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/*************************************************
* Exim - an Internet mail transport agent *
*************************************************/
/* Copyright (c) University of Cambridge 1995 - 2018 */
/* See the file NOTICE for conditions of use and distribution. */
/* Functions for handling an incoming SMTP call. */
#include "exim.h"
#include <assert.h>
/* Initialize for TCP wrappers if so configured. It appears that the macro
HAVE_IPV6 is used in some versions of the tcpd.h header, so we unset it before
including that header, and restore its value afterwards. */
#ifdef USE_TCP_WRAPPERS
#if HAVE_IPV6
#define EXIM_HAVE_IPV6
#endif
#undef HAVE_IPV6
#include <tcpd.h>
#undef HAVE_IPV6
#ifdef EXIM_HAVE_IPV6
#define HAVE_IPV6 TRUE
#endif
int allow_severity = LOG_INFO;
int deny_severity = LOG_NOTICE;
uschar *tcp_wrappers_name;
#endif
/* Size of buffer for reading SMTP commands. We used to use 512, as defined
by RFC 821. However, RFC 1869 specifies that this must be increased for SMTP
commands that accept arguments, and this in particular applies to AUTH, where
the data can be quite long. More recently this value was 2048 in Exim;
however, RFC 4954 (circa 2007) recommends 12288 bytes to handle AUTH. Clients
such as Thunderbird will send an AUTH with an initial-response for GSSAPI.
The maximum size of a Kerberos ticket under Windows 2003 is 12000 bytes, and
we need room to handle large base64-encoded AUTHs for GSSAPI.
*/
#define SMTP_CMD_BUFFER_SIZE 16384
/* Size of buffer for reading SMTP incoming packets */
#define IN_BUFFER_SIZE 8192
/* Structure for SMTP command list */
typedef struct {
const char *name;
int len;
short int cmd;
short int has_arg;
short int is_mail_cmd;
} smtp_cmd_list;
/* Codes for identifying commands. We order them so that those that come first
are those for which synchronization is always required. Checking this can help
block some spam. */
enum {
/* These commands are required to be synchronized, i.e. to be the last in a
block of commands when pipelining. */
HELO_CMD, EHLO_CMD, DATA_CMD, /* These are listed in the pipelining */
VRFY_CMD, EXPN_CMD, NOOP_CMD, /* RFC as requiring synchronization */
ETRN_CMD, /* This by analogy with TURN from the RFC */
STARTTLS_CMD, /* Required by the STARTTLS RFC */
TLS_AUTH_CMD, /* auto-command at start of SSL */
/* This is a dummy to identify the non-sync commands when pipelining */
NON_SYNC_CMD_PIPELINING,
/* These commands need not be synchronized when pipelining */
MAIL_CMD, RCPT_CMD, RSET_CMD,
/* This is a dummy to identify the non-sync commands when not pipelining */
NON_SYNC_CMD_NON_PIPELINING,
/* RFC3030 section 2: "After all MAIL and RCPT responses are collected and
processed the message is sent using a series of BDAT commands"
implies that BDAT should be synchronized. However, we see Google, at least,
sending MAIL,RCPT,BDAT-LAST in a single packet, clearly not waiting for
processing of the RCPT response(s). We shall do the same, and not require
synch for BDAT. Worse, as the chunk may (very likely will) follow the
command-header in the same packet we cannot do the usual "is there any
follow-on data after the command line" even for non-pipeline mode.
So we'll need an explicit check after reading the expected chunk amount
when non-pipe, before sending the ACK. */
BDAT_CMD,
/* I have been unable to find a statement about the use of pipelining
with AUTH, so to be on the safe side it is here, though I kind of feel
it should be up there with the synchronized commands. */
AUTH_CMD,
/* I'm not sure about these, but I don't think they matter. */
QUIT_CMD, HELP_CMD,
#ifdef SUPPORT_PROXY
PROXY_FAIL_IGNORE_CMD,
#endif
/* These are specials that don't correspond to actual commands */
EOF_CMD, OTHER_CMD, BADARG_CMD, BADCHAR_CMD, BADSYN_CMD,
TOO_MANY_NONMAIL_CMD };
/* This is a convenience macro for adding the identity of an SMTP command
to the circular buffer that holds a list of the last n received. */
#define HAD(n) \
smtp_connection_had[smtp_ch_index++] = n; \
if (smtp_ch_index >= SMTP_HBUFF_SIZE) smtp_ch_index = 0
/*************************************************
* Local static variables *
*************************************************/
static struct {
BOOL auth_advertised :1;
#ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
BOOL tls_advertised :1;
# ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_REQUIRETLS
BOOL requiretls_advertised :1;
# endif
#endif
BOOL dsn_advertised :1;
BOOL esmtp :1;
BOOL helo_required :1;
BOOL helo_verify :1;
BOOL helo_seen :1;
BOOL helo_accept_junk :1;
#ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_PIPE_CONNECT
BOOL pipe_connect_acceptable :1;
#endif
BOOL rcpt_smtp_response_same :1;
BOOL rcpt_in_progress :1;
BOOL smtp_exit_function_called :1;
#ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
BOOL smtputf8_advertised :1;
#endif
} fl = {
.helo_required = FALSE,
.helo_verify = FALSE,
.smtp_exit_function_called = FALSE,
};
static auth_instance *authenticated_by;
static int count_nonmail;
static int nonmail_command_count;
static int synprot_error_count;
static int unknown_command_count;
static int sync_cmd_limit;
static int smtp_write_error = 0;
static uschar *rcpt_smtp_response;
static uschar *smtp_data_buffer;
static uschar *smtp_cmd_data;
/* We need to know the position of RSET, HELO, EHLO, AUTH, and STARTTLS. Their
final fields of all except AUTH are forced TRUE at the start of a new message
setup, to allow one of each between messages that is not counted as a nonmail
command. (In fact, only one of HELO/EHLO is not counted.) Also, we have to
allow a new EHLO after starting up TLS.
AUTH is "falsely" labelled as a mail command initially, so that it doesn't get
counted. However, the flag is changed when AUTH is received, so that multiple
failing AUTHs will eventually hit the limit. After a successful AUTH, another
AUTH is already forbidden. After a TLS session is started, AUTH's flag is again
forced TRUE, to allow for the re-authentication that can happen at that point.
QUIT is also "falsely" labelled as a mail command so that it doesn't up the
count of non-mail commands and possibly provoke an error.
tls_auth is a pseudo-command, never expected in input. It is activated
on TLS startup and looks for a tls authenticator. */
static smtp_cmd_list cmd_list[] = {
/* name len cmd has_arg is_mail_cmd */
{ "rset", sizeof("rset")-1, RSET_CMD, FALSE, FALSE }, /* First */
{ "helo", sizeof("helo")-1, HELO_CMD, TRUE, FALSE },
{ "ehlo", sizeof("ehlo")-1, EHLO_CMD, TRUE, FALSE },
{ "auth", sizeof("auth")-1, AUTH_CMD, TRUE, TRUE },
#ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
{ "starttls", sizeof("starttls")-1, STARTTLS_CMD, FALSE, FALSE },
{ "tls_auth", 0, TLS_AUTH_CMD, FALSE, FALSE },
#endif
/* If you change anything above here, also fix the definitions below. */
{ "mail from:", sizeof("mail from:")-1, MAIL_CMD, TRUE, TRUE },
{ "rcpt to:", sizeof("rcpt to:")-1, RCPT_CMD, TRUE, TRUE },
{ "data", sizeof("data")-1, DATA_CMD, FALSE, TRUE },
{ "bdat", sizeof("bdat")-1, BDAT_CMD, TRUE, TRUE },
{ "quit", sizeof("quit")-1, QUIT_CMD, FALSE, TRUE },
{ "noop", sizeof("noop")-1, NOOP_CMD, TRUE, FALSE },
{ "etrn", sizeof("etrn")-1, ETRN_CMD, TRUE, FALSE },
{ "vrfy", sizeof("vrfy")-1, VRFY_CMD, TRUE, FALSE },
{ "expn", sizeof("expn")-1, EXPN_CMD, TRUE, FALSE },
{ "help", sizeof("help")-1, HELP_CMD, TRUE, FALSE }
};
static smtp_cmd_list *cmd_list_end =
cmd_list + sizeof(cmd_list)/sizeof(smtp_cmd_list);
#define CMD_LIST_RSET 0
#define CMD_LIST_HELO 1
#define CMD_LIST_EHLO 2
#define CMD_LIST_AUTH 3
#define CMD_LIST_STARTTLS 4
#define CMD_LIST_TLS_AUTH 5
/* This list of names is used for performing the smtp_no_mail logging action.
It must be kept in step with the SCH_xxx enumerations. */
static uschar *smtp_names[] =
{
US"NONE", US"AUTH", US"DATA", US"BDAT", US"EHLO", US"ETRN", US"EXPN",
US"HELO", US"HELP", US"MAIL", US"NOOP", US"QUIT", US"RCPT", US"RSET",
US"STARTTLS", US"VRFY" };
static uschar *protocols_local[] = {
US"local-smtp", /* HELO */
US"local-smtps", /* The rare case EHLO->STARTTLS->HELO */
US"local-esmtp", /* EHLO */
US"local-esmtps", /* EHLO->STARTTLS->EHLO */
US"local-esmtpa", /* EHLO->AUTH */
US"local-esmtpsa" /* EHLO->STARTTLS->EHLO->AUTH */
};
static uschar *protocols[] = {
US"smtp", /* HELO */
US"smtps", /* The rare case EHLO->STARTTLS->HELO */
US"esmtp", /* EHLO */
US"esmtps", /* EHLO->STARTTLS->EHLO */
US"esmtpa", /* EHLO->AUTH */
US"esmtpsa" /* EHLO->STARTTLS->EHLO->AUTH */
};
#define pnormal 0
#define pextend 2
#define pcrpted 1 /* added to pextend or pnormal */
#define pauthed 2 /* added to pextend */
/* Sanity check and validate optional args to MAIL FROM: envelope */
enum {
ENV_MAIL_OPT_NULL,
ENV_MAIL_OPT_SIZE, ENV_MAIL_OPT_BODY, ENV_MAIL_OPT_AUTH,
#ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
ENV_MAIL_OPT_PRDR,
#endif
ENV_MAIL_OPT_RET, ENV_MAIL_OPT_ENVID,
#ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
ENV_MAIL_OPT_UTF8,
#endif
#ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_REQUIRETLS
ENV_MAIL_OPT_REQTLS,
#endif
};
typedef struct {
uschar * name; /* option requested during MAIL cmd */
int value; /* enum type */
BOOL need_value; /* TRUE requires value (name=value pair format)
FALSE is a singleton */
} env_mail_type_t;
static env_mail_type_t env_mail_type_list[] = {
{ US"SIZE", ENV_MAIL_OPT_SIZE, TRUE },
{ US"BODY", ENV_MAIL_OPT_BODY, TRUE },
{ US"AUTH", ENV_MAIL_OPT_AUTH, TRUE },
#ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
{ US"PRDR", ENV_MAIL_OPT_PRDR, FALSE },
#endif
{ US"RET", ENV_MAIL_OPT_RET, TRUE },
{ US"ENVID", ENV_MAIL_OPT_ENVID, TRUE },
#ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
{ US"SMTPUTF8",ENV_MAIL_OPT_UTF8, FALSE }, /* rfc6531 */
#endif
#ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_REQUIRETLS
/* https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-uta-smtp-require-tls-03 */
{ US"REQUIRETLS",ENV_MAIL_OPT_REQTLS, FALSE },
#endif
/* keep this the last entry */
{ US"NULL", ENV_MAIL_OPT_NULL, FALSE },
};
/* When reading SMTP from a remote host, we have to use our own versions of the
C input-reading functions, in order to be able to flush the SMTP output only
when about to read more data from the socket. This is the only way to get
optimal performance when the client is using pipelining. Flushing for every
command causes a separate packet and reply packet each time; saving all the
responses up (when pipelining) combines them into one packet and one response.
For simplicity, these functions are used for *all* SMTP input, not only when
receiving over a socket. However, after setting up a secure socket (SSL), input
is read via the OpenSSL library, and another set of functions is used instead
(see tls.c).
These functions are set in the receive_getc etc. variables and called with the
same interface as the C functions. However, since there can only ever be
one incoming SMTP call, we just use a single buffer and flags. There is no need
to implement a complicated private FILE-like structure.*/
static uschar *smtp_inbuffer;
static uschar *smtp_inptr;
static uschar *smtp_inend;
static int smtp_had_eof;
static int smtp_had_error;
/* forward declarations */
static int smtp_read_command(BOOL check_sync, unsigned buffer_lim);
static int synprot_error(int type, int code, uschar *data, uschar *errmess);
static void smtp_quit_handler(uschar **, uschar **);
static void smtp_rset_handler(void);
/*************************************************
* Recheck synchronization *
*************************************************/
/* Synchronization checks can never be perfect because a packet may be on its
way but not arrived when the check is done. Normally, the checks happen when
commands are read: Exim ensures that there is no more input in the input buffer.
In normal cases, the response to the command will be fast, and there is no
further check.
