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README

                                   SUMMARY


LG is a Looking Glass written in Perl as a CGI script. It can execute almost
all BGP-related commands and do ping and traceroute in routers or relay these
queries to other looking glasses. It supports both IPv4 and IPv6 commands,
and is tested with Cisco, Zebra and Juniper. It can connect to router using
either SSH, telnet or rsh protocol.

LG is released under GPL licence. Look at COPYING file.



                                   INSTALL


This example assumes that you use Apache webserver and LG will be installed
to /usr/local/httpd/htdocs/lg directory.


1. Create directory where you want to keep LG files

> mkdir /usr/local/httpd/htdocs/lg

2. Copy lg.cgi, lg.conf and favicon.ico to this directory, make CGI executable

> cp lg.cgi lg.conf favicon.ico /usr/local/httpd/htdocs/lg
> chmod 644 /usr/local/httpd/htdocs/lg/*
> chmod 755 /usr/local/httpd/htdocs/lg/lg.cgi

3. Add these lines to your webserver config (In SuSE it is located at
/etc/httpd/httpd.conf or /etc/httpd/suse_include.conf). The order of these
lines is VERY IMPORTANT

Alias /lg/favicon.ico /usr/local/httpd/htdocs/lg/favicon.ico
ScriptAlias /lg /usr/local/httpd/htdocs/lg/lg.cgi

4. Restart webserver

> killall -1 httpd

5. DONE!

6. Now you have time to set up AS num and community description files

Download as.txt, as-apnic.txt, as-arin.txt, as-ripe.txt, as-jpnic.txt,
as-lacnic.txt and communities.txt form http://www.version6.net/lg/db/ .
Put all files to LG directory (/usr/local/httpd/htdocs/lg).

> wget http://www.version6.net/lg/db/as.txt
> wget http://www.version6.net/lg/db/as-apnic.txt
> wget http://www.version6.net/lg/db/as-arin.txt
> wget http://www.version6.net/lg/db/as-ripe.txt
> wget http://www.version6.net/lg/db/as-jpnic.txt
> wget http://www.version6.net/lg/db/as-lacnic.txt
> wget http://www.version6.net/lg/db/communities.txt

7. If you prefer use Berkeley DB (you should! :-) ), then set up a database
file. PS! you can't use community descriptions without using Berkeley DB.

7.1 Create db file yourself by running makedb.pl in LG directory:

> ./makedb.pl

or

7.2 Download as.db from http://www.version6.net/lg/db/

> wget http://www.version6.net/lg/db/as.db

8. Make sure that all these files are readable for webrserver

> chmod a+r /usr/local/httpd/htdocs/lg/*.txt
> chmod a+r /usr/local/httpd/htdocs/lg/as.db




                            ADVANCED CONFIURATION


You can generate as-*.txt files yourself. Just run Perl script makeaslist.pl
and it creates these three files in your current directory. It is recommended
to update these files sometimes to get fresh information about new AS numbers.
Don't forget to run makedb.pl after that as well.

You can also edit as.txt file. These three autogenerated files are included
at the beginning of as.txt file. All lines below just overwrites previous
ones. This means that you can put any better names for AS numbers to this file
and will see it instead of these autogenerated names (which are quite hard to
understand some times).

Also you have to edit communities.txt file by hand. Don't forget to run
makedb.pl after that again.

A little bit about lg.conf file. In this example all logins are replaced with
"login" and passwords with "password". These lines are also commented out, so
you can use this configuration file even without any modification.

You can set ASList as as.txt file or as.db database. With my 900 MHz Celeron
it takes about 4 sec to load as.txt (and all included files) while using DB
takes only 0.2 sec ;-) Use DB if possible!

As long as the configuration file is quite simple, I don't give here any help
how to configure LG. Just look at lg.conf, all possible ways how to configure
it, are shown in this file already ;-)

Default logfile is /var/log/lg.log, be sure that your webserver can write
it or use any other file (or don't use at all).



                                    NOTES


Don't try to use LG sites with newer DIGEX code as external LG sites. These
will check Referer and therefore deny all outside links.

There are also some LG sites which support only POST method and are also
unusable. LG can forward browsers to any other address but can't send POST
data with it. It is possible to act as proxy for these sites but this is not
implemented yet and I'm not sure it is necessary at all. At least at the
current moment ;-)

When using Zebra you can specify one port for bgpd and another for zebra
itself (ping and traceroute commands). All these syntaxes have the same
meaning:

- telnet://pass@host		default ports (2601 and 2605)
- telnet://pass@host:2601,2605	user defined ports
- telnet://pass@host:2601,	user defined zebra port and default bgpd port
- telnet://pass@host:,2605	default zebra port and user defined bgpd port

but these don't work as you expect (the same port for bgpd and zebra):

- telnet://pass@host:2601
- telnet://pass@host:2605

"logical-system" works only with OSType="JunOS" and when using SSH.


                                  DOWNLOAD


You can get the latest source from http://www.version6.net/

All new releases will be announced in Freshmeat (subscribe!)
http://freshmeat.net/projects/lg/



Enjoy!

---
Cougar <cougar@random.ee>
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