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mongo-c-driver @ 2929c2d

MongoDB Foreign Data Wrapper for PostgreSQL

This PostgreSQL extension implements a Foreign Data Wrapper (FDW) for MongoDB.

Please note that this version of mongo_fdw works with PostgreSQL and EDB Postgres Advanced Server 9.5, 9.6, 10, 11, 12, and 13.


The MongoDB FDW depends on the official MongoDB C Driver version 0.8 and includes it as a git submodule. If you are cloning this repository for the first time, be sure to pass the --recursive option to git clone in order to initialize the driver submodule to a usable state.

If checked out this project before and for some reason your submodule is not up-to-date, run git submodule update --init.

When you type make, the C driver's source code also gets automatically compiled and linked.

Note: Make sure you have permission to "/usr/local" (default installation location) folder.

If you run into any issues, please let us know.


The following enhancements are added to the latest version of mongo_fdw:

Write-able FDW

The previous version was only read-only, the latest version provides the write capability. The user can now issue an insert, update, and delete statements for the foreign tables using the mongo_fdw.

Connection Pooling

The latest version comes with a connection pooler that utilizes the same mango database connection for all the queries in the same session. The previous version would open a new MongoDB connection for every query. This is a performance enhancement.

New MongoDB C Driver Support

The third enhancement is to add a new MongoDB' C driver. The current implementation is based on the legacy driver of MongoDB. But MongoDB is provided completely new library for driver called MongoDB's meta driver. Added support for the same. Now compile time option is available to use legacy and meta driver.

In order to use MongoDB driver 1.0.0+, take the following steps:

  • clone libbson version 1.0.0+ ( Follow install directions on that project's README.
  • clone libmongoc version 1.0.0+ ( Follow the install directions, except make sure to also run ./configure --with-libbson=system after running automake but before running make. This should be the default behavior, but to be certain include this step.
  • ensure pkg-config / pkgconf is installed on your system.
  • run make -f Makefile.meta && make -f Makefile.meta install
  • if you get an error when trying to CREATE EXTENSION mongo_fdw;, then try running ldconfig

Compilation script

Number of manual steps needs to be performed to compile and install different type of MongoDB drivers and supported libraries. If you want to avoid the manual steps, there is a shell script available which will download and install the appropriate drivers and libraries for you.

Here is how it works :

Build with MongoDB's legacy branch driver

  • --with-legacy

Build MongoDB's master branch driver

  • --with-master

The script will do all the necessary steps to build with legacy and meta driver accordingly.


The following parameters can be set on a MongoDB foreign server object:

  • address: Address or hostname of the MongoDB server. Defaults to
  • port: Port number of the MongoDB server. Defaults to 27017.

The following options are only supported with meta driver:

  • authentication_database: Database against which user will be authenticated against. Only valid with password based authentication.
  • replica_set: Replica set the server is member of. If set, driver will auto-connect to correct primary in the replica set when writing.
  • read_preference: primary [default], secondary, primaryPreferred, secondaryPreferred, or nearest.
  • ssl: false [default], true to enable ssl. See to understand the options.
  • pem_file: SSL option.
  • pem_pwd: SSL option.
  • ca_file: SSL option.
  • ca_dir: SSL option.
  • crl_file: SSL option.
  • weak_cert_validation: SSL option.

The following parameters can be set on a MongoDB foreign table object:

  • database: Name of the MongoDB database to query. Defaults to test.
  • collection: Name of the MongoDB collection to query. Defaults to the foreign table name used in the relevant CREATE command.

The following parameters can be supplied while creating user mapping:

  • username: Username to use when connecting to MongoDB.
  • password: Password to authenticate to the MongoDB server.

As an example, the following commands demonstrate loading the mongo_fdw wrapper, creating a server, and then creating a foreign table associated with a MongoDB collection. The commands also show specifying option values in the OPTIONS clause. If an option value isn't provided, the wrapper uses the default value mentioned above.

mongo_fdw can collect data distribution statistics will incorporate them when estimating costs for the query execution plan. To see selected execution plans for a query, just run EXPLAIN.


Examples with MongoDB's equivalent statements.

-- load extension first time after install

-- create server object
CREATE SERVER mongo_server
	OPTIONS (address '', port '27017');

-- create user mapping
	SERVER mongo_server
	OPTIONS (username 'mongo_user', password 'mongo_pass');

-- create foreign table
		_id name,
		warehouse_id int,
		warehouse_name text,
		warehouse_created timestamptz
	SERVER mongo_server
	OPTIONS (database 'db', collection 'warehouse');

-- Note: first column of the table must be "_id" of type "name".

-- select from table
SELECT * FROM warehouse WHERE warehouse_id = 1;
           _id            | warehouse_id | warehouse_name |     warehouse_created
 53720b1904864dc1f5a571a0 |            1 | UPS            | 2014-12-12 12:42:10+05:30
(1 row)

		"warehouse_id" : 1
	"_id" : ObjectId("53720b1904864dc1f5a571a0"),
	"warehouse_id" : 1,
	"warehouse_name" : "UPS",
	"warehouse_created" : ISODate("2014-12-12T07:12:10Z")

-- insert row in table
INSERT INTO warehouse VALUES (0, 2, 'Laptop', '2015-11-11T08:13:10Z');

		"warehouse_id" : NumberInt(2),
		"warehouse_name" : "Laptop",
		"warehouse_created" : ISODate("2015-11-11T08:13:10Z")

-- delete row from table
DELETE FROM warehouse WHERE warehouse_id = 2;

		"warehouse_id" : 2

-- update a row of table
UPDATE warehouse SET warehouse_name = 'UPS_NEW' WHERE warehouse_id = 1;

		"warehouse_id" : 1
		"warehouse_id" : 1,
		"warehouse_name" : "UPS_NEW",
		"warehouse_created" : ISODate("2014-12-12T07:12:10Z")

-- explain a table
EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM warehouse WHERE warehouse_id = 1;
                           QUERY PLAN
 Foreign Scan on warehouse  (cost=0.00..0.00 rows=1000 width=84)
   Filter: (warehouse_id = 1)
   Foreign Namespace: db.warehouse
(3 rows)

-- collect data distribution statistics
ANALYZE warehouse;


  • If the BSON document key contains uppercase letters or occurs within a nested document, mongo_fdw requires the corresponding column names to be declared in double quotes.

  • Note that PostgreSQL limits column names to 63 characters by default. If you need column names that are longer, you can increase the NAMEDATALEN constant in src/include/pg_config_manual.h, compile, and re-install.


Have a fix for a bug or an idea for a great new feature? Great! Check out the contribution guidelines here.


This project will be modified to maintain compatibility with new PostgreSQL and EDB Postgres Advanced Server releases.

If you need commercial support, please contact the EnterpriseDB sales team, or check whether your existing PostgreSQL support provider can also support mongo_fdw.


Portions Copyright (c) 2004-2020, EnterpriseDB Corporation. Portions Copyright © 2012–2014 Citus Data, Inc.

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

See the LICENSE file for full details.

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