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[css-grid] Ability to target items in nth-row of autofilled, implicit grid #1943

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rachelandrew opened this issue Nov 6, 2017 · 14 comments

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@rachelandrew
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commented Nov 6, 2017

I've had various people ask me the same question as raised here: rachelandrew/cssgrid-ama#115

The use case is as described in that issue. If the author creates the following grid:

nav {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: repeat(auto-fill, minmax(150px, 1fr));
}

They then want to style items on the second (or nth) row differently to the first, they don't have a way to target it. I've mocked it up using MQs. https://codepen.io/rachelandrew/pen/yPJKeo?editors=1100

It's really a selectors issue, would the table pseudo-class selectors (https://drafts.csswg.org/selectors-4/#table-pseudos) work on grid items, or is this another instance of needing to be able to target a row or column of the grid, with the added complication of wanting to target the children of that row or column?

At the moment to do so, they need to go back to taking more control over the grid, rather than using auto-fill, so that they know where each item sits and can use nth-child on the items, or use media queries which makes for less flexible components.

@jensimmons

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commented Nov 6, 2017

+1 This is one of the many things I think we want in order to be able to style the Grid, or style based on a position on the Grid. nth-row would be great — or really, nth-track (row or column). Also to be able to target a specific cell. To make the one cell where the 2nd row and 3rd column intersect, for example.

I think this is related to being able to style a cell. To target the second row and give it a background color. Ir to put a border around the cell where the 2nd row and 3rd column intersect. If we can target the cell or track, we can either style it, or style the content within it.

@wesbos

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commented Nov 6, 2017

Thanks for opening this - here are a few use cases in which I'd fine it useful:

Styling elements that spill onto the second row or column:
resize-observer-grid

Tiger Striping rows/columns

odd-even-grid

I like @jensimmons's suggestion to selecting the track as I could see the need to doing specific TRBL grid-gap on each of those.

@fantasai

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commented Nov 7, 2017

The trouble with this is that selectors can be used to set the placement properties (grid-area), which can change which row the item is in. :) For tables we work off of the markup only: the selector works even if you style the table as a list, so we don't have this cyclic problem.

The use case makes a lot of sense, but I don't see how to make it work...

@kartikadur

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commented Jan 29, 2018

Adding to @fantasai's point, in @wesbos's 2nd example if there were some boxes that were n x m rather than 1 x 1 how should selecting nth-row/nth-column/nth-track affect boxes in multiple tracks? e.g. the 'facebook' element in the image below.

option 1
1

option 2
1

@SebastianZ

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commented Apr 10, 2018

@fantasai wrote:

The trouble with this is that selectors can be used to set the placement properties (grid-area), which can change which row the item is in. :) For tables we work off of the markup only: the selector works even if you style the table as a list, so we don't have this cyclic problem.

The cyclic problem could be solved by applying the selector to the grid tracks, not to the grid items themselves, so grid-area and Co. do not apply.
Having said that, it sounds like it might be solved by using pseudo-elements rather than pseudo-classes, similar to what's described in #499.
So, @rachelandrew's example might be achieved like this:

nav {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: repeat(auto-fill, minmax(150px, 1fr));
}

nav::nth-row(1n+2) {
  background-color: red;
}

@kartikadur wrote:

Adding to @fantasai's point, in @wesbos's 2nd example if there were some boxes that were n x m rather than 1 x 1 how should selecting nth-row/nth-column/nth-track affect boxes in multiple tracks?

Like the :nth-col() pseudo-class described in Selectors 4, the selector also applies to items spanning over several tracks. I.e. when several selectors match the same area, the normal specificity and cascading rules apply.

Sebastian

@tabatkins tabatkins added css-grid-3 and removed css-grid-2 labels Apr 30, 2018

@tobireif

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commented Jun 12, 2018

This feature would be very useful!

@yairEO

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commented Aug 12, 2018

@SebastianZ - The title of this issue is about nth-row and I see only nth-column in Selectors 4 draft..

@KES777

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commented Sep 5, 2018

yes nth-row would be really awesome

@SebastianZ

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commented Sep 5, 2018

@SebastianZ - The title of this issue is about nth-row and I see only nth-column in Selectors 4 draft..

Right. That should have read nth-row. I've updated my example.

Sebastian

@KeviinCosmos

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commented Sep 16, 2018

Would a fix for this! :D

@dakom

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commented Oct 17, 2018

Another use case would be a bookshelf sort of layout - i.e. adding a border or background image to go across all the rows

@martijnmegens

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commented Apr 15, 2019

Would be so nice to create a checkered background for a calendar/planboard.
To be able to style the rows and column(tracks) independent of it contents(items)
for weekends for example (yellow line). Maybe add the ability to hover/active tracks.
25FE7464-7406-407C-99A1-F095B4C89424

@johannesodland

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commented Apr 26, 2019

In addition to be able to target the nth-row and nth-column for styling it would also be great to be able to target a row or a column with a hovered or focused cell. I.e.

nav::row-hover, nav::row-focus-within {
  background-color: red;
}
@domenichelfenstein

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commented Apr 30, 2019

I could use this feature as well. Would be great to have it!

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