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Wildfly - CentOS Docker images for Openshift

NOTE: The WildFly S2I image is now developed in this repository. It replaces the repository https://github.com/openshift-s2i/s2i-wildfly that can still be used to build older images.

This repository contains the source for building 2 different WildFly docker images:

  • S2I WildFly builder image. Build a WildFly application as a reproducible Docker image using source-to-image. The resulting image can be run using Docker.

  • WildFly runtime image. An image that contains the minimal dependencies needed to run WildFly with deployed application. This image is not runnable, it is to be used to chain a docker build with an image created by the WildFly S2I builder image.

NB: The image created by chaining an s2i build and a docker build is a good candidate to be managed by the WildFly Operator

CentOS versions currently provided are:

  • CentOS7

Building the images

Images are built using docker community edition and cekit version 3. You will also need the docker-squash module Mac OSX installation and build tips.

Cloning the repository:

$ git clone https://github.com/wildfly/wildfly-s2i
$ cd wildfly-s2i

Building WildFly s2i builder image from scratch:

$ cd wildfly-builder-image
$ cekit build docker

Building WildFly runtime image from scratch:

$ cd wildfly-runtime-image
$ cekit build docker

Building WildFly s2i builder image with a locally built WildFly server

build-s2i-image.sh script steps:

  • Builds WildFly (clean install -DskipTests) if --no-wildfly-build is not set.
  • Build a wildfly-cloud-legacy-galleon-pack that depends on built WildFly.
  • Constructs and zip a local maven repository that contains all maven artifacts required by WildFly (JBoss module jars). NB during this phase an http server is started on port 7777 to serve maven local cache.
  • Creates the wildfly/wildfly-centos7:dev-snapshot s2i builder docker image using the zipped repository.
$ cd tools
$ ./build-s2i-image.sh <path to wildfly directory> [--no-wildfly-build]

Building your own application image

The script tools/build-app-image.sh uses s2i command line tool and docker to create an image from your application src.

  • By default it uses quay.io/wildfly/wildfly-centos7 and quay.io/wildfly/wildfly-runtime-centos7 images. You can provide your own wildfly s2i builder and runtime images.

  • If no application name is provided, the image name is derived from the application src directory.

  • You can provide Galleon layers in order to build a trimmed-down server.

$ cd tools
$ ./build-app-image.sh <path to your app maven project> [--app-name=<application name>] [--galleon-layers=<comma separated list of layers>] [--wildfly-builder-image=<wildfly s2i builder image>] [--wildfly-runtime-image=<wildfly runtime image>]

S2I Usage

To build a simple jee application using standalone S2I and then run the resulting image with Docker execute:

$ s2i build git://github.com/openshift/openshift-jee-sample wildfly/wildfly-centos7:latest wildflytest
$ docker run -p 8080:8080 wildflytest

Accessing the application:

$ curl 127.0.0.1:8080

Chaining s2i build with runtime image

The following Dockerfile uses multi-stage build to chain builds to create a lightweight image.

NB: In order to be able to copy the server to the runtime image, the server must have been provisioned using galleon during s2i build. This is done by using one of the Galleon env variables or by defining a galleon/provisioning.xml file at the root of the application src.

FROM quay.io/wildfly/wildfly-runtime-centos7:latest
COPY --from=wildflytest:latest /s2i-output/server $JBOSS_HOME
USER root
RUN chown -R jboss:root $JBOSS_HOME && chmod -R ug+rwX $JBOSS_HOME
RUN ln -s $JBOSS_HOME /wildfly
USER jboss
CMD $JBOSS_HOME/bin/openshift-launch.sh

To build the docker image:

  • Copy the Dockerfile content into a Dockerfile file
  • Adjust the --from argument to reference the image you first built with s2i
  • In the directory that contains the Dockerfile run: docker build --squash -t wildflytest-rt .

Test

This repository also provides a S2I test framework, which launches tests to check functionality of a simple WildFly application built on top of the wildfly image. The tests also create a chained build to build a WildFly application runtime image from an s2i build.

$ make test

When running tests, the WildFly docker images are first built.

Repository organization

  • doc/ some documentation content referenced from this README file.

  • imagestreams/ contains image streams registered in openshift library

  • make/ contains make scripts

  • templates templates you can add to a local openshift cluster (eg: oc create -f templates/wildfly-s2i-chained-build-template.yml)

    • wildfly-builder-image-stream.yml builder image stream
    • wildfly-runtime-image-stream.yml runtime image stream
    • wildfly-s2i-chained-build-template.yml template that build an application using s2i and copy the WildFly server and deployed app inside the WildFly runtime image.
  • test/ contains test applications and make test run script

  • wildfly-builder-image/ contains builder image yaml file

  • wildfly-modules/ contains cekit modules specific to wildfly. NB: These modules are progressively removed and added to the wildfly-cekit-modules repository.