However, for some commands an ACL is run, and that can include delays. In those
cases, it is useful to do another check on the input just before sending the
response. This also applies at the start of a connection. This function does
that check by means of the select() function, as long as the facility is not
disabled or inappropriate. A failure of select() is ignored.
When there is unwanted input, we read it so that it appears in the log of the
error.
Arguments: none
Returns: TRUE if all is well; FALSE if there is input pending
*/
static BOOL
wouldblock_reading(void)
{
int fd, rc;
fd_set fds;
struct timeval tzero;
#ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
if (tls_in.active.sock >= 0)
return !tls_could_read();
#endif
if (smtp_inptr < smtp_inend)
return FALSE;
fd = fileno(smtp_in);
FD_ZERO(&fds);
FD_SET(fd, &fds);
tzero.tv_sec = 0;
tzero.tv_usec = 0;
rc = select(fd + 1, (SELECT_ARG2_TYPE *)&fds, NULL, NULL, &tzero);
if (rc <= 0) return TRUE; /* Not ready to read */
rc = smtp_getc(GETC_BUFFER_UNLIMITED);
if (rc < 0) return TRUE; /* End of file or error */
smtp_ungetc(rc);
return FALSE;
}
static BOOL
check_sync(void)
{
if (!smtp_enforce_sync || !sender_host_address || f.sender_host_notsocket)
return TRUE;
return wouldblock_reading();
}
/* If there's input waiting (and we're doing pipelineing) then we can pipeline
a reponse with the one following. */
static BOOL
pipeline_response(void)
{
if ( !smtp_enforce_sync || !sender_host_address
|| f.sender_host_notsocket || !f.smtp_in_pipelining_advertised)
return FALSE;
if (wouldblock_reading()) return FALSE;
f.smtp_in_pipelining_used = TRUE;
return TRUE;
}
#ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_PIPE_CONNECT
static BOOL
pipeline_connect_sends(void)
{
if (!sender_host_address || f.sender_host_notsocket || !fl.pipe_connect_acceptable)
return FALSE;
if (wouldblock_reading()) return FALSE;
f.smtp_in_early_pipe_used = TRUE;
return TRUE;
}
#endif
/*************************************************
* Log incomplete transactions *
*************************************************/
/* This function is called after a transaction has been aborted by RSET, QUIT,
connection drops or other errors. It logs the envelope information received
so far in order to preserve address verification attempts.
Argument: string to indicate what aborted the transaction
Returns: nothing
*/
static void
incomplete_transaction_log(uschar *what)
{
if (sender_address == NULL || /* No transaction in progress */
!LOGGING(smtp_incomplete_transaction))
return;
/* Build list of recipients for logging */
if (recipients_count > 0)
{
int i;
raw_recipients = store_get(recipients_count * sizeof(uschar *));
for (i = 0; i < recipients_count; i++)
raw_recipients[i] = recipients_list[i].address;
raw_recipients_count = recipients_count;
}
log_write(L_smtp_incomplete_transaction, LOG_MAIN|LOG_SENDER|LOG_RECIPIENTS,
"%s incomplete transaction (%s)", host_and_ident(TRUE), what);
}
void
smtp_command_timeout_exit(void)
{
log_write(L_lost_incoming_connection,
LOG_MAIN, "SMTP command timeout on%s connection from %s",
tls_in.active.sock >= 0 ? " TLS" : "", host_and_ident(FALSE));
if (smtp_batched_input)
moan_smtp_batch(NULL, "421 SMTP command timeout"); /* Does not return */
smtp_notquit_exit(US"command-timeout", US"421",
US"%s: SMTP command timeout - closing connection",
smtp_active_hostname);
exim_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, US"receiving");
}
void
smtp_command_sigterm_exit(void)
{
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN, "%s closed after SIGTERM", smtp_get_connection_info());
if (smtp_batched_input)
moan_smtp_batch(NULL, "421 SIGTERM received"); /* Does not return */
smtp_notquit_exit(US"signal-exit", US"421",
US"%s: Service not available - closing connection", smtp_active_hostname);
exim_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, US"receiving");
}
void
smtp_data_timeout_exit(void)
{
log_write(L_lost_incoming_connection,
LOG_MAIN, "SMTP data timeout (message abandoned) on connection from %s F=<%s>",
sender_fullhost ? sender_fullhost : US"local process", sender_address);
receive_bomb_out(US"data-timeout", US"SMTP incoming data timeout");
/* Does not return */
}
void
smtp_data_sigint_exit(void)
{
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN, "%s closed after %s",
smtp_get_connection_info(), had_data_sigint == SIGTERM ? "SIGTERM":"SIGINT");
receive_bomb_out(US"signal-exit",
US"Service not available - SIGTERM or SIGINT received");
/* Does not return */
}
/* Refill the buffer, and notify DKIM verification code.
Return false for error or EOF.
*/
static BOOL
smtp_refill(unsigned lim)
{
int rc, save_errno;
if (!smtp_out) return FALSE;
fflush(smtp_out);
if (smtp_receive_timeout > 0) ALARM(smtp_receive_timeout);
/* Limit amount read, so non-message data is not fed to DKIM.
Take care to not touch the safety NUL at the end of the buffer. */
rc = read(fileno(smtp_in), smtp_inbuffer, MIN(IN_BUFFER_SIZE-1, lim));
save_errno = errno;
if (smtp_receive_timeout > 0) ALARM_CLR(0);
if (rc <= 0)
{
/* Must put the error text in fixed store, because this might be during
header reading, where it releases unused store above the header. */
if (rc < 0)
{
if (had_command_timeout) /* set by signal handler */
smtp_command_timeout_exit(); /* does not return */
if (had_command_sigterm)
smtp_command_sigterm_exit();
if (had_data_timeout)
smtp_data_timeout_exit();
if (had_data_sigint)
smtp_data_sigint_exit();
smtp_had_error = save_errno;
smtp_read_error = string_copy_malloc(
string_sprintf(" (error: %s)", strerror(save_errno)));
}
else
smtp_had_eof = 1;
return FALSE;
}
#ifndef DISABLE_DKIM
dkim_exim_verify_feed(smtp_inbuffer, rc);
#endif
smtp_inend = smtp_inbuffer + rc;
smtp_inptr = smtp_inbuffer;
return TRUE;
}
/*************************************************
* SMTP version of getc() *
*************************************************/
/* This gets the next byte from the SMTP input buffer. If the buffer is empty,
it flushes the output, and refills the buffer, with a timeout. The signal
handler is set appropriately by the calling function. This function is not used
after a connection has negotiated itself into an TLS/SSL state.
Arguments: lim Maximum amount to read/buffer
Returns: the next character or EOF
*/
int
smtp_getc(unsigned lim)
{
if (smtp_inptr >= smtp_inend)
if (!smtp_refill(lim))
return EOF;
return *smtp_inptr++;
}
uschar *
smtp_getbuf(unsigned * len)
{
unsigned size;
uschar * buf;
if (smtp_inptr >= smtp_inend)
if (!smtp_refill(*len))
{ *len = 0; return NULL; }
if ((size = smtp_inend - smtp_inptr) > *len) size = *len;
buf = smtp_inptr;
smtp_inptr += size;
*len = size;
return buf;
}
void
smtp_get_cache(void)
{
#ifndef DISABLE_DKIM
int n = smtp_inend - smtp_inptr;
if (n > 0)
dkim_exim_verify_feed(smtp_inptr, n);
#endif
}
/* Get a byte from the smtp input, in CHUNKING mode. Handle ack of the
previous BDAT chunk and getting new ones when we run out. Uses the
underlying smtp_getc or tls_getc both for that and for getting the
(buffered) data byte. EOD signals (an expected) no further data.
ERR signals a protocol error, and EOF a closed input stream.
Called from read_bdat_smtp() in receive.c for the message body, but also
by the headers read loop in receive_msg(); manipulates chunking_state
to handle the BDAT command/response.
Placed here due to the correlation with the above smtp_getc(), which it wraps,
and also by the need to do smtp command/response handling.
Arguments: lim (ignored)
Returns: the next character or ERR, EOD or EOF
*/
int
bdat_getc(unsigned lim)
{
uschar * user_msg = NULL;
uschar * log_msg;
for(;;)
{
#ifndef DISABLE_DKIM
unsigned dkim_save;
#endif
if (chunking_data_left > 0)
return lwr_receive_getc(chunking_data_left--);
receive_getc = lwr_receive_getc;
receive_getbuf = lwr_receive_getbuf;
receive_ungetc = lwr_receive_ungetc;
#ifndef DISABLE_DKIM
dkim_save = dkim_collect_input;
dkim_collect_input = 0;
#endif
/* Unless PIPELINING was offered, there should be no next command
until after we ack that chunk */
if (!f.smtp_in_pipelining_advertised && !check_sync())
{
unsigned n = smtp_inend - smtp_inptr;
if (n > 32) n = 32;
incomplete_transaction_log(US"sync failure");
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_REJECT, "SMTP protocol synchronization error "
"(next input sent too soon: pipelining was not advertised): "
"rejected \"%s\" %s next input=\"%s\"%s",
smtp_cmd_buffer, host_and_ident(TRUE),
string_printing(string_copyn(smtp_inptr, n)),
smtp_inend - smtp_inptr > n ? "..." : "");
(void) synprot_error(L_smtp_protocol_error, 554, NULL,
US"SMTP synchronization error");
goto repeat_until_rset;
}
/* If not the last, ack the received chunk. The last response is delayed
until after the data ACL decides on it */
if (chunking_state == CHUNKING_LAST)
{
#ifndef DISABLE_DKIM
dkim_exim_verify_feed(NULL, 0); /* notify EOD */
#endif
return EOD;
}
smtp_printf("250 %u byte chunk received\r\n", FALSE, chunking_datasize);
chunking_state = CHUNKING_OFFERED;
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("chunking state %d\n", (int)chunking_state);
/* Expect another BDAT cmd from input. RFC 3030 says nothing about
QUIT, RSET or NOOP but handling them seems obvious */
next_cmd:
switch(smtp_read_command(TRUE, 1))
{
default:
(void) synprot_error(L_smtp_protocol_error, 503, NULL,
US"only BDAT permissible after non-LAST BDAT");
repeat_until_rset:
switch(smtp_read_command(TRUE, 1))
{
case QUIT_CMD: smtp_quit_handler(&user_msg, &log_msg); /*FALLTHROUGH */
case EOF_CMD: return EOF;
case RSET_CMD: smtp_rset_handler(); return ERR;
default: if (synprot_error(L_smtp_protocol_error, 503, NULL,
US"only RSET accepted now") > 0)
return EOF;
goto repeat_until_rset;
}
case QUIT_CMD:
smtp_quit_handler(&user_msg, &log_msg);
/*FALLTHROUGH*/
case EOF_CMD:
return EOF;
case RSET_CMD:
smtp_rset_handler();
return ERR;
case NOOP_CMD:
HAD(SCH_NOOP);
smtp_printf("250 OK\r\n", FALSE);
goto next_cmd;
case BDAT_CMD:
{
int n;
if (sscanf(CS smtp_cmd_data, "%u %n", &chunking_datasize, &n) < 1)
{
(void) synprot_error(L_smtp_protocol_error, 501, NULL,
US"missing size for BDAT command");
return ERR;
}
chunking_state = strcmpic(smtp_cmd_data+n, US"LAST") == 0
? CHUNKING_LAST : CHUNKING_ACTIVE;
chunking_data_left = chunking_datasize;
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("chunking state %d, %d bytes\n",
(int)chunking_state, chunking_data_left);
if (chunking_datasize == 0)
if (chunking_state == CHUNKING_LAST)
return EOD;
else
{
(void) synprot_error(L_smtp_protocol_error, 504, NULL,
US"zero size for BDAT command");
goto repeat_until_rset;
}
receive_getc = bdat_getc;
receive_getbuf = bdat_getbuf; /* r~getbuf is never actually used */
receive_ungetc = bdat_ungetc;
#ifndef DISABLE_DKIM
dkim_collect_input = dkim_save;
#endif
break; /* to top of main loop */
}
}
}
}
uschar *
bdat_getbuf(unsigned * len)
{
uschar * buf;
if (chunking_data_left <= 0)
{ *len = 0; return NULL; }
if (*len > chunking_data_left) *len = chunking_data_left;
buf = lwr_receive_getbuf(len); /* Either smtp_getbuf or tls_getbuf */
chunking_data_left -= *len;
return buf;
}
void
bdat_flush_data(void)
{
while (chunking_data_left)
{
unsigned n = chunking_data_left;
if (!bdat_getbuf(&n)) break;
}
receive_getc = lwr_receive_getc;
receive_getbuf = lwr_receive_getbuf;
receive_ungetc = lwr_receive_ungetc;
if (chunking_state != CHUNKING_LAST)
{
chunking_state = CHUNKING_OFFERED;
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("chunking state %d\n", (int)chunking_state);
}
}
/*************************************************
* SMTP version of ungetc() *
*************************************************/
/* Puts a character back in the input buffer. Only ever
called once.
