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#OpenStack 手动安装手册(Icehouse)

声明:本博客欢迎转发,但请保留原作者信息!
作者:[罗勇] 云计算工程师、敏捷开发实践者
博客:http://yongluo2013.github.io/
微博:http://weibo.com/u/1704250760/

##部署架构

为了更好的展现OpenStack各组件分布式部署的特点,以及逻辑网络配置的区别,本实验不采用All in One 的部署模式,而是采用多节点分开部署的方式,方便后续学习研究。

architecture

##网络拓扑

networking

##环境准备

本实验采用Virtualbox Windows 版作为虚拟化平台,模拟相应的物理网络和物理服务器,如果需要部署到真实的物理环境,此步骤可以直接替换为在物理机上相应的配置,其原理相同。

Virtualbox 下载地址:https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads

###虚拟网络

需要新建3个虚拟网络Net0、Net1和Net2,其在virtual box 中对应配置如下。

Net0:
	Network name: VirtualBox  host-only Ethernet Adapter#2
	Purpose: administrator / management network
	IP block: 10.20.0.0/24
	DHCP: disable
	Linux device: eth0

Net1:
	Network name: VirtualBox  host-only Ethernet Adapter#3
	Purpose: public network
	DHCP: disable
	IP block: 172.16.0.0/24
	Linux device: eth1

Net2:
	Network name: VirtualBox  host-only Ethernet Adapter#4
	Purpose: Storage/private network
	DHCP: disable
	IP block: 192.168.4.0/24
	Linux device: eth2

###虚拟机

需要新建3个虚拟机VM0、VM1和VM2,其对应配置如下。

VM0:
	Name: controller0
	vCPU:1
	Memory :1G
	Disk:30G
	Networks: net1

VM1:
	Name : network0
	vCPU:1
	Memory :1G
	Disk:30G
	Network:net1,net2,net3

VM2:
	Name: compute0
	vCPU:2
	Memory :2G
	Disk:30G
	Networks:net1,net3

###网络设置

controller0 
     eth0:10.20.0.10   (management network)
     eht1:(disabled)
     eht2:(disabled)

network0
     eth0:10.20.0.20    (management network)
     eht1:172.16.0.20   (public/external network)
     eht2:192.168.4.20  (private network)

compute0
     eth0:10.20.0.30   (management network)
     eht1:(disabled)
     eht2:192.168.4.30  (private network)

compute1  (optional)
     eth0:10.20.0.31   (management network)
     eht1:(disabled)
     eht2:192.168.4.31  (private network)

###操作系统准备

本实验使用Linux 发行版 CentOS 6.5 x86_64,在安装操作系统过程中,选择的初始安装包为“基本”安装包,安装完成系统以后还需要额外配置如下YUM 仓库。

ISO文件下载:http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.5/isos/x86_64/CentOS-6.5-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso

EPEL源: http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/

RDO源: https://repos.fedorapeople.org/repos/openstack/EOL/openstack-icehouse/

自动配置执行如此命令即可,源安装完成后更新所有RPM包,由于升级了kernel 需要重新启动操作系统。

yum install -y http://repos.fedorapeople.org/repos/openstack/openstack-icehouse/rdo-release-icehouse-4.noarch.rpm
yum install -y http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
yum update -y
reboot -h 0

接下来可以开始安装配置啦!

###公共配置(all nodes)

以下命令需要在每一个节点都执行。

修改hosts 文件

vi /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1    localhost
::1          localhost 
10.20.0.10   controller0 
10.20.0.20   network0
10.20.0.30   compute0

禁用 selinux

vi /etc/selinux/config
SELINUX=disabled

安装NTP 服务

yum install ntp -y
service ntpd start
chkconfig ntpd on

修改NTP配置文件,配置从controller0时间同步。(除了controller0以外)

vi /etc/ntp.conf

server 10.20.0.10
fudge  10.20.0.10 stratum 10  # LCL is unsynchronized

立即同步并检查时间同步配置是否正确。(除了controller0以外)

ntpdate -u 10.20.0.10
service ntpd restart
ntpq -p

清空防火墙规则

vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
COMMIT

重启防火墙,查看是否生效

service iptables restart
iptables -L

安装openstack-utils,方便后续直接可以通过命令行方式修改配置文件

yum install -y openstack-utils

###基本服务安装与配置(controller0 node)

基本服务包括NTP 服务、MySQL数据库服务和AMQP服务,本实例采用MySQL 和Qpid 作为这两个服务的实现。

修改NTP配置文件,配置从127.127.1.0 时间同步。

vi /etc/ntp.conf
server 127.127.1.0

重启ntp service

service ntpd restart

MySQL 服务安装

yum install -y mysql mysql-server MySQL-python

修改MySQL配置

vi /etc/my.cnf
[mysqld]
bind-address = 0.0.0.0
default-storage-engine = innodb
innodb_file_per_table
collation-server = utf8_general_ci
init-connect = 'SET NAMES utf8'
character-set-server = utf8

启动MySQL服务

service mysqld start
chkconfig mysqld on

交互式配置MySQL root 密码,设置密码为“openstack”

mysql_secure_installation

Qpid 安装消息服务,设置客户端不需要验证使用服务

yum install -y qpid-cpp-server

vi /etc/qpidd.conf
auth=no

配置修改后,重启Qpid后台服务

service qpidd start
chkconfig qpidd on

##控制节点安装(controller0)