  • wildfly-runtime-image contains runtime image yaml file

Hot Deploy

Hot deploy is enabled by default for all WildFly versions. To deploy a new version of your web application without restarting, you will need to either rsync or scp your war/ear/rar/jar file to the /wildfly/standalone/deployments directory within your pod.

Image name structure

Structure: openshift/3
  1. Platform name (lowercase) - wildfly
  2. Base builder image - centos7
  3. WildFly version or latest

Example: wildfly/wildfly-centos7:23.0

Environment variables to be used at s2i build time

To set environment variables, you can place them as a key value pair into a .s2i/environment file inside your source code repository.

  • GALLEON_CUSTOM_FEATURE_PACKS_MAVEN_REPO

    Absolute path inside the image to a Maven local repository directory containing custom feature-packs.

  • GALLEON_DIR

    Directory relative to the application project directory that contains galleon custom content. By default the directory galleon is used.

  • GALLEON_PROVISION_LAYERS

    A comma separated list of layer names to compose a WildFly server. Any layer name starting with - (eg:-jpa) will be excluded from the provisioning. Can't be used when GALLEON_PROVISION_SERVER is used. The set of built-in Galleon layers:

    • Openshift Base layers:

      • datasources-web-server: Web + DB + core server (logging, management, elytron, ...). A servlet container (web-server layer), datasources support (datasources layer) and core subsystems (core-server layer). NB: security feature is offered thanks to elytron.

      • jaxrs-server: REST + JPA. Expands on datasources-web-server layer with the jaxrs, cdi and jpa layers, plus infinispan based local second level entity caching.

      • cloud-server: Expands on jaxrs-server with resource-adapters, jms-activemq (remote broker messaging, not embedded) and observability layers.

    • Openshift Decorator layers (to be used to complement base layers):

      • keycloak: Keycloak integration.

      • observability: MP Health, Metrics, Config, OpenTracing.

      • web-clustering: Support for Infinispan-based web session clustering.

      • All layers defined by wildfly-datasources-feature-pack.

    • All WildFly Galleon Layers.

  • GALLEON_PROVISION_FEATURE_PACKS

    A comma separated list of additional Galleon feature-packs identified by Maven coordinates (<groupId>:<artifactId>:<version>). These feature-packs must have been designed to work with the version of the WildFly server present in the builder image. Galleon layers defined by these feature-packs can be set in GALLEON_PROVISION_LAYERS env variable.

  • GALLEON_PROVISION_DEFAULT_FAT_SERVER

    Set this env variable to true in order to provision the default server in a way that allows to copy it to the runtime image.

  • GALLEON_PROVISION_SERVER [DEPRECATED, Use of GALLEON_PROVISION_LAYERS is the way to provision custom server]

    The image contains a set of pre-defined galleon definitions that you can use to provision a custom WildFly server during s2i build. The set of built-in descriptions you can use as value of the env var are:

    • full-profile (Vanilla WildFly configuration for standalone and domain)
    • slim-default-server. The default server present in the builder image. JBoss module artifacts are retrieved from local maven repository.
    • fat-default-server. Same server configuration as the slim-default-server) but artifacts are retrieved from $JBOSS_HOME/modules.
    • standalone-profile (Vanilla WildFly configuration for standalone)

    Can't be used when GALLEON_PROVISION_LAYERS is used.

  • S2I_COPY_SERVER

    When Galleon provisioning occurs, the server (and deployed apps) is copied to the directory /s2i-output/server directory. This can be disabled by setting this env variable to false.

  • Maven env variables

    • The maven env variables you can set are documented in this document

    • MAVEN_OPTS Contains JVM parameters to maven. Will be appended to JVM arguments that are calculated by the image itself (e.g. heap size), so values provided here will take precedence.

    • MAVEN_ARGS_APPEND Contains command line parameters to maven. These will be appended to maven command line which executes the build.

Environment variables to be used when running application

Java env variables

  • The Java env variables you can set are documented in this document
  • ENABLE_JPDA, set to true to enable debug on port 8787, disabled by default.
  • JAVA_OPTS_APPEND, to append to options to JAVA_OPTS

WildFly server env variables

  • Access Log env vars

  • Admin user env vars

  • Deployment scanner env var

  • CLI_GRACEFUL_SHUTDOWN set to true to disable shutdown.

