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package cli
import (
"flag"
"fmt"
"sort"
"strings"
)
// Command is a subcommand for a cli.App.
type Command struct {
// The name of the command
Name string
// short name of the command. Typically one character (deprecated, use `Aliases`)
ShortName string
// A list of aliases for the command
Aliases []string
// A short description of the usage of this command
Usage string
// Custom text to show on USAGE section of help
UsageText string
// A longer explanation of how the command works
Description string
// A short description of the arguments of this command
ArgsUsage string
// The category the command is part of
Category string
// The function to call when checking for bash command completions
BashComplete BashCompleteFunc
// An action to execute before any sub-subcommands are run, but after the context is ready
// If a non-nil error is returned, no sub-subcommands are run
Before BeforeFunc
// An action to execute after any subcommands are run, but after the subcommand has finished
// It is run even if Action() panics
After AfterFunc
// The function to call when this command is invoked
Action interface{}
// TODO: replace `Action: interface{}` with `Action: ActionFunc` once some kind
// of deprecation period has passed, maybe?
// Execute this function if a usage error occurs.
OnUsageError OnUsageErrorFunc
// List of child commands
Subcommands Commands
// List of flags to parse
Flags []Flag
// Treat all flags as normal arguments if true
SkipFlagParsing bool
// Skip argument reordering which attempts to move flags before arguments,
// but only works if all flags appear after all arguments. This behavior was
// removed n version 2 since it only works under specific conditions so we
// backport here by exposing it as an option for compatibility.
SkipArgReorder bool
// Boolean to hide built-in help command
HideHelp bool
// Boolean to hide this command from help or completion
Hidden bool
// Boolean to enable short-option handling so user can combine several
// single-character bool arguments into one
// i.e. foobar -o -v -> foobar -ov
UseShortOptionHandling bool
// Full name of command for help, defaults to full command name, including parent commands.
HelpName string
commandNamePath []string
// CustomHelpTemplate the text template for the command help topic.
// cli.go uses text/template to render templates. You can
// render custom help text by setting this variable.
CustomHelpTemplate string
}
type CommandsByName []Command
func (c CommandsByName) Len() int {
return len(c)
}
func (c CommandsByName) Less(i, j int) bool {
return lexicographicLess(c[i].Name, c[j].Name)
}
func (c CommandsByName) Swap(i, j int) {
c[i], c[j] = c[j], c[i]
}
// FullName returns the full name of the command.
// For subcommands this ensures that parent commands are part of the command path
func (c Command) FullName() string {
if c.commandNamePath == nil {
return c.Name
}
return strings.Join(c.commandNamePath, " ")
}
// Commands is a slice of Command
type Commands []Command
// Run invokes the command given the context, parses ctx.Args() to generate command-specific flags
func (c Command) Run(ctx *Context) (err error) {
if len(c.Subcommands) > 0 {
return c.startApp(ctx)
}
if !c.HideHelp && (HelpFlag != BoolFlag{}) {
// append help to flags
c.Flags = append(
c.Flags,
HelpFlag,
)
}
if ctx.App.UseShortOptionHandling {
c.UseShortOptionHandling = true
}
set, err := c.parseFlags(ctx.Args().Tail())
context := NewContext(ctx.App, set, ctx)
context.Command = c
if checkCommandCompletions(context, c.Name) {
return nil
}
if err != nil {
if c.OnUsageError != nil {
err := c.OnUsageError(context, err, false)
context.App.handleExitCoder(context, err)
return err
}
_, _ = fmt.Fprintln(context.App.Writer, "Incorrect Usage:", err.Error())
_, _ = fmt.Fprintln(context.App.Writer)
_ = ShowCommandHelp(context, c.Name)
return err
}
if checkCommandHelp(context, c.Name) {
return nil
}
cerr := checkRequiredFlags(c.Flags, context)
if cerr != nil {
_ = ShowCommandHelp(context, c.Name)
return cerr
}
if c.After != nil {
defer func() {
afterErr := c.After(context)
if afterErr != nil {
context.App.handleExitCoder(context, err)
if err != nil {
err = NewMultiError(err, afterErr)
} else {
err = afterErr
}
}
}()
}
if c.Before != nil {
err = c.Before(context)
if err != nil {
_ = ShowCommandHelp(context, c.Name)
context.App.handleExitCoder(context, err)
return err
}
}
if c.Action == nil {
c.Action = helpSubcommand.Action
}
err = HandleAction(c.Action, context)
if err != nil {
context.App.handleExitCoder(context, err)
}
return err
}
func (c *Command) parseFlags(args Args) (*flag.FlagSet, error) {
if c.SkipFlagParsing {
set, err := c.newFlagSet()
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return set, set.Parse(append([]string{"--"}, args...))
