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gitleaks

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Github Test gitleaks badge Follow @zricethezav

Gitleaks is a SAST tool for detecting and preventing hardcoded secrets like passwords, api keys, and tokens in git repos. Gitleaks is an easy-to-use, all-in-one solution for detecting secrets, past or present, in your code.

Demos
CLI asciicast
Github-Action gitleaks-demo-fast-cropped

Getting Started

Gitleaks can be installed using Homebrew, Docker, or Go. Gitleaks is also available in binary form for many popular platforms and OS types on the releases page. In addition, Gitleaks can be implemented as a pre-commit hook directly in your repo or as a GitHub action using Gitleaks-Action (see demo above).

MacOS

brew install gitleaks

Docker

DockerHub

docker pull zricethezav/gitleaks:latest
docker run -v ${path_to_host_folder_to_scan}:/path zricethezav/gitleaks:latest [COMMAND] --source="/path" [OPTIONS]

ghcr.io

docker pull ghcr.io/zricethezav/gitleaks:latest
docker run -v ${path_to_host_folder_to_scan}:/path zricethezav/gitleaks:latest [COMMAND] --source="/path" [OPTIONS]

From Source

  1. Download and install Go from https://golang.org/dl/
  2. Clone the repo
git clone https://github.com/zricethezav/gitleaks.git
  1. Build the binary
cd gitleaks
make build

Github Action

Check out the official Gitleaks GitHub Action

name: gitleaks
on: [pull_request, push, workflow_dispatch]
jobs:
  scan:
    name: gitleaks
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
    steps:
      - uses: actions/checkout@v3
        with:
          fetch-depth: 0
      - uses: gitleaks/gitleaks-action@v2
        env:
          GITHUB_TOKEN: ${{ secrets.GITHUB_TOKEN }}
          GITLEAKS_LICENSE: ${{ secrets.GITLEAKS_LICENSE}} # Only required for Organizations, not personal accounts.

Pre-Commit

  1. Install pre-commit from https://pre-commit.com/#install

  2. Create a .pre-commit-config.yaml file at the root of your repository with the following content:

    repos:
      - repo: https://github.com/zricethezav/gitleaks
        rev: v8.2.0
        hooks:
          - id: gitleaks
    

    for a native execution of GitLeaks or use the gitleaks-docker pre-commit ID for executing GitLeaks using the official Docker images

  3. Install with pre-commit install

  4. Now you're all set!

➜ git commit -m "this commit contains a secret"
Detect hardcoded secrets.................................................Failed

Note: to disable the gitleaks pre-commit hook you can prepend SKIP=gitleaks to the commit command and it will skip running gitleaks

➜ SKIP=gitleaks git commit -m "skip gitleaks check"
Detect hardcoded secrets................................................Skipped

Usage

Usage:
  gitleaks [command]

Available Commands:
  completion  generate the autocompletion script for the specified shell
  detect      Detect secrets in code
  help        Help about any command
  protect     Protect secrets in code
  version     Display gitleaks version

Flags:
  -c, --config string          config file path
                               order of precedence:
                               1. --config/-c
                               2. env var GITLEAKS_CONFIG
                               3. (--source/-s)/.gitleaks.toml
                               If none of the three options are used, then gitleaks will use the default config
      --exit-code string       exit code when leaks have been encountered (default: 1)
  -h, --help                   help for gitleaks
  -l, --log-level string       log level (debug, info, warn, error, fatal) (default "info")
      --redact                 redact secrets from logs and stdout
  -f, --report-format string   output format (json, csv, sarif)
  -r, --report-path string     report file
  -s, --source string          path to source (git repo, directory, file)
  -v, --verbose                show verbose output from scan

Use "gitleaks [command] --help" for more information about a command.

Commands

There are two commands you will use to detect secrets; detect and protect.

Detect

The detect command is used to scan repos, directories, and files. This command can be used on developer machines and in CI environments.

When running detect on a git repository, gitleaks will parse the output of a git log -p command (you can see how this executed here). git log -p generates patches which gitleaks will use to detect secrets. You can configure what commits git log will range over by using the --log-opts flag. --log-opts accepts any option for git log -p. For example, if you wanted to run gitleaks on a range of commits you could use the following command: gitleaks detect --source . --log-opts="--all commitA..commitB". See the git log documentation for more information.

You can scan files and directories by using the --no-git option.

Protect

The protect command is used to uncommitted changes in a git repo. This command should be used on developer machines in accordance with shifting left on security. When running protect on a git repository, gitleaks will parse the output of a git diff command (you can see how this executed here). You can set the --staged flag to check for changes in commits that have been git added. The --staged flag should be used when running Gitleaks as a pre-commit.

NOTE: the protect command can only be used on git repos, running protect on files or directories will result in an error message.

Verify Findings

You can verify a finding found by gitleaks using a git log command. Example output:

{
        "Description": "AWS",
        "StartLine": 37,
        "EndLine": 37,
        "StartColumn": 19,
        "EndColumn": 38,
        "Match": "\t\t\"aws_secret= \\\"AKIAIMNOJVGFDXXXE4OA\\\"\":          true,",
        "Secret": "AKIAIMNOJVGFDXXXE4OA",
        "File": "checks_test.go",
        "Commit": "ec2fc9d6cb0954fb3b57201cf6133c48d8ca0d29",
        "Entropy": 0,
        "Author": "zricethezav",
        "Email": "thisispublicanyways@gmail.com",
        "Date": "2018-01-28 17:39:00 -0500 -0500",
        "Message": "[update] entropy check",
        "Tags": [],
        "RuleID": "aws-access-token"
}

We can use the following format to verify the leak:

git log -L {StartLine,EndLine}:{File} {Commit}

So in this example it would look like:

git log -L 37,37:checks_test.go ec2fc9d6cb0954fb3b57201cf6133c48d8ca0d29

Which gives us:

commit ec2fc9d6cb0954fb3b57201cf6133c48d8ca0d29
Author: zricethezav <thisispublicanyways@gmail.com>
Date:   Sun Jan 28 17:39:00 2018 -0500

    [update] entropy check

diff --git a/checks_test.go b/checks_test.go
--- a/checks_test.go
+++ b/checks_test.go
@@ -28,0 +37,1 @@
+               "aws_secret= \"AKIAIMNOJVGFDXXXE4OA\"":          true,

Pre-Commit hook

You can run Gitleaks as a pre-commit hook by copying the example pre-commit.py script into your .git/hooks/ directory.

Configuration

Gitleaks offers a configuration format you can follow to write your own secret detection rules:

# Title for the gitleaks configuration file.
title = "Gitleaks title"

# Extend the base (this) configuration. When you extend a configuration
# the base rules take precendence over the extended rules. I.e, if there are
# duplicate rules in both the base configuration and the extended configuration
# the base rules will override the extended rules.
# Another thing to know with extending configurations is you can chain together
# multiple configuration files to a depth of 2. Allowlist arrays are appended
# and can contain duplicates.
# useDefault and path can NOT be used at the same time. Choose one.
[extend]
# useDefault will extend the base configuration with the default gitleaks config:
# https://github.com/zricethezav/gitleaks/blob/master/config/gitleaks.toml
useDefault = true
# or you can supply a path to a configuration. Path is relative to where gitleaks
# was invoked, not the location of the base config.
path = "common_config.toml"

# An array of tables that contain information that define instructions
# on how to detect secrets
[[rules]]

# Unique identifier for this rule
id = "awesome-rule-1"

# Short human readable description of the rule.
description = "awesome rule 1"

# Golang regular expression used to detect secrets. Note Golang's regex engine
# does not support lookaheads.
regex = '''one-go-style-regex-for-this-rule'''

# Golang regular expression used to match paths. This can be used as a standalone rule or it can be used
# in conjunction with a valid `regex` entry.
path = '''a-file-path-regex'''

# Array of strings used for metadata and reporting purposes.
tags = ["tag","another tag"]

# Int used to extract secret from regex match and used as the group that will have
# its entropy checked if `entropy` is set.
secretGroup = 3

# Float representing the minimum shannon entropy a regex group must have to be considered a secret.
entropy = 3.5

# Keywords are used for pre-regex check filtering. Rules that contain
# keywords will perform a quick string compare check to make sure the
# keyword(s) are in the content being scanned. Ideally these values should
# either be part of the idenitifer or unique strings specific to the rule's regex
# (introduced in v8.6.0)
keywords = [
  "auth",
  "password",
  "token",
]

# You can include an allowlist table for a single rule to reduce false positives or ignore commits
# with known/rotated secrets
[rules.allowlist]
description = "ignore commit A"
commits = [ "commit-A", "commit-B"]
paths = [
  '''go\.mod''',
  '''go\.sum'''
]
regexes = [
  '''process''',
  '''getenv''',
]
# note: stopwords targets the extracted secret, not the entire regex match
# like 'regexes' does. (stopwords introduced in 8.8.0)
stopwords = [
  '''client''',
  '''endpoint''',
]


# This is a global allowlist which has a higher order of precedence than rule-specific allowlists.
# If a commit listed in the `commits` field below is encountered then that commit will be skipped and no
# secrets will be detected for said commit. The same logic applies for regexes and paths.
[allowlist]
description = "global allow list"
commits = [ "commit-A", "commit-B", "commit-C"]
paths = [
  '''gitleaks\.toml''',
  '''(.*?)(jpg|gif|doc)'''
]
regexes = [
  '''219-09-9999''',
  '''078-05-1120''',
  '''(9[0-9]{2}|666)-\d{2}-\d{4}''',
]
# note: stopwords targets the extracted secret, not the entire regex match
# like 'regexes' does. (stopwords introduced in 8.8.0)
stopwords = [
  '''client''',
  '''endpoint''',
]

Refer to the default gitleaks config for examples or follow the contributing guidelines.

Additional Configuration

gitleaks:allow

If you are knowingly committing a test secret that gitleaks will catch you can add a gitleaks:allow comment to that line which will instruct gitleaks to ignore that secret. Ex:

class CustomClass:
    discord_client_secret = '8dyfuiRyq=vVc3RRr_edRk-fK__JItpZ'  #gitleaks:allow

.gitleaksignore

You can ignore specific findings by creating a .gitleaksignore file at the root of your repo. In release v8.10.0 Gitleaks added a Fingerprint value to the Gitleaks report. Each leak, or finding, has a Fingerprint that uniquely identifies a secret. Add this fingerprint to the .gitleaksignore file to ignore that specific secret. See Gitleaks' .gitleaksignore for an example. Note: this feature is expirmental and is subject to change in the future.

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Exit Codes

You can always set the exit code when leaks are encountered with the --exit-code flag. Default exit codes below:

0 - no leaks present
1 - leaks or error encountered
126 - unknown flag