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VERSION = 4
PATCHLEVEL = 2
SUBLEVEL = 0
EXTRAVERSION = -rc8
NAME = Hurr durr I'ma sheep
# *DOCUMENTATION*
# To see a list of typical targets execute "make help"
# More info can be located in ./README
# Comments in this file are targeted only to the developer, do not
# expect to learn how to build the kernel reading this file.
# o Do not use make's built-in rules and variables
# (this increases performance and avoids hard-to-debug behaviour);
# o Look for make include files relative to root of kernel src
MAKEFLAGS += -rR --include-dir=$(CURDIR)
# Avoid funny character set dependencies
unexport LC_ALL
LC_COLLATE=C
LC_NUMERIC=C
export LC_COLLATE LC_NUMERIC
# Avoid interference with shell env settings
unexport GREP_OPTIONS
# We are using a recursive build, so we need to do a little thinking
# to get the ordering right.
#
# Most importantly: sub-Makefiles should only ever modify files in
# their own directory. If in some directory we have a dependency on
# a file in another dir (which doesn't happen often, but it's often
# unavoidable when linking the built-in.o targets which finally
# turn into vmlinux), we will call a sub make in that other dir, and
# after that we are sure that everything which is in that other dir
# is now up to date.
#
# The only cases where we need to modify files which have global
# effects are thus separated out and done before the recursive
# descending is started. They are now explicitly listed as the
# prepare rule.
# Beautify output
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# Normally, we echo the whole command before executing it. By making
# that echo $($(quiet)$(cmd)), we now have the possibility to set
# $(quiet) to choose other forms of output instead, e.g.
#
# quiet_cmd_cc_o_c = Compiling $(RELDIR)/$@
# cmd_cc_o_c = $(CC) $(c_flags) -c -o $@ $<
#
# If $(quiet) is empty, the whole command will be printed.
# If it is set to "quiet_", only the short version will be printed.
# If it is set to "silent_", nothing will be printed at all, since
# the variable $(silent_cmd_cc_o_c) doesn't exist.
#
# A simple variant is to prefix commands with $(Q) - that's useful
# for commands that shall be hidden in non-verbose mode.
#
# $(Q)ln $@ :<
#
# If KBUILD_VERBOSE equals 0 then the above command will be hidden.
# If KBUILD_VERBOSE equals 1 then the above command is displayed.
#
# To put more focus on warnings, be less verbose as default
# Use 'make V=1' to see the full commands
ifeq ("$(origin V)", "command line")
KBUILD_VERBOSE = $(V)
endif
ifndef KBUILD_VERBOSE
KBUILD_VERBOSE = 0
endif
ifeq ($(KBUILD_VERBOSE),1)
quiet =
Q =
else
quiet=quiet_
Q = @
endif
# If the user is running make -s (silent mode), suppress echoing of
# commands
ifneq ($(filter 4.%,$(MAKE_VERSION)),) # make-4
ifneq ($(filter %s ,$(firstword x$(MAKEFLAGS))),)
quiet=silent_
endif
else # make-3.8x
ifneq ($(filter s% -s%,$(MAKEFLAGS)),)
quiet=silent_
endif
endif
export quiet Q KBUILD_VERBOSE
# kbuild supports saving output files in a separate directory.
# To locate output files in a separate directory two syntaxes are supported.
# In both cases the working directory must be the root of the kernel src.
# 1) O=
# Use "make O=dir/to/store/output/files/"
#
# 2) Set KBUILD_OUTPUT
# Set the environment variable KBUILD_OUTPUT to point to the directory
# where the output files shall be placed.
# export KBUILD_OUTPUT=dir/to/store/output/files/
# make
#
# The O= assignment takes precedence over the KBUILD_OUTPUT environment
# variable.
# KBUILD_SRC is set on invocation of make in OBJ directory
# KBUILD_SRC is not intended to be used by the regular user (for now)
ifeq ($(KBUILD_SRC),)
# OK, Make called in directory where kernel src resides
# Do we want to locate output files in a separate directory?
ifeq ("$(origin O)", "command line")
KBUILD_OUTPUT := $(O)
endif
# That's our default target when none is given on the command line
PHONY := _all
_all:
# Cancel implicit rules on top Makefile
$(CURDIR)/Makefile Makefile: ;
ifneq ($(KBUILD_OUTPUT),)
# Invoke a second make in the output directory, passing relevant variables
# check that the output directory actually exists
saved-output := $(KBUILD_OUTPUT)
KBUILD_OUTPUT := $(shell mkdir -p $(KBUILD_OUTPUT) && cd $(KBUILD_OUTPUT) \
&& /bin/pwd)
$(if $(KBUILD_OUTPUT),, \
$(error failed to create output directory "$(saved-output)"))
PHONY += $(MAKECMDGOALS) sub-make
$(filter-out _all sub-make $(CURDIR)/Makefile, $(MAKECMDGOALS)) _all: sub-make
@:
sub-make: FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) -C $(KBUILD_OUTPUT) KBUILD_SRC=$(CURDIR) \
-f $(CURDIR)/Makefile $(filter-out _all sub-make,$(MAKECMDGOALS))
# Leave processing to above invocation of make
skip-makefile := 1
endif # ifneq ($(KBUILD_OUTPUT),)
endif # ifeq ($(KBUILD_SRC),)
# We process the rest of the Makefile if this is the final invocation of make
ifeq ($(skip-makefile),)
# Do not print "Entering directory ...",
# but we want to display it when entering to the output directory
# so that IDEs/editors are able to understand relative filenames.
MAKEFLAGS += --no-print-directory
# Call a source code checker (by default, "sparse") as part of the
# C compilation.
#
# Use 'make C=1' to enable checking of only re-compiled files.
# Use 'make C=2' to enable checking of *all* source files, regardless
# of whether they are re-compiled or not.
#
# See the file "Documentation/sparse.txt" for more details, including
# where to get the "sparse" utility.
ifeq ("$(origin C)", "command line")
KBUILD_CHECKSRC = $(C)
endif
ifndef KBUILD_CHECKSRC
KBUILD_CHECKSRC = 0
endif
# Use make M=dir to specify directory of external module to build
# Old syntax make ... SUBDIRS=$PWD is still supported
# Setting the environment variable KBUILD_EXTMOD take precedence
ifdef SUBDIRS
KBUILD_EXTMOD ?= $(SUBDIRS)
endif
ifeq ("$(origin M)", "command line")
KBUILD_EXTMOD := $(M)
endif
# If building an external module we do not care about the all: rule
# but instead _all depend on modules
PHONY += all
ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
_all: all
else
_all: modules
endif
ifeq ($(KBUILD_SRC),)
# building in the source tree
srctree := .
else
ifeq ($(KBUILD_SRC)/,$(dir $(CURDIR)))
# building in a subdirectory of the source tree
srctree := ..
else
srctree := $(KBUILD_SRC)
endif
endif
objtree := .
