EvalEx is a handy expression evaluator for Java, that allows to evaluate simple mathematical and boolean expressions.
Clone or download
Latest commit 5a4f2b4 Mar 25, 2018


EvalEx - Java Expression Evaluator


EvalEx is a handy expression evaluator for Java, that allows to evaluate simple mathematical and boolean expressions.

Key Features:

  • Uses BigDecimal for calculation and result
  • No dependencies to external libraries
  • Precision and rounding mode can be set
  • Supports variables
  • Standard boolean and mathematical operators
  • Standard basic mathematical and boolean functions
  • Custom functions and operators can be added at runtime
  • Functions can be defined with a variable number of arguments (see MIN and MAX functions)
  • Supports for hexadecimal numbers and scientific notations of numbers
  • Supports string literals in functions
  • Supports implicit multiplication, e.g. (a+b)(a-b) or 2(x-y) which equals to (a+b)*(a-b) or 2*(x-y)

Download / Maven

You can download the binaries, source code and JavaDoc jars from Maven Central.

The project and source code in zip and tar.gz format can also be downloaded from the projects release area.

To include it in your Maven project, refer to the artifact in your pom. For example:


If you're using gradle add to your project's app build.gradle:

dependencies {
    compile 'com.udojava:EvalEx:2.0'

Usage Examples

 BigDecimal result = null;
 Expression expression = new Expression("1+1/3");
 result = expression.eval():
 result = expression.eval():
 result = new Expression("(3.4 + -4.1)/2").eval();
 result = new Expression("SQRT(a^2 + b^2").with("a","2.4").and("b","9.253").eval();
 BigDecimal a = new BigDecimal("2.4");
 BigDecimal b = new BigDecimal("9.235");
 result = new Expression("SQRT(a^2 + b^2").with("a",a).and("b",b).eval();
 result = new Expression("2.4/PI").setPrecision(128).setRoundingMode(RoundingMode.UP).eval();
 result = new Expression("random() > 0.5").eval();

 result = new Expression("not(x<7 || sqrt(max(x,9,3,min(4,3))) <= 3))").with("x","22.9").eval();
 result = new Expression("log10(100)").eval();

Supported Operators

Mathematical Operators
+Additive operator / Unary plus
-Subtraction operator / Unary minus
*Multiplication operator, can be omitted in front of an open bracket
/Division operator
%Remainder operator (Modulo)
^Power operator
Boolean Operators*
!=Not equals
<>Not equals
<Less than
<=Less than or equal to
>Greater than
>=Greater than or equal to
&&Boolean and
||Boolean or
*Boolean operators result always in a BigDecimal value of 1 or 0 (zero). Any non-zero value is treated as a _true_ value. Boolean _not_ is implemented by a function.

Supported Functions

NOT(expression)Boolean negation, 1 (means true) if the expression is not zero
IF(condition,value_if_true,value_if_false)Returns one value if the condition evaluates to true or the other if it evaluates to false
RANDOM()Produces a random number between 0 and 1
MIN(e1,e2, ...)Returns the smallest of the given expressions
MAX(e1,e2, ...)Returns the biggest of the given expressions
ABS(expression)Returns the absolute (non-negative) value of the expression
ROUND(expression,precision)Rounds a value to a certain number of digits, uses the current rounding mode
FLOOR(expression)Rounds the value down to the nearest integer
CEILING(expression)Rounds the value up to the nearest integer
LOG(expression)Returns the natural logarithm (base e) of an expression
LOG10(expression)Returns the common logarithm (base 10) of an expression
SQRT(expression)Returns the square root of an expression
SIN(expression)Returns the trigonometric sine of an angle (in degrees)
COS(expression)Returns the trigonometric cosine of an angle (in degrees)
TAN(expression)Returns the trigonometric tangens of an angle (in degrees)
COT(expression)Returns the trigonometric cotangens of an angle (in degrees)
ASIN(expression)Returns the angle of asin (in degrees)
ACOS(expression)Returns the angle of acos (in degrees)
ATAN(expression)Returns the angle of atan (in degrees)
ACOT(expression)Returns the angle of acot (in degrees)
ATAN2(y,x)Returns the angle of atan2 (in degrees)
SINH(expression)Returns the hyperbolic sine of a value
COSH(expression)Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a value
TANH(expression)Returns the hyperbolic tangens of a value
COTH(expression)Returns the hyperbolic cotangens of a value
SEC(expression)Returns the secant (in degrees)
CSC(expression)Returns the cosecant (in degrees)
SECH(expression)Returns the hyperbolic secant (in degrees)
CSCH(expression)Returns the hyperbolic cosecant (in degrees)
ASINH(expression)Returns the angle of hyperbolic sine (in degrees)
ACOSH(expression)Returns the angle of hyperbolic cosine (in degrees)
ATANH(expression)Returns the angle of hyperbolic tangens of a value
RAD(expression)Converts an angle measured in degrees to an approximately equivalent angle measured in radians
DEG(expression)Converts an angle measured in radians to an approximately equivalent angle measured in degrees
*Functions names are case insensitive.

