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rtweetXtras

A collection of helper functions for twitter analysis using the {rtweet} package. NB: these functions have MANY dependencies… no warranty is offered, but please feel free to log issues.

To install the package, use the {remotes} or {devtools} package: remotes::install_github("arf9999/rtweetXtras")

hashtagcloud

hashtagcloud(rtweet_timeline_df, num_words = 200)

Delivers a wordcloud of hashtag terms in an rtweet tibble.

df <- rtweet::get_timeline("jack", n=1000)
rtweetXtras::hashtagcloud(df, n=200)

profilecloud

profilecloud(rtweet_timeline_df, num_words = 200)
Delivers a wordcloud of terms in unique twitter user profiles in an rtweet tibble.

df1 <- rtweet::search_tweets("rstats",lang = "en", n= 2000)
rtweetXtras::profilecloud(df1, 100)

bar_plot_mentions

bar_plot_mentions(rtweet_df, no_of_bars = 20, title = NULL)
Delivers a bar plot of the count of user mentions in an rtweet tibble. Defaults to top twenty mentioned accounts.

df1 <- rtweet::search_tweets("#rstats", lang = "en", n = 2000)
rtweetXtras::bar_plot_mentions(df1, 20, title = paste("Barplot of user mentions in twitter search for \"#rstats\"", Sys.Date()))

common_follower_analysis

common_follower_analysis (user_list, follower_depth = 200, no_of_sets = 7, token = NULL)
This function creates an UpSetR graph of common followers Code cribbed from Bob Rudis’ 21 Recipes for Mining Twitter with Rtweet https://rud.is/books/21-recipes/visualizing-intersecting-follower-sets-with-upsetr.html

 rstats_list <- c("hadleywickham", "dataandme", "juliasilge", "statgarrett","thomasp85")
 
rtweetXtras::common_follower_analysis(rstats_list, follower_depth = 1000, no_of_sets = 5, token = NULL)

common_follower_matrix

common_follower_matrix (user_list, follower_depth = 200, token = NULL)
This function creates a matrix of followers of a list of twitter users, sums the number of common followers, and then ranks them in descending order.

  rstats_list <- c("hadleywickham", "dataandme", "juliasilge", "statgarrett","thomasp85")

 fm <- rtweetXtras::common_follower_matrix(rstats_list, follower_depth = 200, token = NULL)
 dplyr::glimpse(fm)

## Rows: 862
## Columns: 9
## $ screen_name       <chr> "Sujay59188677", "qimo2099", "Burcuerbn", "richyejk…
## $ user_id           <chr> "1080140151362330625", "1329384005561688065", "7655…
## $ hadleywickham     <dbl> 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, …
## $ dataandme         <dbl> 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, …
## $ juliasilge        <dbl> 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, …
## $ statgarrett       <dbl> 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, …
## $ thomasp85         <dbl> 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, …
## $ sum_intersections <dbl> 5, 4, 4, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, …
## $ ranking           <int> 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, …

account_activity

account_activity(account_name, depth = 3200, time_zone = "Africa/Johannesburg", no_of_weeks = 4, token = NULL)
This function creates a bubble plot of account activity by hour of a single twitter screen_name
(inspired by python script by twitter user “[@Conspirator0]”)

 rtweetXtras::account_activity("arfness", depth = 1000, time_zone = "Africa/Johannesburg", no_of_weeks = 5, token = NULL)

follower_dot_plot

follower_dot_plot(follower_df, point_colour = "statuses_count", show_legend = TRUE, suppress_warnings = TRUE, include_loess_smooth = FALSE, include_lm = FALSE, print_immediately = TRUE, log_transform = FALSE, viridis_option = "magma")

This builds a ggplot2 scatter plot with the creation date of twitter followers mapped to the order in which they followed. Various options of dot colouring are available to examine the follower’s attributes. Optionally, a loess smoothed curve and/or a linear model can be overlaid to analyse the change in follower creation dates over time.

arfness_followers <- rtweetXtras::get_followers_fast("arfness")

## [1] "arfness follower count = 4937"
## [1] "followers captured: 4937 out of 4937"

rtweetXtras::follower_dot_plot(arfness_followers, point_colour = "earliest_follow")

scatter_ts_interactive

scatter_ts_interactive(df, title = "", print_immediately = TRUE)

Builds an interactive timeline of tweets indicating time of tweet, author, type (tweet, retweet, quote, reply), and rate of tweets (posts per second) - posts per second is calculated as moving average over 10 tweets. Posts per second are calculated separately for content tweets (tweets, quotes and replies) and copy tweets (retweets). Output is an Apache echarts HTML widget.

mickey <- rtweet::search_tweets("Mickey Mouse", n = 100)
rtweetXtras::scatter_ts_interactive(mickey, title = "100 tweets about Mickey Mouse")

Other functions

The package includes some additional tools and wrappers for rtweet functions:

get_followers_fast and get_friends_fast wrap rtweet functions to deliver a tibble of followers/friends that includes user details. The order of friendship and following is added as separate column, the account name being followed, befriended is added as a column, and the earliest following or befriending date is added as a column.
In addition it is possible to pass a list of tokens to the function to manage ratelimiting when querying accounts with large following/friendship.

rtweet_net and save_csv_edgelist are functions to create an igraph network and to save that as an edgelist for use in external visualisation software. This is not being maintained - replaced by create_gexf

create_gexf creates a gexf file for export to Gephi for visualisation.

write_csv_compatible saves a csv file of an rtweet tibble with a modified “text” column to include “RT [@retweet_screen_name]:” for all Retweets. Original text column is saved as additional column “text2”

snscrape_search is a function that uses the Python snscrape library to search historical twitter. Python 3.8 and snscrape need to be installed. See https://github.com/JustAnotherArchivist/snscrape for more information.

snscrape_get_timeline is a function that uses Python snscrape library to pull a twitter user timeline, and rtweet to rehydrate it. Note: Currently, unlike rtweet::get_timeline(), no retweets are captured, and there is no API limitation of 3200 statuses as snscrape uses the web search facility of twitter.

check_shadowban is a function to check whether an account has been temporarily suppressed from search or display results by Twitter.

check_shadowban_list allows a list of twitter handles to be passed to check_shadowban

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Twitter analysis functions built for use with rtweet package (by mkearney)

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