Arguments:
ch the character
Returns: the character
*/
int
smtp_ungetc(int ch)
{
*--smtp_inptr = ch;
return ch;
}
int
bdat_ungetc(int ch)
{
chunking_data_left++;
return lwr_receive_ungetc(ch);
}
/*************************************************
* SMTP version of feof() *
*************************************************/
/* Tests for a previous EOF
Arguments: none
Returns: non-zero if the eof flag is set
*/
int
smtp_feof(void)
{
return smtp_had_eof;
}
/*************************************************
* SMTP version of ferror() *
*************************************************/
/* Tests for a previous read error, and returns with errno
restored to what it was when the error was detected.
Arguments: none
Returns: non-zero if the error flag is set
*/
int
smtp_ferror(void)
{
errno = smtp_had_error;
return smtp_had_error;
}
/*************************************************
* Test for characters in the SMTP buffer *
*************************************************/
/* Used at the end of a message
Arguments: none
Returns: TRUE/FALSE
*/
BOOL
smtp_buffered(void)
{
return smtp_inptr < smtp_inend;
}
/*************************************************
* Write formatted string to SMTP channel *
*************************************************/
/* This is a separate function so that we don't have to repeat everything for
TLS support or debugging. It is global so that the daemon and the
authentication functions can use it. It does not return any error indication,
because major problems such as dropped connections won't show up till an output
flush for non-TLS connections. The smtp_fflush() function is available for
checking that: for convenience, TLS output errors are remembered here so that
they are also picked up later by smtp_fflush().
Arguments:
format format string
more further data expected
... optional arguments
Returns: nothing
*/
void
smtp_printf(const char *format, BOOL more, ...)
{
va_list ap;
va_start(ap, more);
smtp_vprintf(format, more, ap);
va_end(ap);
}
/* This is split off so that verify.c:respond_printf() can, in effect, call
smtp_printf(), bearing in mind that in C a vararg function can't directly
call another vararg function, only a function which accepts a va_list. */
void
smtp_vprintf(const char *format, BOOL more, va_list ap)
{
gstring gs = { .size = big_buffer_size, .ptr = 0, .s = big_buffer };
BOOL yield;
yield = !! string_vformat(&gs, FALSE, format, ap);
string_from_gstring(&gs);
DEBUG(D_receive)
{
void *reset_point = store_get(0);
uschar *msg_copy, *cr, *end;
msg_copy = string_copy(gs.s);
end = msg_copy + gs.ptr;
while ((cr = Ustrchr(msg_copy, '\r')) != NULL) /* lose CRs */
memmove(cr, cr + 1, (end--) - cr);
debug_printf("SMTP>> %s", msg_copy);
store_reset(reset_point);
}
if (!yield)
{
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC, "string too large in smtp_printf()");
smtp_closedown(US"Unexpected error");
exim_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, NULL);
}
/* If this is the first output for a (non-batch) RCPT command, see if all RCPTs
have had the same. Note: this code is also present in smtp_respond(). It would
be tidier to have it only in one place, but when it was added, it was easier to
do it that way, so as not to have to mess with the code for the RCPT command,
which sometimes uses smtp_printf() and sometimes smtp_respond(). */
if (fl.rcpt_in_progress)
{
if (rcpt_smtp_response == NULL)
rcpt_smtp_response = string_copy(big_buffer);
else if (fl.rcpt_smtp_response_same &&
Ustrcmp(rcpt_smtp_response, big_buffer) != 0)
fl.rcpt_smtp_response_same = FALSE;
fl.rcpt_in_progress = FALSE;
}
/* Now write the string */
#ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
if (tls_in.active.sock >= 0)
{
if (tls_write(NULL, gs.s, gs.ptr, more) < 0)
smtp_write_error = -1;
}
else
#endif
if (fprintf(smtp_out, "%s", gs.s) < 0) smtp_write_error = -1;
}
/*************************************************
* Flush SMTP out and check for error *
*************************************************/
/* This function isn't currently used within Exim (it detects errors when it
tries to read the next SMTP input), but is available for use in local_scan().
For non-TLS connections, it flushes the output and checks for errors. For
TLS-connections, it checks for a previously-detected TLS write error.
Arguments: none
Returns: 0 for no error; -1 after an error
*/
int
smtp_fflush(void)
{
if (tls_in.active.sock < 0 && fflush(smtp_out) != 0) smtp_write_error = -1;
return smtp_write_error;
}
/*************************************************
* SMTP command read timeout *
*************************************************/
/* Signal handler for timing out incoming SMTP commands. This attempts to
finish off tidily.
Argument: signal number (SIGALRM)
Returns: nothing
*/
static void
command_timeout_handler(int sig)
{
had_command_timeout = sig;
}
/*************************************************
* SIGTERM received *
*************************************************/
/* Signal handler for handling SIGTERM. Again, try to finish tidily.
Argument: signal number (SIGTERM)
Returns: nothing
*/
static void
command_sigterm_handler(int sig)
{
had_command_sigterm = sig;
}
#ifdef SUPPORT_PROXY
/*************************************************
* Restore socket timeout to previous value *
*************************************************/
/* If the previous value was successfully retrieved, restore
it before returning control to the non-proxy routines
Arguments: fd - File descriptor for input
get_ok - Successfully retrieved previous values
tvtmp - Time struct with previous values
vslen - Length of time struct
Returns: none
*/
static void
restore_socket_timeout(int fd, int get_ok, struct timeval * tvtmp, socklen_t vslen)
{
if (get_ok == 0)
(void) setsockopt(fd, SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVTIMEO, CS tvtmp, vslen);
}
/*************************************************
* Check if host is required proxy host *
*************************************************/
/* The function determines if inbound host will be a regular smtp host
or if it is configured that it must use Proxy Protocol. A local
connection cannot.
Arguments: none
Returns: bool
*/
static BOOL
check_proxy_protocol_host()
{
int rc;
if ( sender_host_address
&& (rc = verify_check_this_host(CUSS &hosts_proxy, NULL, NULL,
sender_host_address, NULL)) == OK)
{
DEBUG(D_receive)
debug_printf("Detected proxy protocol configured host\n");
proxy_session = TRUE;
}
return proxy_session;
}
/*************************************************
* Read data until newline or end of buffer *
*************************************************/
/* While SMTP is server-speaks-first, TLS is client-speaks-first, so we can't
read an entire buffer and assume there will be nothing past a proxy protocol
header. Our approach normally is to use stdio, but again that relies upon
"STARTTLS\r\n" and a server response before the client starts TLS handshake, or
reading _nothing_ before client TLS handshake. So we don't want to use the
usual buffering reads which may read enough to block TLS starting.
So unfortunately we're down to "read one byte at a time, with a syscall each,
and expect a little overhead", for all proxy-opened connections which are v1,
just to handle the TLS-on-connect case. Since SSL functions wrap the
underlying fd, we can't assume that we can feed them any already-read content.
We need to know where to read to, the max capacity, and we'll read until we
get a CR and one more character. Let the caller scream if it's CR+!LF.
Return the amount read.
*/
static int
swallow_until_crlf(int fd, uschar *base, int already, int capacity)
{
uschar *to = base + already;
uschar *cr;
int have = 0;
int ret;
int last = 0;
/* For "PROXY UNKNOWN\r\n" we, at time of writing, expect to have read
up through the \r; for the _normal_ case, we haven't yet seen the \r. */
cr = memchr(base, '\r', already);
if (cr != NULL)
{
if ((cr - base) < already - 1)
{
/* \r and presumed \n already within what we have; probably not
actually proxy protocol, but abort cleanly. */
return 0;
}
/* \r is last character read, just need one more. */
last = 1;
}
while (capacity > 0)
{
do { ret = recv(fd, to, 1, 0); } while (ret == -1 && errno == EINTR);
if (ret == -1)
return -1;
have++;
if (last)
return have;
if (*to == '\r')
last = 1;
capacity--;
to++;
}
/* reached end without having room for a final newline, abort */
errno = EOVERFLOW;
return -1;
}
/*************************************************
* Setup host for proxy protocol *
*************************************************/
/* The function configures the connection based on a header from the
inbound host to use Proxy Protocol. The specification is very exact
so exit with an error if do not find the exact required pieces. This
includes an incorrect number of spaces separating args.
Arguments: none
Returns: Boolean success
*/
static void
setup_proxy_protocol_host()
{
union {
struct {
uschar line[108];
} v1;
struct {
uschar sig[12];
uint8_t ver_cmd;
uint8_t fam;
uint16_t len;
union {
struct { /* TCP/UDP over IPv4, len = 12 */
uint32_t src_addr;
uint32_t dst_addr;
uint16_t src_port;
uint16_t dst_port;
} ip4;
struct { /* TCP/UDP over IPv6, len = 36 */
uint8_t src_addr[16];
uint8_t dst_addr[16];
uint16_t src_port;
uint16_t dst_port;
} ip6;
struct { /* AF_UNIX sockets, len = 216 */
uschar src_addr[108];
uschar dst_addr[108];
} unx;
} addr;
} v2;
} hdr;
/* Temp variables used in PPv2 address:port parsing */
uint16_t tmpport;
char tmpip[INET_ADDRSTRLEN];
struct sockaddr_in tmpaddr;
char tmpip6[INET6_ADDRSTRLEN];
struct sockaddr_in6 tmpaddr6;
/* We can't read "all data until end" because while SMTP is
server-speaks-first, the TLS handshake is client-speaks-first, so for
TLS-on-connect ports the proxy protocol header will usually be immediately
followed by a TLS handshake, and with N TLS libraries, we can't reliably
reinject data for reading by those. So instead we first read "enough to be
safely read within the header, and figure out how much more to read".
For v1 we will later read to the end-of-line, for v2 we will read based upon
the stated length.
The v2 sig is 12 octets, and another 4 gets us the length, so we know how much
data is needed total. For v1, where the line looks like:
PROXY TCPn L3src L3dest SrcPort DestPort \r\n
However, for v1 there's also `PROXY UNKNOWN\r\n` which is only 15 octets.
We seem to support that. So, if we read 14 octets then we can tell if we're
v2 or v1. If we're v1, we can continue reading as normal.
If we're v2, we can't slurp up the entire header. We need the length in the
15th & 16th octets, then to read everything after that.
So to safely handle v1 and v2, with client-sent-first supported correctly,
we have to do a minimum of 3 read calls, not 1. Eww.