  • DEFAULT_DATASOURCE defaut to POSTGRESQL_DATASOURCE or MYSQL_DATASOURCE or EXAMPLE_DATASOURCE or ExampleDS

  • Elytron security env vars

  • EXAMPLE_DATASOURCE default to ExampleDS

  • Filters (Undertow) env vars

  • HTTPS config env vars

  • JSON logging env vars

  • Keycloak env var

  • Logger categories env vars

  • Microprofiles config env vars

  • MYSQL_DATABASE

    If set, WildFly will attempt to define a MySQL datasource based on the assumption you have an OpenShift service named "mysql" defined. It will attempt to reference the following environment variables which are automatically defined if the "mysql" service exists:

    • MYSQL_SERVICE_PORT
    • MYSQL_SERVICE_HOST
    • MYSQL_PASSWORD
    • MYSQL_USER
    • MYSQL_DATASOURCE, default to MySQLDS, is used as the JNDI name of the datasource java:jboss/datasources/$MYSQL_DATASOURCE
  • OPENSHIFT_SMTP_HOST default to localhost

  • POSTGRESQL_DATABASE

    If set, WildFly will attempt to define a PostgreSQL datasource based on the assumption you have an OpenShift service named "postgresql" defined. It will attempt to reference the following environment variables which are automatically defined if the "postgresql" service exists:

    • POSTGRESQL_SERVICE_PORT
    • POSTGRESQL_SERVICE_HOST
    • POSTGRESQL_PASSWORD
    • POSTGRESQL_USER
    • POSTGRESQL_DATASOURCE, default to PostgreSQLDS, is used as the JNDI name of the datasource java:jboss/datasources/$POSTGRESQL_DATASOURCE
  • Port offset env vars

  • Resource adapters env vars

  • SCRIPT_DEBUG set to true to enable launch script debug.

  • SERVER_CONFIGURATION name of standalone XML configuration file. Default to standalone.xml

  • WILDFLY_ENABLE_STATISTICS default to true

  • WILDFLY_MANAGEMENT_BIND_ADDRESS default to 0.0.0.0

  • WILDFLY_PUBLIC_BIND_ADDRESS default to the value returned by hostname -i

  • WILDFLY_TRACING_ENABLED in default server configuration microprofile opentracing is not enabled. Set this env variable to true to enable it. In case your configuration contains opentracing (eg: cloud-profile), you can disable it by setting this env variable to false.

  • Adding new datasources can be done by using env variables defined in this document

Jolokia env variables

  • The Jolokia env variables you can set are documented in this document

Including custom Galleon layers during Galleon provisioning

Using environment variables

That is done during s2i build by using the GALLEON_PROVISION_LAYERS env variable. By default, a fixed set of Galleon layers (WildFly ones and WildFly s2i specific ones) can be used to compose a server. Custom Galleon layers can be incorporated in the provisioned server by setting GALLEON_PROVISION_FEATURE_PACKS to reference Galleon feature-packs that provide Galleon layers usable with WildFly.

Example of the provisioning of a custom mylayer Galleon layer provided by the org.example:my-galleon-pack:1.0.0.Final Galleon feature-pack:

GALLEON_PROVISION_LAYERS=cloud-server,ejb-lite,jpa,mylayer GALLEON_PROVISION_FEATURE_PACKS=org.example:my-galleon-pack:1.0.0.Final

Using a provisioning.xml file

NOTE: Although setting custom Galleon layers and feature-packs using environment variables is the preferred way, you can use a provisioning.xml file as defined by Galleon. Relying on such a file is overridden when using GALLEON_PROVISION_LAYERS environment variable.

A file named provisioning.xml located in the galleon directory (or directory referenced by GALLEON_DIR env variable) is used to provision the custom WildFly server.

As an example, this custom configuration Galleon definition defined in this maven project combines the WildFly cloud-profile with the postgresql-datasource

The Galleon feature-pack location to use is wildfly-s2i@maven(org.jboss.universe:s2i-universe):current, it is only available inside the WildFly s2i builder image.

Custom feature-pack resolution

Galleon feature-packs referenced in GALLEON_PROVISION_FEATURE_PACKS (or in the provisioning.xml file) are resolved from accessible remote Maven repository. In order to test a not yet released Galleon feature-pack, you can add it to a local Maven repository in your application project. By default the directory <app project>/galleon/repository is used. You can override this location using GALLEON_DIR or GALLEON_CUSTOM_FEATURE_PACKS_MAVEN_REPO=<absolute path inside the image to a Maven local repository directory containing custom feature-packs>.

