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<?php
/**
* @link http://www.yiiframework.com/
* @copyright Copyright (c) 2008 Yii Software LLC
* @license http://www.yiiframework.com/license/
*/
namespace yii\web;
use Yii;
use yii\base\BaseObject;
use yii\base\InvalidConfigException;
/**
* UrlRule represents a rule used by [[UrlManager]] for parsing and generating URLs.
*
* To define your own URL parsing and creation logic you can extend from this class
* and add it to [[UrlManager::rules]] like this:
*
* ```php
* 'rules' => [
* ['class' => 'MyUrlRule', 'pattern' => '...', 'route' => 'site/index', ...],
* // ...
* ]
* ```
*
* @property null|int $createUrlStatus Status of the URL creation after the last [[createUrl()]] call. `null`
* if rule does not provide info about create status. This property is read-only.
*
* @author Qiang Xue <qiang.xue@gmail.com>
* @since 2.0
*/
class UrlRule extends BaseObject implements UrlRuleInterface
{
/**
* Set [[mode]] with this value to mark that this rule is for URL parsing only.
*/
const PARSING_ONLY = 1;
/**
* Set [[mode]] with this value to mark that this rule is for URL creation only.
*/
const CREATION_ONLY = 2;
/**
* Represents the successful URL generation by last [[createUrl()]] call.
* @see $createStatus
* @since 2.0.12
*/
const CREATE_STATUS_SUCCESS = 0;
/**
* Represents the unsuccessful URL generation by last [[createUrl()]] call, because rule does not support
* creating URLs.
* @see $createStatus
* @since 2.0.12
*/
const CREATE_STATUS_PARSING_ONLY = 1;
/**
* Represents the unsuccessful URL generation by last [[createUrl()]] call, because of mismatched route.
* @see $createStatus
* @since 2.0.12
*/
const CREATE_STATUS_ROUTE_MISMATCH = 2;
/**
* Represents the unsuccessful URL generation by last [[createUrl()]] call, because of mismatched
* or missing parameters.
* @see $createStatus
* @since 2.0.12
*/
const CREATE_STATUS_PARAMS_MISMATCH = 4;
/**
* @var string the name of this rule. If not set, it will use [[pattern]] as the name.
*/
public $name;
/**
* On the rule initialization, the [[pattern]] matching parameters names will be replaced with [[placeholders]].
* @var string the pattern used to parse and create the path info part of a URL.
* @see host
* @see placeholders
*/
public $pattern;
/**
* @var string the pattern used to parse and create the host info part of a URL (e.g. `http://example.com`).
* @see pattern
*/
public $host;
/**
* @var string the route to the controller action
*/
public $route;
/**
* @var array the default GET parameters (name => value) that this rule provides.
* When this rule is used to parse the incoming request, the values declared in this property
* will be injected into $_GET.
*/
public $defaults = [];
/**
* @var string the URL suffix used for this rule.
* For example, ".html" can be used so that the URL looks like pointing to a static HTML page.
* If not set, the value of [[UrlManager::suffix]] will be used.
*/
public $suffix;
/**
* @var string|array the HTTP verb (e.g. GET, POST, DELETE) that this rule should match.
* Use array to represent multiple verbs that this rule may match.
* If this property is not set, the rule can match any verb.
* Note that this property is only used when parsing a request. It is ignored for URL creation.
*/
public $verb;
/**
* @var int a value indicating if this rule should be used for both request parsing and URL creation,
* parsing only, or creation only.
* If not set or 0, it means the rule is both request parsing and URL creation.
* If it is [[PARSING_ONLY]], the rule is for request parsing only.
* If it is [[CREATION_ONLY]], the rule is for URL creation only.
*/
public $mode;
/**
* @var bool a value indicating if parameters should be url encoded.
*/
public $encodeParams = true;
/**
* @var UrlNormalizer|array|false|null the configuration for [[UrlNormalizer]] used by this rule.
* If `null`, [[UrlManager::normalizer]] will be used, if `false`, normalization will be skipped
* for this rule.
* @since 2.0.10
*/
public $normalizer;
/**
* @var int|null status of the URL creation after the last [[createUrl()]] call.
* @since 2.0.12
*/
protected $createStatus;
/**
* @var array list of placeholders for matching parameters names. Used in [[parseRequest()]], [[createUrl()]].
* On the rule initialization, the [[pattern]] parameters names will be replaced with placeholders.
* This array contains relations between the original parameters names and their placeholders.
* The array keys are the placeholders and the values are the original names.
*
* @see parseRequest()
* @see createUrl()
* @since 2.0.7
*/
protected $placeholders = [];
/**
* @var string the template for generating a new URL. This is derived from [[pattern]] and is used in generating URL.