*/
#define PROXY_INITIAL_READ 14
#define PROXY_V2_HEADER_SIZE 16
#if PROXY_INITIAL_READ > PROXY_V2_HEADER_SIZE
# error Code bug in sizes of data to read for proxy usage
#endif
int get_ok = 0;
int size, ret;
int fd = fileno(smtp_in);
const char v2sig[12] = "\x0D\x0A\x0D\x0A\x00\x0D\x0A\x51\x55\x49\x54\x0A";
uschar * iptype; /* To display debug info */
struct timeval tv;
struct timeval tvtmp;
socklen_t vslen = sizeof(struct timeval);
BOOL yield = FALSE;
/* Save current socket timeout values */
get_ok = getsockopt(fd, SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVTIMEO, CS &tvtmp, &vslen);
/* Proxy Protocol host must send header within a short time
(default 3 seconds) or it's considered invalid */
tv.tv_sec = PROXY_NEGOTIATION_TIMEOUT_SEC;
tv.tv_usec = PROXY_NEGOTIATION_TIMEOUT_USEC;
if (setsockopt(fd, SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVTIMEO, CS &tv, sizeof(tv)) < 0)
goto bad;
do
{
/* The inbound host was declared to be a Proxy Protocol host, so
don't do a PEEK into the data, actually slurp up enough to be
"safe". Can't take it all because TLS-on-connect clients follow
immediately with TLS handshake. */
ret = recv(fd, &hdr, PROXY_INITIAL_READ, 0);
}
while (ret == -1 && errno == EINTR);
if (ret == -1)
goto proxyfail;
/* For v2, handle reading the length, and then the rest. */
if ((ret == PROXY_INITIAL_READ) && (memcmp(&hdr.v2, v2sig, sizeof(v2sig)) == 0))
{
int retmore;
uint8_t ver;
/* First get the length fields. */
do
{
retmore = recv(fd, (uschar*)&hdr + ret, PROXY_V2_HEADER_SIZE - PROXY_INITIAL_READ, 0);
} while (retmore == -1 && errno == EINTR);
if (retmore == -1)
goto proxyfail;
ret += retmore;
ver = (hdr.v2.ver_cmd & 0xf0) >> 4;
/* May 2014: haproxy combined the version and command into one byte to
allow two full bytes for the length field in order to proxy SSL
connections. SSL Proxy is not supported in this version of Exim, but
must still separate values here. */
if (ver != 0x02)
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Invalid Proxy Protocol version: %d\n", ver);
goto proxyfail;
}
/* The v2 header will always be 16 bytes per the spec. */
size = 16 + ntohs(hdr.v2.len);
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Detected PROXYv2 header, size %d (limit %d)\n",
size, (int)sizeof(hdr));
/* We should now have 16 octets (PROXY_V2_HEADER_SIZE), and we know the total
amount that we need. Double-check that the size is not unreasonable, then
get the rest. */
if (size > sizeof(hdr))
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("PROXYv2 header size unreasonably large; security attack?\n");
goto proxyfail;
}
do
{
do
{
retmore = recv(fd, (uschar*)&hdr + ret, size-ret, 0);
} while (retmore == -1 && errno == EINTR);
if (retmore == -1)
goto proxyfail;
ret += retmore;
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("PROXYv2: have %d/%d required octets\n", ret, size);
} while (ret < size);
} /* end scope for getting rest of data for v2 */
/* At this point: if PROXYv2, we've read the exact size required for all data;
if PROXYv1 then we've read "less than required for any valid line" and should
read the rest". */
if (ret >= 16 && memcmp(&hdr.v2, v2sig, 12) == 0)
{
uint8_t cmd = (hdr.v2.ver_cmd & 0x0f);
switch (cmd)
{
case 0x01: /* PROXY command */
switch (hdr.v2.fam)
{
case 0x11: /* TCPv4 address type */
iptype = US"IPv4";
tmpaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = hdr.v2.addr.ip4.src_addr;
inet_ntop(AF_INET, &tmpaddr.sin_addr, CS &tmpip, sizeof(tmpip));
if (!string_is_ip_address(US tmpip, NULL))
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Invalid %s source IP\n", iptype);
goto proxyfail;
}
proxy_local_address = sender_host_address;
sender_host_address = string_copy(US tmpip);
tmpport = ntohs(hdr.v2.addr.ip4.src_port);
proxy_local_port = sender_host_port;
sender_host_port = tmpport;
/* Save dest ip/port */
tmpaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = hdr.v2.addr.ip4.dst_addr;
inet_ntop(AF_INET, &tmpaddr.sin_addr, CS &tmpip, sizeof(tmpip));
if (!string_is_ip_address(US tmpip, NULL))
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Invalid %s dest port\n", iptype);
goto proxyfail;
}
proxy_external_address = string_copy(US tmpip);
tmpport = ntohs(hdr.v2.addr.ip4.dst_port);
proxy_external_port = tmpport;
goto done;
case 0x21: /* TCPv6 address type */
iptype = US"IPv6";
memmove(tmpaddr6.sin6_addr.s6_addr, hdr.v2.addr.ip6.src_addr, 16);
inet_ntop(AF_INET6, &tmpaddr6.sin6_addr, CS &tmpip6, sizeof(tmpip6));
if (!string_is_ip_address(US tmpip6, NULL))
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Invalid %s source IP\n", iptype);
goto proxyfail;
}
proxy_local_address = sender_host_address;
sender_host_address = string_copy(US tmpip6);
tmpport = ntohs(hdr.v2.addr.ip6.src_port);
proxy_local_port = sender_host_port;
sender_host_port = tmpport;
/* Save dest ip/port */
memmove(tmpaddr6.sin6_addr.s6_addr, hdr.v2.addr.ip6.dst_addr, 16);
inet_ntop(AF_INET6, &tmpaddr6.sin6_addr, CS &tmpip6, sizeof(tmpip6));
if (!string_is_ip_address(US tmpip6, NULL))
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Invalid %s dest port\n", iptype);
goto proxyfail;
}
proxy_external_address = string_copy(US tmpip6);
tmpport = ntohs(hdr.v2.addr.ip6.dst_port);
proxy_external_port = tmpport;
goto done;
default:
DEBUG(D_receive)
debug_printf("Unsupported PROXYv2 connection type: 0x%02x\n",
hdr.v2.fam);
goto proxyfail;
}
/* Unsupported protocol, keep local connection address */
break;
case 0x00: /* LOCAL command */
/* Keep local connection address for LOCAL */
iptype = US"local";
break;
default:
DEBUG(D_receive)
debug_printf("Unsupported PROXYv2 command: 0x%x\n", cmd);
goto proxyfail;
}
}
else if (ret >= 8 && memcmp(hdr.v1.line, "PROXY", 5) == 0)
{
uschar *p;
uschar *end;
uschar *sp; /* Utility variables follow */
int tmp_port;
int r2;
char *endc;
/* get the rest of the line */
r2 = swallow_until_crlf(fd, (uschar*)&hdr, ret, sizeof(hdr)-ret);
if (r2 == -1)
goto proxyfail;
ret += r2;
p = string_copy(hdr.v1.line);
end = memchr(p, '\r', ret - 1);
if (!end || (end == (uschar*)&hdr + ret) || end[1] != '\n')
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Partial or invalid PROXY header\n");
goto proxyfail;
}
*end = '\0'; /* Terminate the string */
size = end + 2 - p; /* Skip header + CRLF */
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Detected PROXYv1 header\n");
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Bytes read not within PROXY header: %d\n", ret - size);
/* Step through the string looking for the required fields. Ensure
strict adherence to required formatting, exit for any error. */
p += 5;
if (!isspace(*(p++)))
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Missing space after PROXY command\n");
goto proxyfail;
}
if (!Ustrncmp(p, CCS"TCP4", 4))
iptype = US"IPv4";
else if (!Ustrncmp(p,CCS"TCP6", 4))
iptype = US"IPv6";
else if (!Ustrncmp(p,CCS"UNKNOWN", 7))
{
iptype = US"Unknown";
goto done;
}
else
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Invalid TCP type\n");
goto proxyfail;
}
p += Ustrlen(iptype);
if (!isspace(*(p++)))
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Missing space after TCP4/6 command\n");
goto proxyfail;
}
/* Find the end of the arg */
if ((sp = Ustrchr(p, ' ')) == NULL)
{
DEBUG(D_receive)
debug_printf("Did not find proxied src %s\n", iptype);
goto proxyfail;
}
*sp = '\0';
if(!string_is_ip_address(p, NULL))
{
DEBUG(D_receive)
debug_printf("Proxied src arg is not an %s address\n", iptype);
goto proxyfail;
}
proxy_local_address = sender_host_address;
sender_host_address = p;
p = sp + 1;
if ((sp = Ustrchr(p, ' ')) == NULL)
{
DEBUG(D_receive)
debug_printf("Did not find proxy dest %s\n", iptype);
goto proxyfail;
}
*sp = '\0';
if(!string_is_ip_address(p, NULL))
{
DEBUG(D_receive)
debug_printf("Proxy dest arg is not an %s address\n", iptype);
goto proxyfail;
}
proxy_external_address = p;
p = sp + 1;
if ((sp = Ustrchr(p, ' ')) == NULL)
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Did not find proxied src port\n");
goto proxyfail;
}
*sp = '\0';
tmp_port = strtol(CCS p, &endc, 10);
if (*endc || tmp_port == 0)
{
DEBUG(D_receive)
debug_printf("Proxied src port '%s' not an integer\n", p);
goto proxyfail;
}
proxy_local_port = sender_host_port;
sender_host_port = tmp_port;
p = sp + 1;
if ((sp = Ustrchr(p, '\0')) == NULL)
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Did not find proxy dest port\n");
goto proxyfail;
}
tmp_port = strtol(CCS p, &endc, 10);
if (*endc || tmp_port == 0)
{
DEBUG(D_receive)
debug_printf("Proxy dest port '%s' not an integer\n", p);
goto proxyfail;
}
proxy_external_port = tmp_port;
/* Already checked for /r /n above. Good V1 header received. */
}
else
{
/* Wrong protocol */
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("Invalid proxy protocol version negotiation\n");
(void) swallow_until_crlf(fd, (uschar*)&hdr, ret, sizeof(hdr)-ret);
goto proxyfail;
}
done:
DEBUG(D_receive)
debug_printf("Valid %s sender from Proxy Protocol header\n", iptype);
yield = proxy_session;
/* Don't flush any potential buffer contents. Any input on proxyfail
should cause a synchronization failure */
proxyfail:
restore_socket_timeout(fd, get_ok, &tvtmp, vslen);
bad:
if (yield)
{
sender_host_name = NULL;
(void) host_name_lookup();
host_build_sender_fullhost();
}
else
{
f.proxy_session_failed = TRUE;
DEBUG(D_receive)
debug_printf("Failure to extract proxied host, only QUIT allowed\n");
}
return;
}
#endif
/*************************************************
* Read one command line *
*************************************************/
/* Strictly, SMTP commands coming over the net are supposed to end with CRLF.
There are sites that don't do this, and in any case internal SMTP probably
should check only for LF. Consequently, we check here for LF only. The line
ends up with [CR]LF removed from its end. If we get an overlong line, treat as
an unknown command. The command is read into the global smtp_cmd_buffer so that
it is available via $smtp_command.
The character reading routine sets up a timeout for each block actually read
from the input (which may contain more than one command). We set up a special
signal handler that closes down the session on a timeout. Control does not
return when it runs.
Arguments:
check_sync if TRUE, check synchronization rules if global option is TRUE
buffer_lim maximum to buffer in lower layer
Returns: a code identifying the command (enumerated above)
*/
static int
smtp_read_command(BOOL check_sync, unsigned buffer_lim)
{
int c;
int ptr = 0;
smtp_cmd_list *p;
BOOL hadnull = FALSE;
had_command_timeout = 0;
os_non_restarting_signal(SIGALRM, command_timeout_handler);
while ((c = (receive_getc)(buffer_lim)) != '\n' && c != EOF)
{
if (ptr >= SMTP_CMD_BUFFER_SIZE)
{
os_non_restarting_signal(SIGALRM, sigalrm_handler);
return OTHER_CMD;
}
if (c == 0)
{
hadnull = TRUE;
c = '?';
}
smtp_cmd_buffer[ptr++] = c;
}
receive_linecount++; /* For BSMTP errors */
os_non_restarting_signal(SIGALRM, sigalrm_handler);
/* If hit end of file, return pseudo EOF command. Whether we have a
part-line already read doesn't matter, since this is an error state. */
if (c == EOF) return EOF_CMD;
/* Remove any CR and white space at the end of the line, and terminate the
string. */
while (ptr > 0 && isspace(smtp_cmd_buffer[ptr-1])) ptr--;
smtp_cmd_buffer[ptr] = 0;
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("SMTP<< %s\n", smtp_cmd_buffer);
/* NULLs are not allowed in SMTP commands */
if (hadnull) return BADCHAR_CMD;
/* Scan command list and return identity, having set the data pointer
to the start of the actual data characters. Check for SMTP synchronization
if required. */
for (p = cmd_list; p < cmd_list_end; p++)
{
#ifdef SUPPORT_PROXY
/* Only allow QUIT command if Proxy Protocol parsing failed */
if (proxy_session && f.proxy_session_failed && p->cmd != QUIT_CMD)
continue;
#endif
if ( p->len
&& strncmpic(smtp_cmd_buffer, US p->name, p->len) == 0
&& ( smtp_cmd_buffer[p->len-1] == ':' /* "mail from:" or "rcpt to:" */
|| smtp_cmd_buffer[p->len] == 0
|| smtp_cmd_buffer[p->len] == ' '
) )
{
if (smtp_inptr < smtp_inend && /* Outstanding input */
p->cmd < sync_cmd_limit && /* Command should sync */
check_sync && /* Local flag set */
smtp_enforce_sync && /* Global flag set */
sender_host_address != NULL && /* Not local input */
!f.sender_host_notsocket) /* Really is a socket */
return BADSYN_CMD;
/* The variables $smtp_command and $smtp_command_argument point into the
unmodified input buffer. A copy of the latter is taken for actual
processing, so that it can be chopped up into separate parts if necessary,
for example, when processing a MAIL command options such as SIZE that can
follow the sender address. */
smtp_cmd_argument = smtp_cmd_buffer + p->len;
while (isspace(*smtp_cmd_argument)) smtp_cmd_argument++;
Ustrcpy(smtp_data_buffer, smtp_cmd_argument);
smtp_cmd_data = smtp_data_buffer;
/* Count non-mail commands from those hosts that are controlled in this
way. The default is all hosts. We don't waste effort checking the list
until we get a non-mail command, but then cache the result to save checking
again. If there's a DEFER while checking the host, assume it's in the list.
Note that one instance of RSET, EHLO/HELO, and STARTTLS is allowed at the
start of each incoming message by fiddling with the value in the table. */
if (!p->is_mail_cmd)
{
if (count_nonmail == TRUE_UNSET) count_nonmail =
verify_check_host(&smtp_accept_max_nonmail_hosts) != FAIL;
if (count_nonmail && ++nonmail_command_count > smtp_accept_max_nonmail)
return TOO_MANY_NONMAIL_CMD;
}
/* If there is data for a command that does not expect it, generate the
error here. */
return (p->has_arg || *smtp_cmd_data == 0)? p->cmd : BADARG_CMD;
}
}
#ifdef SUPPORT_PROXY
/* Only allow QUIT command if Proxy Protocol parsing failed */
if (proxy_session && f.proxy_session_failed)
return PROXY_FAIL_IGNORE_CMD;
#endif
/* Enforce synchronization for unknown commands */
if ( smtp_inptr < smtp_inend /* Outstanding input */
&& check_sync /* Local flag set */
&& smtp_enforce_sync /* Global flag set */
&& sender_host_address /* Not local input */
&& !f.sender_host_notsocket) /* Really is a socket */
return BADSYN_CMD;
return OTHER_CMD;
}
/*************************************************
* Forced closedown of call *
*************************************************/
/* This function is called from log.c when Exim is dying because of a serious
disaster, and also from some other places. If an incoming non-batched SMTP
channel is open, it swallows the rest of the incoming message if in the DATA
phase, sends the reply string, and gives an error to all subsequent commands
except QUIT. The existence of an SMTP call is detected by the non-NULLness of
smtp_in.
