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<?php
/**
* @link http://www.yiiframework.com/
* @copyright Copyright (c) 2008 Yii Software LLC
* @license http://www.yiiframework.com/license/
*/
namespace yii\base;
use Yii;
use yii\di\ServiceLocator;
/**
* Module is the base class for module and application classes.
*
* A module represents a sub-application which contains MVC elements by itself, such as
* models, views, controllers, etc.
*
* A module may consist of [[modules|sub-modules]].
*
* [[components|Components]] may be registered with the module so that they are globally
* accessible within the module.
*
* For more details and usage information on Module, see the [guide article on modules](guide:structure-modules).
*
* @property array $aliases List of path aliases to be defined. The array keys are alias names (must start
* with `@`) and the array values are the corresponding paths or aliases. See [[setAliases()]] for an example.
* This property is write-only.
* @property string $basePath The root directory of the module.
* @property string $controllerPath The directory that contains the controller classes. This property is
* read-only.
* @property string $layoutPath The root directory of layout files. Defaults to "[[viewPath]]/layouts".
* @property array $modules The modules (indexed by their IDs).
* @property string $uniqueId The unique ID of the module. This property is read-only.
* @property string $version The version of this module. Note that the type of this property differs in getter
* and setter. See [[getVersion()]] and [[setVersion()]] for details.
* @property string $viewPath The root directory of view files. Defaults to "[[basePath]]/views".
*
* @author Qiang Xue <qiang.xue@gmail.com>
* @since 2.0
*/
class Module extends ServiceLocator
{
/**
* @event ActionEvent an event raised before executing a controller action.
* You may set [[ActionEvent::isValid]] to be `false` to cancel the action execution.
*/
const EVENT_BEFORE_ACTION = 'beforeAction';
/**
* @event ActionEvent an event raised after executing a controller action.
*/
const EVENT_AFTER_ACTION = 'afterAction';
/**
* @var array custom module parameters (name => value).
*/
public $params = [];
/**
* @var string an ID that uniquely identifies this module among other modules which have the same [[module|parent]].
*/
public $id;
/**
* @var Module the parent module of this module. `null` if this module does not have a parent.
*/
public $module;
/**
* @var string|bool the layout that should be applied for views within this module. This refers to a view name
* relative to [[layoutPath]]. If this is not set, it means the layout value of the [[module|parent module]]
* will be taken. If this is `false`, layout will be disabled within this module.
*/
public $layout;
/**
* @var array mapping from controller ID to controller configurations.
* Each name-value pair specifies the configuration of a single controller.
* A controller configuration can be either a string or an array.
* If the former, the string should be the fully qualified class name of the controller.
* If the latter, the array must contain a `class` element which specifies
* the controller's fully qualified class name, and the rest of the name-value pairs
* in the array are used to initialize the corresponding controller properties. For example,
*
* ```php
* [
* 'account' => 'app\controllers\UserController',
* 'article' => [
* 'class' => 'app\controllers\PostController',
* 'pageTitle' => 'something new',
* ],
* ]
* ```
*/
public $controllerMap = [];
/**
* @var string the namespace that controller classes are in.
* This namespace will be used to load controller classes by prepending it to the controller
* class name.
*
* If not set, it will use the `controllers` sub-namespace under the namespace of this module.
* For example, if the namespace of this module is `foo\bar`, then the default
* controller namespace would be `foo\bar\controllers`.
*
* See also the [guide section on autoloading](guide:concept-autoloading) to learn more about
* defining namespaces and how classes are loaded.
*/
public $controllerNamespace;
/**
* @var string the default route of this module. Defaults to `default`.
* The route may consist of child module ID, controller ID, and/or action ID.
* For example, `help`, `post/create`, `admin/post/create`.
* If action ID is not given, it will take the default value as specified in
* [[Controller::defaultAction]].
*/
public $defaultRoute = 'default';
/**
* @var string the root directory of the module.
*/
private $_basePath;
/**
* @var string the root directory that contains view files for this module
*/
private $_viewPath;
/**
* @var string the root directory that contains layout view files for this module.
*/
private $_layoutPath;
/**
* @var array child modules of this module
*/
private $_modules = [];
/**
* @var string|callable the version of this module.