Supported Constants

eThe value of e, exact to 70 digits
PIThe value of PI, exact to 100 digits
TRUEThe value one
FALSEThe value zero
NULLThe null value

Add Custom Operators

Custom operators can be added easily, simply create an instance of Expression.Operator and add it to the expression. Parameters are the operator string, its precedence and if it is left associative. The operators eval() method will be called with the BigDecimal values of the operands. All existing operators can also be overridden.

For example, add an operator x >> n, that moves the decimal point of x n digits to the right:

Expression e = new Expression("2.1234 >> 2");

e.addOperator(new AbstractOperator(">>", 30, true) {
    public BigDecimal eval(BigDecimal v1, BigDecimal v2) {
        return v1.movePointRight(v2.toBigInteger().intValue());

e.eval(); // returns 212.34

Add Custom Functions

Adding custom functions is as easy as adding custom operators. Create an instance of Expression.Functionand add it to the expression. Parameters are the function name and the count of required parameters. The functions eval() method will be called with a list of the BigDecimal parameters. A -1 as the number of parameters denotes a variable number of arguments. All existing functions can also be overridden.

For example, add a function average(a,b,c), that will calculate the average value of a, b and c:

Expression e = new Expression("2 * average(12,4,8)");

e.addFunction(new AbstractFunction("average", -1) {
    public BigDecimal eval(List<BigDecimal> parameters) {
				if (parameters.size() == 0) {
					throw new ExpressionException("average requires at least one parameter");
				BigDecimal avg = new BigDecimal(0);
				for (BigDecimal parameter : parameters) {
						avg = avg.add(parameter);
				return avg.divide(new BigDecimal(parameters.size()));

e.eval(); // returns 16

Custom Functions With String Parameters

You can create a custom function with string parameters. Create an instance of Expression.LazyFunctionand add it to the expression. Parameters are the function name and the count of required parameters. The functions lazyEval() method will be called with a list of the LazyNumber parameters. A -1 as the number of parameters denotes a variable number of arguments. String parameters needs to be surrounded by ".

For example, add a function STREQ("string1","string2"), that will compare whether string1 and string2 are equal:

Expression e = new Expression("STREQ(\"test\", \"test2\")");
e.addLazyFunction(new AbstractLazyFunction("STREQ", 2) {
    private LazyNumber ZERO = new LazyNumber() {
        public BigDecimal eval() {
            return BigDecimal.ZERO;
        public String getString() {
            return "0";
    private LazyNumber ONE = new LazyNumber() {
        public BigDecimal eval() {
            return BigDecimal.ONE;
        public String getString() {
            return null;
    public LazyNumber lazyEval(List<LazyNumber> lazyParams) {
        if (lazyParams.get(0).getString().equals(lazyParams.get(1).getString())) {
            return ZERO;
        return ONE;

e.eval(); // returns 1

Project Layout

The software was created and tested using Java 1.6.0.

src/   The Java sources
test/  JUnit tests

Author and License

Copyright 2012-2018 by Udo Klimaschewski



Thanks to all who contributed to this project: Contributors

The software is licensed under the MIT Open Source license (see LICENSE file).