Arguments:
message SMTP reply string to send, excluding the code
Returns: nothing
*/
void
smtp_closedown(uschar *message)
{
if (!smtp_in || smtp_batched_input) return;
receive_swallow_smtp();
smtp_printf("421 %s\r\n", FALSE, message);
for (;;) switch(smtp_read_command(FALSE, GETC_BUFFER_UNLIMITED))
{
case EOF_CMD:
return;
case QUIT_CMD:
smtp_printf("221 %s closing connection\r\n", FALSE, smtp_active_hostname);
mac_smtp_fflush();
return;
case RSET_CMD:
smtp_printf("250 Reset OK\r\n", FALSE);
break;
default:
smtp_printf("421 %s\r\n", FALSE, message);
break;
}
}
/*************************************************
* Set up connection info for logging *
*************************************************/
/* This function is called when logging information about an SMTP connection.
It sets up appropriate source information, depending on the type of connection.
If sender_fullhost is NULL, we are at a very early stage of the connection;
just use the IP address.
Argument: none
Returns: a string describing the connection
*/
uschar *
smtp_get_connection_info(void)
{
const uschar * hostname = sender_fullhost
? sender_fullhost : sender_host_address;
if (host_checking)
return string_sprintf("SMTP connection from %s", hostname);
if (f.sender_host_unknown || f.sender_host_notsocket)
return string_sprintf("SMTP connection from %s", sender_ident);
if (f.is_inetd)
return string_sprintf("SMTP connection from %s (via inetd)", hostname);
if (LOGGING(incoming_interface) && interface_address)
return string_sprintf("SMTP connection from %s I=[%s]:%d", hostname,
interface_address, interface_port);
return string_sprintf("SMTP connection from %s", hostname);
}
#ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
/* Append TLS-related information to a log line
Arguments:
g String under construction: allocated string to extend, or NULL
Returns: Allocated string or NULL
*/
static gstring *
s_tlslog(gstring * g)
{
if (LOGGING(tls_cipher) && tls_in.cipher)
g = string_append(g, 2, US" X=", tls_in.cipher);
if (LOGGING(tls_certificate_verified) && tls_in.cipher)
g = string_append(g, 2, US" CV=", tls_in.certificate_verified? "yes":"no");
if (LOGGING(tls_peerdn) && tls_in.peerdn)
g = string_append(g, 3, US" DN=\"", string_printing(tls_in.peerdn), US"\"");
if (LOGGING(tls_sni) && tls_in.sni)
g = string_append(g, 3, US" SNI=\"", string_printing(tls_in.sni), US"\"");
return g;
}
#endif
/*************************************************
* Log lack of MAIL if so configured *
*************************************************/
/* This function is called when an SMTP session ends. If the log selector
smtp_no_mail is set, write a log line giving some details of what has happened
in the SMTP session.
Arguments: none
Returns: nothing
*/
void
smtp_log_no_mail(void)
{
int i;
uschar * sep, * s;
gstring * g = NULL;
if (smtp_mailcmd_count > 0 || !LOGGING(smtp_no_mail))
return;
if (sender_host_authenticated)
{
g = string_append(g, 2, US" A=", sender_host_authenticated);
if (authenticated_id) g = string_append(g, 2, US":", authenticated_id);
}
#ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
g = s_tlslog(g);
#endif
sep = smtp_connection_had[SMTP_HBUFF_SIZE-1] != SCH_NONE ? US" C=..." : US" C=";
for (i = smtp_ch_index; i < SMTP_HBUFF_SIZE; i++)
if (smtp_connection_had[i] != SCH_NONE)
{
g = string_append(g, 2, sep, smtp_names[smtp_connection_had[i]]);
sep = US",";
}
for (i = 0; i < smtp_ch_index; i++)
{
g = string_append(g, 2, sep, smtp_names[smtp_connection_had[i]]);
sep = US",";
}
if (!(s = string_from_gstring(g))) s = US"";
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN, "no MAIL in %sSMTP connection from %s D=%s%s",
f.tcp_in_fastopen ? f.tcp_in_fastopen_data ? US"TFO* " : US"TFO " : US"",
host_and_ident(FALSE), string_timesince(&smtp_connection_start), s);
}
/* Return list of recent smtp commands */
uschar *
smtp_cmd_hist(void)
{
int i;
gstring * list = NULL;
uschar * s;
for (i = smtp_ch_index; i < SMTP_HBUFF_SIZE; i++)
if (smtp_connection_had[i] != SCH_NONE)
list = string_append_listele(list, ',', smtp_names[smtp_connection_had[i]]);
for (i = 0; i < smtp_ch_index; i++)
list = string_append_listele(list, ',', smtp_names[smtp_connection_had[i]]);
s = string_from_gstring(list);
return s ? s : US"";
}
/*************************************************
* Check HELO line and set sender_helo_name *
*************************************************/
/* Check the format of a HELO line. The data for HELO/EHLO is supposed to be
the domain name of the sending host, or an ip literal in square brackets. The
argument is placed in sender_helo_name, which is in malloc store, because it
must persist over multiple incoming messages. If helo_accept_junk is set, this
host is permitted to send any old junk (needed for some broken hosts).
Otherwise, helo_allow_chars can be used for rogue characters in general
(typically people want to let in underscores).
Argument:
s the data portion of the line (already past any white space)
Returns: TRUE or FALSE
*/
static BOOL
check_helo(uschar *s)
{
uschar *start = s;
uschar *end = s + Ustrlen(s);
BOOL yield = fl.helo_accept_junk;
/* Discard any previous helo name */
if (sender_helo_name)
{
store_free(sender_helo_name);
sender_helo_name = NULL;
}
/* Skip tests if junk is permitted. */
if (!yield)
/* Allow the new standard form for IPv6 address literals, namely,
[IPv6:....], and because someone is bound to use it, allow an equivalent
IPv4 form. Allow plain addresses as well. */
if (*s == '[')
{
if (end[-1] == ']')
{
end[-1] = 0;
if (strncmpic(s, US"[IPv6:", 6) == 0)
yield = (string_is_ip_address(s+6, NULL) == 6);
else if (strncmpic(s, US"[IPv4:", 6) == 0)
yield = (string_is_ip_address(s+6, NULL) == 4);
else
yield = (string_is_ip_address(s+1, NULL) != 0);
end[-1] = ']';
}
}
/* Non-literals must be alpha, dot, hyphen, plus any non-valid chars
that have been configured (usually underscore - sigh). */
else if (*s)
for (yield = TRUE; *s; s++)
if (!isalnum(*s) && *s != '.' && *s != '-' &&
Ustrchr(helo_allow_chars, *s) == NULL)
{
yield = FALSE;
break;
}
/* Save argument if OK */
if (yield) sender_helo_name = string_copy_malloc(start);
return yield;
}
/*************************************************
* Extract SMTP command option *
*************************************************/
/* This function picks the next option setting off the end of smtp_cmd_data. It
is called for MAIL FROM and RCPT TO commands, to pick off the optional ESMTP
things that can appear there.
Arguments:
name point this at the name
value point this at the data string
Returns: TRUE if found an option
*/
static BOOL
extract_option(uschar **name, uschar **value)
{
uschar *n;
uschar *v = smtp_cmd_data + Ustrlen(smtp_cmd_data) - 1;
while (isspace(*v)) v--;
v[1] = 0;
while (v > smtp_cmd_data && *v != '=' && !isspace(*v))
{
/* Take care to not stop at a space embedded in a quoted local-part */
if (*v == '"') do v--; while (*v != '"' && v > smtp_cmd_data+1);
v--;
}
n = v;
if (*v == '=')
{
while(isalpha(n[-1])) n--;
/* RFC says SP, but TAB seen in wild and other major MTAs accept it */
if (!isspace(n[-1])) return FALSE;
n[-1] = 0;
}
else
{
n++;
if (v == smtp_cmd_data) return FALSE;
}
*v++ = 0;
*name = n;
*value = v;
return TRUE;
}
/*************************************************
* Reset for new message *
*************************************************/
/* This function is called whenever the SMTP session is reset from
within either of the setup functions; also from the daemon loop.
Argument: the stacking pool storage reset point
Returns: nothing
*/
void
smtp_reset(void *reset_point)
{
recipients_list = NULL;
rcpt_count = rcpt_defer_count = rcpt_fail_count =
raw_recipients_count = recipients_count = recipients_list_max = 0;
message_linecount = 0;
message_size = -1;
acl_added_headers = NULL;
acl_removed_headers = NULL;
f.queue_only_policy = FALSE;
rcpt_smtp_response = NULL;
fl.rcpt_smtp_response_same = TRUE;
fl.rcpt_in_progress = FALSE;
f.deliver_freeze = FALSE; /* Can be set by ACL */
freeze_tell = freeze_tell_config; /* Can be set by ACL */
fake_response = OK; /* Can be set by ACL */
#ifdef WITH_CONTENT_SCAN
f.no_mbox_unspool = FALSE; /* Can be set by ACL */
#endif
f.submission_mode = FALSE; /* Can be set by ACL */
f.suppress_local_fixups = f.suppress_local_fixups_default; /* Can be set by ACL */
f.active_local_from_check = local_from_check; /* Can be set by ACL */
f.active_local_sender_retain = local_sender_retain; /* Can be set by ACL */
sending_ip_address = NULL;
return_path = sender_address = NULL;
sender_data = NULL; /* Can be set by ACL */
deliver_localpart_parent = deliver_localpart_orig = NULL;
deliver_domain_parent = deliver_domain_orig = NULL;
callout_address = NULL;
submission_name = NULL; /* Can be set by ACL */
raw_sender = NULL; /* After SMTP rewrite, before qualifying */
sender_address_unrewritten = NULL; /* Set only after verify rewrite */
sender_verified_list = NULL; /* No senders verified */
memset(sender_address_cache, 0, sizeof(sender_address_cache));
memset(sender_domain_cache, 0, sizeof(sender_domain_cache));
authenticated_sender = NULL;
#ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_BRIGHTMAIL
bmi_run = 0;
bmi_verdicts = NULL;
#endif
dnslist_domain = dnslist_matched = NULL;
#ifdef SUPPORT_SPF
spf_header_comment = spf_received = spf_result = spf_smtp_comment = NULL;
spf_result_guessed = FALSE;
#endif
#ifndef DISABLE_DKIM
dkim_cur_signer = dkim_signers =
dkim_signing_domain = dkim_signing_selector = dkim_signatures = NULL;
dkim_cur_signer = dkim_signers = dkim_signing_domain = dkim_signing_selector = NULL;
f.dkim_disable_verify = FALSE;
dkim_collect_input = 0;
dkim_verify_overall = dkim_verify_status = dkim_verify_reason = NULL;
dkim_key_length = 0;
dkim_verify_signers = US"$dkim_signers";
#endif
#ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DMARC
f.dmarc_has_been_checked = f.dmarc_disable_verify = f.dmarc_enable_forensic = FALSE;
dmarc_domain_policy = dmarc_status = dmarc_status_text =
dmarc_used_domain = NULL;
#endif
#ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_ARC
arc_state = arc_state_reason = NULL;
#endif
dsn_ret = 0;
dsn_envid = NULL;
deliver_host = deliver_host_address = NULL; /* Can be set by ACL */
#ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
prdr_requested = FALSE;
#endif
#ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
message_smtputf8 = FALSE;
#endif
body_linecount = body_zerocount = 0;
sender_rate = sender_rate_limit = sender_rate_period = NULL;
ratelimiters_mail = NULL; /* Updated by ratelimit ACL condition */
/* Note that ratelimiters_conn persists across resets. */
/* Reset message ACL variables */
acl_var_m = NULL;
/* The message body variables use malloc store. They may be set if this is
not the first message in an SMTP session and the previous message caused them
to be referenced in an ACL. */
if (message_body)
{
store_free(message_body);
message_body = NULL;
}
if (message_body_end)
{
store_free(message_body_end);
message_body_end = NULL;
}
/* Warning log messages are also saved in malloc store. They are saved to avoid
repetition in the same message, but it seems right to repeat them for different
messages. */
while (acl_warn_logged)
{
string_item *this = acl_warn_logged;
acl_warn_logged = acl_warn_logged->next;
store_free(this);
}
store_reset(reset_point);
}
/*************************************************
* Initialize for incoming batched SMTP message *
*************************************************/
/* This function is called from smtp_setup_msg() in the case when
smtp_batched_input is true. This happens when -bS is used to pass a whole batch
of messages in one file with SMTP commands between them. All errors must be
reported by sending a message, and only MAIL FROM, RCPT TO, and DATA are
relevant. After an error on a sender, or an invalid recipient, the remainder
of the message is skipped. The value of received_protocol is already set.
