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<?php
/**
* @link http://www.yiiframework.com/
* @copyright Copyright (c) 2008 Yii Software LLC
* @license http://www.yiiframework.com/license/
*/
namespace yii\db\mssql;
use yii\base\InvalidArgumentException;
use yii\db\Constraint;
use yii\db\Expression;
/**
* QueryBuilder is the query builder for MS SQL Server databases (version 2008 and above).
*
* @author Timur Ruziev <resurtm@gmail.com>
* @since 2.0
*/
class QueryBuilder extends \yii\db\QueryBuilder
{
/**
* @var array mapping from abstract column types (keys) to physical column types (values).
*/
public $typeMap = [
Schema::TYPE_PK => 'int IDENTITY PRIMARY KEY',
Schema::TYPE_UPK => 'int IDENTITY PRIMARY KEY',
Schema::TYPE_BIGPK => 'bigint IDENTITY PRIMARY KEY',
Schema::TYPE_UBIGPK => 'bigint IDENTITY PRIMARY KEY',
Schema::TYPE_CHAR => 'nchar(1)',
Schema::TYPE_STRING => 'nvarchar(255)',
Schema::TYPE_TEXT => 'nvarchar(max)',
Schema::TYPE_TINYINT => 'tinyint',
Schema::TYPE_SMALLINT => 'smallint',
Schema::TYPE_INTEGER => 'int',
Schema::TYPE_BIGINT => 'bigint',
Schema::TYPE_FLOAT => 'float',
Schema::TYPE_DOUBLE => 'float',
Schema::TYPE_DECIMAL => 'decimal(18,0)',
Schema::TYPE_DATETIME => 'datetime',
Schema::TYPE_TIMESTAMP => 'datetime',
Schema::TYPE_TIME => 'time',
Schema::TYPE_DATE => 'date',
Schema::TYPE_BINARY => 'varbinary(max)',
Schema::TYPE_BOOLEAN => 'bit',
Schema::TYPE_MONEY => 'decimal(19,4)',
];
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
*/
protected function defaultExpressionBuilders()
{
return array_merge(parent::defaultExpressionBuilders(), [
'yii\db\conditions\InCondition' => 'yii\db\mssql\conditions\InConditionBuilder',
'yii\db\conditions\LikeCondition' => 'yii\db\mssql\conditions\LikeConditionBuilder',
]);
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
*/
public function buildOrderByAndLimit($sql, $orderBy, $limit, $offset)
{
if (!$this->hasOffset($offset) && !$this->hasLimit($limit)) {
$orderBy = $this->buildOrderBy($orderBy);
return $orderBy === '' ? $sql : $sql . $this->separator . $orderBy;
}
if (version_compare($this->db->getSchema()->getServerVersion(), '11', '<')) {
return $this->oldBuildOrderByAndLimit($sql, $orderBy, $limit, $offset);
}
return $this->newBuildOrderByAndLimit($sql, $orderBy, $limit, $offset);
}
/**
* Builds the ORDER BY/LIMIT/OFFSET clauses for SQL SERVER 2012 or newer.
* @param string $sql the existing SQL (without ORDER BY/LIMIT/OFFSET)
* @param array $orderBy the order by columns. See [[\yii\db\Query::orderBy]] for more details on how to specify this parameter.
* @param int $limit the limit number. See [[\yii\db\Query::limit]] for more details.
* @param int $offset the offset number. See [[\yii\db\Query::offset]] for more details.
* @return string the SQL completed with ORDER BY/LIMIT/OFFSET (if any)
*/
protected function newBuildOrderByAndLimit($sql, $orderBy, $limit, $offset)
{
$orderBy = $this->buildOrderBy($orderBy);
if ($orderBy === '') {
// ORDER BY clause is required when FETCH and OFFSET are in the SQL
$orderBy = 'ORDER BY (SELECT NULL)';
}
$sql .= $this->separator . $orderBy;
// http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg699618.aspx
$offset = $this->hasOffset($offset) ? $offset : '0';
$sql .= $this->separator . "OFFSET $offset ROWS";
if ($this->hasLimit($limit)) {
$sql .= $this->separator . "FETCH NEXT $limit ROWS ONLY";
}
return $sql;
}
/**
* Builds the ORDER BY/LIMIT/OFFSET clauses for SQL SERVER 2005 to 2008.