主机名设置

vi /etc/sysconfig/network
HOSTNAME=controller0

网卡配置

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

DEVICE=eth0
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=10.20.0.10
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

网络配置文件修改完后重启网络服务

serice network restart

###Keyston 安装与配置

安装keystone 包

yum install openstack-keystone python-keystoneclient -y

为keystone 设置admin 账户的 tokn

ADMIN_TOKEN=$(openssl rand -hex 10)
echo $ADMIN_TOKEN
openstack-config --set /etc/keystone/keystone.conf DEFAULT admin_token $ADMIN_TOKEN

配置数据连接

openstack-config --set /etc/keystone/keystone.conf sql connection mysql://keystone:openstack@controller0/keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/keystone/keystone.conf DEFAULT debug True
openstack-config --set /etc/keystone/keystone.conf DEFAULT verbose True

设置Keystone 用 PKI tokens

keystone-manage pki_setup --keystone-user keystone --keystone-group keystone
chown -R keystone:keystone /etc/keystone/ssl
chmod -R o-rwx /etc/keystone/ssl

为Keystone 建表

mysql -uroot -popenstack -e "CREATE DATABASE keystone;"
mysql -uroot -popenstack -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON keystone.* TO 'keystone'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'openstack';"
mysql -uroot -popenstack -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON keystone.* TO 'keystone'@'controller0' IDENTIFIED BY 'openstack';"
mysql -uroot -popenstack -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON keystone.* TO 'keystone'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'openstack';"

初始化Keystone数据库

su -s /bin/sh -c "keystone-manage db_sync" 

也可以直接用openstack-db 工具初始数据库

openstack-db --init --service keystone --password openstack

启动keystone 服务

service openstack-keystone start
chkconfig openstack-keystone on

设置认证信息

export OS_SERVICE_TOKEN=`echo $ADMIN_TOKEN`
export OS_SERVICE_ENDPOINT=http://controller0:35357/v2.0

创建管理员和系统服务使用的租户

keystone tenant-create --name=admin --description="Admin Tenant"
keystone tenant-create --name=service --description="Service Tenant"

创建管理员用户

keystone user-create --name=admin --pass=admin --email=admin@example.com

创建管理员角色

keystone role-create --name=admin

为管理员用户分配"管理员"角色

keystone user-role-add --user=admin --tenant=admin --role=admin

为keystone 服务建立 endpoints

keystone service-create --name=keystone --type=identity --description="Keystone Identity Service"

为keystone 建立 servie 和 endpoint 关联

keystone endpoint-create \
--service-id=$(keystone service-list | awk '/ identity / {print $2}') \
--publicurl=http://controller0:5000/v2.0 \
--internalurl=http://controller0:5000/v2.0 \
--adminurl=http://controller0:35357/v2.0

验证keystone 安装的正确性

取消先前的Token变量,不然会干扰新建用户的验证。

unset OS_SERVICE_TOKEN OS_SERVICE_ENDPOINT

先用命令行方式验证

keystone --os-username=admin --os-password=admin --os-auth-url=http://controller0:35357/v2.0 token-get
keystone --os-username=admin --os-password=admin --os-tenant-name=admin --os-auth-url=http://controller0:35357/v2.0 token-get

让后用设置环境变量认证,保存认证信息

vi ~/keystonerc

export OS_USERNAME=admin
export OS_PASSWORD=admin
export OS_TENANT_NAME=admin
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://controller0:35357/v2.0

source 该文件使其生效

source keystonerc
keystone token-get

Keystone 安装结束。

###Glance 安装与配置

安装Glance 的包

yum install openstack-glance python-glanceclient -y

配置Glance 连接数据库

openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf DEFAULT sql_connection mysql://glance:openstack@controller0/glance
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf DEFAULT sql_connection mysql://glance:openstack@controller0/glance

初始化Glance数据库

openstack-db --init --service glance --password openstack

创建glance 用户

keystone user-create --name=glance --pass=glance --email=glance@example.com

并分配service角色

keystone user-role-add --user=glance --tenant=service --role=admin

创建glance 服务

keystone service-create --name=glance --type=image --description="Glance Image Service"

创建keystone 的endpoint

keystone endpoint-create \
--service-id=$(keystone service-list | awk '/ image / {print $2}')  \
--publicurl=http://controller0:9292 \
--internalurl=http://controller0:9292 \
--adminurl=http://controller0:9292

用openstack util 修改glance api 和 register 配置文件

openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf DEFAULT debug True
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf DEFAULT verbose True
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf keystone_authtoken auth_uri http://controller0:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf keystone_authtoken auth_host controller0
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf keystone_authtoken auth_port 35357
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf keystone_authtoken auth_protocol http
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf keystone_authtoken admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf keystone_authtoken admin_user glance
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf keystone_authtoken admin_password glance
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-api.conf paste_deploy flavor keystone

openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf DEFAULT debug True
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf DEFAULT verbose True
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf keystone_authtoken auth_uri http://controller0:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf keystone_authtoken auth_host controller0
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf keystone_authtoken auth_port 35357
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf keystone_authtoken auth_protocol http
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf keystone_authtoken admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf keystone_authtoken admin_user glance
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf keystone_authtoken admin_password glance
openstack-config --set /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf paste_deploy flavor keystone

启动glance 相关的两个服务

service openstack-glance-api start
service openstack-glance-registry start
chkconfig openstack-glance-api on
chkconfig openstack-glance-registry on