src := $(srctree)
obj := $(objtree)
VPATH := $(srctree)$(if $(KBUILD_EXTMOD),:$(KBUILD_EXTMOD))
export srctree objtree VPATH
# SUBARCH tells the usermode build what the underlying arch is. That is set
# first, and if a usermode build is happening, the "ARCH=um" on the command
# line overrides the setting of ARCH below. If a native build is happening,
# then ARCH is assigned, getting whatever value it gets normally, and
# SUBARCH is subsequently ignored.
SUBARCH := $(shell uname -m | sed -e s/i.86/x86/ -e s/x86_64/x86/ \
-e s/sun4u/sparc64/ \
-e s/arm.*/arm/ -e s/sa110/arm/ \
-e s/s390x/s390/ -e s/parisc64/parisc/ \
-e s/ppc.*/powerpc/ -e s/mips.*/mips/ \
-e s/sh[234].*/sh/ -e s/aarch64.*/arm64/ )
# Cross compiling and selecting different set of gcc/bin-utils
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# When performing cross compilation for other architectures ARCH shall be set
# to the target architecture. (See arch/* for the possibilities).
# ARCH can be set during invocation of make:
# make ARCH=ia64
# Another way is to have ARCH set in the environment.
# The default ARCH is the host where make is executed.
# CROSS_COMPILE specify the prefix used for all executables used
# during compilation. Only gcc and related bin-utils executables
# are prefixed with $(CROSS_COMPILE).
# CROSS_COMPILE can be set on the command line
# make CROSS_COMPILE=ia64-linux-
# Alternatively CROSS_COMPILE can be set in the environment.
# A third alternative is to store a setting in .config so that plain
# "make" in the configured kernel build directory always uses that.
# Default value for CROSS_COMPILE is not to prefix executables
# Note: Some architectures assign CROSS_COMPILE in their arch/*/Makefile
ARCH ?= $(SUBARCH)
CROSS_COMPILE ?= $(CONFIG_CROSS_COMPILE:"%"=%)
# Architecture as present in compile.h
UTS_MACHINE := $(ARCH)
SRCARCH := $(ARCH)
# Additional ARCH settings for x86
ifeq ($(ARCH),i386)
SRCARCH := x86
endif
ifeq ($(ARCH),x86_64)
SRCARCH := x86
endif
# Additional ARCH settings for sparc
ifeq ($(ARCH),sparc32)
SRCARCH := sparc
endif
ifeq ($(ARCH),sparc64)
SRCARCH := sparc
endif
# Additional ARCH settings for sh
ifeq ($(ARCH),sh64)
SRCARCH := sh
endif
# Additional ARCH settings for tile
ifeq ($(ARCH),tilepro)
SRCARCH := tile
endif
ifeq ($(ARCH),tilegx)
SRCARCH := tile
endif
# Where to locate arch specific headers
hdr-arch := $(SRCARCH)
KCONFIG_CONFIG ?= .config
export KCONFIG_CONFIG
# SHELL used by kbuild
CONFIG_SHELL := $(shell if [ -x "$$BASH" ]; then echo $$BASH; \
else if [ -x /bin/bash ]; then echo /bin/bash; \
else echo sh; fi ; fi)
HOSTCC = gcc
HOSTCXX = g++
HOSTCFLAGS = -Wall -Wmissing-prototypes -Wstrict-prototypes -O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -std=gnu89
HOSTCXXFLAGS = -O2
ifeq ($(shell $(HOSTCC) -v 2>&1 | grep -c "clang version"), 1)
HOSTCFLAGS += -Wno-unused-value -Wno-unused-parameter \
-Wno-missing-field-initializers -fno-delete-null-pointer-checks
endif
# Decide whether to build built-in, modular, or both.
# Normally, just do built-in.
KBUILD_MODULES :=
KBUILD_BUILTIN := 1
# If we have only "make modules", don't compile built-in objects.
# When we're building modules with modversions, we need to consider
# the built-in objects during the descend as well, in order to
# make sure the checksums are up to date before we record them.
ifeq ($(MAKECMDGOALS),modules)
KBUILD_BUILTIN := $(if $(CONFIG_MODVERSIONS),1)
endif
# If we have "make <whatever> modules", compile modules
# in addition to whatever we do anyway.
# Just "make" or "make all" shall build modules as well
ifneq ($(filter all _all modules,$(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
KBUILD_MODULES := 1
endif
ifeq ($(MAKECMDGOALS),)
KBUILD_MODULES := 1
endif
export KBUILD_MODULES KBUILD_BUILTIN
export KBUILD_CHECKSRC KBUILD_SRC KBUILD_EXTMOD
# We need some generic definitions (do not try to remake the file).
scripts/Kbuild.include: ;
include scripts/Kbuild.include
# Make variables (CC, etc...)
AS = $(CROSS_COMPILE)as
LD = $(CROSS_COMPILE)ld
CC = $(CROSS_COMPILE)gcc
CPP = $(CC) -E
AR = $(CROSS_COMPILE)ar
NM = $(CROSS_COMPILE)nm
STRIP = $(CROSS_COMPILE)strip
OBJCOPY = $(CROSS_COMPILE)objcopy
OBJDUMP = $(CROSS_COMPILE)objdump
AWK = awk
GENKSYMS = scripts/genksyms/genksyms
INSTALLKERNEL := installkernel
DEPMOD = /sbin/depmod
PERL = perl
PYTHON = python
CHECK = sparse
CHECKFLAGS := -D__linux__ -Dlinux -D__STDC__ -Dunix -D__unix__ \
-Wbitwise -Wno-return-void $(CF)
CFLAGS_MODULE =
AFLAGS_MODULE =
LDFLAGS_MODULE =
CFLAGS_KERNEL =
AFLAGS_KERNEL =
CFLAGS_GCOV = -fprofile-arcs -ftest-coverage
# Use USERINCLUDE when you must reference the UAPI directories only.
USERINCLUDE := \
-I$(srctree)/arch/$(hdr-arch)/include/uapi \
-Iarch/$(hdr-arch)/include/generated/uapi \
-I$(srctree)/include/uapi \
-Iinclude/generated/uapi \
-include $(srctree)/include/linux/kconfig.h
# Use LINUXINCLUDE when you must reference the include/ directory.
# Needed to be compatible with the O= option
LINUXINCLUDE := \
-I$(srctree)/arch/$(hdr-arch)/include \
-Iarch/$(hdr-arch)/include/generated/uapi \
-Iarch/$(hdr-arch)/include/generated \
$(if $(KBUILD_SRC), -I$(srctree)/include) \
-Iinclude \
$(USERINCLUDE)
KBUILD_CPPFLAGS := -D__KERNEL__
KBUILD_CFLAGS := -Wall -Wundef -Wstrict-prototypes -Wno-trigraphs \
-fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common \
-Werror-implicit-function-declaration \
-Wno-format-security \
-std=gnu89
KBUILD_AFLAGS_KERNEL :=
KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL :=
KBUILD_AFLAGS := -D__ASSEMBLY__
KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE := -DMODULE
KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE := -DMODULE
KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE := -T $(srctree)/scripts/module-common.lds
# Read KERNELRELEASE from include/config/kernel.release (if it exists)
KERNELRELEASE = $(shell cat include/config/kernel.release 2> /dev/null)
KERNELVERSION = $(VERSION)$(if $(PATCHLEVEL),.$(PATCHLEVEL)$(if $(SUBLEVEL),.$(SUBLEVEL)))$(EXTRAVERSION)
export VERSION PATCHLEVEL SUBLEVEL KERNELRELEASE KERNELVERSION
export ARCH SRCARCH CONFIG_SHELL HOSTCC HOSTCFLAGS CROSS_COMPILE AS LD CC
export CPP AR NM STRIP OBJCOPY OBJDUMP
export MAKE AWK GENKSYMS INSTALLKERNEL PERL PYTHON UTS_MACHINE
export HOSTCXX HOSTCXXFLAGS LDFLAGS_MODULE CHECK CHECKFLAGS
export KBUILD_CPPFLAGS NOSTDINC_FLAGS LINUXINCLUDE OBJCOPYFLAGS LDFLAGS
export KBUILD_CFLAGS CFLAGS_KERNEL CFLAGS_MODULE CFLAGS_GCOV CFLAGS_KASAN
export KBUILD_AFLAGS AFLAGS_KERNEL AFLAGS_MODULE
export KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE
export KBUILD_AFLAGS_KERNEL KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL
export KBUILD_ARFLAGS
# When compiling out-of-tree modules, put MODVERDIR in the module
# tree rather than in the kernel tree. The kernel tree might
# even be read-only.
export MODVERDIR := $(if $(KBUILD_EXTMOD),$(firstword $(KBUILD_EXTMOD))/).tmp_versions
# Files to ignore in find ... statements
export RCS_FIND_IGNORE := \( -name SCCS -o -name BitKeeper -o -name .svn -o \
-name CVS -o -name .pc -o -name .hg -o -name .git \) \
-prune -o
export RCS_TAR_IGNORE := --exclude SCCS --exclude BitKeeper --exclude .svn \
--exclude CVS --exclude .pc --exclude .hg --exclude .git
# ===========================================================================
# Rules shared between *config targets and build targets
# Basic helpers built in scripts/
PHONY += scripts_basic
scripts_basic:
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts/basic
$(Q)rm -f .tmp_quiet_recordmcount
# To avoid any implicit rule to kick in, define an empty command.
scripts/basic/%: scripts_basic ;
PHONY += outputmakefile
# outputmakefile generates a Makefile in the output directory, if using a
# separate output directory. This allows convenient use of make in the
# output directory.
outputmakefile:
ifneq ($(KBUILD_SRC),)
$(Q)ln -fsn $(srctree) source
$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/mkmakefile \
$(srctree) $(objtree) $(VERSION) $(PATCHLEVEL)
endif
# Support for using generic headers in asm-generic
PHONY += asm-generic
asm-generic:
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.asm-generic \
src=asm obj=arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/generated/asm
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.asm-generic \
src=uapi/asm obj=arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/generated/uapi/asm
# To make sure we do not include .config for any of the *config targets
# catch them early, and hand them over to scripts/kconfig/Makefile
# It is allowed to specify more targets when calling make, including
# mixing *config targets and build targets.
# For example 'make oldconfig all'.
# Detect when mixed targets is specified, and make a second invocation
# of make so .config is not included in this case either (for *config).
version_h := include/generated/uapi/linux/version.h
old_version_h := include/linux/version.h
no-dot-config-targets := clean mrproper distclean \
cscope gtags TAGS tags help% %docs check% coccicheck \
$(version_h) headers_% archheaders archscripts \
kernelversion %src-pkg
config-targets := 0
mixed-targets := 0
dot-config := 1
ifneq ($(filter $(no-dot-config-targets), $(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
ifeq ($(filter-out $(no-dot-config-targets), $(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
dot-config := 0
endif
endif
ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
ifneq ($(filter config %config,$(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
config-targets := 1
ifneq ($(words $(MAKECMDGOALS)),1)
mixed-targets := 1
endif
endif
endif
ifeq ($(mixed-targets),1)
# ===========================================================================
# We're called with mixed targets (*config and build targets).
# Handle them one by one.
PHONY += $(MAKECMDGOALS) __build_one_by_one
$(filter-out __build_one_by_one, $(MAKECMDGOALS)): __build_one_by_one
@:
__build_one_by_one:
$(Q)set -e; \
for i in $(MAKECMDGOALS); do \
$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Makefile $$i; \
done
else
ifeq ($(config-targets),1)
# ===========================================================================
# *config targets only - make sure prerequisites are updated, and descend
# in scripts/kconfig to make the *config target
# Read arch specific Makefile to set KBUILD_DEFCONFIG as needed.
# KBUILD_DEFCONFIG may point out an alternative default configuration
# used for 'make defconfig'
include arch/$(SRCARCH)/Makefile
export KBUILD_DEFCONFIG KBUILD_KCONFIG
config: scripts_basic outputmakefile FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts/kconfig $@
%config: scripts_basic outputmakefile FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts/kconfig $@
else
# ===========================================================================
# Build targets only - this includes vmlinux, arch specific targets, clean
# targets and others. In general all targets except *config targets.
ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
# Additional helpers built in scripts/
# Carefully list dependencies so we do not try to build scripts twice
# in parallel
PHONY += scripts
scripts: scripts_basic include/config/auto.conf include/config/tristate.conf \
asm-generic
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(@)
# Objects we will link into vmlinux / subdirs we need to visit
init-y := init/
drivers-y := drivers/ sound/ firmware/
net-y := net/
libs-y := lib/
core-y := usr/
endif # KBUILD_EXTMOD
ifeq ($(dot-config),1)
# Read in config
-include include/config/auto.conf
ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
# Read in dependencies to all Kconfig* files, make sure to run
# oldconfig if changes are detected.
-include include/config/auto.conf.cmd
# To avoid any implicit rule to kick in, define an empty command
$(KCONFIG_CONFIG) include/config/auto.conf.cmd: ;
# If .config is newer than include/config/auto.conf, someone tinkered
# with it and forgot to run make oldconfig.
# if auto.conf.cmd is missing then we are probably in a cleaned tree so
# we execute the config step to be sure to catch updated Kconfig files
include/config/%.conf: $(KCONFIG_CONFIG) include/config/auto.conf.cmd
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Makefile silentoldconfig
else
# external modules needs include/generated/autoconf.h and include/config/auto.conf
# but do not care if they are up-to-date. Use auto.conf to trigger the test
PHONY += include/config/auto.conf
include/config/auto.conf:
$(Q)test -e include/generated/autoconf.h -a -e $@ || ( \
echo >&2; \
echo >&2 " ERROR: Kernel configuration is invalid."; \
echo >&2 " include/generated/autoconf.h or $@ are missing.";\
echo >&2 " Run 'make oldconfig && make prepare' on kernel src to fix it."; \
echo >&2 ; \
/bin/false)
endif # KBUILD_EXTMOD
else
# Dummy target needed, because used as prerequisite
include/config/auto.conf: ;
endif # $(dot-config)
# The all: target is the default when no target is given on the
# command line.
# This allow a user to issue only 'make' to build a kernel including modules
# Defaults to vmlinux, but the arch makefile usually adds further targets
all: vmlinux
# The arch Makefile can set ARCH_{CPP,A,C}FLAGS to override the default
# values of the respective KBUILD_* variables
ARCH_CPPFLAGS :=
ARCH_AFLAGS :=
ARCH_CFLAGS :=
include arch/$(SRCARCH)/Makefile
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-fno-delete-null-pointer-checks,)
ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Os $(call cc-disable-warning,maybe-uninitialized,)
else
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -O2
endif
# Tell gcc to never replace conditional load with a non-conditional one
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,--param=allow-store-data-races=0)