* @param string $sql the existing SQL (without ORDER BY/LIMIT/OFFSET)
* @param array $orderBy the order by columns. See [[\yii\db\Query::orderBy]] for more details on how to specify this parameter.
* @param int $limit the limit number. See [[\yii\db\Query::limit]] for more details.
* @param int $offset the offset number. See [[\yii\db\Query::offset]] for more details.
* @return string the SQL completed with ORDER BY/LIMIT/OFFSET (if any)
*/
protected function oldBuildOrderByAndLimit($sql, $orderBy, $limit, $offset)
{
$orderBy = $this->buildOrderBy($orderBy);
if ($orderBy === '') {
// ROW_NUMBER() requires an ORDER BY clause
$orderBy = 'ORDER BY (SELECT NULL)';
}
$sql = preg_replace('/^([\s(])*SELECT(\s+DISTINCT)?(?!\s*TOP\s*\()/i', "\\1SELECT\\2 rowNum = ROW_NUMBER() over ($orderBy),", $sql);
if ($this->hasLimit($limit)) {
$sql = "SELECT TOP $limit * FROM ($sql) sub";
} else {
$sql = "SELECT * FROM ($sql) sub";
}
if ($this->hasOffset($offset)) {
$sql .= $this->separator . "WHERE rowNum > $offset";
}
return $sql;
}
/**
* Builds a SQL statement for renaming a DB table.
* @param string $oldName the table to be renamed. The name will be properly quoted by the method.
* @param string $newName the new table name. The name will be properly quoted by the method.
* @return string the SQL statement for renaming a DB table.
*/
public function renameTable($oldName, $newName)
{
return 'sp_rename ' . $this->db->quoteTableName($oldName) . ', ' . $this->db->quoteTableName($newName);
}
/**
* Builds a SQL statement for renaming a column.
* @param string $table the table whose column is to be renamed. The name will be properly quoted by the method.
* @param string $oldName the old name of the column. The name will be properly quoted by the method.
* @param string $newName the new name of the column. The name will be properly quoted by the method.
* @return string the SQL statement for renaming a DB column.
*/
public function renameColumn($table, $oldName, $newName)
{
$table = $this->db->quoteTableName($table);
$oldName = $this->db->quoteColumnName($oldName);
$newName = $this->db->quoteColumnName($newName);
return "sp_rename '{$table}.{$oldName}', {$newName}, 'COLUMN'";
}
/**
* Builds a SQL statement for changing the definition of a column.
* @param string $table the table whose column is to be changed. The table name will be properly quoted by the method.
* @param string $column the name of the column to be changed. The name will be properly quoted by the method.
* @param string $type the new column type. The [[getColumnType]] method will be invoked to convert abstract column type (if any)
* into the physical one. Anything that is not recognized as abstract type will be kept in the generated SQL.
* For example, 'string' will be turned into 'varchar(255)', while 'string not null' will become 'varchar(255) not null'.
* @return string the SQL statement for changing the definition of a column.
*/
public function alterColumn($table, $column, $type)
{
$type = $this->getColumnType($type);
$sql = 'ALTER TABLE ' . $this->db->quoteTableName($table) . ' ALTER COLUMN '
. $this->db->quoteColumnName($column) . ' '
. $this->getColumnType($type);
return $sql;
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
*/
public function addDefaultValue($name, $table, $column, $value)
{
return 'ALTER TABLE ' . $this->db->quoteTableName($table) . ' ADD CONSTRAINT '
. $this->db->quoteColumnName($name) . ' DEFAULT ' . $this->db->quoteValue($value) . ' FOR '
. $this->db->quoteColumnName($column);
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
*/
public function dropDefaultValue($name, $table)
{
return 'ALTER TABLE ' . $this->db->quoteTableName($table)
. ' DROP CONSTRAINT ' . $this->db->quoteColumnName($name);
}
/**
* Creates a SQL statement for resetting the sequence value of a table's primary key.
