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import argparse
import httplib
import httplib2
import os
import random
import time
import google.oauth2.credentials
import google_auth_oauthlib.flow
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError
from googleapiclient.http import MediaFileUpload
from google_auth_oauthlib.flow import InstalledAppFlow
# Explicitly tell the underlying HTTP transport library not to retry, since
# we are handling retry logic ourselves.
httplib2.RETRIES = 1
# Maximum number of times to retry before giving up.
# Always retry when these exceptions are raised.
RETRIABLE_EXCEPTIONS = (httplib2.HttpLib2Error, IOError, httplib.NotConnected,
httplib.IncompleteRead, httplib.ImproperConnectionState,
httplib.CannotSendRequest, httplib.CannotSendHeader,
httplib.ResponseNotReady, httplib.BadStatusLine)
# Always retry when an apiclient.errors.HttpError with one of these status
# codes is raised.
RETRIABLE_STATUS_CODES = [500, 502, 503, 504]
# The CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE variable specifies the name of a file that contains
# the OAuth 2.0 information for this application, including its client_id and
# client_secret. You can acquire an OAuth 2.0 client ID and client secret from
# the {{ Google Cloud Console }} at
# {{ }}.
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
# For more information about using OAuth2 to access the YouTube Data API, see:
# For more information about the client_secrets.json file format, see:
CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE = 'client_secret.json'
# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows an application to upload files to the
# authenticated user's YouTube channel, but doesn't allow other types of access.
SCOPES = ['']
API_SERVICE_NAME = 'youtube'
VALID_PRIVACY_STATUSES = ('public', 'private', 'unlisted')
# Authorize the request and store authorization credentials.
def get_authenticated_service():
flow = InstalledAppFlow.from_client_secrets_file(CLIENT_SECRETS_FILE, SCOPES)
credentials = flow.run_console()
return build(API_SERVICE_NAME, API_VERSION, credentials = credentials)
def initialize_upload(youtube, options):
tags = None
if options.keywords:
tags = options.keywords.split(',')
# Call the API's videos.insert method to create and upload the video.
insert_request = youtube.videos().insert(
# The chunksize parameter specifies the size of each chunk of data, in
# bytes, that will be uploaded at a time. Set a higher value for
# reliable connections as fewer chunks lead to faster uploads. Set a lower
# value for better recovery on less reliable connections.
# Setting 'chunksize' equal to -1 in the code below means that the entire
# file will be uploaded in a single HTTP request. (If the upload fails,
# it will still be retried where it left off.) This is usually a best
# practice, but if you're using Python older than 2.6 or if you're
# running on App Engine, you should set the chunksize to something like
# 1024 * 1024 (1 megabyte).
media_body=MediaFileUpload(options.file, chunksize=-1, resumable=True)
# This method implements an exponential backoff strategy to resume a
# failed upload.
def resumable_upload(request):
response = None
error = None
retry = 0
while response is None:
print 'Uploading file...'
status, response = request.next_chunk()
if response is not None:
if 'id' in response:
print 'Video id "%s" was successfully uploaded.' % response['id']
exit('The upload failed with an unexpected response: %s' % response)
except HttpError, e:
if e.resp.status in RETRIABLE_STATUS_CODES:
error = 'A retriable HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s' % (e.resp.status,
error = 'A retriable error occurred: %s' % e
if error is not None:
print error
retry += 1
if retry > MAX_RETRIES:
exit('No longer attempting to retry.')
max_sleep = 2 ** retry
sleep_seconds = random.random() * max_sleep
print 'Sleeping %f seconds and then retrying...' % sleep_seconds
if __name__ == '__main__':
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
parser.add_argument('--file', required=True, help='Video file to upload')
parser.add_argument('--title', help='Video title', default='Test Title')
parser.add_argument('--description', help='Video description',
default='Test Description')
parser.add_argument('--category', default='22',
help='Numeric video category. ' +
parser.add_argument('--keywords', help='Video keywords, comma separated',
parser.add_argument('--privacyStatus', choices=VALID_PRIVACY_STATUSES,
default='private', help='Video privacy status.')
args = parser.parse_args()
youtube = get_authenticated_service()
initialize_upload(youtube, args)
except HttpError, e:
print 'An HTTP error %d occurred:\n%s' % (e.resp.status, e.content)