}
if !c.SkipArgReorder {
args = reorderArgs(args)
}
set, err := c.newFlagSet()
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
err = parseIter(set, c, args)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
err = normalizeFlags(c.Flags, set)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return set, nil
}
func (c *Command) newFlagSet() (*flag.FlagSet, error) {
return flagSet(c.Name, c.Flags)
}
func (c *Command) useShortOptionHandling() bool {
return c.UseShortOptionHandling
}
// reorderArgs moves all flags before arguments as this is what flag expects
func reorderArgs(args []string) []string {
var nonflags, flags []string
readFlagValue := false
for i, arg := range args {
if arg == "--" {
nonflags = append(nonflags, args[i:]...)
break
}
if readFlagValue && !strings.HasPrefix(arg, "-") && !strings.HasPrefix(arg, "--") {
readFlagValue = false
flags = append(flags, arg)
continue
}
readFlagValue = false
if arg != "-" && strings.HasPrefix(arg, "-") {
flags = append(flags, arg)
readFlagValue = !strings.Contains(arg, "=")
} else {
nonflags = append(nonflags, arg)
}
}
return append(flags, nonflags...)
}
// Names returns the names including short names and aliases.
func (c Command) Names() []string {
names := []string{c.Name}
if c.ShortName != "" {
names = append(names, c.ShortName)
}
return append(names, c.Aliases...)
}
// HasName returns true if Command.Name or Command.ShortName matches given name
func (c Command) HasName(name string) bool {
for _, n := range c.Names() {
if n == name {
return true
}
}
return false
}
func (c Command) startApp(ctx *Context) error {
app := NewApp()
app.Metadata = ctx.App.Metadata
app.ExitErrHandler = ctx.App.ExitErrHandler
// set the name and usage
app.Name = fmt.Sprintf("%s %s", ctx.App.Name, c.Name)
if c.HelpName == "" {
app.HelpName = c.HelpName
} else {
app.HelpName = app.Name
}
app.Usage = c.Usage
app.Description = c.Description
app.ArgsUsage = c.ArgsUsage
// set CommandNotFound
app.CommandNotFound = ctx.App.CommandNotFound
app.CustomAppHelpTemplate = c.CustomHelpTemplate
// set the flags and commands
app.Commands = c.Subcommands
app.Flags = c.Flags
app.HideHelp = c.HideHelp
app.Version = ctx.App.Version
app.HideVersion = ctx.App.HideVersion
app.Compiled = ctx.App.Compiled
app.Author = ctx.App.Author
app.Email = ctx.App.Email
app.Writer = ctx.App.Writer
app.ErrWriter = ctx.App.ErrWriter
app.UseShortOptionHandling = ctx.App.UseShortOptionHandling
app.categories = CommandCategories{}
for _, command := range c.Subcommands {
app.categories = app.categories.AddCommand(command.Category, command)
}
sort.Sort(app.categories)
// bash completion
app.EnableBashCompletion = ctx.App.EnableBashCompletion
if c.BashComplete != nil {
app.BashComplete = c.BashComplete
}
// set the actions
app.Before = c.Before
app.After = c.After
if c.Action != nil {
app.Action = c.Action
} else {
app.Action = helpSubcommand.Action
}
app.OnUsageError = c.OnUsageError
for index, cc := range app.Commands {
app.Commands[index].commandNamePath = []string{c.Name, cc.Name}
}
return app.RunAsSubcommand(ctx)
}
// VisibleFlags returns a slice of the Flags with Hidden=false
func (c Command) VisibleFlags() []Flag {
return visibleFlags(c.Flags)
}
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