*/
private $_template;
/**
* @var string the regex for matching the route part. This is used in generating URL.
*/
private $_routeRule;
/**
* @var array list of regex for matching parameters. This is used in generating URL.
*/
private $_paramRules = [];
/**
* @var array list of parameters used in the route.
*/
private $_routeParams = [];
/**
* @return string
* @since 2.0.11
*/
public function __toString()
{
$str = '';
if ($this->verb !== null) {
$str .= implode(',', $this->verb) . ' ';
}
if ($this->host !== null && strrpos($this->name, $this->host) === false) {
$str .= $this->host . '/';
}
$str .= $this->name;
if ($str === '') {
return '/';
}
return $str;
}
/**
* Initializes this rule.
*/
public function init()
{
if ($this->pattern === null) {
throw new InvalidConfigException('UrlRule::pattern must be set.');
}
if ($this->route === null) {
throw new InvalidConfigException('UrlRule::route must be set.');
}
if (is_array($this->normalizer)) {
$normalizerConfig = array_merge(['class' => UrlNormalizer::className()], $this->normalizer);
$this->normalizer = Yii::createObject($normalizerConfig);
}
if ($this->normalizer !== null && $this->normalizer !== false && !$this->normalizer instanceof UrlNormalizer) {
throw new InvalidConfigException('Invalid config for UrlRule::normalizer.');
}
if ($this->verb !== null) {
if (is_array($this->verb)) {
foreach ($this->verb as $i => $verb) {
$this->verb[$i] = strtoupper($verb);
}
} else {
$this->verb = [strtoupper($this->verb)];
}
}
if ($this->name === null) {
$this->name = $this->pattern;
}
$this->preparePattern();
}
/**
* Process [[$pattern]] on rule initialization.
*/
private function preparePattern()
{
$this->pattern = $this->trimSlashes($this->pattern);
$this->route = trim($this->route, '/');
if ($this->host !== null) {
$this->host = rtrim($this->host, '/');
$this->pattern = rtrim($this->host . '/' . $this->pattern, '/');
} elseif ($this->pattern === '') {
$this->_template = '';
$this->pattern = '#^$#u';
return;
} elseif (($pos = strpos($this->pattern, '://')) !== false) {
if (($pos2 = strpos($this->pattern, '/', $pos + 3)) !== false) {
$this->host = substr($this->pattern, 0, $pos2);
} else {
$this->host = $this->pattern;
}
} elseif (strncmp($this->pattern, '//', 2) === 0) {
if (($pos2 = strpos($this->pattern, '/', 2)) !== false) {
$this->host = substr($this->pattern, 0, $pos2);
} else {
$this->host = $this->pattern;
}
} else {
$this->pattern = '/' . $this->pattern . '/';
}
if (strpos($this->route, '<') !== false && preg_match_all('/<([\w._-]+)>/', $this->route, $matches)) {
foreach ($matches[1] as $name) {
$this->_routeParams[$name] = "<$name>";
}
}
$this->translatePattern(true);
}
/**
* Prepares [[$pattern]] on rule initialization - replace parameter names by placeholders.
*
* @param bool $allowAppendSlash Defines position of slash in the param pattern in [[$pattern]].
* If `false` slash will be placed at the beginning of param pattern. If `true` slash position will be detected
* depending on non-optional pattern part.