* The sequence will be reset such that the primary key of the next new row inserted
* will have the specified value or 1.
* @param string $tableName the name of the table whose primary key sequence will be reset
* @param mixed $value the value for the primary key of the next new row inserted. If this is not set,
* the next new row's primary key will have a value 1.
* @return string the SQL statement for resetting sequence
* @throws InvalidArgumentException if the table does not exist or there is no sequence associated with the table.
*/
public function resetSequence($tableName, $value = null)
{
$table = $this->db->getTableSchema($tableName);
if ($table !== null && $table->sequenceName !== null) {
$tableName = $this->db->quoteTableName($tableName);
if ($value === null) {
$key = $this->db->quoteColumnName(reset($table->primaryKey));
$value = "(SELECT COALESCE(MAX({$key}),0) FROM {$tableName})+1";
} else {
$value = (int) $value;
}
return "DBCC CHECKIDENT ('{$tableName}', RESEED, {$value})";
} elseif ($table === null) {
throw new InvalidArgumentException("Table not found: $tableName");
}
throw new InvalidArgumentException("There is not sequence associated with table '$tableName'.");
}
/**
* Builds a SQL statement for enabling or disabling integrity check.
* @param bool $check whether to turn on or off the integrity check.
* @param string $schema the schema of the tables.
* @param string $table the table name.
* @return string the SQL statement for checking integrity
*/
public function checkIntegrity($check = true, $schema = '', $table = '')
{
$enable = $check ? 'CHECK' : 'NOCHECK';
$schema = $schema ?: $this->db->getSchema()->defaultSchema;
$tableNames = $this->db->getTableSchema($table) ? [$table] : $this->db->getSchema()->getTableNames($schema);
$viewNames = $this->db->getSchema()->getViewNames($schema);
$tableNames = array_diff($tableNames, $viewNames);
$command = '';
foreach ($tableNames as $tableName) {
$tableName = $this->db->quoteTableName("{$schema}.{$tableName}");
$command .= "ALTER TABLE $tableName $enable CONSTRAINT ALL; ";
}
return $command;
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
* @since 2.0.8
*/
public function addCommentOnColumn($table, $column, $comment)
{
return "sp_updateextendedproperty @name = N'MS_Description', @value = {$this->db->quoteValue($comment)}, @level1type = N'Table', @level1name = {$this->db->quoteTableName($table)}, @level2type = N'Column', @level2name = {$this->db->quoteColumnName($column)}";
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
* @since 2.0.8
*/
public function addCommentOnTable($table, $comment)
{
return "sp_updateextendedproperty @name = N'MS_Description', @value = {$this->db->quoteValue($comment)}, @level1type = N'Table', @level1name = {$this->db->quoteTableName($table)}";
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
* @since 2.0.8
*/
public function dropCommentFromColumn($table, $column)
{
return "sp_dropextendedproperty @name = N'MS_Description', @level1type = N'Table', @level1name = {$this->db->quoteTableName($table)}, @level2type = N'Column', @level2name = {$this->db->quoteColumnName($column)}";
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
* @since 2.0.8
*/
public function dropCommentFromTable($table)
{
return "sp_dropextendedproperty @name = N'MS_Description', @level1type = N'Table', @level1name = {$this->db->quoteTableName($table)}";
}
/**
* Returns an array of column names given model name.
*
* @param string $modelClass name of the model class
* @return array|null array of column names
*/
protected function getAllColumnNames($modelClass = null)
{
if (!$modelClass) {
return null;
}
/* @var $modelClass \yii\db\ActiveRecord */
$schema = $modelClass::getTableSchema();
return array_keys($schema->columns);
}
/**
* @return bool whether the version of the MSSQL being used is older than 2012.
* @throws \yii\base\InvalidConfigException
* @throws \yii\db\Exception
* @deprecated 2.0.14 Use [[Schema::getServerVersion]] with [[\version_compare()]].