下载最Cirros镜像验证glance 安装是否成功

wget http://cdn.download.cirros-cloud.net/0.3.1/cirros-0.3.1-x86_64-disk.img
glance image-create --progress --name="CirrOS 0.3.1" --disk-format=qcow2  --container-format=ovf --is-public=true < cirros-0.3.1-x86_64-disk.img

查看刚刚上传的image

glance  image-list

如果显示相应的image 信息说明安装成功。

###Nova 安装与配置

yum install -y openstack-nova-api openstack-nova-cert openstack-nova-conductor \
openstack-nova-console openstack-nova-novncproxy openstack-nova-scheduler python-novaclient

在keystone中创建nova相应的用户和服务

keystone user-create --name=nova --pass=nova --email=nova@example.com
keystone user-role-add --user=nova --tenant=service --role=admin

keystone 注册服务

keystone service-create --name=nova --type=compute --description="Nova Compute Service"

keystone 注册endpoint

keystone endpoint-create \
--service-id=$(keystone service-list | awk '/ compute / {print $2}')  \
--publicurl=http://controller0:8774/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s \
--internalurl=http://controller0:8774/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s \
--adminurl=http://controller0:8774/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s

配置nova MySQL 连接

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf database connection mysql://nova:openstack@controller0/nova

初始化数据库

openstack-db --init --service nova --password openstack

配置nova.conf

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT debug True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT verbose True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT rpc_backend qpid 
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT qpid_hostname controller0

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT my_ip 10.20.0.10
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT vncserver_listen 10.20.0.10
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT vncserver_proxyclient_address 10.20.0.10

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT auth_strategy keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_uri http://controller0:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_host controller0
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_protocol http
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_port 35357
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken admin_user nova
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken admin_password nova

添加api-paste.ini 的 Keystone认证信息

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/api-paste.ini filter:authtoken paste.filter_factory keystoneclient.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/api-paste.ini filter:authtoken auth_host controller0
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/api-paste.ini filter:authtoken admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/api-paste.ini filter:authtoken admin_user nova
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/api-paste.ini filter:authtoken admin_password nova

启动服务

service openstack-nova-api start
service openstack-nova-cert start
service openstack-nova-consoleauth start
service openstack-nova-scheduler start
service openstack-nova-conductor start
service openstack-nova-novncproxy start

添加到系统服务

chkconfig openstack-nova-api on
chkconfig openstack-nova-cert on
chkconfig openstack-nova-consoleauth on
chkconfig openstack-nova-scheduler on
chkconfig openstack-nova-conductor on
chkconfig openstack-nova-novncproxy on

检查服务是否正常

nova-manage service list

root@controller0 ~]# nova-manage service list
Binary           Host                                 Zone             Status     State Updated_At
nova-consoleauth controller0                          internal         enabled    :-)   2013-11-12 11:14:56
nova-cert        controller0                          internal         enabled    :-)   2013-11-12 11:14:56
nova-scheduler   controller0                          internal         enabled    :-)   2013-11-12 11:14:56
nova-conductor   controller0                          internal         enabled    :-)   2013-11-12 11:14:56

检查进程

[root@controller0 ~]# ps -ef|grep nova
nova      7240     1  1 23:11 ?        00:00:02 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/nova-api --logfile /var/log/nova/api.log
nova      7252     1  1 23:11 ?        00:00:01 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/nova-cert --logfile /var/log/nova/cert.log
nova      7264     1  1 23:11 ?        00:00:01 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/nova-consoleauth --logfile /var/log/nova/consoleauth.log
nova      7276     1  1 23:11 ?        00:00:01 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/nova-scheduler --logfile /var/log/nova/scheduler.log
nova      7288     1  1 23:11 ?        00:00:01 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/nova-conductor --logfile /var/log/nova/conductor.log
nova      7300     1  0 23:11 ?        00:00:00 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/nova-novncproxy --web /usr/share/novnc/
nova      7336  7240  0 23:11 ?        00:00:00 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/nova-api --logfile /var/log/nova/api.log
nova      7351  7240  0 23:11 ?        00:00:00 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/nova-api --logfile /var/log/nova/api.log
nova      7352  7240  0 23:11 ?        00:00:00 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/nova-api --logfile /var/log/nova/api.log

###Neutron server安装与配置

安装Neutron server 相关包

yum install -y openstack-neutron openstack-neutron-ml2 python-neutronclient

在keystone中创建 Neutron 相应的用户和服务

keystone user-create --name neutron --pass neutron --email neutron@example.com

keystone user-role-add --user neutron --tenant service --role admin

keystone service-create --name neutron --type network --description "OpenStack Networking"

keystone endpoint-create \
--service-id $(keystone service-list | awk '/ network / {print $2}') \
--publicurl http://controller0:9696 \
--adminurl http://controller0:9696 \
--internalurl http://controller0:9696

为Neutron 在MySQL建数据库

mysql -uroot -popenstack -e "CREATE DATABASE neutron;"
mysql -uroot -popenstack -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON neutron.* TO 'neutron'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'openstack';"
mysql -uroot -popenstack -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON neutron.* TO 'neutron'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'openstack';"
mysql -uroot -popenstack -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON neutron.* TO 'neutron'@'controller0' IDENTIFIED BY 'openstack';"

配置MySQL

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf database connection mysql://neutron:openstack@controller0/neutron

配置Neutron Keystone 认证

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT auth_strategy keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken auth_uri http://controller0:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken auth_host controller0
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken auth_protocol http
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken auth_port 35357
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken admin_user neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken admin_password neutron