ifdef CONFIG_READABLE_ASM
# Disable optimizations that make assembler listings hard to read.
# reorder blocks reorders the control in the function
# ipa clone creates specialized cloned functions
# partial inlining inlines only parts of functions
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-fno-reorder-blocks,) \
$(call cc-option,-fno-ipa-cp-clone,) \
$(call cc-option,-fno-partial-inlining)
endif
ifneq ($(CONFIG_FRAME_WARN),0)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Wframe-larger-than=${CONFIG_FRAME_WARN})
endif
# Handle stack protector mode.
#
# Since kbuild can potentially perform two passes (first with the old
# .config values and then with updated .config values), we cannot error out
# if a desired compiler option is unsupported. If we were to error, kbuild
# could never get to the second pass and actually notice that we changed
# the option to something that was supported.
#
# Additionally, we don't want to fallback and/or silently change which compiler
# flags will be used, since that leads to producing kernels with different
# security feature characteristics depending on the compiler used. ("But I
# selected CC_STACKPROTECTOR_STRONG! Why did it build with _REGULAR?!")
#
# The middle ground is to warn here so that the failed option is obvious, but
# to let the build fail with bad compiler flags so that we can't produce a
# kernel when there is a CONFIG and compiler mismatch.
#
ifdef CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_REGULAR
stackp-flag := -fstack-protector
ifeq ($(call cc-option, $(stackp-flag)),)
$(warning Cannot use CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_REGULAR: \
-fstack-protector not supported by compiler)
endif
else
ifdef CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_STRONG
stackp-flag := -fstack-protector-strong
ifeq ($(call cc-option, $(stackp-flag)),)
$(warning Cannot use CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_STRONG: \
-fstack-protector-strong not supported by compiler)
endif
else
# Force off for distro compilers that enable stack protector by default.
stackp-flag := $(call cc-option, -fno-stack-protector)
endif
endif
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(stackp-flag)
ifeq ($(shell $(CC) -v 2>&1 | grep -c "clang version"), 1)
COMPILER := clang
else
COMPILER := gcc
endif
export COMPILER
ifeq ($(COMPILER),clang)
KBUILD_CPPFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Qunused-arguments,)
KBUILD_CPPFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Wno-unknown-warning-option,)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, unused-variable)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, format-invalid-specifier)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, gnu)
# Quiet clang warning: comparison of unsigned expression < 0 is always false
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, tautological-compare)
# CLANG uses a _MergedGlobals as optimization, but this breaks modpost, as the
# source of a reference will be _MergedGlobals and not on of the whitelisted names.
# See modpost pattern 2
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -mno-global-merge,)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -fcatch-undefined-behavior)
else
# This warning generated too much noise in a regular build.
# Use make W=1 to enable this warning (see scripts/Makefile.build)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, unused-but-set-variable)
endif
ifdef CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fno-optimize-sibling-calls
else
# Some targets (ARM with Thumb2, for example), can't be built with frame
# pointers. For those, we don't have FUNCTION_TRACER automatically
# select FRAME_POINTER. However, FUNCTION_TRACER adds -pg, and this is
# incompatible with -fomit-frame-pointer with current GCC, so we don't use
# -fomit-frame-pointer with FUNCTION_TRACER.
ifndef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fomit-frame-pointer
endif
endif
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -fno-var-tracking-assignments)
ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO
ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_SPLIT
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -gsplit-dwarf, -g)
else
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -g
endif
KBUILD_AFLAGS += -Wa,-gdwarf-2
endif
ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -gdwarf-4,)
endif
ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_REDUCED
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -femit-struct-debug-baseonly) \
$(call cc-option,-fno-var-tracking)
endif
ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
ifndef CC_FLAGS_FTRACE
CC_FLAGS_FTRACE := -pg
endif
export CC_FLAGS_FTRACE
ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_FENTRY
CC_USING_FENTRY := $(call cc-option, -mfentry -DCC_USING_FENTRY)
endif
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(CC_FLAGS_FTRACE) $(CC_USING_FENTRY)
KBUILD_AFLAGS += $(CC_USING_FENTRY)
ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE
ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_C_RECORDMCOUNT
BUILD_C_RECORDMCOUNT := y
export BUILD_C_RECORDMCOUNT
endif
endif
endif
# We trigger additional mismatches with less inlining
ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SECTION_MISMATCH
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -fno-inline-functions-called-once)
endif
# arch Makefile may override CC so keep this after arch Makefile is included
NOSTDINC_FLAGS += -nostdinc -isystem $(shell $(CC) -print-file-name=include)
CHECKFLAGS += $(NOSTDINC_FLAGS)
# warn about C99 declaration after statement
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Wdeclaration-after-statement,)
# disable pointer signed / unsigned warnings in gcc 4.0
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, pointer-sign)
# disable invalid "can't wrap" optimizations for signed / pointers
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-fno-strict-overflow)
# conserve stack if available
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-fconserve-stack)
# disallow errors like 'EXPORT_GPL(foo);' with missing header
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Werror=implicit-int)
# require functions to have arguments in prototypes, not empty 'int foo()'
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Werror=strict-prototypes)
# Prohibit date/time macros, which would make the build non-deterministic
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Werror=date-time)
# use the deterministic mode of AR if available
KBUILD_ARFLAGS := $(call ar-option,D)
# check for 'asm goto'
ifeq ($(shell $(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/gcc-goto.sh $(CC)), y)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -DCC_HAVE_ASM_GOTO
KBUILD_AFLAGS += -DCC_HAVE_ASM_GOTO
endif
include scripts/Makefile.kasan
include scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
# Add any arch overrides and user supplied CPPFLAGS, AFLAGS and CFLAGS as the
# last assignments
KBUILD_CPPFLAGS += $(ARCH_CPPFLAGS) $(KCPPFLAGS)
KBUILD_AFLAGS += $(ARCH_AFLAGS) $(KAFLAGS)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(ARCH_CFLAGS) $(KCFLAGS)
# Use --build-id when available.
LDFLAGS_BUILD_ID = $(patsubst -Wl$(comma)%,%,\
$(call cc-ldoption, -Wl$(comma)--build-id,))
KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE += $(LDFLAGS_BUILD_ID)
LDFLAGS_vmlinux += $(LDFLAGS_BUILD_ID)
ifeq ($(CONFIG_STRIP_ASM_SYMS),y)
LDFLAGS_vmlinux += $(call ld-option, -X,)