* Version can be specified as a PHP callback, which can accept module instance as an argument and should
* return the actual version. For example:
*
* ```php
* function (Module $module) {
* //return string|int
* }
* ```
*
* If not set, [[defaultVersion()]] will be used to determine actual value.
*
* @since 2.0.11
*/
private $_version;
/**
* Constructor.
* @param string $id the ID of this module.
* @param Module $parent the parent module (if any).
* @param array $config name-value pairs that will be used to initialize the object properties.
*/
public function __construct($id, $parent = null, $config = [])
{
$this->id = $id;
$this->module = $parent;
parent::__construct($config);
}
/**
* Returns the currently requested instance of this module class.
* If the module class is not currently requested, `null` will be returned.
* This method is provided so that you access the module instance from anywhere within the module.
* @return static|null the currently requested instance of this module class, or `null` if the module class is not requested.
*/
public static function getInstance()
{
$class = get_called_class();
return isset(Yii::$app->loadedModules[$class]) ? Yii::$app->loadedModules[$class] : null;
}
/**
* Sets the currently requested instance of this module class.
* @param Module|null $instance the currently requested instance of this module class.
* If it is `null`, the instance of the calling class will be removed, if any.
*/
public static function setInstance($instance)
{
if ($instance === null) {
unset(Yii::$app->loadedModules[get_called_class()]);
} else {
Yii::$app->loadedModules[get_class($instance)] = $instance;
}
}
/**
* Initializes the module.
*
* This method is called after the module is created and initialized with property values
* given in configuration. The default implementation will initialize [[controllerNamespace]]
* if it is not set.
*
* If you override this method, please make sure you call the parent implementation.
*/
public function init()
{
if ($this->controllerNamespace === null) {
$class = get_class($this);
if (($pos = strrpos($class, '\\')) !== false) {
$this->controllerNamespace = substr($class, 0, $pos) . '\\controllers';
}
}
}
/**
* Returns an ID that uniquely identifies this module among all modules within the current application.
* Note that if the module is an application, an empty string will be returned.
* @return string the unique ID of the module.
*/
public function getUniqueId()
{
return $this->module ? ltrim($this->module->getUniqueId() . '/' . $this->id, '/') : $this->id;
}
/**
* Returns the root directory of the module.
* It defaults to the directory containing the module class file.
* @return string the root directory of the module.
*/
public function getBasePath()
{
if ($this->_basePath === null) {
$class = new \ReflectionClass($this);
$this->_basePath = dirname($class->getFileName());
}
return $this->_basePath;
}
/**
* Sets the root directory of the module.
* This method can only be invoked at the beginning of the constructor.
* @param string $path the root directory of the module. This can be either a directory name or a [path alias](guide:concept-aliases).
* @throws InvalidArgumentException if the directory does not exist.
*/
public function setBasePath($path)
{
$path = Yii::getAlias($path);
$p = strncmp($path, 'phar://', 7) === 0 ? $path : realpath($path);
if ($p !== false && is_dir($p)) {
$this->_basePath = $p;
} else {
throw new InvalidArgumentException("The directory does not exist: $path");
}
}
/**
* Returns the directory that contains the controller classes according to [[controllerNamespace]].
* Note that in order for this method to return a value, you must define
* an alias for the root namespace of [[controllerNamespace]].
* @return string the directory that contains the controller classes.
* @throws InvalidArgumentException if there is no alias defined for the root namespace of [[controllerNamespace]].
*/
public function getControllerPath()
{
return Yii::getAlias('@' . str_replace('\\', '/', $this->controllerNamespace));
}
/**
* Returns the directory that contains the view files for this module.
* @return string the root directory of view files. Defaults to "[[basePath]]/views".
*/
public function getViewPath()
{
if ($this->_viewPath === null) {
$this->_viewPath = $this->getBasePath() . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . 'views';
}
return $this->_viewPath;
}
/**
* Sets the directory that contains the view files.
* @param string $path the root directory of view files.
* @throws InvalidArgumentException if the directory is invalid.
*/
public function setViewPath($path)
{
$this->_viewPath = Yii::getAlias($path);
}
/**
* Returns the directory that contains layout view files for this module.
* @return string the root directory of layout files. Defaults to "[[viewPath]]/layouts".