配置Neutron qpid

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT rpc_backend neutron.openstack.common.rpc.impl_qpid
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT qpid_hostname controller0


openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT notify_nova_on_port_status_changes True
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT notify_nova_on_port_data_changes True
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT nova_url http://controller0:8774/v2

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT nova_admin_username nova
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT nova_admin_tenant_id $(keystone tenant-list | awk '/ service / { print $2 }')
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT nova_admin_password nova
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT nova_admin_auth_url http://controller0:35357/v2.0

配置Neutron ml2 plugin 用openvswitch

ln -s /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini /etc/neutron/plugin.ini

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT core_plugin ml2
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT service_plugins router

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ml2 type_drivers gre
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ml2 tenant_network_types gre
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ml2 mechanism_drivers openvswitch
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ml2_type_gre tunnel_id_ranges 1:1000
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini securitygroup firewall_driver neutron.agent.linux.iptables_firewall.OVSHybridIptablesFirewallDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini securitygroup enable_security_group True

配置nova 使用Neutron 作为network 服务

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT network_api_class nova.network.neutronv2.api.API
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT neutron_url http://controller0:9696
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT neutron_auth_strategy keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT neutron_admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT neutron_admin_username neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT neutron_admin_password neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT neutron_admin_auth_url http://controller0:35357/v2.0
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT linuxnet_interface_driver nova.network.linux_net.LinuxOVSInterfaceDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT firewall_driver nova.virt.firewall.NoopFirewallDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT security_group_api neutron

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT service_neutron_metadata_proxy true
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT neutron_metadata_proxy_shared_secret METADATA_SECRET

重启nova controller 上的服务

service openstack-nova-api restart
service openstack-nova-scheduler restart
service openstack-nova-conductor restart

启动Neutron server

service neutron-server start
chkconfig neutron-server on

##网路节点安装(network0 node)

主机名设置

vi /etc/sysconfig/network
HOSTNAME=network0

网卡配置

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
DEVICE=eth0
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=10.20.0.20
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1
DEVICE=eth1
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=172.16.0.20
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth2
DEVICE=eth2
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=192.168.4.20
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

网络配置文件修改完后重启网络服务

serice network restart

先安装Neutron 相关的包

yum install -y openstack-neutron openstack-neutron-ml2 openstack-neutron-openvswitch

允许ip forward

vi /etc/sysctl.conf 
net.ipv4.ip_forward=1
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter=0
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter=0

立即生效

sysctl -p

配置Neutron keysone 认证

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT auth_strategy keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken auth_uri http://controller0:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken auth_host controller0
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken auth_protocol http
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken auth_port 35357
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken admin_user neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken admin_password neutron

配置qpid

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT rpc_backend neutron.openstack.common.rpc.impl_qpid
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT qpid_hostname controller0

配置Neutron 使用ml + openvswitch +gre

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT core_plugin ml2
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT service_plugins router

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ml2 type_drivers gre
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ml2 tenant_network_types gre
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ml2 mechanism_drivers openvswitch
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ml2_type_gre tunnel_id_ranges 1:1000
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ovs local_ip 192.168.4.20
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ovs tunnel_type gre
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ovs enable_tunneling True
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini securitygroup firewall_driver neutron.agent.linux.iptables_firewall.OVSHybridIptablesFirewallDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini securitygroup enable_security_group True

ln -s /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini /etc/neutron/plugin.ini
cp /etc/init.d/neutron-openvswitch-agent /etc/init.d/neutronopenvswitch-agent.orig
sed -i 's,plugins/openvswitch/ovs_neutron_plugin.ini,plugin.ini,g' /etc/init.d/neutron-openvswitch-agent

配置l3

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/l3_agent.ini DEFAULT interface_driver neutron.agent.linux.interface.OVSInterfaceDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/l3_agent.ini DEFAULT use_namespaces True

配置dhcp agent

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/dhcp_agent.ini DEFAULT interface_driver neutron.agent.linux.interface.OVSInterfaceDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/dhcp_agent.ini DEFAULT dhcp_driver neutron.agent.linux.dhcp.Dnsmasq
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/dhcp_agent.ini DEFAULT use_namespaces True

配置metadata agent

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini DEFAULT auth_url http://controller0:5000/v2.0
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini DEFAULT auth_region regionOne
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini DEFAULT admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini DEFAULT admin_user neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini DEFAULT admin_password neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini DEFAULT nova_metadata_ip controller0
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini DEFAULT metadata_proxy_shared_secret METADATA_SECRET

service openvswitch start
chkconfig openvswitch on

ovs-vsctl add-br br-int
ovs-vsctl add-br br-ex
ovs-vsctl add-port br-ex eth1

修改eth1和br-ext 网络配置

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1
DEVICE=eth1
ONBOOT=yes
BOOTPROTO=none
PROMISC=yes 

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-br-ex

DEVICE=br-ex
TYPE=Bridge
ONBOOT=no
BOOTPROTO=none

重启网络服务

service network restart

为br-ext 添加ip

ip link set br-ex up
sudo ip addr add 172.16.0.20/24 dev br-ex

启动Neutron 服务

service neutron-openvswitch-agent start
service neutron-l3-agent start
service neutron-dhcp-agent start
service neutron-metadata-agent start

chkconfig neutron-openvswitch-agent on
chkconfig neutron-l3-agent on
chkconfig neutron-dhcp-agent on
chkconfig neutron-metadata-agent on