endif
# Default kernel image to build when no specific target is given.
# KBUILD_IMAGE may be overruled on the command line or
# set in the environment
# Also any assignments in arch/$(ARCH)/Makefile take precedence over
# this default value
export KBUILD_IMAGE ?= vmlinux
#
# INSTALL_PATH specifies where to place the updated kernel and system map
# images. Default is /boot, but you can set it to other values
export INSTALL_PATH ?= /boot
#
# INSTALL_DTBS_PATH specifies a prefix for relocations required by build roots.
# Like INSTALL_MOD_PATH, it isn't defined in the Makefile, but can be passed as
# an argument if needed. Otherwise it defaults to the kernel install path
#
export INSTALL_DTBS_PATH ?= $(INSTALL_PATH)/dtbs/$(KERNELRELEASE)
#
# INSTALL_MOD_PATH specifies a prefix to MODLIB for module directory
# relocations required by build roots. This is not defined in the
# makefile but the argument can be passed to make if needed.
#
MODLIB = $(INSTALL_MOD_PATH)/lib/modules/$(KERNELRELEASE)
export MODLIB
#
# INSTALL_MOD_STRIP, if defined, will cause modules to be
# stripped after they are installed. If INSTALL_MOD_STRIP is '1', then
# the default option --strip-debug will be used. Otherwise,
# INSTALL_MOD_STRIP value will be used as the options to the strip command.
ifdef INSTALL_MOD_STRIP
ifeq ($(INSTALL_MOD_STRIP),1)
mod_strip_cmd = $(STRIP) --strip-debug
else
mod_strip_cmd = $(STRIP) $(INSTALL_MOD_STRIP)
endif # INSTALL_MOD_STRIP=1
else
mod_strip_cmd = true
endif # INSTALL_MOD_STRIP
export mod_strip_cmd
# CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS, if defined, will cause module to be compressed
# after they are installed in agreement with CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_GZIP
# or CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_XZ.
mod_compress_cmd = true
ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS
ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_GZIP
mod_compress_cmd = gzip -n -f
endif # CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_GZIP
ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_XZ
mod_compress_cmd = xz -f
endif # CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS_XZ
endif # CONFIG_MODULE_COMPRESS
export mod_compress_cmd
# Select initial ramdisk compression format, default is gzip(1).
# This shall be used by the dracut(8) tool while creating an initramfs image.
#
INITRD_COMPRESS-y := gzip
INITRD_COMPRESS-$(CONFIG_RD_BZIP2) := bzip2
INITRD_COMPRESS-$(CONFIG_RD_LZMA) := lzma
INITRD_COMPRESS-$(CONFIG_RD_XZ) := xz
INITRD_COMPRESS-$(CONFIG_RD_LZO) := lzo
INITRD_COMPRESS-$(CONFIG_RD_LZ4) := lz4
# do not export INITRD_COMPRESS, since we didn't actually
# choose a sane default compression above.
# export INITRD_COMPRESS := $(INITRD_COMPRESS-y)
ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_ALL
MODSECKEY = ./signing_key.priv
MODPUBKEY = ./signing_key.x509
export MODPUBKEY
mod_sign_cmd = perl $(srctree)/scripts/sign-file $(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_HASH) $(MODSECKEY) $(MODPUBKEY)
else
mod_sign_cmd = true
endif
export mod_sign_cmd
ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
core-y += kernel/ mm/ fs/ ipc/ security/ crypto/ block/
vmlinux-dirs := $(patsubst %/,%,$(filter %/, $(init-y) $(init-m) \
$(core-y) $(core-m) $(drivers-y) $(drivers-m) \
$(net-y) $(net-m) $(libs-y) $(libs-m)))
vmlinux-alldirs := $(sort $(vmlinux-dirs) $(patsubst %/,%,$(filter %/, \
$(init-) $(core-) $(drivers-) $(net-) $(libs-))))
init-y := $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.o, $(init-y))
core-y := $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.o, $(core-y))
drivers-y := $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.o, $(drivers-y))
net-y := $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.o, $(net-y))
libs-y1 := $(patsubst %/, %/lib.a, $(libs-y))
libs-y2 := $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.o, $(libs-y))
libs-y := $(libs-y1) $(libs-y2)
# Externally visible symbols (used by link-vmlinux.sh)
export KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT := $(head-y) $(init-y)
export KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN := $(core-y) $(libs-y) $(drivers-y) $(net-y)
export KBUILD_LDS := arch/$(SRCARCH)/kernel/vmlinux.lds
export LDFLAGS_vmlinux
# used by scripts/pacmage/Makefile
export KBUILD_ALLDIRS := $(sort $(filter-out arch/%,$(vmlinux-alldirs)) arch Documentation include samples scripts tools virt)
vmlinux-deps := $(KBUILD_LDS) $(KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT) $(KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN)
# Final link of vmlinux
cmd_link-vmlinux = $(CONFIG_SHELL) $< $(LD) $(LDFLAGS) $(LDFLAGS_vmlinux)
quiet_cmd_link-vmlinux = LINK $@
# Include targets which we want to
# execute if the rest of the kernel build went well.
vmlinux: scripts/link-vmlinux.sh $(vmlinux-deps) FORCE
ifdef CONFIG_HEADERS_CHECK
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Makefile headers_check
endif
ifdef CONFIG_SAMPLES
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=samples
endif
ifdef CONFIG_BUILD_DOCSRC
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=Documentation
endif
ifdef CONFIG_GDB_SCRIPTS
$(Q)ln -fsn `cd $(srctree) && /bin/pwd`/scripts/gdb/vmlinux-gdb.py
endif
+$(call if_changed,link-vmlinux)
# The actual objects are generated when descending,
# make sure no implicit rule kicks in
$(sort $(vmlinux-deps)): $(vmlinux-dirs) ;
# Handle descending into subdirectories listed in $(vmlinux-dirs)
# Preset locale variables to speed up the build process. Limit locale
# tweaks to this spot to avoid wrong language settings when running
# make menuconfig etc.
# Error messages still appears in the original language
PHONY += $(vmlinux-dirs)
$(vmlinux-dirs): prepare scripts
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$@
define filechk_kernel.release
echo "$(KERNELVERSION)$$($(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/setlocalversion $(srctree))"
endef
# Store (new) KERNELRELEASE string in include/config/kernel.release
include/config/kernel.release: include/config/auto.conf FORCE
$(call filechk,kernel.release)
# Things we need to do before we recursively start building the kernel
# or the modules are listed in "prepare".
# A multi level approach is used. prepareN is processed before prepareN-1.
# archprepare is used in arch Makefiles and when processed asm symlink,
# version.h and scripts_basic is processed / created.
# Listed in dependency order
PHONY += prepare archprepare prepare0 prepare1 prepare2 prepare3
# prepare3 is used to check if we are building in a separate output directory,
# and if so do:
# 1) Check that make has not been executed in the kernel src $(srctree)
prepare3: include/config/kernel.release
ifneq ($(KBUILD_SRC),)
@$(kecho) ' Using $(srctree) as source for kernel'
$(Q)if [ -f $(srctree)/.config -o -d $(srctree)/include/config ]; then \
echo >&2 " $(srctree) is not clean, please run 'make mrproper'"; \
echo >&2 " in the '$(srctree)' directory.";\
/bin/false; \
fi;
endif
# prepare2 creates a makefile if using a separate output directory
prepare2: prepare3 outputmakefile asm-generic
prepare1: prepare2 $(version_h) include/generated/utsrelease.h \
include/config/auto.conf
$(cmd_crmodverdir)
archprepare: archheaders archscripts prepare1 scripts_basic
prepare0: archprepare FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=.