*/
private function translatePattern($allowAppendSlash)
{
$tr = [
'.' => '\\.',
'*' => '\\*',
'$' => '\\$',
'[' => '\\[',
']' => '\\]',
'(' => '\\(',
')' => '\\)',
];
$tr2 = [];
$requiredPatternPart = $this->pattern;
$oldOffset = 0;
if (preg_match_all('/<([\w._-]+):?([^>]+)?>/', $this->pattern, $matches, PREG_OFFSET_CAPTURE | PREG_SET_ORDER)) {
$appendSlash = false;
foreach ($matches as $match) {
$name = $match[1][0];
$pattern = isset($match[2][0]) ? $match[2][0] : '[^\/]+';
$placeholder = 'a' . hash('crc32b', $name); // placeholder must begin with a letter
$this->placeholders[$placeholder] = $name;
if (array_key_exists($name, $this->defaults)) {
$length = strlen($match[0][0]);
$offset = $match[0][1];
$requiredPatternPart = str_replace("/{$match[0][0]}/", '//', $requiredPatternPart);
if (
$allowAppendSlash
&& ($appendSlash || $offset === 1)
&& (($offset - $oldOffset) === 1)
&& isset($this->pattern[$offset + $length])
&& $this->pattern[$offset + $length] === '/'
&& isset($this->pattern[$offset + $length + 1])
) {
// if pattern starts from optional params, put slash at the end of param pattern
// @see https://github.com/yiisoft/yii2/issues/13086
$appendSlash = true;
$tr["<$name>/"] = "((?P<$placeholder>$pattern)/)?";
} elseif (
$offset > 1
&& $this->pattern[$offset - 1] === '/'
&& (!isset($this->pattern[$offset + $length]) || $this->pattern[$offset + $length] === '/')
) {
$appendSlash = false;
$tr["/<$name>"] = "(/(?P<$placeholder>$pattern))?";
}
$tr["<$name>"] = "(?P<$placeholder>$pattern)?";
$oldOffset = $offset + $length;
} else {
$appendSlash = false;
$tr["<$name>"] = "(?P<$placeholder>$pattern)";
}
if (isset($this->_routeParams[$name])) {
$tr2["<$name>"] = "(?P<$placeholder>$pattern)";
} else {
$this->_paramRules[$name] = $pattern === '[^\/]+' ? '' : "#^$pattern$#u";
}
}
}
// we have only optional params in route - ensure slash position on param patterns
if ($allowAppendSlash && trim($requiredPatternPart, '/') === '') {
$this->translatePattern(false);
return;
}
$this->_template = preg_replace('/<([\w._-]+):?([^>]+)?>/', '<$1>', $this->pattern);
$this->pattern = '#^' . trim(strtr($this->_template, $tr), '/') . '$#u';
// if host starts with relative scheme, then insert pattern to match any
if (strncmp($this->host, '//', 2) === 0) {
$this->pattern = substr_replace($this->pattern, '[\w]+://', 2, 0);
}
if (!empty($this->_routeParams)) {
$this->_routeRule = '#^' . strtr($this->route, $tr2) . '$#u';
}
}
/**
* @param UrlManager $manager the URL manager
* @return UrlNormalizer|null
* @since 2.0.10
*/
protected function getNormalizer($manager)
{
if ($this->normalizer === null) {
return $manager->normalizer;
}
return $this->normalizer;
}
/**
* @param UrlManager $manager the URL manager
* @return bool
* @since 2.0.10
*/
protected function hasNormalizer($manager)
{
return $this->getNormalizer($manager) instanceof UrlNormalizer;
}
/**
* Parses the given request and returns the corresponding route and parameters.
* @param UrlManager $manager the URL manager
* @param Request $request the request component
* @return array|bool the parsing result. The route and the parameters are returned as an array.
* If `false`, it means this rule cannot be used to parse this path info.
*/
public function parseRequest($manager, $request)
{
if ($this->mode === self::CREATION_ONLY) {
return false;
}
if (!empty($this->verb) && !in_array($request->getMethod(), $this->verb, true)) {
return false;
}
$suffix = (string) ($this->suffix === null ? $manager->suffix : $this->suffix);
$pathInfo = $request->getPathInfo();
$normalized = false;
if ($this->hasNormalizer($manager)) {
$pathInfo = $this->getNormalizer($manager)->normalizePathInfo($pathInfo, $suffix, $normalized);
}
if ($suffix !== '' && $pathInfo !== '') {
$n = strlen($suffix);
if (substr_compare($pathInfo, $suffix, -$n, $n) === 0) {
$pathInfo = substr($pathInfo, 0, -$n);
if ($pathInfo === '') {
// suffix alone is not allowed
return false;
}
} else {
return false;
}
}
if ($this->host !== null) {
$pathInfo = strtolower($request->getHostInfo()) . ($pathInfo === '' ? '' : '/' . $pathInfo);
}
if (!preg_match($this->pattern, $pathInfo, $matches)) {
return false;
}
$matches = $this->substitutePlaceholderNames($matches);
foreach ($this->defaults as $name => $value) {
if (!isset($matches[$name]) || $matches[$name] === '') {
$matches[$name] = $value;
}
}
$params = $this->defaults;
$tr = [];
foreach ($matches as $name => $value) {
if (isset($this->_routeParams[$name])) {
$tr[$this->_routeParams[$name]] = $value;
unset($params[$name]);
} elseif (isset($this->_paramRules[$name])) {
$params[$name] = $value;
}
}
if ($this->_routeRule !== null) {
$route = strtr($this->route, $tr);
} else {
$route = $this->route;
}
Yii::debug("Request parsed with URL rule: {$this->name}", __METHOD__);
if ($normalized) {
// pathInfo was changed by normalizer - we need also normalize route
return $this->getNormalizer($manager)->normalizeRoute([$route, $params]);
}
return [$route, $params];
}
/**
* Creates a URL according to the given route and parameters.