计算节点安装((compute0 node)

主机名设置

vi /etc/sysconfig/network
HOSTNAME=compute0

网卡配置

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
DEVICE=eth0
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=10.20.0.30
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1
DEVICE=eth1
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=172.16.0.30
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth2
DEVICE=eth2
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=192.168.4.30
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

网络配置文件修改完后重启网络服务

serice network restart

安装nova 相关包

yum install -y openstack-nova-compute

配置nova

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf database connection mysql://nova:openstack@controller0/nova

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT auth_strategy keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_uri http://controller0:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_host controller0
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_protocol http
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken auth_port 35357
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken admin_user nova
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf keystone_authtoken admin_password nova

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT rpc_backend qpid
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT qpid_hostname controller0

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT my_ip 10.20.0.30
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT vnc_enabled True
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT vncserver_listen 0.0.0.0
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT vncserver_proxyclient_address 10.20.0.30
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT novncproxy_base_url http://controller0:6080/vnc_auto.html
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf libvirt virt_type qemu

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT glance_host controller0

启动compute 节点服务

service libvirtd start
service messagebus start
service openstack-nova-compute start

chkconfig libvirtd on
chkconfig messagebus on
chkconfig openstack-nova-compute on

在controller 节点检查compute服务是否启动

nova-manage service list

多出计算节点服务

[root@controller0 ~]# nova-manage service list
Binary           Host                                 Zone             Status     State Updated_At
nova-consoleauth controller0                          internal         enabled    :-)   2014-07-19 09:04:18
nova-cert        controller0                          internal         enabled    :-)   2014-07-19 09:04:19
nova-conductor   controller0                          internal         enabled    :-)   2014-07-19 09:04:20
nova-scheduler   controller0                          internal         enabled    :-)   2014-07-19 09:04:20
nova-compute     compute0                             nova             enabled    :-)   2014-07-19 09:04:19

安装neutron ml2 和openvswitch agent

yum install openstack-neutron-ml2 openstack-neutron-openvswitch

配置Neutron Keystone 认证

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT auth_strategy keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken auth_uri http://controller0:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken auth_host controller0
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken auth_protocol http
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken auth_port 35357
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken admin_user neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf keystone_authtoken admin_password neutron

配置Neutron qpid

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT rpc_backend neutron.openstack.common.rpc.impl_qpid
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT qpid_hostname controller0

配置Neutron 使用 ml2 for ovs and gre

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT core_plugin ml2
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/neutron.conf DEFAULT service_plugins router

openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ml2 type_drivers gre
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ml2 tenant_network_types gre
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ml2 mechanism_drivers openvswitch
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ml2_type_gre tunnel_id_ranges 1:1000
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ovs local_ip 192.168.4.30
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ovs tunnel_type gre
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini ovs enable_tunneling True
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini securitygroup firewall_driver neutron.agent.linux.iptables_firewall.OVSHybridIptablesFirewallDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini securitygroup enable_security_group True

ln -s /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini /etc/neutron/plugin.ini
cp /etc/init.d/neutron-openvswitch-agent /etc/init.d/neutronopenvswitch-agent.orig
sed -i 's,plugins/openvswitch/ovs_neutron_plugin.ini,plugin.ini,g' /etc/init.d/neutron-openvswitch-agent

配置 Nova 使用Neutron 提供网络服务

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT network_api_class nova.network.neutronv2.api.API
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT neutron_url http://controller0:9696
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT neutron_auth_strategy keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT neutron_admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT neutron_admin_username neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT neutron_admin_password neutron
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT neutron_admin_auth_url http://controller0:35357/v2.0
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT linuxnet_interface_driver nova.network.linux_net.LinuxOVSInterfaceDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT firewall_driver nova.virt.firewall.NoopFirewallDriver
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT security_group_api neutron

openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT service_neutron_metadata_proxy true
openstack-config --set /etc/nova/nova.conf DEFAULT neutron_metadata_proxy_shared_secret METADATA_SECRET

service openvswitch start
chkconfig openvswitch on
ovs-vsctl add-br br-int

service openstack-nova-compute restart
service neutron-openvswitch-agent start
chkconfig neutron-openvswitch-agent on

检查agent 是否启动正常

neutron agent-list

启动正常显示

[root@controller0 ~]# neutron agent-list
+--------------------------------------+--------------------+----------+-------+----------------+
| id                                   | agent_type         | host     | alive | admin_state_up |
+--------------------------------------+--------------------+----------+-------+----------------+
| 2c5318db-6bc2-4d09-b728-bbdd677b1e72 | L3 agent           | network0 | :-)   | True           |
| 4a79ff75-6205-46d0-aec1-37f55a8d87ce | Open vSwitch agent | network0 | :-)   | True           |
| 5a5bd885-4173-4515-98d1-0edc0fdbf556 | Open vSwitch agent | compute0 | :-)   | True           |
| 5c9218ce-0ebd-494a-b897-5e2df0763837 | DHCP agent         | network0 | :-)   | True           |
| 76f2069f-ba84-4c36-bfc0-3c129d49cbb1 | Metadata agent     | network0 | :-)   | True           |
+--------------------------------------+--------------------+----------+-------+----------------+

