Steps

vinaykumarvvs edited this page Apr 11, 2018 · 5 revisions

What is a Generic Step

Consider below simple example


Login Scenario using custom steps

Scenario: Login
Given User is on Login screen
When User enters email and password
|ValidEmail|ValidPassword|
Then User should be able to log in

Once a scenario is created, corresponding steps are defined and the respective implementation is created in pages.

With Optimus 2.0, you can create a generic step using Optimus syntax without having to worry about creating step definitions and the implementations.

Login Scenario using generic steps

Scenario: Valid Login

Given user on Login screen types on email value validEmail
And user on Login screen types on editTextList with index as 1 and value is validPassword
And user on Login screen performs hides keyboard
When user on Login screen taps on submit
Then user on Home screen verifies welcomeMessage has textpresent value Welcome Message
And user on Home screen taps on text value About Us
And user on AboutUs screen taps on menuList with index as 1
Then user on Home screen taps on logoutBtn

If you create this scenario in Optimus 2.0 project, you will find that cucumber doesn't throw the usual Undefined Step Reference and all steps have a step definition as below.

Imgur


Optimus Generic step syntax is usually as below

If a step contains performing an action like tap, click etc.,

Syntax

Consumer on X screen (performs) action on (element) Y 

Example

User on Login screen taps on submit

If a step contains performing an action like tap, click on multiple list of elements etc.,

Note: Index value starts from 1.

Syntax

Consumer on X screen (performs) action on (elementList) Y with index as INDEX_VALUE

Example

User on Login screen taps on buttonList with index as 2

If a step contains performing an action like type, scroll with some value etc.,

Syntax

Consumer on X screen (performs) action on (element) Y (with) value Z

Example

User on Login screen types on email value ValidEmail

If a step contains performing an action like type, scroll on multiple list of elements with some value etc.,

Syntax

Consumer on X screen (performs) action on (elementList) Y with index as (index) and value is Z

Example

User on Login screen types on editTextList with index as 2 and value is secondText

If a step contains performing an action like tap on element using the text value

Syntax

Consumer on X screen (performs) action on (element) Y (with) value Z

Example

User on Home screen taps on text value About Us

In the following Example.feature we are re-using the text element by changing the text value.

* Example.feature

We need to declare the text element in the following way. Here we can use the value as //*[@text='%s'] or //*[@text()='%s'] based on the Html Attribute declaration. Internally %s is replaced with the value and then it try to find the element in the screen.

* Home.json


From the outset Optimus Generic step syntax appears to be very verbose, however, this is very handy when you want to test the prototype of an application in the swiftest possible time.

Optimus 2.0 provides an option to reuse scenarios. You can read more about it from Intents Page

Read more about list of actions available and their usage from Optimus Generic Dictionary

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