* @param UrlManager $manager the URL manager
* @param string $route the route. It should not have slashes at the beginning or the end.
* @param array $params the parameters
* @return string|bool the created URL, or `false` if this rule cannot be used for creating this URL.
*/
public function createUrl($manager, $route, $params)
{
if ($this->mode === self::PARSING_ONLY) {
$this->createStatus = self::CREATE_STATUS_PARSING_ONLY;
return false;
}
$tr = [];
// match the route part first
if ($route !== $this->route) {
if ($this->_routeRule !== null && preg_match($this->_routeRule, $route, $matches)) {
$matches = $this->substitutePlaceholderNames($matches);
foreach ($this->_routeParams as $name => $token) {
if (isset($this->defaults[$name]) && strcmp($this->defaults[$name], $matches[$name]) === 0) {
$tr[$token] = '';
} else {
$tr[$token] = $matches[$name];
}
}
} else {
$this->createStatus = self::CREATE_STATUS_ROUTE_MISMATCH;
return false;
}
}
// match default params
// if a default param is not in the route pattern, its value must also be matched
foreach ($this->defaults as $name => $value) {
if (isset($this->_routeParams[$name])) {
continue;
}
if (!isset($params[$name])) {
// allow omit empty optional params
// @see https://github.com/yiisoft/yii2/issues/10970
if (in_array($name, $this->placeholders) && strcmp($value, '') === 0) {
$params[$name] = '';
} else {
$this->createStatus = self::CREATE_STATUS_PARAMS_MISMATCH;
return false;
}
}
if (strcmp($params[$name], $value) === 0) { // strcmp will do string conversion automatically
unset($params[$name]);
if (isset($this->_paramRules[$name])) {
$tr["<$name>"] = '';
}
} elseif (!isset($this->_paramRules[$name])) {
$this->createStatus = self::CREATE_STATUS_PARAMS_MISMATCH;
return false;
}
}
// match params in the pattern
foreach ($this->_paramRules as $name => $rule) {
if (isset($params[$name]) && !is_array($params[$name]) && ($rule === '' || preg_match($rule, $params[$name]))) {
$tr["<$name>"] = $this->encodeParams ? urlencode($params[$name]) : $params[$name];
unset($params[$name]);
} elseif (!isset($this->defaults[$name]) || isset($params[$name])) {
$this->createStatus = self::CREATE_STATUS_PARAMS_MISMATCH;
return false;
}
}
$url = $this->trimSlashes(strtr($this->_template, $tr));
if ($this->host !== null) {
$pos = strpos($url, '/', 8);
if ($pos !== false) {
$url = substr($url, 0, $pos) . preg_replace('#/+#', '/', substr($url, $pos));
}
} elseif (strpos($url, '//') !== false) {
$url = preg_replace('#/+#', '/', trim($url, '/'));
}
if ($url !== '') {
$url .= ($this->suffix === null ? $manager->suffix : $this->suffix);
}
if (!empty($params) && ($query = http_build_query($params)) !== '') {
$url .= '?' . $query;
}
$this->createStatus = self::CREATE_STATUS_SUCCESS;
return $url;
}
/**
* Returns status of the URL creation after the last [[createUrl()]] call.
*
* @return null|int Status of the URL creation after the last [[createUrl()]] call. `null` if rule does not provide
* info about create status.
* @see $createStatus
* @since 2.0.12
*/
public function getCreateUrlStatus()
{
return $this->createStatus;
}
/**
* Returns list of regex for matching parameter.
* @return array parameter keys and regexp rules.
*
* @since 2.0.6
*/
protected function getParamRules()
{
return $this->_paramRules;
}
/**
* Iterates over [[placeholders]] and checks whether each placeholder exists as a key in $matches array.
* When found - replaces this placeholder key with a appropriate name of matching parameter.
* Used in [[parseRequest()]], [[createUrl()]].
*
* @param array $matches result of `preg_match()` call
* @return array input array with replaced placeholder keys
* @see placeholders
* @since 2.0.7
*/
protected function substitutePlaceholderNames(array $matches)
{
foreach ($this->placeholders as $placeholder => $name) {
if (isset($matches[$placeholder])) {
$matches[$name] = $matches[$placeholder];
unset($matches[$placeholder]);
}
}
return $matches;
}
/**
* Trim slashes in passed string. If string begins with '//', two slashes are left as is
* in the beginning of a string.
*
* @param string $string
* @return string
*/
private function trimSlashes($string)
{
if (strncmp($string, '//', 2) === 0) {
return '//' . trim($string, '/');
}
return trim($string, '/');
}
}
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