*/
public function getLayoutPath()
{
if ($this->_layoutPath === null) {
$this->_layoutPath = $this->getViewPath() . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . 'layouts';
}
return $this->_layoutPath;
}
/**
* Sets the directory that contains the layout files.
* @param string $path the root directory or [path alias](guide:concept-aliases) of layout files.
* @throws InvalidArgumentException if the directory is invalid
*/
public function setLayoutPath($path)
{
$this->_layoutPath = Yii::getAlias($path);
}
/**
* Returns current module version.
* If version is not explicitly set, [[defaultVersion()]] method will be used to determine its value.
* @return string the version of this module.
* @since 2.0.11
*/
public function getVersion()
{
if ($this->_version === null) {
$this->_version = $this->defaultVersion();
} else {
if (!is_scalar($this->_version)) {
$this->_version = call_user_func($this->_version, $this);
}
}
return $this->_version;
}
/**
* Sets current module version.
* @param string|callable $version the version of this module.
* Version can be specified as a PHP callback, which can accept module instance as an argument and should
* return the actual version. For example:
*
* ```php
* function (Module $module) {
* //return string
* }
* ```
*
* @since 2.0.11
*/
public function setVersion($version)
{
$this->_version = $version;
}
/**
* Returns default module version.
* Child class may override this method to provide more specific version detection.
* @return string the version of this module.
* @since 2.0.11
*/
protected function defaultVersion()
{
if ($this->module === null) {
return '1.0';
}
return $this->module->getVersion();
}
/**
* Defines path aliases.
* This method calls [[Yii::setAlias()]] to register the path aliases.
* This method is provided so that you can define path aliases when configuring a module.
* @property array list of path aliases to be defined. The array keys are alias names
* (must start with `@`) and the array values are the corresponding paths or aliases.
* See [[setAliases()]] for an example.
* @param array $aliases list of path aliases to be defined. The array keys are alias names
* (must start with `@`) and the array values are the corresponding paths or aliases.
* For example,
*
* ```php
* [
* '@models' => '@app/models', // an existing alias
* '@backend' => __DIR__ . '/../backend', // a directory
* ]
* ```
*/
public function setAliases($aliases)
{
foreach ($aliases as $name => $alias) {
Yii::setAlias($name, $alias);
}
}
/**
* Checks whether the child module of the specified ID exists.
* This method supports checking the existence of both child and grand child modules.
* @param string $id module ID. For grand child modules, use ID path relative to this module (e.g. `admin/content`).
* @return bool whether the named module exists. Both loaded and unloaded modules
* are considered.
*/
public function hasModule($id)
{
if (($pos = strpos($id, '/')) !== false) {
// sub-module
$module = $this->getModule(substr($id, 0, $pos));
return $module === null ? false : $module->hasModule(substr($id, $pos + 1));
}
return isset($this->_modules[$id]);
}
/**
* Retrieves the child module of the specified ID.
* This method supports retrieving both child modules and grand child modules.
* @param string $id module ID (case-sensitive). To retrieve grand child modules,
* use ID path relative to this module (e.g. `admin/content`).
* @param bool $load whether to load the module if it is not yet loaded.
* @return Module|null the module instance, `null` if the module does not exist.
* @see hasModule()
*/
public function getModule($id, $load = true)
{
if (($pos = strpos($id, '/')) !== false) {
// sub-module
$module = $this->getModule(substr($id, 0, $pos));
return $module === null ? null : $module->getModule(substr($id, $pos + 1), $load);
}
if (isset($this->_modules[$id])) {
if ($this->_modules[$id] instanceof self) {
return $this->_modules[$id];
} elseif ($load) {
Yii::debug("Loading module: $id", __METHOD__);
/* @var $module Module */
$module = Yii::createObject($this->_modules[$id], [$id, $this]);
$module->setInstance($module);
return $this->_modules[$id] = $module;
}
}
return null;
}
/**
* Adds a sub-module to this module.
* @param string $id module ID.
* @param Module|array|null $module the sub-module to be added to this module. This can
* be one of the following:
*
* - a [[Module]] object
* - a configuration array: when [[getModule()]] is called initially, the array
* will be used to instantiate the sub-module
* - `null`: the named sub-module will be removed from this module
*/
public function setModule($id, $module)
{
if ($module === null) {
unset($this->_modules[$id]);
} else {
$this->_modules[$id] = $module;
}
}
/**
* Returns the sub-modules in this module.
