Skip to content


Switch branches/tags

Name already in use

A tag already exists with the provided branch name. Many Git commands accept both tag and branch names, so creating this branch may cause unexpected behavior. Are you sure you want to create this branch?

Latest commit


Git stats


Failed to load latest commit information.
Latest commit message
Commit time


PyTorch is all you need!

Python pytorch pypi license


GraphGallery is a gallery for benchmarking Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) based on pure PyTorch backend. Alteratively, Pytorch Geometric (PyG) and Deep Graph Library (DGL) backend are also available in GraphGallery to facilitate your implementations.


  • November 20, 2021: We now no longer support TensorFlow backend.
  • November 20, 2021: The module graphgallery.attack is deprecated, users may refer to GraphWar for more information.

🚀 Installation

Please make sure you have installed PyTorch. Also, Pytorch Geometric (PyG) and Deep Graph Library (DGL) are alternative choices.

Install from source:

# Recommended
git clone && cd GraphGallery
pip install -e . --verbose

where -e means "editable" mode so you don't have to reinstall every time you make changes.

NOTE: GraphGallery is a frequently updated package and DO NOT install GraphGallery with pip, we're currently working on releasing a binary distribution on PyPI, stay tuned!

🤖 Implementations

In detail, the following methods are currently implemented:

Node Classification

Method Author Paper PyTorch PyG DGL
ChebyNet Michaël Defferrard et al. Convolutional Neural Networks on Graphs with Fast Localized Spectral Filtering (NeurIPS'16) ✔️
GCN Thomas N. Kipf et al. Semi-Supervised Classification with Graph Convolutional Networks (ICLR'17) ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
GraphSAGE William L. Hamilton et al. Inductive Representation Learning on Large Graphs (NeurIPS'17) ✔️ ✔️
FastGCN Jie Chen et al. FastGCN: Fast Learning with Graph Convolutional Networks via Importance Sampling (ICLR'18) ✔️
GAT Petar Veličković et al. Graph Attention Networks (ICLR'18) ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
SGC Felix Wu et al. Simplifying Graph Convolutional Networks (ICLR'19) ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
GWNN Bingbing Xu et al. Graph Wavelet Neural Network (ICLR'19) ✔️
ClusterGCN Wei-Lin Chiang et al. Cluster-GCN: An Efficient Algorithm for Training Deep and Large Graph Convolutional Networks (KDD'19) ✔️
DAGNN Meng Liu et al. Towards Deeper Graph Neural Networks (KDD'20) ✔️ ✔️
GDC Johannes Klicpera et al. Diffusion Improves Graph Learning (NeurIPS'19) ✔️
TAGCN Jian Du et al. Topology Adaptive Graph Convolutional Networks (arxiv'17) ✔️
APPNP, PPNP Johannes Klicpera et al. Predict then Propagate: Graph Neural Networks meet Personalized PageRank (ICLR'19) ✔️ ✔️
PDN Benedek Rozemberczki et al. Pathfinder Discovery Networks for Neural Message Passing (ICLR'21) ✔️
SSGC Zhu et al. Simple Spectral Graph Convolution (ICLR'21) ✔️
AGNN Kiran K. Thekumparampil al. Attention-based Graph Neural Network for semi-supervised learning (ICLR'18 openreview) ✔️
ARMA Bianchi et al. Graph Neural Networks with convolutional ARMA filters (Arxiv'19)
GraphMLP Yang Hu et al. Graph-MLP: Node Classification without Message Passing in Graph (Arxiv'21) ✔️
LGC, EGC, hLGC Luca Pasa et al. Simple Graph Convolutional Networks (Arxiv'21) ✔️
GRAND Wenzheng Feng et al. Graph Random Neural Network for Semi-Supervised Learning on Graphs (NeurIPS'20) ✔️
AlaGCN, AlaGAT Yiqing Xie et al. When Do GNNs Work: Understanding and Improving Neighborhood Aggregation (IJCAI'20) ✔️
JKNet Keyulu Xu et al. Representation Learning on Graphs with Jumping Knowledge Networks (ICML'18) ✔️
MixHop Sami Abu-El-Haija et al. MixHop: Higher-Order Graph Convolutional Architecturesvia Sparsified Neighborhood Mixing (ICML'19) ✔️
DropEdge Yu Rong et al. DropEdge: Towards Deep Graph Convolutional Networks on Node Classification (ICML'20) ✔️
Node2Grids Dalong Yang et al. Node2Grids: A Cost-Efficient Uncoupled Training Framework for Large-Scale Graph Learning (CIKM'21) ✔️
RobustGCN Dingyuan Zhu et al. Robust Graph Convolutional Networks Against Adversarial Attacks (KDD'19) ✔️ ✔️
SBVAT, OBVAT Zhijie Deng et al. Batch Virtual Adversarial Training for Graph Convolutional Networks (ICML'19) ✔️
SimPGCN Wei Jin et al. Node Similarity Preserving Graph Convolutional Networks (WSDM'21) ✔️
GraphVAT Fuli Feng et al. Graph Adversarial Training: Dynamically Regularizing Based on Graph Structure (TKDE'19) ✔️
LATGCN Hongwei Jin et al. Latent Adversarial Training of Graph Convolution Networks (ICML@LRGSD'19) ✔️
DGAT Weibo Hu et al. Robust graph convolutional networks with directional graph adversarial training (Applied Intelligence'19) ✔️
MedianGCN, TrimmedGCN Liang Chen et al. Understanding Structural Vulnerability in Graph Convolutional Networks ✔️ ✔️ ✔️

Graph Purification

The graph purification methods are universal for all models, just specify:


so, here we only give the examples of GCN with purification methods, other models should work.

