Lazy Distro Mirrors
I have a pretty slow internet connection. I don't run a computer lab. I don't have users. But, I do have multiple machines running various distros of Linux. If I update them, they tend to download a lot of redundant data, which is taxing on my connection. I could run a local mirror of the Arch and Debian repositories I use, but that seems like overkill. Really what I want is to just be able to cache files that I download once so that I don't have to re-download them a second time. This is the job for a caching proxy server, like squid. Except, HTTP proxies are a pain to setup, especially with package managers. I want something that just works.
Lazy Distro Mirrors is a docker container that hosts a reverse squid proxy. This is effectively a local mirror of a remote website (like http://mirrors.kernel.org), with transparent caching. This is not a full mirror, but it looks and behaves like one. When you download a file for the first time, it goes to the remote mirror to fetch it. Subsequent retrievals will fetch it from the local cache. It will do this until you fill up the cache (20GB by default) and then it will start deleting the least recently used file.
The benefit of a reverse proxy is that you don't have to configure an HTTP proxy, instead you edit the package manager configuration to use a local URL for the mirror to use. The hard configuration is done once, on one computer, and then all the rest of the computers on your LAN get to use it by just choosing the correct mirror URL.
Thank you to Matt Wagner and his blog post. I copied most of his squid configuration for this. I also copied the name he used, as I couldn't think of anything better. Being lazy seemed appropriate.
You need docker, install it however you like. Here's the official docs for that.
You'll need two directories, one to place the config file, and one for the squid cache directory. For example:
mkdir -p /opt/docker/lazy-distro-mirrors/config mkdir -p /opt/docker/lazy-distro-mirrors/cache
Download and start the docker container:
docker run \ --name lazy-distro-mirrors \ -d --restart=always \ --publish 8080:8080 \ --volume /opt/docker/lazy-distro-mirrors/config:/docker_configurator/user \ --volume /opt/docker/lazy-distro-mirrors/cache:/var/spool/squid3 \ enigmacurry/lazy-distro-mirrors
Replace with the directory names you chose. Replace the first
with the port you want the proxy to run on.
By now the proxy should be running on the port you chose.
On first running the container, it will have written it's config file to the config directory you specified. Open up config.yaml in that location.
You'll see some settings you may want to edit:
mirrors: kernel-mirror: http://mirrors.kernel.org xmission-mirror: http://mirrors.xmission.com advancedhosters-mirror: http://mirrors.advancedhosters.com
These are the three default mirrors I use, but you can add your own here. Each mirror has a name and a URL. Just edit the file, save it, and restart the container:
docker restart lazy-distro-mirrors
Finally, Squid relies upon name-based resolution to pick the mirror
you're using. For instance, to use the kernel.org mirror, you'll need
to go to http://kernel-mirror:8080/ - this is the local URL for that
mirror. If you have a DNS server running on your router, add the IP
address of your server running docker and assign it the name
If you don't run your own DNS server (I highly recommend dd-wrt with
dnsmasq), you can
also just add it to your /etc/hosts file, but you'll have to do this
on each machine you want to use it with:
127.0.0.1 kernel-mirror xmission-mirror advancedhosters-mirror
Do the same for all mirrors you define.
Now you can switch between mirrors by going to the different local URLs:
http://kernel-mirror:8080/ http://xmission-mirror:8080/ http://advancedhosters-mirror:8080/
Package manager configuration
In order to get your distro to use this for package updates, you'll need to select the local URL as your primary mirror location. Consult your distribution's documentation for how best to do that. Here's how to do it briefly:
For Arch Linux, edit /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist, put this at the top:
Server = http://kernel-mirror:8080/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch
If you want to force using this mirror, delete everything else in the file.
For anything using apt-get, edit /etc/apt/sources.list and replace the domain with your local one. For example:
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted
deb http://kernel-mirror:8080/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted