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The newsanchor package provides an API wrapper for https://newsapi.org/
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README.md

newsanchor

Project Status: Active – The project has reached a stable, usable state and is being actively developed. Build Status codecov CRAN_Status_Badge CRAN_Download_Badge

Purpose/Description

newsanchor provides a wrapper for https://newsapi.org/. News API is a simple HTTP REST API for searching and retrieving live articles from all over the web. You can get breaking news headlines, and search for articles from over 30,000 news sources and blogs.

The API can generally be used for free for non-commercial use cases. However, please be aware, that this results in some restrictions. For instance, you cannot download more than 1.000 results. Please see also https://newsapi.org/pricing for commerical options.

The package helps you to answer questions like the following:

  • What are the top stories running right now in the world?
  • What articles were published about your favorite politician, movie star, singer, or celebrity today?
  • What are the breaking news in business, entertainment, or sports?

Status

The package is under continuous development and will be extended with additional features in the future.

Installation

Stable Version

# install package from CRAN
install.packages("newsanchor")

# load package
library(newsanchor)

Current Development Version

# install devtools package if it's not already
if (!requireNamespace("devtools", quietly = TRUE)) {
  install.packages("devtools")
}

# install package from GitHub
devtools::install_github("correlaid/newsanchor")

# load package
library(newsanchor)

Introduction

Authentication

You need an API key to access https://newsapi.org. You can apply for a key at https://newsapi.org/register/. It is common practice to set API keys in your R environment file. Hence, every time you start R the key is loaded. The functions get_headlines, get_headlines_all, get_everything, get_everything_all, and get_sources access your key automatically by executing Sys.getenv("NEWS_API_KEY"). Alternatively, you can provide an explicit definition of your api_key with each function call.

In order to add your key to your environment file, you can use the function edit_r_environ from the usethis package.

This will open your .Renviron file in your text editor. Now, you can add the following line to it:

NEWS_API_KEY="yourkeygoeshere"

Save the file and restart R for the changes to take effect.

If your .Renviron lives at a non-conventional place, you can also use the function set_api_key from the newsanchor package to add the API key to your environment file. The function below appends the key automatically to your R environment file. You will be prompted to enter your API key into a popup box.

# save the api key in the .Renviron file
set_api_key(path    = "/my/path/to/.Renviron")

get_headlines / get_headlines_all

These functions connect to the API's endpoint that returns breaking news headlines for a country and category, or currently running on a single or multiple sources. This is perfect if you want to download live up-to-date news headlines and images. You can provide specific news-sources, categories, countries, and/or queries. For valid searchterms see the respective paragraph below.

# get headlines published by the Washington Post
results <- get_headlines(sources = "the-washington-post")
# get headlines published in the category sports
results <- get_headlines(category = "sports")
# get headlines published in Germany
results <- get_headlines(country = "de")
# get headlines published about Trump
results <- get_headlines(query = "Trump")

Limitations:

  • Please note, only one searchterm can be used for category, country, or query. Additional elements will be ignored.
  • In addition, sources must not be combined with country and/or category.

Additional settings:

The default of https://newsapi.org only allows to get maximal 100 results per search. Since some search terms might yield much more results, you can use the option page to browse throught your results (per default: page = 1). You can change the number of results returned per request using page_size (per default: page_size = 100).

results <- get_headlines(category = "sports", page = 2)
results <- get_headlines(category = "sports", page = 3, page_size = 20)

get_headlines_all:

To automatically download all results, use get_headlines_all. This function is build around get_headlines and provides the same options (except for page and page_size).

results <- get_headlines_all(category = "sports")

searchterms:

We provide different dataframes :terms_category, terms_sources, and terms_country. They contain information on valid search terms. Access them if you are not sure whether some country or some sources will work.

terms_category
terms_country
terms_sources

get_everything / get_everything_all

This endpoint searches through articles from large and small news sources and blogs. This includes breaking news as well as other kinds of normal articles. This function needs a compulsory query with each function call. You can make your search more fine-tuned using the following additional options:

  • surround entire phrases with quotes ("") for exact matches.
  • prepend words/phrases that must appear with "+" symbol (e.g., +bitcoin).
  • prepend words that must not appear with "-" symbol (e.g., -bitcoin).
  • you can also use AND, OR, NOT keywords (optionally grouped with parenthesis, e.g., 'crypto AND (ethereum OR litecoin) NOT bitcoin)').
# get everything published about Trump
results <- get_everything(query = "Trump")
# get everything published with the phrase "Trump says"
results <- get_everything(query = "Trump says")

As stated above, you always have to provide a query with the function call. However, you can limit your results to multiple sources, different languages, or different domains. You are also able to exclude_domains or mark the start (from) or end (to) time of your search.

# get everything published about Trump
results <- get_everything(query = "Trump")
# get everything published about Trump in the Washington Post
results <- get_everything(query = "Trump", sources = "the-washington-post")
# get everything published about Trump in french
results <- get_everything(query = "Trump", languages = "fr")
# get everything published about Trump at bbc.com
results <- get_everything(query = "Trump", domains = "bbc.com")
# get everything published about Trump BUT NOT at bbc.com
results <- get_everything(query = "Trump", exclude_domains = "bbc.com")
# get everything published about Trump BUT NOT at bbc.com
results <- get_everything(query = "Trump", from = "2018-09-08")

Limitations:

  • If you use the option sources, there is a limitation to 20 sources.
  • The options of from and to should be in ISO 8601 format.
  • The language needs to be a two digits ISO 639-1 code. You can only use one language for a search, default is all.
  • Some limitations are restricted to the free plan of www.newsapi.org. For example, you cannot access articles that have been published more than a month ago. This can only be accomplished using the paid plan.

Additional settings:

The default of https://newsapi.org only allows to get a maximum of 100 results per search. Since some search terms might yield much more results, you can use the option page to browse throught your results (per default: page = 1). You can change the number of results returned per request using page_size (per default: page_size = 100).

results <- get_everything(query = "Trump", page = 2)
results <- get_everything(query = "Trump", page = 3, page_size = 20)

In addition, you can sort (sort_by) the order of the articles. Possible options are relevancy (articles more closely related to the query come first), popularity (articles from popular sources and publishers come first) and publishedAt (newest articles come first). Per default articles are sorted by publishedAt.

# sort results by relevancy
results <- get_everything(query = "Trump", sort_by = "relevancy")
# sort results by popularity
results <- get_everything(query = "Trump", sort_by = "popularity")
# sort results by date
results <- get_everything(query = "Trump", sort_by = "publishedAt")

get_everything_all: To automatically download all results, use get_everything_all. This function is build around get_everything and provides the same options (except for page and page_size). Be aware that here, the limit of 1,000 articles kicks in if you do not have a paid plan. The function will then provide you with a dataset of these 1,000 results and stop there.

results <- get_everything_all(query = "Trump")

searchterms: We provide several dataframes with valid search terms. You can find all dataframes below:

terms_language
terms_sources
terms_country
terms_category

get_sources

This function returns the subset of news publishers that top headlines are available from. This information is also provided in a dataframe terms_sources. However, this function also allows to return sources for specific categories or languages.

publisher <- get_sources()
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