* @param bool $loadedOnly whether to return the loaded sub-modules only. If this is set `false`,
* then all sub-modules registered in this module will be returned, whether they are loaded or not.
* Loaded modules will be returned as objects, while unloaded modules as configuration arrays.
* @return array the modules (indexed by their IDs).
*/
public function getModules($loadedOnly = false)
{
if ($loadedOnly) {
$modules = [];
foreach ($this->_modules as $module) {
if ($module instanceof self) {
$modules[] = $module;
}
}
return $modules;
}
return $this->_modules;
}
/**
* Registers sub-modules in the current module.
*
* Each sub-module should be specified as a name-value pair, where
* name refers to the ID of the module and value the module or a configuration
* array that can be used to create the module. In the latter case, [[Yii::createObject()]]
* will be used to create the module.
*
* If a new sub-module has the same ID as an existing one, the existing one will be overwritten silently.
*
* The following is an example for registering two sub-modules:
*
* ```php
* [
* 'comment' => [
* 'class' => 'app\modules\comment\CommentModule',
* 'db' => 'db',
* ],
* 'booking' => ['class' => 'app\modules\booking\BookingModule'],
* ]
* ```
*
* @param array $modules modules (id => module configuration or instances).
*/
public function setModules($modules)
{
foreach ($modules as $id => $module) {
$this->_modules[$id] = $module;
}
}
/**
* Runs a controller action specified by a route.
* This method parses the specified route and creates the corresponding child module(s), controller and action
* instances. It then calls [[Controller::runAction()]] to run the action with the given parameters.
* If the route is empty, the method will use [[defaultRoute]].
* @param string $route the route that specifies the action.
* @param array $params the parameters to be passed to the action
* @return mixed the result of the action.
* @throws InvalidRouteException if the requested route cannot be resolved into an action successfully.
*/
public function runAction($route, $params = [])
{
$parts = $this->createController($route);
if (is_array($parts)) {
/* @var $controller Controller */
list($controller, $actionID) = $parts;
$oldController = Yii::$app->controller;
Yii::$app->controller = $controller;
$result = $controller->runAction($actionID, $params);
if ($oldController !== null) {
Yii::$app->controller = $oldController;
}
return $result;
}
$id = $this->getUniqueId();
throw new InvalidRouteException('Unable to resolve the request "' . ($id === '' ? $route : $id . '/' . $route) . '".');
}
/**
* Creates a controller instance based on the given route.
*
* The route should be relative to this module. The method implements the following algorithm
* to resolve the given route:
*
* 1. If the route is empty, use [[defaultRoute]];
* 2. If the first segment of the route is a valid module ID as declared in [[modules]],
* call the module's `createController()` with the rest part of the route;
* 3. If the first segment of the route is found in [[controllerMap]], create a controller
* based on the corresponding configuration found in [[controllerMap]];
* 4. The given route is in the format of `abc/def/xyz`. Try either `abc\DefController`
* or `abc\def\XyzController` class within the [[controllerNamespace|controller namespace]].
*
* If any of the above steps resolves into a controller, it is returned together with the rest
* part of the route which will be treated as the action ID. Otherwise, `false` will be returned.
*
* @param string $route the route consisting of module, controller and action IDs.
* @return array|bool If the controller is created successfully, it will be returned together
* with the requested action ID. Otherwise `false` will be returned.
* @throws InvalidConfigException if the controller class and its file do not match.
*/
public function createController($route)
{
if ($route === '') {
$route = $this->defaultRoute;
}
// double slashes or leading/ending slashes may cause substr problem
$route = trim($route, '/');
if (strpos($route, '//') !== false) {
return false;
}
if (strpos($route, '/') !== false) {
list($id, $route) = explode('/', $route, 2);
} else {
$id = $route;
$route = '';
}
// module and controller map take precedence
if (isset($this->controllerMap[$id])) {
$controller = Yii::createObject($this->controllerMap[$id], [$id, $this]);
return [$controller, $route];
}
$module = $this->getModule($id);
if ($module !== null) {
return $module->createController($route);
}
if (($pos = strrpos($route, '/')) !== false) {
$id .= '/' . substr($route, 0, $pos);
$route = substr($route, $pos + 1);
}
$controller = $this->createControllerByID($id);
if ($controller === null && $route !== '') {
$controller = $this->createControllerByID($id . '/' . $route);
$route = '';
}
return $controller === null ? false : [$controller, $route];
}
/**
* Creates a controller based on the given controller ID.