# All the preparing..
prepare: prepare0
# Generate some files
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# KERNELRELEASE can change from a few different places, meaning version.h
# needs to be updated, so this check is forced on all builds
uts_len := 64
define filechk_utsrelease.h
if [ `echo -n "$(KERNELRELEASE)" | wc -c ` -gt $(uts_len) ]; then \
echo '"$(KERNELRELEASE)" exceeds $(uts_len) characters' >&2; \
exit 1; \
fi; \
(echo \#define UTS_RELEASE \"$(KERNELRELEASE)\";)
endef
define filechk_version.h
(echo \#define LINUX_VERSION_CODE $(shell \
expr $(VERSION) \* 65536 + 0$(PATCHLEVEL) \* 256 + 0$(SUBLEVEL)); \
echo '#define KERNEL_VERSION(a,b,c) (((a) << 16) + ((b) << 8) + (c))';)
endef
$(version_h): $(srctree)/Makefile FORCE
$(call filechk,version.h)
$(Q)rm -f $(old_version_h)
include/generated/utsrelease.h: include/config/kernel.release FORCE
$(call filechk,utsrelease.h)
PHONY += headerdep
headerdep:
$(Q)find $(srctree)/include/ -name '*.h' | xargs --max-args 1 \
$(srctree)/scripts/headerdep.pl -I$(srctree)/include
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Firmware install
INSTALL_FW_PATH=$(INSTALL_MOD_PATH)/lib/firmware
export INSTALL_FW_PATH
PHONY += firmware_install
firmware_install: FORCE
@mkdir -p $(objtree)/firmware
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.fwinst obj=firmware __fw_install
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Kernel headers
#Default location for installed headers
export INSTALL_HDR_PATH = $(objtree)/usr
# If we do an all arch process set dst to asm-$(hdr-arch)
hdr-dst = $(if $(KBUILD_HEADERS), dst=include/asm-$(hdr-arch), dst=include/asm)
PHONY += archheaders
archheaders:
PHONY += archscripts
archscripts:
PHONY += __headers
__headers: $(version_h) scripts_basic asm-generic archheaders archscripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts build_unifdef
PHONY += headers_install_all
headers_install_all:
$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/headers.sh install
PHONY += headers_install
headers_install: __headers
$(if $(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(hdr-arch)/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild),, \
$(error Headers not exportable for the $(SRCARCH) architecture))
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(hdr-inst)=include/uapi
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(hdr-inst)=arch/$(hdr-arch)/include/uapi/asm $(hdr-dst)
PHONY += headers_check_all
headers_check_all: headers_install_all
$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/headers.sh check
PHONY += headers_check
headers_check: headers_install
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(hdr-inst)=include/uapi HDRCHECK=1
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(hdr-inst)=arch/$(hdr-arch)/include/uapi/asm $(hdr-dst) HDRCHECK=1
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Kernel selftest
PHONY += kselftest
kselftest:
$(Q)$(MAKE) -C tools/testing/selftests run_tests
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Modules
ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
# By default, build modules as well
all: modules
# Build modules
#
# A module can be listed more than once in obj-m resulting in
# duplicate lines in modules.order files. Those are removed
# using awk while concatenating to the final file.
PHONY += modules
modules: $(vmlinux-dirs) $(if $(KBUILD_BUILTIN),vmlinux) modules.builtin
$(Q)$(AWK) '!x[$$0]++' $(vmlinux-dirs:%=$(objtree)/%/modules.order) > $(objtree)/modules.order
@$(kecho) ' Building modules, stage 2.';
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modpost
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.fwinst obj=firmware __fw_modbuild
modules.builtin: $(vmlinux-dirs:%=%/modules.builtin)
$(Q)$(AWK) '!x[$$0]++' $^ > $(objtree)/modules.builtin
%/modules.builtin: include/config/auto.conf
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(modbuiltin)=$*
# Target to prepare building external modules
PHONY += modules_prepare
modules_prepare: prepare scripts
# Target to install modules
PHONY += modules_install
modules_install: _modinst_ _modinst_post
PHONY += _modinst_
_modinst_:
@rm -rf $(MODLIB)/kernel
@rm -f $(MODLIB)/source
@mkdir -p $(MODLIB)/kernel
@ln -s `cd $(srctree) && /bin/pwd` $(MODLIB)/source
@if [ ! $(objtree) -ef $(MODLIB)/build ]; then \
rm -f $(MODLIB)/build ; \
ln -s $(CURDIR) $(MODLIB)/build ; \
fi
@cp -f $(objtree)/modules.order $(MODLIB)/
@cp -f $(objtree)/modules.builtin $(MODLIB)/
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modinst
# This depmod is only for convenience to give the initial
# boot a modules.dep even before / is mounted read-write. However the
# boot script depmod is the master version.
PHONY += _modinst_post
_modinst_post: _modinst_
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.fwinst obj=firmware __fw_modinst
$(call cmd,depmod)
ifeq ($(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG), y)
PHONY += modules_sign
modules_sign:
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modsign
endif
else # CONFIG_MODULES
# Modules not configured
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
modules modules_install: FORCE
@echo >&2
@echo >&2 "The present kernel configuration has modules disabled."
@echo >&2 "Type 'make config' and enable loadable module support."
@echo >&2 "Then build a kernel with module support enabled."