NOTE: You must make sure that the feature-pack zip file is located in a sub directory that complies with Maven local repository format. For example: galleon/repository/org/foo/bar/bar-galleon-feature-pack/1.0.0-SNAPSHOT/bar-galleon-feature-pack-1.0.0-SNAPSHOT.zip

You have the ability to define a settings.xml file in the galleon directory (or directory referenced by GALLEON_DIR env variable) to customize the Maven settings to be used when provisioning your custom feature-packs.

NOTE: You should not set a local Maven repository in your custom settings.xml file. The S2I builder image uses a local Maven repository that contains all artifacts required to build a WildFly server.

S2i build time WildFly server customization hooks

  • Wildfly configuration files from the <application source>/<cfg|configuration> are copied into the wildfly configuration directory.

  • Keycloak client adapter generated from Keycloak admin console in CLI script format can be used to configure secure deployments. Once downloaded from the console, OIDC client adapter CLI script must be copied to <application source>/<cfg|configuration> directory as secure-deployments.cli, SAML client adapter CLI script must be copied to <application source>/<cfg|configuration> directory as secure-saml-deployments.cli. These scripts will be executed when the server starts in order to configure the keycloak subsystems.

  • Pre-built war files from the <application source>/deployments are moved into the wildfly deployment directory.

  • Wildfly modules from the <application source>/modules are copied into the wildfly modules directory.

  • Execute WildFly CLI scripts by using S2I_IMAGE_SOURCE_MOUNTS and install.sh scripts as documented in s2i core documentation

  • Datasource drivers deployment thanks to S2I hooks. This document covers the drivers deployment and configuration.

This test application highlight the usage of these customization hooks (in combination of galleon provisioning a cloud-profile server).

OpenShift oc usage

In case your openshift installation doesn't contain the images and templates:

  • Adding the image streams: oc create -f imagestreams/wildfly-centos7.json and oc create -f imagestreams/wildfly-runtime-centos7.json. wildfly and wildfly-runtime imagestreams are created.

  • Adding the template: oc create -f templates/wildfly-s2i-chained-build-template.yml. Template wildfly-s2i-chained-build-template is created.

  • The imagestreams and templates are added to the namespace (project) currently selected. It is recommended to add the imagestreams to the openshift namespace. In case you don't have access to the openshift namespace, you can still add the imagestreams to your project. You will need to use IMAGE_STREAM_NAMESPACE=<my project> parameter when using the wildfly-s2i-chained-build-template template to create an application.

  • When adding the wildfly imagestream to the openshift namespace, the OpenShift catalog is automatically populated with a the template WildFly allowing you to create new build and new deployment from the OpenShift Web Console.

Building a new application image from the wildfly-s2i-chained-build-template (to be then managed by WildFly Operator):

  • oc new-app wildfly-s2i-chained-build-template

Building a new application image from the wildfly-s2i-chained-build-template and provision a cloud-profile WildFly server (to be then managed by WildFly Operator):

  • oc new-app wildfly-s2i-chained-build-template -p GALLEON_PROVISION_LAYERS=cloud-profile

Building a new application image from the wildfly-s2i-chained-build-template with wildfly and wildfly-runtime imagestreams registered in myproject (to be then managed by WildFly Operator):

  • oc new-app wildfly-s2i-chained-build-template -p IMAGE_STREAM_NAMESPACE=myproject

Starting a new deployment from an image created using wildfly-s2i-chained-build-template template (NB: it is advised to use the WildFly Operator instead):

  • oc new-app <namespace>/<image name> -n <namespace>

Create a new application from the wildfly imagestream (s2i build and OpenShift deployment) with a jaxrs provisioned server:

  • oc new-app --name=my-app wildfly~https://github.com/openshiftdemos/os-sample-java-web.git --build-env GALLEON_PROVISION_LAYERS=jaxrs

Jolokia known issues

  • On some minishift versions (at least on v1/33.0) you need to disable security to allow Java console to connect to WildFly server Jolokia agent set AB_JOLOKIA_AUTH_OPENSHIFT and AB_JOLOKIA_PASSWORD_RANDOM to false

S2I build known issues

If UTF-8 characters are not displayed (or displayed as ?)

This can be solved by providing to the JVM the file encoding. Set variable MAVEN_OPTS=-Dfile.encoding=UTF-8 into the build variables

Copyright

Released under the Apache License 2.0. See the LICENSE file.