Argument: none
Returns: > 0 message successfully started (reached DATA)
= 0 QUIT read or end of file reached
< 0 should not occur
*/
static int
smtp_setup_batch_msg(void)
{
int done = 0;
void *reset_point = store_get(0);
/* Save the line count at the start of each transaction - single commands
like HELO and RSET count as whole transactions. */
bsmtp_transaction_linecount = receive_linecount;
if ((receive_feof)()) return 0; /* Treat EOF as QUIT */
cancel_cutthrough_connection(TRUE, US"smtp_setup_batch_msg");
smtp_reset(reset_point); /* Reset for start of message */
/* Deal with SMTP commands. This loop is exited by setting done to a POSITIVE
value. The values are 2 larger than the required yield of the function. */
while (done <= 0)
{
uschar *errmess;
uschar *recipient = NULL;
int start, end, sender_domain, recipient_domain;
switch(smtp_read_command(FALSE, GETC_BUFFER_UNLIMITED))
{
/* The HELO/EHLO commands set sender_address_helo if they have
valid data; otherwise they are ignored, except that they do
a reset of the state. */
case HELO_CMD:
case EHLO_CMD:
check_helo(smtp_cmd_data);
/* Fall through */
case RSET_CMD:
cancel_cutthrough_connection(TRUE, US"RSET received");
smtp_reset(reset_point);
bsmtp_transaction_linecount = receive_linecount;
break;
/* The MAIL FROM command requires an address as an operand. All we
do here is to parse it for syntactic correctness. The form "<>" is
a special case which converts into an empty string. The start/end
pointers in the original are not used further for this address, as
it is the canonical extracted address which is all that is kept. */
case MAIL_CMD:
smtp_mailcmd_count++; /* Count for no-mail log */
if (sender_address != NULL)
/* The function moan_smtp_batch() does not return. */
moan_smtp_batch(smtp_cmd_buffer, "503 Sender already given");
if (smtp_cmd_data[0] == 0)
/* The function moan_smtp_batch() does not return. */
moan_smtp_batch(smtp_cmd_buffer, "501 MAIL FROM must have an address operand");
/* Reset to start of message */
cancel_cutthrough_connection(TRUE, US"MAIL received");
smtp_reset(reset_point);
/* Apply SMTP rewrite */
raw_sender = ((rewrite_existflags & rewrite_smtp) != 0)?
rewrite_one(smtp_cmd_data, rewrite_smtp|rewrite_smtp_sender, NULL, FALSE,
US"", global_rewrite_rules) : smtp_cmd_data;
/* Extract the address; the TRUE flag allows <> as valid */
raw_sender =
parse_extract_address(raw_sender, &errmess, &start, &end, &sender_domain,
TRUE);
if (!raw_sender)
/* The function moan_smtp_batch() does not return. */
moan_smtp_batch(smtp_cmd_buffer, "501 %s", errmess);
sender_address = string_copy(raw_sender);
/* Qualify unqualified sender addresses if permitted to do so. */
if ( !sender_domain
&& sender_address[0] != 0 && sender_address[0] != '@')
if (f.allow_unqualified_sender)
{
sender_address = rewrite_address_qualify(sender_address, FALSE);
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("unqualified address %s accepted "
"and rewritten\n", raw_sender);
}
/* The function moan_smtp_batch() does not return. */
else
moan_smtp_batch(smtp_cmd_buffer, "501 sender address must contain "
"a domain");
break;
/* The RCPT TO command requires an address as an operand. All we do
here is to parse it for syntactic correctness. There may be any number
of RCPT TO commands, specifying multiple senders. We build them all into
a data structure that is in argc/argv format. The start/end values
given by parse_extract_address are not used, as we keep only the
extracted address. */
case RCPT_CMD:
if (!sender_address)
/* The function moan_smtp_batch() does not return. */
moan_smtp_batch(smtp_cmd_buffer, "503 No sender yet given");
if (smtp_cmd_data[0] == 0)
/* The function moan_smtp_batch() does not return. */
moan_smtp_batch(smtp_cmd_buffer,
"501 RCPT TO must have an address operand");
/* Check maximum number allowed */
if (recipients_max > 0 && recipients_count + 1 > recipients_max)
/* The function moan_smtp_batch() does not return. */
moan_smtp_batch(smtp_cmd_buffer, "%s too many recipients",
recipients_max_reject? "552": "452");
/* Apply SMTP rewrite, then extract address. Don't allow "<>" as a
recipient address */
recipient = rewrite_existflags & rewrite_smtp
? rewrite_one(smtp_cmd_data, rewrite_smtp, NULL, FALSE, US"",
global_rewrite_rules)
: smtp_cmd_data;
recipient = parse_extract_address(recipient, &errmess, &start, &end,
&recipient_domain, FALSE);
if (!recipient)
/* The function moan_smtp_batch() does not return. */
moan_smtp_batch(smtp_cmd_buffer, "501 %s", errmess);
/* If the recipient address is unqualified, qualify it if permitted. Then
add it to the list of recipients. */
if (!recipient_domain)
if (f.allow_unqualified_recipient)
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("unqualified address %s accepted\n",
recipient);
recipient = rewrite_address_qualify(recipient, TRUE);
}
/* The function moan_smtp_batch() does not return. */
else
moan_smtp_batch(smtp_cmd_buffer,
"501 recipient address must contain a domain");
receive_add_recipient(recipient, -1);
break;
/* The DATA command is legal only if it follows successful MAIL FROM
and RCPT TO commands. This function is complete when a valid DATA
command is encountered. */
case DATA_CMD:
if (!sender_address || recipients_count <= 0)
/* The function moan_smtp_batch() does not return. */
if (!sender_address)
moan_smtp_batch(smtp_cmd_buffer,
"503 MAIL FROM:<sender> command must precede DATA");
else
moan_smtp_batch(smtp_cmd_buffer,
"503 RCPT TO:<recipient> must precede DATA");
else
{
done = 3; /* DATA successfully achieved */
message_ended = END_NOTENDED; /* Indicate in middle of message */
}
break;
/* The VRFY, EXPN, HELP, ETRN, and NOOP commands are ignored. */
case VRFY_CMD:
case EXPN_CMD:
case HELP_CMD:
case NOOP_CMD:
case ETRN_CMD:
bsmtp_transaction_linecount = receive_linecount;
break;
case EOF_CMD:
case QUIT_CMD:
done = 2;
break;
case BADARG_CMD:
/* The function moan_smtp_batch() does not return. */
moan_smtp_batch(smtp_cmd_buffer, "501 Unexpected argument data");
break;
case BADCHAR_CMD:
/* The function moan_smtp_batch() does not return. */
moan_smtp_batch(smtp_cmd_buffer, "501 Unexpected NULL in SMTP command");
break;
default:
/* The function moan_smtp_batch() does not return. */
moan_smtp_batch(smtp_cmd_buffer, "500 Command unrecognized");
break;
}
}
return done - 2; /* Convert yield values */
}
#ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
static BOOL
smtp_log_tls_fail(uschar * errstr)
{
uschar * conn_info = smtp_get_connection_info();
if (Ustrncmp(conn_info, US"SMTP ", 5) == 0) conn_info += 5;
/* I'd like to get separated H= here, but too hard for now */
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN, "TLS error on %s %s", conn_info, errstr);
return FALSE;
}
#endif
#ifdef TCP_FASTOPEN
static void
tfo_in_check(void)
{
# ifdef TCP_INFO
struct tcp_info tinfo;
socklen_t len = sizeof(tinfo);
if (getsockopt(fileno(smtp_out), IPPROTO_TCP, TCP_INFO, &tinfo, &len) == 0)
#ifdef TCPI_OPT_SYN_DATA /* FreeBSD 11 does not seem to have this yet */
if (tinfo.tcpi_options & TCPI_OPT_SYN_DATA)
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("TCP_FASTOPEN mode connection (ACKd data-on-SYN)\n");
f.tcp_in_fastopen_data = f.tcp_in_fastopen = TRUE;
}
else
#endif
if (tinfo.tcpi_state == TCP_SYN_RECV)
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("TCP_FASTOPEN mode connection (state TCP_SYN_RECV)\n");
f.tcp_in_fastopen = TRUE;
}
# endif
}
#endif
/*************************************************
* Start an SMTP session *
*************************************************/
/* This function is called at the start of an SMTP session. Thereafter,
smtp_setup_msg() is called to initiate each separate message. This
function does host-specific testing, and outputs the banner line.
Arguments: none
Returns: FALSE if the session can not continue; something has
gone wrong, or the connection to the host is blocked
*/
BOOL
smtp_start_session(void)
{
int esclen;
uschar *user_msg, *log_msg;
uschar *code, *esc;
uschar *p, *s;
gstring * ss;
gettimeofday(&smtp_connection_start, NULL);
for (smtp_ch_index = 0; smtp_ch_index < SMTP_HBUFF_SIZE; smtp_ch_index++)
smtp_connection_had[smtp_ch_index] = SCH_NONE;
smtp_ch_index = 0;
/* Default values for certain variables */
fl.helo_seen = fl.esmtp = fl.helo_accept_junk = FALSE;
smtp_mailcmd_count = 0;
count_nonmail = TRUE_UNSET;
synprot_error_count = unknown_command_count = nonmail_command_count = 0;
smtp_delay_mail = smtp_rlm_base;
fl.auth_advertised = FALSE;
f.smtp_in_pipelining_advertised = f.smtp_in_pipelining_used = FALSE;
f.pipelining_enable = TRUE;
sync_cmd_limit = NON_SYNC_CMD_NON_PIPELINING;
fl.smtp_exit_function_called = FALSE; /* For avoiding loop in not-quit exit */
/* If receiving by -bs from a trusted user, or testing with -bh, we allow
authentication settings from -oMaa to remain in force. */
if (!host_checking && !f.sender_host_notsocket)
sender_host_auth_pubname = sender_host_authenticated = NULL;
authenticated_by = NULL;
#ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
tls_in.cipher = tls_in.peerdn = NULL;
tls_in.ourcert = tls_in.peercert = NULL;
tls_in.sni = NULL;
tls_in.ocsp = OCSP_NOT_REQ;
fl.tls_advertised = FALSE;
# ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_REQUIRETLS
fl.requiretls_advertised = FALSE;
# endif
#endif
fl.dsn_advertised = FALSE;
#ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
fl.smtputf8_advertised = FALSE;
#endif
/* Reset ACL connection variables */
acl_var_c = NULL;
/* Allow for trailing 0 in the command and data buffers. */
if (!(smtp_cmd_buffer = US malloc(2*SMTP_CMD_BUFFER_SIZE + 2)))
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC_DIE,
"malloc() failed for SMTP command buffer");
smtp_cmd_buffer[0] = 0;
smtp_data_buffer = smtp_cmd_buffer + SMTP_CMD_BUFFER_SIZE + 1;
/* For batched input, the protocol setting can be overridden from the
command line by a trusted caller. */
if (smtp_batched_input)
{
if (!received_protocol) received_protocol = US"local-bsmtp";
}
/* For non-batched SMTP input, the protocol setting is forced here. It will be
reset later if any of EHLO/AUTH/STARTTLS are received. */
else
received_protocol =
(sender_host_address ? protocols : protocols_local) [pnormal];
/* Set up the buffer for inputting using direct read() calls, and arrange to
call the local functions instead of the standard C ones. Place a NUL at the
end of the buffer to safety-stop C-string reads from it. */
if (!(smtp_inbuffer = US malloc(IN_BUFFER_SIZE)))
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC_DIE, "malloc() failed for SMTP input buffer");
smtp_inbuffer[IN_BUFFER_SIZE-1] = '\0';
receive_getc = smtp_getc;
receive_getbuf = smtp_getbuf;
receive_get_cache = smtp_get_cache;
receive_ungetc = smtp_ungetc;
receive_feof = smtp_feof;
receive_ferror = smtp_ferror;
receive_smtp_buffered = smtp_buffered;
smtp_inptr = smtp_inend = smtp_inbuffer;
smtp_had_eof = smtp_had_error = 0;
/* Set up the message size limit; this may be host-specific */
thismessage_size_limit = expand_string_integer(message_size_limit, TRUE);
if (expand_string_message)
{
if (thismessage_size_limit == -1)
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC, "unable to expand message_size_limit: "
"%s", expand_string_message);
else
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC, "invalid message_size_limit: "
"%s", expand_string_message);
smtp_closedown(US"Temporary local problem - please try later");
return FALSE;
}
/* When a message is input locally via the -bs or -bS options, sender_host_
unknown is set unless -oMa was used to force an IP address, in which case it
is checked like a real remote connection. When -bs is used from inetd, this
flag is not set, causing the sending host to be checked. The code that deals
with IP source routing (if configured) is never required for -bs or -bS and
the flag sender_host_notsocket is used to suppress it.
If smtp_accept_max and smtp_accept_reserve are set, keep some connections in
reserve for certain hosts and/or networks. */
if (!f.sender_host_unknown)
{
int rc;
BOOL reserved_host = FALSE;
/* Look up IP options (source routing info) on the socket if this is not an
-oMa "host", and if any are found, log them and drop the connection.
Linux (and others now, see below) is different to everyone else, so there
has to be some conditional compilation here. Versions of Linux before 2.1.15
used a structure whose name was "options". Somebody finally realized that
this name was silly, and it got changed to "ip_options". I use the
newer name here, but there is a fudge in the script that sets up os.h
to define a macro in older Linux systems.
