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<?php
/**
* @link http://www.yiiframework.com/
* @copyright Copyright (c) 2008 Yii Software LLC
* @license http://www.yiiframework.com/license/
*/
namespace yii\db;
use yii\base\Component;
use yii\base\InvalidArgumentException;
/**
* SqlTokenizer splits an SQL query into individual SQL tokens.
*
* It can be used to obtain an addition information from an SQL code.
*
* Usage example:
*
* ```php
* $tokenizer = new SqlTokenizer("SELECT * FROM user WHERE id = 1");
* $root = $tokeinzer->tokenize();
* $sqlTokens = $root->getChildren();
* ```
*
* Tokens are instances of [[SqlToken]].
*
* @author Sergey Makinen <sergey@makinen.ru>
* @since 2.0.13
*/
abstract class SqlTokenizer extends Component
{
/**
* @var string SQL code.
*/
public $sql;
/**
* @var int SQL code string length.
*/
protected $length;
/**
* @var int SQL code string current offset.
*/
protected $offset;
/**
* @var \SplStack stack of active tokens.
*/
private $_tokenStack;
/**
* @var SqlToken active token. It's usually a top of the token stack.
*/
private $_currentToken;
/**
* @var string[] cached substrings.
*/
private $_substrings;
/**
* @var string current buffer value.
*/
private $_buffer = '';
/**
* @var SqlToken resulting token of a last [[tokenize()]] call.
*/
private $_token;
/**
* Constructor.
* @param string $sql SQL code to be tokenized.
* @param array $config name-value pairs that will be used to initialize the object properties
*/
public function __construct($sql, $config = [])
{
$this->sql = $sql;
parent::__construct($config);
}
/**
* Tokenizes and returns a code type token.
* @return SqlToken code type token.
*/
public function tokenize()
{
$this->length = mb_strlen($this->sql, 'UTF-8');
$this->offset = 0;
$this->_substrings = [];
$this->_buffer = '';
$this->_token = new SqlToken([
'type' => SqlToken::TYPE_CODE,
'content' => $this->sql,
]);
$this->_tokenStack = new \SplStack();
$this->_tokenStack->push($this->_token);
$this->_token[] = new SqlToken(['type' => SqlToken::TYPE_STATEMENT]);
$this->_tokenStack->push($this->_token[0]);
$this->_currentToken = $this->_tokenStack->top();
while (!$this->isEof()) {
if ($this->isWhitespace($length) || $this->isComment($length)) {
$this->addTokenFromBuffer();
$this->advance($length);
continue;
}
if ($this->tokenizeOperator($length) || $this->tokenizeDelimitedString($length)) {
$this->advance($length);
continue;
}
$this->_buffer .= $this->substring(1);
$this->advance(1);
}
$this->addTokenFromBuffer();
if ($this->_token->getHasChildren() && !$this->_token[-1]->getHasChildren()) {
unset($this->_token[-1]);
}
return $this->_token;
}
/**
* Returns whether there's a whitespace at the current offset.
* If this methos returns `true`, it has to set the `$length` parameter to the length of the matched string.
* @param int $length length of the matched string.
* @return bool whether there's a whitespace at the current offset.
*/
abstract protected function isWhitespace(&$length);
/**
* Returns whether there's a commentary at the current offset.
* If this methos returns `true`, it has to set the `$length` parameter to the length of the matched string.
* @param int $length length of the matched string.
* @return bool whether there's a commentary at the current offset.
*/
abstract protected function isComment(&$length);
/**
* Returns whether there's an operator at the current offset.
* If this methos returns `true`, it has to set the `$length` parameter to the length of the matched string.
* It may also set `$content` to a string that will be used as a token content.
* @param int $length length of the matched string.
* @param string $content optional content instead of the matched string.
* @return bool whether there's an operator at the current offset.
*/
abstract protected function isOperator(&$length, &$content);
/**
* Returns whether there's an identifier at the current offset.
