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/*
Copyright (c) 2007-2010 iMatix Corporation

This file is part of 0MQ.

0MQ is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the Lesser GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

0MQ is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
Lesser GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the Lesser GNU General Public License
along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/

#include <stdlib.h>

#include <new>
#include <algorithm>

#include "err.hpp"
#include "prefix_tree.hpp"

zmq::prefix_tree_t::prefix_tree_t () :
    refcnt (0),
    min (0),
    count (0)
{
}

zmq::prefix_tree_t::~prefix_tree_t ()
{
    if (count == 1)
        delete next.node;
    else if (count > 1) {
        for (unsigned char i = 0; i != count; ++i)
            if (next.table [i])
                delete next.table [i];
        free (next.table);
    }
}

void zmq::prefix_tree_t::add (unsigned char *prefix_, size_t size_)
{
    // We are at the node corresponding to the prefix. We are done.
    if (!size_) {
        ++refcnt;
        return;
    }

    unsigned char c = *prefix_;
    if (c < min || c >= min + count) {

        // The character is out of range of currently handled
        // charcters. We have to extend the table.
        if (!count) {
            min = c;
            count = 1;
            next.node = NULL;
        }
        else if (count == 1) {
            unsigned char oldc = min;
            prefix_tree_t *oldp = next.node;
            count = (min < c ? c - min : min - c) + 1;
            next.table = (prefix_tree_t**)
                malloc (sizeof (prefix_tree_t*) * count);
            zmq_assert (next.table);
            for (unsigned char i = 0; i != count; ++i)
                next.table [i] = 0;
            min = std::min (min, c);
            next.table [oldc - min] = oldp;
        }
        else if (min < c) {

            // The new character is above the current character range.
            unsigned char old_count = count;
            count = c - min + 1;
            next.table = (prefix_tree_t**) realloc ((void*) next.table,
                sizeof (prefix_tree_t*) * count);
            zmq_assert (next.table);
            for (unsigned char i = old_count; i != count; i++)
                next.table [i] = NULL;
        }
        else {

            // The new character is below the current character range.
            unsigned char old_count = count;
            count = (min + old_count) - c;
            next.table = (prefix_tree_t**) realloc ((void*) next.table,
                sizeof (prefix_tree_t*) * count);
            zmq_assert (next.table);
            memmove (next.table + min - c, next.table,
                old_count * sizeof (prefix_tree_t*));
            for (unsigned char i = 0; i != min - c; i++)
                next.table [i] = NULL;
            min = c;
        }
    }

    // If next node does not exist, create one.
    if (count == 1) {
        if (!next.node) {
            next.node = new (std::nothrow) prefix_tree_t;
            zmq_assert (next.node);
        }
        next.node->add (prefix_ + 1, size_ - 1);
    }
    else {
        if (!next.table [c - min]) {
            next.table [c - min] = new (std::nothrow) prefix_tree_t;
            zmq_assert (next.table [c - min]);
        }
        next.table [c - min]->add (prefix_ + 1, size_ - 1);
    }
}

bool zmq::prefix_tree_t::rm (unsigned char *prefix_, size_t size_)
{
     if (!size_) {
         if (!refcnt)
             return false;
         refcnt--;
         return true;
     }

     unsigned char c = *prefix_;
     if (!count || c < min || c >= min + count)
         return false;

     prefix_tree_t *next_node =
         count == 1 ? next.node : next.table [c - min];

     if (!next_node)
         return false;

     return next_node->rm (prefix_ + 1, size_ - 1);
}

bool zmq::prefix_tree_t::check (unsigned char *data_, size_t size_)
{
    // This function is on critical path. It deliberately doesn't use
    // recursion to get a bit better performance.
    prefix_tree_t *current = this;
    while (true) {

        // We've found a corresponding subscription!
        if (current->refcnt)
            return true;

        // We've checked all the data and haven't found matching subscription.
        if (!size_)
            return false;

        // If there's no corresponding slot for the first character
        // of the prefix, the message does not match.
        unsigned char c = *data_;
        if (c < current->min || c >= current->min + current->count)
            return false;

        // Move to the next character.
        if (current->count == 1)
            current = current->next.node;
        else {
            current = current->next.table [c - current->min];
            if (!current)
                return false;
        }
        data_++;
        size_--;
    }
}
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