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Seed Fu
Seed Fu is an attempt to once and for all solve the problem of inserting and
maintaining seed data in a database. It uses a variety of techniques gathered
from various places around the web and combines them to create what is
hopefully the most robust seed data system around.
If you have suggestions or come across problems, please report them on
the Lighthouse project for Seed Fu:
Seed data is taken from the db/fixtures directory. Simply make descriptive .rb
files in that directory (they can be named anything, but users.rb for the User
model seed data makes sense, etc.). These scripts will be run whenever the
db:seed rake task is called. You can put arbitrary Ruby code in these files,
but remember that it will be executed every time the rake task is called, so
it needs to be runnable multiple times on the same database.
You can also have environment-specific seed data placed in
db/fixtures/ENVIRONMENT that will only be loaded if that is the current
Let's say we want to populate a few default users. In db/fixtures/users.rb we
write the following code:
User.seed(:login, :email) do |s|
s.login = "bob" = ""
s.first_name = "Bob"
s.last_name = "Bobson"
User.seed(:login, :email) do |s|
s.login = "bob" = ""
s.first_name = "Bob"
s.last_name = "Stevenson"
That's all you have to do! You will now have two users created in the system
and you can change their first and last names in the users.rb file and it will
be updated as such.
The arguments passed to the <ActiveRecord>.seed method are the constraining
attributes: these must remain unchanged between db:seed calls to avoid data
duplication. By default, seed data will constrain to the id like so:
Category.seed do |s| = 1 = "Buttons"
Category.seed do |s| = 2 = "Bobbins"
s.parent_id = 1
Note that any constraints that are passed in must be present in the subsequent
seed data setting.
Copyright (c) 2008 Michael Bleigh, released under the MIT license