* If this methos returns `true`, it has to set the `$length` parameter to the length of the matched string.
* It may also set `$content` to a string that will be used as a token content.
* @param int $length length of the matched string.
* @param string $content optional content instead of the matched string.
* @return bool whether there's an identifier at the current offset.
*/
abstract protected function isIdentifier(&$length, &$content);
/**
* Returns whether there's a string literal at the current offset.
* If this methos returns `true`, it has to set the `$length` parameter to the length of the matched string.
* It may also set `$content` to a string that will be used as a token content.
* @param int $length length of the matched string.
* @param string $content optional content instead of the matched string.
* @return bool whether there's a string literal at the current offset.
*/
abstract protected function isStringLiteral(&$length, &$content);
/**
* Returns whether the given string is a keyword.
* The method may set `$content` to a string that will be used as a token content.
* @param string $string string to be matched.
* @param string $content optional content instead of the matched string.
* @return bool whether the given string is a keyword.
*/
abstract protected function isKeyword($string, &$content);
/**
* Returns whether the longest common prefix equals to the SQL code of the same length at the current offset.
* @param string[] $with strings to be tested.
* The method **will** modify this parameter to speed up lookups.
* @param bool $caseSensitive whether to perform a case sensitive comparison.
* @param int|null $length length of the matched string.
* @param string|null $content matched string.
* @return bool whether a match is found.
*/
protected function startsWithAnyLongest(array &$with, $caseSensitive, &$length = null, &$content = null)
{
if (empty($with)) {
return false;
}
if (!is_array(reset($with))) {
usort($with, function ($string1, $string2) {
return mb_strlen($string2, 'UTF-8') - mb_strlen($string1, 'UTF-8');
});
$map = [];
foreach ($with as $string) {
$map[mb_strlen($string, 'UTF-8')][$caseSensitive ? $string : mb_strtoupper($string, 'UTF-8')] = true;
}
$with = $map;
}
foreach ($with as $testLength => $testValues) {
$content = $this->substring($testLength, $caseSensitive);
if (isset($testValues[$content])) {
$length = $testLength;
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
/**
* Returns a string of the given length starting with the specified offset.
* @param int $length string length to be returned.
* @param bool $caseSensitive if it's `false`, the string will be uppercased.
* @param int|null $offset SQL code offset, defaults to current if `null` is passed.
* @return string result string, it may be empty if there's nothing to return.
*/
protected function substring($length, $caseSensitive = true, $offset = null)
{
if ($offset === null) {
$offset = $this->offset;
}
if ($offset + $length > $this->length) {
return '';
}
$cacheKey = $offset . ',' . $length;
if (!isset($this->_substrings[$cacheKey . ',1'])) {
$this->_substrings[$cacheKey . ',1'] = mb_substr($this->sql, $offset, $length, 'UTF-8');
}
if (!$caseSensitive && !isset($this->_substrings[$cacheKey . ',0'])) {
$this->_substrings[$cacheKey . ',0'] = mb_strtoupper($this->_substrings[$cacheKey . ',1'], 'UTF-8');
}
return $this->_substrings[$cacheKey . ',' . (int) $caseSensitive];
}
/**
* Returns an index after the given string in the SQL code starting with the specified offset.
* @param string $string string to be found.
* @param int|null $offset SQL code offset, defaults to current if `null` is passed.
* @return int index after the given string or end of string index.
*/
protected function indexAfter($string, $offset = null)
{
if ($offset === null) {
$offset = $this->offset;
}
if ($offset + mb_strlen($string, 'UTF-8') > $this->length) {
return $this->length;
}
$afterIndexOf = mb_strpos($this->sql, $string, $offset, 'UTF-8');
if ($afterIndexOf === false) {
$afterIndexOf = $this->length;
} else {
$afterIndexOf += mb_strlen($string, 'UTF-8');
}
return $afterIndexOf;
}
/**
* Determines whether there is a delimited string at the current offset and adds it to the token children.