@echo >&2
@exit 1
endif # CONFIG_MODULES
###
# Cleaning is done on three levels.
# make clean Delete most generated files
# Leave enough to build external modules
# make mrproper Delete the current configuration, and all generated files
# make distclean Remove editor backup files, patch leftover files and the like
# Directories & files removed with 'make clean'
CLEAN_DIRS += $(MODVERDIR)
# Directories & files removed with 'make mrproper'
MRPROPER_DIRS += include/config usr/include include/generated \
arch/*/include/generated .tmp_objdiff
MRPROPER_FILES += .config .config.old .version .old_version \
Module.symvers tags TAGS cscope* GPATH GTAGS GRTAGS GSYMS \
signing_key.priv signing_key.x509 x509.genkey \
extra_certificates signing_key.x509.keyid \
signing_key.x509.signer vmlinux-gdb.py
# clean - Delete most, but leave enough to build external modules
#
clean: rm-dirs := $(CLEAN_DIRS)
clean: rm-files := $(CLEAN_FILES)
clean-dirs := $(addprefix _clean_, . $(vmlinux-alldirs) Documentation samples)
PHONY += $(clean-dirs) clean archclean vmlinuxclean
$(clean-dirs):
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(clean)=$(patsubst _clean_%,%,$@)
vmlinuxclean:
$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh clean
clean: archclean vmlinuxclean
# mrproper - Delete all generated files, including .config
#
mrproper: rm-dirs := $(wildcard $(MRPROPER_DIRS))
mrproper: rm-files := $(wildcard $(MRPROPER_FILES))
mrproper-dirs := $(addprefix _mrproper_,Documentation/DocBook scripts)
PHONY += $(mrproper-dirs) mrproper archmrproper
$(mrproper-dirs):
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(clean)=$(patsubst _mrproper_%,%,$@)
mrproper: clean archmrproper $(mrproper-dirs)
$(call cmd,rmdirs)
$(call cmd,rmfiles)
# distclean
#
PHONY += distclean
distclean: mrproper
@find $(srctree) $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
\( -name '*.orig' -o -name '*.rej' -o -name '*~' \
-o -name '*.bak' -o -name '#*#' -o -name '.*.orig' \
-o -name '.*.rej' -o -name '*%' -o -name 'core' \) \
-type f -print | xargs rm -f
# Packaging of the kernel to various formats
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# rpm target kept for backward compatibility
package-dir := scripts/package
%src-pkg: FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(package-dir) $@
%pkg: include/config/kernel.release FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(package-dir) $@
rpm: include/config/kernel.release FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(package-dir) $@
# Brief documentation of the typical targets used
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
boards := $(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/configs/*_defconfig)
boards := $(sort $(notdir $(boards)))
board-dirs := $(dir $(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/configs/*/*_defconfig))
board-dirs := $(sort $(notdir $(board-dirs:/=)))
help:
@echo 'Cleaning targets:'
@echo ' clean - Remove most generated files but keep the config and'
@echo ' enough build support to build external modules'
@echo ' mrproper - Remove all generated files + config + various backup files'
@echo ' distclean - mrproper + remove editor backup and patch files'
@echo ''
@echo 'Configuration targets:'
@$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/kconfig/Makefile help
@echo ''
@echo 'Other generic targets:'
@echo ' all - Build all targets marked with [*]'
@echo '* vmlinux - Build the bare kernel'
@echo '* modules - Build all modules'
@echo ' modules_install - Install all modules to INSTALL_MOD_PATH (default: /)'
@echo ' firmware_install- Install all firmware to INSTALL_FW_PATH'
@echo ' (default: $$(INSTALL_MOD_PATH)/lib/firmware)'
@echo ' dir/ - Build all files in dir and below'
@echo ' dir/file.[oisS] - Build specified target only'
@echo ' dir/file.lst - Build specified mixed source/assembly target only'
@echo ' (requires a recent binutils and recent build (System.map))'
@echo ' dir/file.ko - Build module including final link'
@echo ' modules_prepare - Set up for building external modules'
@echo ' tags/TAGS - Generate tags file for editors'
@echo ' cscope - Generate cscope index'
@echo ' gtags - Generate GNU GLOBAL index'
@echo ' kernelrelease - Output the release version string (use with make -s)'
@echo ' kernelversion - Output the version stored in Makefile (use with make -s)'
@echo ' image_name - Output the image name (use with make -s)'
@echo ' headers_install - Install sanitised kernel headers to INSTALL_HDR_PATH'; \
echo ' (default: $(INSTALL_HDR_PATH))'; \
echo ''
@echo 'Static analysers'
@echo ' checkstack - Generate a list of stack hogs'
@echo ' namespacecheck - Name space analysis on compiled kernel'
@echo ' versioncheck - Sanity check on version.h usage'
@echo ' includecheck - Check for duplicate included header files'
@echo ' export_report - List the usages of all exported symbols'
@echo ' headers_check - Sanity check on exported headers'
@echo ' headerdep - Detect inclusion cycles in headers'
@$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.help checker-help
@echo ''
@echo 'Kernel selftest'
@echo ' kselftest - Build and run kernel selftest (run as root)'
@echo ' Build, install, and boot kernel before'
@echo ' running kselftest on it'
@echo ''
@echo 'Kernel packaging:'
@$(MAKE) $(build)=$(package-dir) help
@echo ''
@echo 'Documentation targets:'
@$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Documentation/DocBook/Makefile dochelp
@echo ''
@echo 'Architecture specific targets ($(SRCARCH)):'
@$(if $(archhelp),$(archhelp),\
echo ' No architecture specific help defined for $(SRCARCH)')
@echo ''
@$(if $(boards), \
$(foreach b, $(boards), \
printf " %-24s - Build for %s\\n" $(b) $(subst _defconfig,,$(b));) \
echo '')
@$(if $(board-dirs), \
$(foreach b, $(board-dirs), \
printf " %-16s - Show %s-specific targets\\n" help-$(b) $(b);) \
printf " %-16s - Show all of the above\\n" help-boards; \
echo '')
@echo ' make V=0|1 [targets] 0 => quiet build (default), 1 => verbose build'
@echo ' make V=2 [targets] 2 => give reason for rebuild of target'
@echo ' make O=dir [targets] Locate all output files in "dir", including .config'
@echo ' make C=1 [targets] Check all c source with $$CHECK (sparse by default)'
@echo ' make C=2 [targets] Force check of all c source with $$CHECK'
@echo ' make RECORDMCOUNT_WARN=1 [targets] Warn about ignored mcount sections'
@echo ' make W=n [targets] Enable extra gcc checks, n=1,2,3 where'
@echo ' 1: warnings which may be relevant and do not occur too often'
@echo ' 2: warnings which occur quite often but may still be relevant'
@echo ' 3: more obscure warnings, can most likely be ignored'
@echo ' Multiple levels can be combined with W=12 or W=123'
@echo ''
@echo 'Execute "make" or "make all" to build all targets marked with [*] '
@echo 'For further info see the ./README file'
help-board-dirs := $(addprefix help-,$(board-dirs))
help-boards: $(help-board-dirs)
boards-per-dir = $(sort $(notdir $(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/configs/$*/*_defconfig)))
$(help-board-dirs): help-%:
@echo 'Architecture specific targets ($(SRCARCH) $*):'
@$(if $(boards-per-dir), \
$(foreach b, $(boards-per-dir), \
printf " %-24s - Build for %s\\n" $*/$(b) $(subst _defconfig,,$(b));) \
echo '')
# Documentation targets
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
%docs: scripts_basic FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts build_docproc
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=Documentation/DocBook $@
else # KBUILD_EXTMOD
###
# External module support.
# When building external modules the kernel used as basis is considered
# read-only, and no consistency checks are made and the make
# system is not used on the basis kernel. If updates are required
# in the basis kernel ordinary make commands (without M=...) must
# be used.
#
# The following are the only valid targets when building external
# modules.
# make M=dir clean Delete all automatically generated files
# make M=dir modules Make all modules in specified dir
# make M=dir Same as 'make M=dir modules'
# make M=dir modules_install
# Install the modules built in the module directory
# Assumes install directory is already created
# We are always building modules
KBUILD_MODULES := 1
PHONY += crmodverdir
crmodverdir:
$(cmd_crmodverdir)
PHONY += $(objtree)/Module.symvers
$(objtree)/Module.symvers:
@test -e $(objtree)/Module.symvers || ( \
echo; \
echo " WARNING: Symbol version dump $(objtree)/Module.symvers"; \
echo " is missing; modules will have no dependencies and modversions."; \
echo )
module-dirs := $(addprefix _module_,$(KBUILD_EXTMOD))
PHONY += $(module-dirs) modules
$(module-dirs): crmodverdir $(objtree)/Module.symvers
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(patsubst _module_%,%,$@)
modules: $(module-dirs)
@$(kecho) ' Building modules, stage 2.';
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modpost
PHONY += modules_install
modules_install: _emodinst_ _emodinst_post
install-dir := $(if $(INSTALL_MOD_DIR),$(INSTALL_MOD_DIR),extra)
PHONY += _emodinst_
_emodinst_:
$(Q)mkdir -p $(MODLIB)/$(install-dir)
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modinst
PHONY += _emodinst_post
_emodinst_post: _emodinst_
$(call cmd,depmod)
clean-dirs := $(addprefix _clean_,$(KBUILD_EXTMOD))
PHONY += $(clean-dirs) clean
$(clean-dirs):
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(clean)=$(patsubst _clean_%,%,$@)
clean: rm-dirs := $(MODVERDIR)
clean: rm-files := $(KBUILD_EXTMOD)/Module.symvers
help:
@echo ' Building external modules.'