Sigh. Linux is a fast-moving target. Another generation of Linux uses
glibc 2, which has chosen ip_opts for the structure name. This is now
really a glibc thing rather than a Linux thing, so the condition name
has been changed to reflect this. It is relevant also to GNU/Hurd.
Mac OS 10.x (Darwin) is like the later glibc versions, but without the
setting of the __GLIBC__ macro, so we can't detect it automatically. There's
a special macro defined in the os.h file.
Some DGUX versions on older hardware appear not to support IP options at
all, so there is now a general macro which can be set to cut out this
support altogether.
How to do this properly in IPv6 is not yet known. */
#if !HAVE_IPV6 && !defined(NO_IP_OPTIONS)
#ifdef GLIBC_IP_OPTIONS
#if (!defined __GLIBC__) || (__GLIBC__ < 2)
#define OPTSTYLE 1
#else
#define OPTSTYLE 2
#endif
#elif defined DARWIN_IP_OPTIONS
#define OPTSTYLE 2
#else
#define OPTSTYLE 3
#endif
if (!host_checking && !f.sender_host_notsocket)
{
#if OPTSTYLE == 1
EXIM_SOCKLEN_T optlen = sizeof(struct ip_options) + MAX_IPOPTLEN;
struct ip_options *ipopt = store_get(optlen);
#elif OPTSTYLE == 2
struct ip_opts ipoptblock;
struct ip_opts *ipopt = &ipoptblock;
EXIM_SOCKLEN_T optlen = sizeof(ipoptblock);
#else
struct ipoption ipoptblock;
struct ipoption *ipopt = &ipoptblock;
EXIM_SOCKLEN_T optlen = sizeof(ipoptblock);
#endif
/* Occasional genuine failures of getsockopt() have been seen - for
example, "reset by peer". Therefore, just log and give up on this
call, unless the error is ENOPROTOOPT. This error is given by systems
that have the interfaces but not the mechanism - e.g. GNU/Hurd at the time
of writing. So for that error, carry on - we just can't do an IP options
check. */
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("checking for IP options\n");
if (getsockopt(fileno(smtp_out), IPPROTO_IP, IP_OPTIONS, US (ipopt),
&optlen) < 0)
{
if (errno != ENOPROTOOPT)
{
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN, "getsockopt() failed from %s: %s",
host_and_ident(FALSE), strerror(errno));
smtp_printf("451 SMTP service not available\r\n", FALSE);
return FALSE;
}
}
/* Deal with any IP options that are set. On the systems I have looked at,
the value of MAX_IPOPTLEN has been 40, meaning that there should never be
more logging data than will fit in big_buffer. Nevertheless, after somebody
questioned this code, I've added in some paranoid checking. */
else if (optlen > 0)
{
uschar *p = big_buffer;
uschar *pend = big_buffer + big_buffer_size;
uschar *opt, *adptr;
int optcount;
struct in_addr addr;
#if OPTSTYLE == 1
uschar *optstart = US (ipopt->__data);
#elif OPTSTYLE == 2
uschar *optstart = US (ipopt->ip_opts);
#else
uschar *optstart = US (ipopt->ipopt_list);
#endif
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("IP options exist\n");
Ustrcpy(p, "IP options on incoming call:");
p += Ustrlen(p);
for (opt = optstart; opt != NULL &&
opt < US (ipopt) + optlen;)
{
switch (*opt)
{
case IPOPT_EOL:
opt = NULL;
break;
case IPOPT_NOP:
opt++;
break;
case IPOPT_SSRR:
case IPOPT_LSRR:
if (!string_format(p, pend-p, " %s [@%s",
(*opt == IPOPT_SSRR)? "SSRR" : "LSRR",
#if OPTSTYLE == 1
inet_ntoa(*((struct in_addr *)(&(ipopt->faddr))))))
#elif OPTSTYLE == 2
inet_ntoa(ipopt->ip_dst)))
#else
inet_ntoa(ipopt->ipopt_dst)))
#endif
{
opt = NULL;
break;
}
p += Ustrlen(p);
optcount = (opt[1] - 3) / sizeof(struct in_addr);
adptr = opt + 3;
while (optcount-- > 0)
{
memcpy(&addr, adptr, sizeof(addr));
if (!string_format(p, pend - p - 1, "%s%s",
(optcount == 0)? ":" : "@", inet_ntoa(addr)))
{
opt = NULL;
break;
}
p += Ustrlen(p);
adptr += sizeof(struct in_addr);
}
*p++ = ']';
opt += opt[1];
break;
default:
{
int i;
if (pend - p < 4 + 3*opt[1]) { opt = NULL; break; }
Ustrcat(p, "[ ");
p += 2;
for (i = 0; i < opt[1]; i++)
p += sprintf(CS p, "%2.2x ", opt[i]);
*p++ = ']';
}
opt += opt[1];
break;
}
}
*p = 0;
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN, "%s", big_buffer);
/* Refuse any call with IP options. This is what tcpwrappers 7.5 does. */
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_REJECT,
"connection from %s refused (IP options)", host_and_ident(FALSE));
smtp_printf("554 SMTP service not available\r\n", FALSE);
return FALSE;
}
/* Length of options = 0 => there are no options */
else DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("no IP options found\n");
}
#endif /* HAVE_IPV6 && !defined(NO_IP_OPTIONS) */
/* Set keep-alive in socket options. The option is on by default. This
setting is an attempt to get rid of some hanging connections that stick in
read() when the remote end (usually a dialup) goes away. */
if (smtp_accept_keepalive && !f.sender_host_notsocket)
ip_keepalive(fileno(smtp_out), sender_host_address, FALSE);
/* If the current host matches host_lookup, set the name by doing a
reverse lookup. On failure, sender_host_name will be NULL and
host_lookup_failed will be TRUE. This may or may not be serious - optional
checks later. */
if (verify_check_host(&host_lookup) == OK)
{
(void)host_name_lookup();
host_build_sender_fullhost();
}
/* Delay this until we have the full name, if it is looked up. */
set_process_info("handling incoming connection from %s",
host_and_ident(FALSE));
/* Expand smtp_receive_timeout, if needed */
if (smtp_receive_timeout_s)
{
uschar * exp;
if ( !(exp = expand_string(smtp_receive_timeout_s))
|| !(*exp)
|| (smtp_receive_timeout = readconf_readtime(exp, 0, FALSE)) < 0
)
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC,
"bad value for smtp_receive_timeout: '%s'", exp ? exp : US"");
}
/* Test for explicit connection rejection */
if (verify_check_host(&host_reject_connection) == OK)
{
log_write(L_connection_reject, LOG_MAIN|LOG_REJECT, "refused connection "
"from %s (host_reject_connection)", host_and_ident(FALSE));
smtp_printf("554 SMTP service not available\r\n", FALSE);
return FALSE;
}
/* Test with TCP Wrappers if so configured. There is a problem in that
hosts_ctl() returns 0 (deny) under a number of system failure circumstances,
such as disks dying. In these cases, it is desirable to reject with a 4xx
error instead of a 5xx error. There isn't a "right" way to detect such
problems. The following kludge is used: errno is zeroed before calling
hosts_ctl(). If the result is "reject", a 5xx error is given only if the
value of errno is 0 or ENOENT (which happens if /etc/hosts.{allow,deny} does
not exist). */
#ifdef USE_TCP_WRAPPERS
errno = 0;
if (!(tcp_wrappers_name = expand_string(tcp_wrappers_daemon_name)))
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC_DIE, "Expansion of \"%s\" "
"(tcp_wrappers_name) failed: %s", string_printing(tcp_wrappers_name),
expand_string_message);
if (!hosts_ctl(tcp_wrappers_name,
sender_host_name ? CS sender_host_name : STRING_UNKNOWN,
sender_host_address ? CS sender_host_address : STRING_UNKNOWN,
sender_ident ? CS sender_ident : STRING_UNKNOWN))
{
if (errno == 0 || errno == ENOENT)
{
HDEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("tcp wrappers rejection\n");
log_write(L_connection_reject,
LOG_MAIN|LOG_REJECT, "refused connection from %s "
"(tcp wrappers)", host_and_ident(FALSE));
smtp_printf("554 SMTP service not available\r\n", FALSE);
}
else
{
int save_errno = errno;
HDEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("tcp wrappers rejected with unexpected "
"errno value %d\n", save_errno);
log_write(L_connection_reject,
LOG_MAIN|LOG_REJECT, "temporarily refused connection from %s "
"(tcp wrappers errno=%d)", host_and_ident(FALSE), save_errno);
smtp_printf("451 Temporary local problem - please try later\r\n", FALSE);
}
return FALSE;
}
#endif
/* Check for reserved slots. The value of smtp_accept_count has already been
incremented to include this process. */
if (smtp_accept_max > 0 &&
smtp_accept_count > smtp_accept_max - smtp_accept_reserve)
{
if ((rc = verify_check_host(&smtp_reserve_hosts)) != OK)
{
log_write(L_connection_reject,
LOG_MAIN, "temporarily refused connection from %s: not in "
"reserve list: connected=%d max=%d reserve=%d%s",
host_and_ident(FALSE), smtp_accept_count - 1, smtp_accept_max,
smtp_accept_reserve, (rc == DEFER)? " (lookup deferred)" : "");
smtp_printf("421 %s: Too many concurrent SMTP connections; "
"please try again later\r\n", FALSE, smtp_active_hostname);
return FALSE;
}
reserved_host = TRUE;
}
/* If a load level above which only messages from reserved hosts are
accepted is set, check the load. For incoming calls via the daemon, the
check is done in the superior process if there are no reserved hosts, to
save a fork. In all cases, the load average will already be available
in a global variable at this point. */
if (smtp_load_reserve >= 0 &&
load_average > smtp_load_reserve &&
!reserved_host &&
verify_check_host(&smtp_reserve_hosts) != OK)
{
log_write(L_connection_reject,
LOG_MAIN, "temporarily refused connection from %s: not in "
"reserve list and load average = %.2f", host_and_ident(FALSE),
(double)load_average/1000.0);
smtp_printf("421 %s: Too much load; please try again later\r\n", FALSE,
smtp_active_hostname);
return FALSE;
}
/* Determine whether unqualified senders or recipients are permitted
for this host. Unfortunately, we have to do this every time, in order to
set the flags so that they can be inspected when considering qualifying
addresses in the headers. For a site that permits no qualification, this
won't take long, however. */
f.allow_unqualified_sender =
verify_check_host(&sender_unqualified_hosts) == OK;
f.allow_unqualified_recipient =
verify_check_host(&recipient_unqualified_hosts) == OK;
/* Determine whether HELO/EHLO is required for this host. The requirement
can be hard or soft. */
fl.helo_required = verify_check_host(&helo_verify_hosts) == OK;
if (!fl.helo_required)
fl.helo_verify = verify_check_host(&helo_try_verify_hosts) == OK;
/* Determine whether this hosts is permitted to send syntactic junk
after a HELO or EHLO command. */
fl.helo_accept_junk = verify_check_host(&helo_accept_junk_hosts) == OK;
}
/* For batch SMTP input we are now done. */
if (smtp_batched_input) return TRUE;
/* If valid Proxy Protocol source is connecting, set up session.