* @param int $length
* @return bool
*/
private function tokenizeDelimitedString(&$length)
{
$isIdentifier = $this->isIdentifier($length, $content);
$isStringLiteral = !$isIdentifier && $this->isStringLiteral($length, $content);
if (!$isIdentifier && !$isStringLiteral) {
return false;
}
$this->addTokenFromBuffer();
$this->_currentToken[] = new SqlToken([
'type' => $isIdentifier ? SqlToken::TYPE_IDENTIFIER : SqlToken::TYPE_STRING_LITERAL,
'content' => is_string($content) ? $content : $this->substring($length),
'startOffset' => $this->offset,
'endOffset' => $this->offset + $length,
]);
return true;
}
/**
* Determines whether there is an operator at the current offset and adds it to the token children.
* @param int $length
* @return bool
*/
private function tokenizeOperator(&$length)
{
if (!$this->isOperator($length, $content)) {
return false;
}
$this->addTokenFromBuffer();
switch ($this->substring($length)) {
case '(':
$this->_currentToken[] = new SqlToken([
'type' => SqlToken::TYPE_OPERATOR,
'content' => is_string($content) ? $content : $this->substring($length),
'startOffset' => $this->offset,
'endOffset' => $this->offset + $length,
]);
$this->_currentToken[] = new SqlToken(['type' => SqlToken::TYPE_PARENTHESIS]);
$this->_tokenStack->push($this->_currentToken[-1]);
$this->_currentToken = $this->_tokenStack->top();
break;
case ')':
$this->_tokenStack->pop();
$this->_currentToken = $this->_tokenStack->top();
$this->_currentToken[] = new SqlToken([
'type' => SqlToken::TYPE_OPERATOR,
'content' => ')',
'startOffset' => $this->offset,
'endOffset' => $this->offset + $length,
]);
break;
case ';':
if (!$this->_currentToken->getHasChildren()) {
break;
}
$this->_currentToken[] = new SqlToken([
'type' => SqlToken::TYPE_OPERATOR,
'content' => is_string($content) ? $content : $this->substring($length),
'startOffset' => $this->offset,
'endOffset' => $this->offset + $length,
]);
$this->_tokenStack->pop();
$this->_currentToken = $this->_tokenStack->top();
$this->_currentToken[] = new SqlToken(['type' => SqlToken::TYPE_STATEMENT]);
$this->_tokenStack->push($this->_currentToken[-1]);
$this->_currentToken = $this->_tokenStack->top();
break;
default:
$this->_currentToken[] = new SqlToken([
'type' => SqlToken::TYPE_OPERATOR,
'content' => is_string($content) ? $content : $this->substring($length),
'startOffset' => $this->offset,
'endOffset' => $this->offset + $length,
]);
break;
}
return true;
}
/**
* Determines a type of text in the buffer, tokenizes it and adds it to the token children.
*/
private function addTokenFromBuffer()
{
if ($this->_buffer === '') {
return;
}
$isKeyword = $this->isKeyword($this->_buffer, $content);
$this->_currentToken[] = new SqlToken([
'type' => $isKeyword ? SqlToken::TYPE_KEYWORD : SqlToken::TYPE_TOKEN,
'content' => is_string($content) ? $content : $this->_buffer,
'startOffset' => $this->offset - mb_strlen($this->_buffer, 'UTF-8'),
'endOffset' => $this->offset,
]);
$this->_buffer = '';
}
/**
* Adds the specified length to the current offset.
* @param int $length
* @throws InvalidArgumentException
*/
private function advance($length)
{
if ($length <= 0) {
throw new InvalidArgumentException('Length must be greater than 0.');
}
$this->offset += $length;
$this->_substrings = [];
}
/**
* Returns whether the SQL code is completely traversed.
* @return bool
*/
private function isEof()
{
return $this->offset >= $this->length;
}
}
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