*/
protected function isOldMssql()
{
return version_compare($this->db->getSchema()->getServerVersion(), '11', '<');
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
* @since 2.0.8
*/
public function selectExists($rawSql)
{
return 'SELECT CASE WHEN EXISTS(' . $rawSql . ') THEN 1 ELSE 0 END';
}
/**
* Normalizes data to be saved into the table, performing extra preparations and type converting, if necessary.
* @param string $table the table that data will be saved into.
* @param array $columns the column data (name => value) to be saved into the table.
* @return array normalized columns
*/
private function normalizeTableRowData($table, $columns, &$params)
{
if (($tableSchema = $this->db->getSchema()->getTableSchema($table)) !== null) {
$columnSchemas = $tableSchema->columns;
foreach ($columns as $name => $value) {
// @see https://github.com/yiisoft/yii2/issues/12599
if (isset($columnSchemas[$name]) && $columnSchemas[$name]->type === Schema::TYPE_BINARY && $columnSchemas[$name]->dbType === 'varbinary' && (is_string($value) || $value === null)) {
$phName = $this->bindParam($value, $params);
$columns[$name] = new Expression("CONVERT(VARBINARY, $phName)", $params);
}
}
}
return $columns;
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
*/
public function insert($table, $columns, &$params)
{
return parent::insert($table, $this->normalizeTableRowData($table, $columns, $params), $params);
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
* @see https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/t-sql/statements/merge-transact-sql
* @see http://weblogs.sqlteam.com/dang/archive/2009/01/31/UPSERT-Race-Condition-With-MERGE.aspx
*/
public function upsert($table, $insertColumns, $updateColumns, &$params)
{
/** @var Constraint[] $constraints */
list($uniqueNames, $insertNames, $updateNames) = $this->prepareUpsertColumns($table, $insertColumns, $updateColumns, $constraints);
if (empty($uniqueNames)) {
return $this->insert($table, $insertColumns, $params);
}
$onCondition = ['or'];
$quotedTableName = $this->db->quoteTableName($table);
foreach ($constraints as $constraint) {
$constraintCondition = ['and'];
foreach ($constraint->columnNames as $name) {
$quotedName = $this->db->quoteColumnName($name);
$constraintCondition[] = "$quotedTableName.$quotedName=[EXCLUDED].$quotedName";
}
$onCondition[] = $constraintCondition;
}
$on = $this->buildCondition($onCondition, $params);
list(, $placeholders, $values, $params) = $this->prepareInsertValues($table, $insertColumns, $params);
$mergeSql = 'MERGE ' . $this->db->quoteTableName($table) . ' WITH (HOLDLOCK) '
. 'USING (' . (!empty($placeholders) ? 'VALUES (' . implode(', ', $placeholders) . ')' : ltrim($values, ' ')) . ') AS [EXCLUDED] (' . implode(', ', $insertNames) . ') '
. "ON ($on)";
$insertValues = [];
foreach ($insertNames as $name) {
$quotedName = $this->db->quoteColumnName($name);
if (strrpos($quotedName, '.') === false) {
$quotedName = '[EXCLUDED].' . $quotedName;
}
$insertValues[] = $quotedName;
}
$insertSql = 'INSERT (' . implode(', ', $insertNames) . ')'
. ' VALUES (' . implode(', ', $insertValues) . ')';
if ($updateColumns === false) {
return "$mergeSql WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN $insertSql;";
}
if ($updateColumns === true) {
$updateColumns = [];
foreach ($updateNames as $name) {
$quotedName = $this->db->quoteColumnName($name);
if (strrpos($quotedName, '.') === false) {
$quotedName = '[EXCLUDED].' . $quotedName;
}
$updateColumns[$name] = new Expression($quotedName);
}
}
list($updates, $params) = $this->prepareUpdateSets($table, $updateColumns, $params);
$updateSql = 'UPDATE SET ' . implode(', ', $updates);
return "$mergeSql WHEN MATCHED THEN $updateSql WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN $insertSql;";
}
/**
* {@inheritdoc}
*/
public function update($table, $columns, $condition, &$params)
{
return parent::update($table, $this->normalizeTableRowData($table, $columns, $params), $condition, $params);
}
}
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