EdgeCloudSim: An Environment for Performance Evaluation of Edge Computing Systems
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Clone or download

README.md

EdgeCloudSim

EdgeCloudSim provides a simulation environment specific to Edge Computing scenarios where it is possible to conduct experiments that considers both computational and networking resources. EdgeCloudSim is based on CloudSim but adds considerable functionality so that it can be efficiently used for Edge Computing scenarios. EdgeCloudSim is an open source tool and any contributions are welcome. If you want to contribute EdgeCloudSim, please check below feature list and the contributing guidelines. If you want to use EdgeCloudSim in your research work, please cite our paper [3].

Discussion Forum

The discussion forum for EdgeCloudSim can be found here. We hope to meet with all interested parties in this forum. Please feel free to join and let us discuss issues, share ideas related to EdgeCloudSim all togerther.

Needed Features

  • Mist computing features (executing tasks on mobile device)
  • Incorporating cellular access network model into EdgeCloudSim (3G/4G/5G)
  • Task migration among the Edge or Cloud VMs
  • Energy consumption model for the mobile and edge devices as well as the cloud datacenters
  • Adding probabilistic network failure model by considering the congestion or other parameters such as the distance between mobile device and the WiFi access point.
  • Visual tool for displaying the network topology

EdgeCloudSim: An Environment for Performance Evaluation of Edge Computing Systems

EdgeCloudSim provides a modular architecture to provide support for a variety of crucial functionalities such as network modeling specific to WLAN and WAN, device mobility model, realistic and tunable load generator. As depicted in Figure 2, the current EdgeCloudSim version has five main modules available: Core Simulation, Networking, Load Generator, Mobility and Edge Orchestrator. To ease fast prototyping efforts, each module contains a default implementation that can be easily extended.

Figure 1: Relationship between EdgeCloudSim modules.

Mobility Module

The mobility module manages the location of edge devices and clients. Since CloudSim focuses on the conventional cloud computing principles, the mobility is not considered in the framework. In our design, each mobile device has x and y coordinates which are updated according to the dynamically managed hash table. By default, we provide a nomadic mobility model, but different mobility models can be implemented by extending abstract MobilityModel class.

Load Generator Module

The load generator module is responsible for generating tasks for the given configuration. By default, the tasks are generated according to a Poisson distribution via active/idle task generation pattern. If other task generation patterns are required, abstract LoadGeneratorModel class should be extended.

Networking Module

The networking module particularly handles the transmission delay in the WLAN and WAN by considering both upload and download data. The default implementation of the networking module is based on a single server queue model. Users of EdgeCloudSim can incorporate their own network behavior models by extending abstract NetworkModel class.

Edge Orchestrator Module

The edge orchestrator module is the decision maker of the system. It uses the information collected from the other modules to decide how and where to handle incoming client requests. In the first version, we simply use a probabilistic approach to decide where to handle incoming tasks, but more realistic edge orchestrator can be added by extending abstract EdgeOrchestrator class.

Core Simulation Module

The core simulation module is responsible for loading and running the Edge Computing scenarios from the configuration files. In addition, it offers a logging mechanism to save the simulation results into the files. The results are saved in comma-separated value (CSV) data format by default, but it can be changed to any format.

Extensibility

EdgeCloudSim uses a factory pattern making easier to integrate new models mentioned above. As shown in Figure 2, EdgeCloudsim requires a scenario factory class which knows the creation logic of the abstract modules. If you want to use different mobility, load generator, networking and edge orchestrator module, you can use your own scenario factory which provides the concrete implementation of your custom modules.

Figure 2: Class Diagram of Important Modules

Ease of Use

At the beginning of our study, we observed that too many parameters are used in the simulations and managing these parameters programmatically is difficult. As a solution, we propose to use configuration files to manage the parameters. EdgeCloudSim reads parameters dynamically from the following files:

  • config.properties: Simulation settings are managed in configuration file
  • applications.xml: Application properties are stored in xml file
  • edge_devices.xml: Edge devices (datacenters, hosts, VMs etc.) are defined in xml file

Compilation and Running

To compile sample application, compile.sh script which is located in scripts/sample_application folder can be used. You can rewrite similar script for your own application by modifying the arguments of javac command in way to declare the java file which includes your main method. Please note that this script can run on Linux based systems, including Mac OS. You can also use your favorite IDE (eclipse, netbeans etc.) to compile your project.

In order to run multiple sample_application scenarios in parallel, you can use run_scenarios.sh script which is located in scripts/sample_application folder. To run your own application, modify the java command in runner.sh script in a way to declare the java class which includes your main method. The details of using this script is explained in this wiki page.

You can also monitor each process via the output files located under scripts/sample_application/output/date folder. For example:

./run_scenarios.sh 8 10
tail -f output/date/ite_1.log

Analyzing the Results

At the end of each iteration, simulation results will be compressed in the output/date/ite_n.tgz files. When you extract these tgz files, you will see lots of log file in csv format. You can find matlab files which can plot graphics by using these files under scripts/sample_application/matlab folder. You can also write other scripts (e.g. python scripts) with the same manner of matlab plotter files.

Example Output of EdgeCloudSim

You can plot lots of graphics by using the result of EdgeCloudSim. Some examples are given below:

Alt text Alt text

Alt text Alt text

Alt text Alt text

Alt text Alt text

Publications

[1] C. Sonmez, A. Ozgovde and C. Ersoy, "EdgeCloudSim: An environment for performance evaluation of Edge Computing systems," 2017 Second International Conference on Fog and Mobile Edge Computing (FMEC), Valencia, 2017, pp. 39-44.

[2] C. Sonmez, A. Ozgovde and C. Ersoy, "Performance evaluation of single-tier and two-tier cloudlet assisted applications," 2017 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops (ICC Workshops), Paris, 2017, pp. 302-307.

[3] Sonmez C, Ozgovde A, Ersoy C. "EdgeCloudSim: An environment for performance evaluation of Edge Computing systems," Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies, 2018;e3493.