Method Author Paper
GCN-Jaccard Huijun Wu et al. Adversarial Examples on Graph Data: Deep Insights into Attack and Defense (IJCAI'19)
GCN-SVD Negin Entezari et al. All You Need Is Low (Rank): Defending Against Adversarial Attacks on Graphs (WSDM'20)


Method Author Paper PyTorch PyG DGL
GAE, VGAE Thomas N. Kipf et al. Variational Graph Auto-Encoders (NeuIPS'16) ✔️ ✔️

Node Embedding

The following methods are framework-agnostic.

Method Author Paper
Deepwalk Bryan Perozzi et al. DeepWalk: Online Learning of Social Representations (KDD'14)
Node2vec Aditya Grover and Jure Leskovec node2vec: Scalable Feature Learning for Networks (KDD'16)
Node2vec+ Renming Liu et al. Accurately Modeling Biased Random Walks on Weighted Graphs Using Node2vec+
BANE Hong Yang et al. Binarized attributed network embedding (ICDM'18)

⚡ Quick Start


  • Planetoid: a collection of widely used benchmark datasets in graph learning tasks, including 'cora', 'citeseerr', 'pubmed' and 'nell' datasets.
  • NPZDataset: a collection of graph datasets stored with numpy .npz format.

you can simply run dataset.available_datasets() to see the available datasets, e.g.,:

from graphgallery.datasets import Planetoid

more details please refer to GraphData.

Example of GCN (Node Classification Task)

It takes just a few lines of code.

import torch
import graphgallery
from graphgallery.datasets import Planetoid
from import callbacks

data = Planetoid('cora', root="~/GraphData/datasets/", verbose=True)
graph = data.graph
splits = data.split_nodes()
device = torch.device('cuda') if torch.cuda.is_available() else torch.device('cpu')

from import GCN

trainer = GCN(device=device, seed=123).setup_graph(graph, feat_transform="normalize_feat").build()
cb = callbacks.ModelCheckpoint('model.pth', monitor='val_accuracy'), splits.val_nodes, verbose=1, callbacks=[cb])
results = trainer.evaluate(splits.test_nodes)
print(f'Test loss {results.loss:.5}, Test accuracy {results.accuracy:.2%}')
import torch
import graphgallery
from import callbacks
from graphgallery.datasets import Planetoid

data = Planetoid('cora', root="~/GraphData/datasets/", verbose=True)
graph = data.graph
splits = data.split_edges(random_state=15)
device = torch.device('cuda') if torch.cuda.is_available() else torch.device('cpu')


from import GAE
trainer = GAE(device=device, seed=123).setup_graph(graph).build()
cb = callbacks.ModelCheckpoint('model.pth', monitor='val_ap'),
            val_data=(splits.val_pos_edge_index, splits.val_neg_edge_index), 
            verbose=1, callbacks=[cb])
results = trainer.evaluate((splits.test_pos_edge_index, splits.test_neg_edge_index))

If you have any troubles, you can simply run for more information.

Other Backends

>>> import graphgallery
# Default: PyTorch backend
>>> graphgallery.backend()
PyTorch 1.9.0+cu111 Backend
# Switch to PyTorch Geometric backend
>>> graphgallery.set_backend("pyg")
# Switch to DGL PyTorch backend
>>> graphgallery.set_backend("dgl")
# Switch to PyTorch backend
>>> graphgallery.set_backend("th") # "torch", "pytorch"

But your codes don't even need to change.

❓ How to add your datasets

This is motivated by gnn-benchmark

from import Graph

# Load the adjacency matrix A, attribute (feature) matrix X and labels vector y
# A - scipy.sparse.csr_matrix of shape [num_nodes, num_nodes]
# X - scipy.sparse.csr_matrix or numpy.ndarray of shape [num_nodes, num_feats]
# y - numpy.ndarray of shape [num_nodes]

mydataset = Graph(adj_matrix=A, attr_matrix=X, label=y)
# save dataset
# load dataset
mydataset = Graph.from_npz('path/to/mydataset.npz')

⭐ Road Map

  • Add PyTorch trainers support
  • Add other frameworks (PyG and DGL) support
  • set tensorflow as optional dependency when using graphgallery
  • Add more GNN trainers
  • Support for more tasks, e.g., graph Classification and link prediction
  • Support for more types of graphs, e.g., Heterogeneous graph
  • Add Docstrings and Documentation (Building)
  • Comprehensive tutorials


Please fell free to contact me if you have any troubles.

😘 Acknowledgement

This project is motivated by Pytorch Geometric, Stellargraph and DGL, etc., and the original implementations of the authors, thanks for their excellent works!


Please cite our paper (and the respective papers of the methods used) if you use this code in your own work:

author = {Jintang Li and Kun Xu and Liang Chen and Zibin Zheng and Xiao Liu},
booktitle = {2021 IEEE/ACM 43rd International Conference on Software Engineering: Companion Proceedings (ICSE-Companion)},
title = {GraphGallery: A Platform for Fast Benchmarking and Easy Development of Graph Neural Networks Based Intelligent Software},
year = {2021},
pages = {13-16},
publisher = {IEEE Computer Society},
address = {Los Alamitos, CA, USA},