*
* The controller ID is relative to this module. The controller class
* should be namespaced under [[controllerNamespace]].
*
* Note that this method does not check [[modules]] or [[controllerMap]].
*
* @param string $id the controller ID.
* @return Controller|null the newly created controller instance, or `null` if the controller ID is invalid.
* @throws InvalidConfigException if the controller class and its file name do not match.
* This exception is only thrown when in debug mode.
*/
public function createControllerByID($id)
{
$pos = strrpos($id, '/');
if ($pos === false) {
$prefix = '';
$className = $id;
} else {
$prefix = substr($id, 0, $pos + 1);
$className = substr($id, $pos + 1);
}
if ($this->isIncorrectClassNameOrPrefix($className, $prefix)) {
return null;
}
$className = preg_replace_callback('%-([a-z0-9_])%i', function ($matches) {
return ucfirst($matches[1]);
}, ucfirst($className)) . 'Controller';
$className = ltrim($this->controllerNamespace . '\\' . str_replace('/', '\\', $prefix) . $className, '\\');
if (strpos($className, '-') !== false || !class_exists($className)) {
return null;
}
if (is_subclass_of($className, 'yii\base\Controller')) {
$controller = Yii::createObject($className, [$id, $this]);
return get_class($controller) === $className ? $controller : null;
} elseif (YII_DEBUG) {
throw new InvalidConfigException('Controller class must extend from \\yii\\base\\Controller.');
}
return null;
}
/**
* Checks if class name or prefix is incorrect
*
* @param string $className
* @param string $prefix
* @return bool
*/
private function isIncorrectClassNameOrPrefix($className, $prefix)
{
if (!preg_match('%^[a-z][a-z0-9\\-_]*$%', $className)) {
return true;
}
if ($prefix !== '' && !preg_match('%^[a-z0-9_/]+$%i', $prefix)) {
return true;
}
return false;
}
/**
* This method is invoked right before an action within this module is executed.
*
* The method will trigger the [[EVENT_BEFORE_ACTION]] event. The return value of the method
* will determine whether the action should continue to run.
*
* In case the action should not run, the request should be handled inside of the `beforeAction` code
* by either providing the necessary output or redirecting the request. Otherwise the response will be empty.
*
* If you override this method, your code should look like the following:
*
* ```php
* public function beforeAction($action)
* {
* if (!parent::beforeAction($action)) {
* return false;
* }
*
* // your custom code here
*
* return true; // or false to not run the action
* }
* ```
*
* @param Action $action the action to be executed.
* @return bool whether the action should continue to be executed.
*/
public function beforeAction($action)
{
$event = new ActionEvent($action);
$this->trigger(self::EVENT_BEFORE_ACTION, $event);
return $event->isValid;
}
/**
* This method is invoked right after an action within this module is executed.
*
* The method will trigger the [[EVENT_AFTER_ACTION]] event. The return value of the method
* will be used as the action return value.
*
* If you override this method, your code should look like the following:
*
* ```php
* public function afterAction($action, $result)
* {
* $result = parent::afterAction($action, $result);
* // your custom code here
* return $result;
* }
* ```
*
* @param Action $action the action just executed.
* @param mixed $result the action return result.
* @return mixed the processed action result.
*/
public function afterAction($action, $result)
{
$event = new ActionEvent($action);
$event->result = $result;
$this->trigger(self::EVENT_AFTER_ACTION, $event);
return $event->result;
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
*
* Since version 2.0.13, if a component isn't defined in the module, it will be looked up in the parent module.
* The parent module may be the application.
*/
public function get($id, $throwException = true)
{
if (!isset($this->module)) {
return parent::get($id, $throwException);
}
$component = parent::get($id, false);
if ($component === null) {
$component = $this->module->get($id, $throwException);
}
return $component;
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
*
* Since version 2.0.13, if a component isn't defined in the module, it will be looked up in the parent module.
* The parent module may be the application.
*/
public function has($id, $checkInstance = false)
{
return parent::has($id, $checkInstance) || (isset($this->module) && $this->module->has($id, $checkInstance));
}
}