##创建初始网络

创建外部网络

neutron net-create ext-net --shared --router:external=True

为外部网络添加subnet

neutron subnet-create ext-net --name ext-subnet \
--allocation-pool start=172.16.0.100,end=172.16.0.200 \
--disable-dhcp --gateway 172.16.0.1 172.16.0.0/24

创建住户网络

首先创建demo用户、租户已经分配角色关系

keystone user-create --name=demo --pass=demo --email=demo@example.com
keystone tenant-create --name=demo --description="Demo Tenant"
keystone user-role-add --user=demo --role=_member_ --tenant=demo

创建租户网络demo-net

neutron net-create demo-net

为租户网络添加subnet

neutron subnet-create demo-net --name demo-subnet --gateway 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.0/24

为租户网络创建路由,并连接到外部网络

neutron router-create demo-router

将demo-net 连接到路由器

neutron router-interface-add demo-router $(neutron net-show demo-net|awk '/ subnets / { print $4 }')

设置demo-router 默认网关

neutron router-gateway-set demo-router ext-net

启动一个instance

nova boot --flavor m1.tiny --image $(nova image-list|awk '/ CirrOS / { print $2 }') --nic net-id=$(neutron net-list|awk '/ demo-net / { print $2 }') --security-group default demo-instance1

##Dashboard 安装

安装Dashboard 相关包

yum install memcached python-memcached mod_wsgi openstack-dashboard

配置mencached

vi /etc/openstack-dashboard/local_settings 

CACHES = {
'default': {
'BACKEND' : 'django.core.cache.backends.memcached.MemcachedCache',
'LOCATION' : '127.0.0.1:11211'
}
}

配置Keystone hostname

vi /etc/openstack-dashboard/local_settings 
OPENSTACK_HOST = "controller0"

启动Dashboard 相关服务

service httpd start
service memcached start
chkconfig httpd on
chkconfig memcached on

打开浏览器验证,用户名:admin 密码:admin

http://10.20.0.10/dashboard

##Cinder 安装

###Cinder controller 安装

先在controller0 节点安装 cinder api

yum install openstack-cinder -y

配置cinder数据库连接

openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf database connection mysql://cinder:openstack@controller0/cinder

初始化数据库

mysql -uroot -popenstack -e  "CREATE DATABASE cinder;""
mysql -uroot -popenstack -e  "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON cinder.* TO 'cinder'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'openstack';"
mysql -uroot -popenstack -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON cinder.* TO 'cinder'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'openstack';"
mysql -uroot -popenstack -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON cinder.* TO 'cinder'@'controller0' IDENTIFIED BY 'openstack';"

su -s /bin/sh -c "cinder-manage db sync" cinder

或者用openstack-db 工具初始化数据库

openstack-db --init --service cinder --password openstack

在Keystone中创建cinder 系统用户

keystone user-create --name=cinder --pass=cinder --email=cinder@example.com
keystone user-role-add --user=cinder --tenant=service --role=admin

在Keystone注册一个cinder 的 service

keystone service-create --name=cinder --type=volume --description="OpenStack Block Storage"

创建一个 cinder 的 endpoint

keystone endpoint-create \
--service-id=$(keystone service-list | awk '/ volume / {print $2}') \
--publicurl=http://controller0:8776/v1/%\(tenant_id\)s \
--internalurl=http://controller0:8776/v1/%\(tenant_id\)s \
--adminurl=http://controller0:8776/v1/%\(tenant_id\)s

在Keystone注册一个cinderv2 的 service

keystone service-create --name=cinderv2 --type=volumev2 --description="OpenStack Block Storage v2"

创建一个 cinderv2 的 endpoint

keystone endpoint-create \
--service-id=$(keystone service-list | awk '/ volumev2 / {print $2}') \
--publicurl=http://controller0:8776/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s \
--internalurl=http://controller0:8776/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s \
--adminurl=http://controller0:8776/v2/%\(tenant_id\)s

配置cinder Keystone认证

openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf DEFAULT auth_strategy keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf keystone_authtoken auth_uri http://controller0:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf keystone_authtoken auth_host controller0
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf keystone_authtoken auth_protocol http
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf keystone_authtoken auth_port 35357
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf keystone_authtoken admin_user cinder
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf keystone_authtoken admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf keystone_authtoken admin_password cinder

配置qpid

openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf DEFAULT rpc_backend cinder.openstack.common.rpc.impl_qpid
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf DEFAULT qpid_hostname controller0

启动cinder controller 相关服务

service openstack-cinder-api start
service openstack-cinder-scheduler start
chkconfig openstack-cinder-api on
chkconfig openstack-cinder-scheduler on

###Cinder block storage 节点安装

执行下面的操作之前,当然别忘了需要安装公共部分内容!(比如ntp,hosts 等)

开始配置之前,Cinder0 创建一个新磁盘,用于block 的分配

/dev/sdb

主机名设置

vi /etc/sysconfig/network
HOSTNAME=cinder0

网卡配置

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
DEVICE=eth0
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=10.20.0.40
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1
DEVICE=eth1
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=172.16.0.40
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth2
DEVICE=eth2
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=192.168.4.40
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

网络配置文件修改完后重启网络服务

serice network restart

##网络拓扑

include-cinder

安装Cinder 相关包

yum install -y openstack-cinder scsi-target-utils

创建 LVM physical and logic 卷,作为cinder 块存储的实现

pvcreate /dev/sdb
vgcreate cinder-volumes /dev/sdb

Add a filter entry to the devices section in the /etc/lvm/lvm.conf file to keep LVM from scanning devices used by virtual machines