@echo ' Syntax: make -C path/to/kernel/src M=$$PWD target'
@echo ''
@echo ' modules - default target, build the module(s)'
@echo ' modules_install - install the module'
@echo ' clean - remove generated files in module directory only'
@echo ''
# Dummies...
PHONY += prepare scripts
prepare: ;
scripts: ;
endif # KBUILD_EXTMOD
clean: $(clean-dirs)
$(call cmd,rmdirs)
$(call cmd,rmfiles)
@find $(if $(KBUILD_EXTMOD), $(KBUILD_EXTMOD), .) $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
\( -name '*.[oas]' -o -name '*.ko' -o -name '.*.cmd' \
-o -name '*.ko.*' \
-o -name '*.dwo' \
-o -name '.*.d' -o -name '.*.tmp' -o -name '*.mod.c' \
-o -name '*.symtypes' -o -name 'modules.order' \
-o -name modules.builtin -o -name '.tmp_*.o.*' \
-o -name '*.gcno' \) -type f -print | xargs rm -f
# Generate tags for editors
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
quiet_cmd_tags = GEN $@
cmd_tags = $(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/tags.sh $@
tags TAGS cscope gtags: FORCE
$(call cmd,tags)
# Scripts to check various things for consistency
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
PHONY += includecheck versioncheck coccicheck namespacecheck export_report
includecheck:
find $(srctree)/* $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
-name '*.[hcS]' -type f -print | sort \
| xargs $(PERL) -w $(srctree)/scripts/checkincludes.pl
versioncheck:
find $(srctree)/* $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
-name '*.[hcS]' -type f -print | sort \
| xargs $(PERL) -w $(srctree)/scripts/checkversion.pl
coccicheck:
$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/$@
namespacecheck:
$(PERL) $(srctree)/scripts/namespace.pl
export_report:
$(PERL) $(srctree)/scripts/export_report.pl
endif #ifeq ($(config-targets),1)
endif #ifeq ($(mixed-targets),1)
PHONY += checkstack kernelrelease kernelversion image_name
# UML needs a little special treatment here. It wants to use the host
# toolchain, so needs $(SUBARCH) passed to checkstack.pl. Everyone
# else wants $(ARCH), including people doing cross-builds, which means
# that $(SUBARCH) doesn't work here.
ifeq ($(ARCH), um)
CHECKSTACK_ARCH := $(SUBARCH)
else
CHECKSTACK_ARCH := $(ARCH)
endif
checkstack:
$(OBJDUMP) -d vmlinux $$(find . -name '*.ko') | \
$(PERL) $(src)/scripts/checkstack.pl $(CHECKSTACK_ARCH)
kernelrelease:
@echo "$(KERNELVERSION)$$($(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/setlocalversion $(srctree))"
kernelversion:
@echo $(KERNELVERSION)
image_name:
@echo $(KBUILD_IMAGE)
# Clear a bunch of variables before executing the submake
tools/: FORCE
$(Q)mkdir -p $(objtree)/tools
$(Q)$(MAKE) LDFLAGS= MAKEFLAGS="$(filter --j% -j,$(MAKEFLAGS))" O=$(O) subdir=tools -C $(src)/tools/
tools/%: FORCE
$(Q)mkdir -p $(objtree)/tools
$(Q)$(MAKE) LDFLAGS= MAKEFLAGS="$(filter --j% -j,$(MAKEFLAGS))" O=$(O) subdir=tools -C $(src)/tools/ $*
# Single targets
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Single targets are compatible with:
# - build with mixed source and output
# - build with separate output dir 'make O=...'
# - external modules
#
# target-dir => where to store outputfile
# build-dir => directory in kernel source tree to use
ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
build-dir = $(patsubst %/,%,$(dir $@))
target-dir = $(dir $@)
else
zap-slash=$(filter-out .,$(patsubst %/,%,$(dir $@)))
build-dir = $(KBUILD_EXTMOD)$(if $(zap-slash),/$(zap-slash))
target-dir = $(if $(KBUILD_EXTMOD),$(dir $<),$(dir $@))
endif
%.s: %.c prepare scripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
%.i: %.c prepare scripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
%.o: %.c prepare scripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
%.lst: %.c prepare scripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
%.s: %.S prepare scripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
%.o: %.S prepare scripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
%.symtypes: %.c prepare scripts FORCE
$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(build-dir) $(target-dir)$(notdir $@)
# Modules
/: prepare scripts FORCE
$(cmd_crmodverdir)
$(Q)$(MAKE) KBUILD_MODULES=$(if $(CONFIG_MODULES),1) \
$(build)=$(build-dir)
# Make sure the latest headers are built for Documentation
Documentation/: headers_install
%/: prepare scripts FORCE
$(cmd_crmodverdir)
$(Q)$(MAKE) KBUILD_MODULES=$(if $(CONFIG_MODULES),1) \
$(build)=$(build-dir)
%.ko: prepare scripts FORCE
$(cmd_crmodverdir)
$(Q)$(MAKE) KBUILD_MODULES=$(if $(CONFIG_MODULES),1) \
$(build)=$(build-dir) $(@:.ko=.o)
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modpost
# FIXME Should go into a make.lib or something
# ===========================================================================
quiet_cmd_rmdirs = $(if $(wildcard $(rm-dirs)),CLEAN $(wildcard $(rm-dirs)))
cmd_rmdirs = rm -rf $(rm-dirs)
quiet_cmd_rmfiles = $(if $(wildcard $(rm-files)),CLEAN $(wildcard $(rm-files)))
cmd_rmfiles = rm -f $(rm-files)
# Run depmod only if we have System.map and depmod is executable
quiet_cmd_depmod = DEPMOD $(KERNELRELEASE)
cmd_depmod = $(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/depmod.sh $(DEPMOD) \
$(KERNELRELEASE) "$(patsubst y,_,$(CONFIG_HAVE_UNDERSCORE_SYMBOL_PREFIX))"
# Create temporary dir for module support files
# clean it up only when building all modules
cmd_crmodverdir = $(Q)mkdir -p $(MODVERDIR) \
$(if $(KBUILD_MODULES),; rm -f $(MODVERDIR)/*)
# read all saved command lines
targets := $(wildcard $(sort $(targets)))
cmd_files := $(wildcard .*.cmd $(foreach f,$(targets),$(dir $(f)).$(notdir $(f)).cmd))
ifneq ($(cmd_files),)
$(cmd_files): ; # Do not try to update included dependency files
include $(cmd_files)
endif
endif # skip-makefile
PHONY += FORCE
FORCE:
# Declare the contents of the .PHONY variable as phony. We keep that
# information in a variable so we can use it in if_changed and friends.
.PHONY: $(PHONY)
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