添加一个过滤器保证 虚拟机能扫描到LVM

vi /etc/lvm/lvm.conf

devices {
...
filter = [ "a/sda1/", "a/sdb/", "r/.*/"]
...
}

配置Keystone 认证

openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf DEFAULT auth_strategy keystone
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf keystone_authtoken auth_uri http://controller0:5000
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf keystone_authtoken auth_host controller0
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf keystone_authtokenauth_protocol http
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf keystone_authtoken auth_port 35357
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf keystone_authtoken admin_user cinder
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf keystone_authtoken admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf keystone_authtoken admin_password cinder

配置qpid

openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf DEFAULT rpc_backend cinder.openstack.common.rpc.impl_qpid
openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf DEFAULT qpid_hostname controller0

配置数据库连接

openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf database connection mysql://cinder:openstack@controller0/cinder

配置Glance server

openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf DEFAULT glance_host controller0

配置cinder-volume 的 my_ip , 这个ip决定了存储数据跑在哪网卡上

openstack-config --set /etc/cinder/cinder.conf DEFAULT my_ip 192.168.4.40

配置 iSCSI target 服务发现 Block Storage volumes

vi /etc/tgt/targets.conf
include /etc/cinder/volumes/*

启动cinder-volume 服务

service openstack-cinder-volume start
service tgtd start
chkconfig openstack-cinder-volume on
chkconfig tgtd on

##Swift 安装

###安装存储节点

在执行下面的操作之前,当然别忘了需要安装公共部分内容哦!(比如ntp,hosts 等)

在开始配置之前,为Swift0 创建一个新磁盘,用于Swift 数据的存储,比如:

/dev/sdb

磁盘创建好后,启动OS为新磁盘分区

fdisk /dev/sdb
mkfs.xfs /dev/sdb1
echo "/dev/sdb1 /srv/node/sdb1 xfs noatime,nodiratime,nobarrier,logbufs=8 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
mkdir -p /srv/node/sdb1
mount /srv/node/sdb1
chown -R swift:swift /srv/node

主机名设置

vi /etc/sysconfig/network
HOSTNAME=swift0

网卡配置

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
DEVICE=eth0
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=10.20.0.50
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1
DEVICE=eth1
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=172.16.0.50
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth2
DEVICE=eth2
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=192.168.4.50
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

网络配置文件修改完后重启网络服务

serice network restart

##网络拓扑

这里省去Cinder 节点部分

include-swift

安装swift storage 节点相关的包

yum install -y openstack-swift-account openstack-swift-container openstack-swift-object xfsprogs xinetd

配置object,container ,account 的配置文件

openstack-config --set /etc/swift/account-server.conf DEFAULT bind_ip 10.20.0.50
openstack-config --set /etc/swift/container-server.conf DEFAULT bind_ip 10.20.0.50
openstack-config --set /etc/swift/object-server.conf DEFAULT bind_ip 10.20.0.50

在rsynd 配置文件中配置要同步的文件目录

vi /etc/rsyncd.conf

uid = swift
gid = swift
log file = /var/log/rsyncd.log
pid file = /var/run/rsyncd.pid
address = 192.168.4.50

[account]
max connections = 2
path = /srv/node/
read only = false
lock file = /var/lock/account.lock

[container]
max connections = 2
path = /srv/node/
read only = false
lock file = /var/lock/container.lock

[object]
max connections = 2
path = /srv/node/
read only = false
lock file = /var/lock/object.lock


vi /etc/xinetd.d/rsync
disable = no

service xinetd start
chkconfig xinetd on

Create the swift recon cache directory and set its permissions:

mkdir -p /var/swift/recon
chown -R swift:swift /var/swift/recon

###安装swift-proxy 服务

为swift 在Keystone 中创建一个用户

keystone user-create --name=swift --pass=swift --email=swift@example.com

为swift 用户添加root 用户

keystone user-role-add --user=swift --tenant=service --role=admin

为swift 添加一个对象存储服务

keystone service-create --name=swift --type=object-store --description="OpenStack Object Storage"

为swift 添加endpoint

keystone endpoint-create \
--service-id=$(keystone service-list | awk '/ object-store / {print $2}') \
--publicurl='http://controller0:8080/v1/AUTH_%(tenant_id)s' \
--internalurl='http://controller0:8080/v1/AUTH_%(tenant_id)s' \
--adminurl=http://controller0:8080

安装swift-proxy 相关软件包

yum install -y openstack-swift-proxy memcached python-swiftclient python-keystone-auth-token

添加配置文件,完成配置后再copy 该文件到每个storage 节点

openstack-config --set /etc/swift/swift.conf swift-hash swift_hash_path_prefix xrfuniounenqjnw
openstack-config --set /etc/swift/swift.conf swift-hash swift_hash_path_suffix fLIbertYgibbitZ

scp /etc/swift/swift.conf root@10.20.0.50:/etc/swift/

修改memcached 默认监听ip地址

vi /etc/sysconfig/memcached
OPTIONS="-l 10.20.0.10"

启动mencached

service memcached restart
chkconfig memcached on

修改过proxy server配置

vi /etc/swift/proxy-server.conf

openstack-config --set /etc/swift/proxy-server.conf filter:keystone operator_roles Member,admin,swiftoperator

openstack-config --set /etc/swift/proxy-server.conf filter:authtoken auth_host controller0
openstack-config --set /etc/swift/proxy-server.conf filter:authtoken auth_port 35357 
openstack-config --set /etc/swift/proxy-server.conf filter:authtoken admin_user swift
openstack-config --set /etc/swift/proxy-server.conf filter:authtoken admin_tenant_name service
openstack-config --set /etc/swift/proxy-server.conf filter:authtoken admin_password swift
openstack-config --set /etc/swift/proxy-server.conf filter:authtoken delay_auth_decision true

构建ring 文件

cd /etc/swift
swift-ring-builder account.builder create 18 3 1
swift-ring-builder container.builder create 18 3 1
swift-ring-builder object.builder create 18 3 1

swift-ring-builder account.builder add z1-10.20.0.50:6002R10.20.0.50:6005/sdb1 100
swift-ring-builder container.builder add z1-10.20.0.50:6001R10.20.0.50:6004/sdb1 100
swift-ring-builder object.builder add z1-10.20.0.50:6000R10.20.0.50:6003/sdb1 100

swift-ring-builder account.builder
swift-ring-builder container.builder
swift-ring-builder object.builder

swift-ring-builder account.builder rebalance
swift-ring-builder container.builder rebalance
swift-ring-builder object.builder rebalance

拷贝ring 文件到storage 节点

scp *ring.gz root@10.20.0.50:/etc/swift/

修改proxy server 和storage 节点Swift 配置文件的权限

ssh root@10.20.0.50 "chown -R swift:swift /etc/swift"
chown -R swift:swift /etc/swift

在controller0 上启动proxy service

service openstack-swift-proxy start
chkconfig openstack-swift-proxy on

在Swift0 上 启动storage 服务

service openstack-swift-object start
service openstack-swift-object-replicator start
service openstack-swift-object-updater start 
service openstack-swift-object-auditor start

service openstack-swift-container start
service openstack-swift-container-replicator start
service openstack-swift-container-updater start
service openstack-swift-container-auditor start

service openstack-swift-account start
service openstack-swift-account-replicator start
service openstack-swift-account-reaper start
service openstack-swift-account-auditor start

设置开机启动

chkconfig openstack-swift-object on
chkconfig openstack-swift-object-replicator on
chkconfig openstack-swift-object-updater on 
chkconfig openstack-swift-object-auditor on

chkconfig openstack-swift-container on
chkconfig openstack-swift-container-replicator on
chkconfig openstack-swift-container-updater on
chkconfig openstack-swift-container-auditor on

chkconfig openstack-swift-account on
chkconfig openstack-swift-account-replicator on
chkconfig openstack-swift-account-reaper on
chkconfig openstack-swift-account-auditor on

在controller 节点验证 Swift 安装

swift stat

上传两个文件测试

swift upload myfiles test.txt
swift upload myfiles test2.txt

下载刚上传的文件

swift download myfiles

##扩展一个新的swift storage 节点

在开始配置之前,为Swift0 创建一个新磁盘,用于Swift 数据的存储,比如:

/dev/sdb

磁盘创建好后,启动OS为新磁盘分区

fdisk /dev/sdb
mkfs.xfs /dev/sdb1
echo "/dev/sdb1 /srv/node/sdb1 xfs noatime,nodiratime,nobarrier,logbufs=8 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
mkdir -p /srv/node/sdb1
mount /srv/node/sdb1
chown -R swift:swift /srv/node

主机名设置

vi /etc/sysconfig/network
HOSTNAME=swift1

网卡配置

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
DEVICE=eth0
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=10.20.0.51
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1
DEVICE=eth1
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=172.16.0.51
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth2
DEVICE=eth2
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT=yes
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=192.168.4.51
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

网络配置文件修改完后重启网络服务

serice network restart

yum install -y openstack-swift-account openstack-swift-container openstack-swift-object xfsprogs xinetd

配置object,container ,account 的配置文件

openstack-config --set /etc/swift/account-server.conf DEFAULT bind_ip 10.20.0.51
openstack-config --set /etc/swift/container-server.conf DEFAULT bind_ip 10.20.0.51
openstack-config --set /etc/swift/object-server.conf DEFAULT bind_ip 10.20.0.51

在rsynd 配置文件中配置要同步的文件目录

vi /etc/rsyncd.conf

uid = swift
gid = swift
log file = /var/log/rsyncd.log
pid file = /var/run/rsyncd.pid
address = 192.168.4.51

[account]
max connections = 2
path = /srv/node/
read only = false
lock file = /var/lock/account.lock

[container]
max connections = 2
path = /srv/node/
read only = false
lock file = /var/lock/container.lock

[object]
max connections = 2
path = /srv/node/
read only = false
lock file = /var/lock/object.lock


vi /etc/xinetd.d/rsync
disable = no

service xinetd start
chkconfig xinetd on

Create the swift recon cache directory and set its permissions:

mkdir -p /var/swift/recon
chown -R swift:swift /var/swift/recon

重新平衡存储

swift-ring-builder account.builder add z1-10.20.0.51:6002R10.20.0.51:6005/sdb1 100
swift-ring-builder container.builder add z1-10.20.0.51:6001R10.20.0.51:6004/sdb1 100
swift-ring-builder object.builder add z1-10.20.0.51:6000R10.20.0.51:6003/sdb1 100

swift-ring-builder account.builder
swift-ring-builder container.builder
swift-ring-builder object.builder

swift-ring-builder account.builder rebalance
swift-ring-builder container.builder rebalance
swift-ring-builder object.builder rebalance

到此,OpenStack 核心组件所有节点安装完毕!