* Failure will not allow any SMTP function other than QUIT. */
#ifdef SUPPORT_PROXY
proxy_session = FALSE;
f.proxy_session_failed = FALSE;
if (check_proxy_protocol_host())
setup_proxy_protocol_host();
#endif
/* Start up TLS if tls_on_connect is set. This is for supporting the legacy
smtps port for use with older style SSL MTAs. */
#ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
if (tls_in.on_connect)
{
if (tls_server_start(tls_require_ciphers, &user_msg) != OK)
return smtp_log_tls_fail(user_msg);
cmd_list[CMD_LIST_TLS_AUTH].is_mail_cmd = TRUE;
}
#endif
/* Run the connect ACL if it exists */
user_msg = NULL;
if (acl_smtp_connect)
{
int rc;
if ((rc = acl_check(ACL_WHERE_CONNECT, NULL, acl_smtp_connect, &user_msg,
&log_msg)) != OK)
{
(void) smtp_handle_acl_fail(ACL_WHERE_CONNECT, rc, user_msg, log_msg);
return FALSE;
}
}
/* Output the initial message for a two-way SMTP connection. It may contain
newlines, which then cause a multi-line response to be given. */
code = US"220"; /* Default status code */
esc = US""; /* Default extended status code */
esclen = 0; /* Length of esc */
if (!user_msg)
{
if (!(s = expand_string(smtp_banner)))
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC_DIE, "Expansion of \"%s\" (smtp_banner) "
"failed: %s", smtp_banner, expand_string_message);
}
else
{
int codelen = 3;
s = user_msg;
smtp_message_code(&code, &codelen, &s, NULL, TRUE);
if (codelen > 4)
{
esc = code + 4;
esclen = codelen - 4;
}
}
/* Remove any terminating newlines; might as well remove trailing space too */
p = s + Ustrlen(s);
while (p > s && isspace(p[-1])) p--;
*p = 0;
/* It seems that CC:Mail is braindead, and assumes that the greeting message
is all contained in a single IP packet. The original code wrote out the
greeting using several calls to fprint/fputc, and on busy servers this could
cause it to be split over more than one packet - which caused CC:Mail to fall
over when it got the second part of the greeting after sending its first
command. Sigh. To try to avoid this, build the complete greeting message
first, and output it in one fell swoop. This gives a better chance of it
ending up as a single packet. */
ss = string_get(256);
p = s;
do /* At least once, in case we have an empty string */
{
int len;
uschar *linebreak = Ustrchr(p, '\n');
ss = string_catn(ss, code, 3);
if (!linebreak)
{
len = Ustrlen(p);
ss = string_catn(ss, US" ", 1);
}
else
{
len = linebreak - p;
ss = string_catn(ss, US"-", 1);
}
ss = string_catn(ss, esc, esclen);
ss = string_catn(ss, p, len);
ss = string_catn(ss, US"\r\n", 2);
p += len;
if (linebreak) p++;
}
while (*p);
/* Before we write the banner, check that there is no input pending, unless
this synchronisation check is disabled. */
#ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_PIPE_CONNECT
fl.pipe_connect_acceptable =
sender_host_address && verify_check_host(&pipe_connect_advertise_hosts) == OK;
if (!check_sync())
if (fl.pipe_connect_acceptable)
f.smtp_in_early_pipe_used = TRUE;
else
#else
if (!check_sync())
#endif
{
unsigned n = smtp_inend - smtp_inptr;
if (n > 32) n = 32;
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_REJECT, "SMTP protocol "
"synchronization error (input sent without waiting for greeting): "
"rejected connection from %s input=\"%s\"", host_and_ident(TRUE),
string_printing(string_copyn(smtp_inptr, n)));
smtp_printf("554 SMTP synchronization error\r\n", FALSE);
return FALSE;
}
/* Now output the banner */
/*XXX the ehlo-resp code does its own tls/nontls bit. Maybe subroutine that? */
smtp_printf("%s",
#ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_PIPE_CONNECT
fl.pipe_connect_acceptable && pipeline_connect_sends(),
#else
FALSE,
#endif
string_from_gstring(ss));
/* Attempt to see if we sent the banner before the last ACK of the 3-way
handshake arrived. If so we must have managed a TFO. */
#ifdef TCP_FASTOPEN
tfo_in_check();
#endif
return TRUE;
}
/*************************************************
* Handle SMTP syntax and protocol errors *
*************************************************/
/* Write to the log for SMTP syntax errors in incoming commands, if configured
to do so. Then transmit the error response. The return value depends on the
number of syntax and protocol errors in this SMTP session.
Arguments:
type error type, given as a log flag bit
code response code; <= 0 means don't send a response
data data to reflect in the response (can be NULL)
errmess the error message
Returns: -1 limit of syntax/protocol errors NOT exceeded
+1 limit of syntax/protocol errors IS exceeded
These values fit in with the values of the "done" variable in the main
processing loop in smtp_setup_msg(). */
static int
synprot_error(int type, int code, uschar *data, uschar *errmess)
{
int yield = -1;
log_write(type, LOG_MAIN, "SMTP %s error in \"%s\" %s %s",
(type == L_smtp_syntax_error)? "syntax" : "protocol",
string_printing(smtp_cmd_buffer), host_and_ident(TRUE), errmess);
if (++synprot_error_count > smtp_max_synprot_errors)
{
yield = 1;
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_REJECT, "SMTP call from %s dropped: too many "
"syntax or protocol errors (last command was \"%s\")",
host_and_ident(FALSE), string_printing(smtp_cmd_buffer));
}
if (code > 0)
{
smtp_printf("%d%c%s%s%s\r\n", FALSE, code, yield == 1 ? '-' : ' ',
data ? data : US"", data ? US": " : US"", errmess);
if (yield == 1)
smtp_printf("%d Too many syntax or protocol errors\r\n", FALSE, code);
}
return yield;
}
/*************************************************
* Send SMTP response, possibly multiline *
*************************************************/
/* There are, it seems, broken clients out there that cannot handle multiline
responses. If no_multiline_responses is TRUE (it can be set from an ACL), we
output nothing for non-final calls, and only the first line for anything else.
Arguments:
code SMTP code, may involve extended status codes
codelen length of smtp code; if > 4 there's an ESC
final FALSE if the last line isn't the final line
msg message text, possibly containing newlines
Returns: nothing
*/
void
smtp_respond(uschar* code, int codelen, BOOL final, uschar *msg)
{
int esclen = 0;
uschar *esc = US"";
if (!final && f.no_multiline_responses) return;
if (codelen > 4)
{
esc = code + 4;
esclen = codelen - 4;
}
/* If this is the first output for a (non-batch) RCPT command, see if all RCPTs
have had the same. Note: this code is also present in smtp_printf(). It would
be tidier to have it only in one place, but when it was added, it was easier to
do it that way, so as not to have to mess with the code for the RCPT command,
which sometimes uses smtp_printf() and sometimes smtp_respond(). */
if (fl.rcpt_in_progress)
{
if (rcpt_smtp_response == NULL)
rcpt_smtp_response = string_copy(msg);
else if (fl.rcpt_smtp_response_same &&
Ustrcmp(rcpt_smtp_response, msg) != 0)
fl.rcpt_smtp_response_same = FALSE;
fl.rcpt_in_progress = FALSE;
}
/* Now output the message, splitting it up into multiple lines if necessary.
We only handle pipelining these responses as far as nonfinal/final groups,
not the whole MAIL/RCPT/DATA response set. */
for (;;)
{
uschar *nl = Ustrchr(msg, '\n');
if (nl == NULL)
{
smtp_printf("%.3s%c%.*s%s\r\n", !final, code, final ? ' ':'-', esclen, esc, msg);
return;
}
else if (nl[1] == 0 || f.no_multiline_responses)
{
smtp_printf("%.3s%c%.*s%.*s\r\n", !final, code, final ? ' ':'-', esclen, esc,
(int)(nl - msg), msg);
return;
}
else
{
smtp_printf("%.3s-%.*s%.*s\r\n", TRUE, code, esclen, esc, (int)(nl - msg), msg);
msg = nl + 1;
while (isspace(*msg)) msg++;
}
}
}
/*************************************************
* Parse user SMTP message *
*************************************************/
/* This function allows for user messages overriding the response code details
by providing a suitable response code string at the start of the message
user_msg. Check the message for starting with a response code and optionally an
extended status code. If found, check that the first digit is valid, and if so,
change the code pointer and length to use the replacement. An invalid code
causes a panic log; in this case, if the log messages is the same as the user
message, we must also adjust the value of the log message to show the code that
is actually going to be used (the original one).
This function is global because it is called from receive.c as well as within
this module.
Note that the code length returned includes the terminating whitespace
character, which is always included in the regex match.
Arguments:
code SMTP code, may involve extended status codes
codelen length of smtp code; if > 4 there's an ESC
msg message text
log_msg optional log message, to be adjusted with the new SMTP code
check_valid if true, verify the response code
Returns: nothing
*/
void
smtp_message_code(uschar **code, int *codelen, uschar **msg, uschar **log_msg,
BOOL check_valid)
{
int n;
int ovector[3];
if (!msg || !*msg) return;
if ((n = pcre_exec(regex_smtp_code, NULL, CS *msg, Ustrlen(*msg), 0,
PCRE_EOPT, ovector, sizeof(ovector)/sizeof(int))) < 0) return;
if (check_valid && (*msg)[0] != (*code)[0])
{
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC, "configured error code starts with "
"incorrect digit (expected %c) in \"%s\"", (*code)[0], *msg);
if (log_msg != NULL && *log_msg == *msg)
*log_msg = string_sprintf("%s %s", *code, *log_msg + ovector[1]);
}
else
{
*code = *msg;
*codelen = ovector[1]; /* Includes final space */
}
*msg += ovector[1]; /* Chop the code off the message */
return;
}
/*************************************************
* Handle an ACL failure *
*************************************************/
/* This function is called when acl_check() fails. As well as calls from within
this module, it is called from receive.c for an ACL after DATA. It sorts out
logging the incident, and sends the error response. A message containing
newlines is turned into a multiline SMTP response, but for logging, only the
first line is used.
There's a table of default permanent failure response codes to use in
globals.c, along with the table of names. VFRY is special. Despite RFC1123 it
defaults disabled in Exim. However, discussion in connection with RFC 821bis
(aka RFC 2821) has concluded that the response should be 252 in the disabled
state, because there are broken clients that try VRFY before RCPT. A 5xx
response should be given only when the address is positively known to be
undeliverable. Sigh. We return 252 if there is no VRFY ACL or it provides
no explicit code, but if there is one we let it know best.
Also, for ETRN, 458 is given on refusal, and for AUTH, 503.
From Exim 4.63, it is possible to override the response code details by
providing a suitable response code string at the start of the message provided
in user_msg. The code's first digit is checked for validity.
Arguments:
where where the ACL was called from
rc the failure code
user_msg a message that can be included in an SMTP response
log_msg a message for logging
Returns: 0 in most cases
2 if the failure code was FAIL_DROP, in which case the
SMTP connection should be dropped (this value fits with the
"done" variable in smtp_setup_msg() below)
*/
int
smtp_handle_acl_fail(int where, int rc, uschar *user_msg, uschar *log_msg)
{
BOOL drop = rc == FAIL_DROP;
int codelen = 3;
uschar *smtp_code;
uschar *lognl;
uschar *sender_info = US"";
uschar *what =
#ifdef WITH_CONTENT_SCAN
where == ACL_WHERE_MIME ? US"during MIME ACL checks" :
#endif
where == ACL_WHERE_PREDATA ? US"DATA" :
where == ACL_WHERE_DATA ? US"after DATA" :
#ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
where == ACL_WHERE_PRDR ? US"after DATA PRDR" :
#endif
smtp_cmd_data ?
string_sprintf("%s %s", acl_wherenames[where], smtp_cmd_data) :
string_sprintf("%s in \"connect\" ACL", acl_wherenames[where]);
if (drop) rc = FAIL;
/* Set the default SMTP code, and allow a user message to change it. */
smtp_code = rc == FAIL ? acl_wherecodes[where] : US"451";
smtp_message_code(&smtp_code, &codelen, &user_msg, &log_msg,
where != ACL_WHERE_VRFY);
/* We used to have sender_address here; however, there was a bug that was not
updating sender_address after a rewrite during a verify. When this bug was
fixed, sender_address at this point became the rewritten address. I'm not sure
this is what should be logged, so I've changed to logging the unrewritten
address to retain backward compatibility. */
#ifndef WITH_CONTENT_SCAN
if (where == ACL_WHERE_RCPT || where == ACL_WHERE_DATA)
#else
if (where == ACL_WHERE_RCPT || where == ACL_WHERE_DATA || where == ACL_WHERE_MIME)
#endif
{
sender_info = string_sprintf("F=<%s>%s%s%s%s ",
sender_address_unrewritten ? sender_address_unrewritten : sender_address,
sender_host_authenticated ? US" A=" : US"",
sender_host_authenticated ? sender_host_authenticated : US"",
sender_host_authenticated && authenticated_id ? US":" : US"",
sender_host_authenticated && authenticated_id ? authenticated_id : US""
);
}
/* If there's been a sender verification failure with a specific message, and
we have not sent a response about it yet, do so now, as a preliminary line for
failures, but not defers. However, always log it for defer, and log it for fail
unless the sender_verify_fail log selector has been turned off. */
if (sender_verified_failed &&
!testflag(sender_verified_failed, af_sverify_told))
{
BOOL save_rcpt_in_progress = fl.rcpt_in_progress;
fl.rcpt_in_progress = FALSE; /* So as not to treat these as the error */
setflag(sender_verified_failed, af_sverify_told);
if (rc != FAIL || LOGGING(sender_verify_fail))
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_REJECT, "%s sender verify %s for <%s>%s",
host_and_ident(TRUE),
((sender_verified_failed->special_action & 255) == DEFER)? "defer":"fail",
sender_verified_failed->address,
(sender_verified_failed->message == NULL)? US"" :
string_sprintf(": %s", sender_verified_failed->message));
if (rc == FAIL && sender_verified_failed->user_message)
smtp_respond(smtp_code, codelen, FALSE, string_sprintf(
testflag(sender_verified_failed, af_verify_pmfail)?
"Postmaster verification failed while checking <%s>\n%s\n"
"Several RFCs state that you are required to have a postmaster\n"
"mailbox for each mail domain. This host does not accept mail\n"
"from domains whose servers reject the postmaster address."
:
testflag(sender_verified_failed, af_verify_nsfail)?
"Callback setup failed while verifying <%s>\n%s\n"
"The initial connection, or a HELO or MAIL FROM:<> command was\n"
"rejected. Refusing MAIL FROM:<> does not help fight spam, disregards\n"
"RFC requirements, and stops you from receiving standard bounce\n"
"messages. This host does not accept mail from domains whose servers\n"
"refuse bounces."
:
"Verification failed for <%s>\n%s",
sender_verified_failed->address,
sender_verified_failed->user_message));
fl.rcpt_in_progress = save_rcpt_in_progress;
}
/* Sort out text for logging */
log_msg = log_msg ? string_sprintf(": %s", log_msg) : US"";
if ((lognl = Ustrchr(log_msg, '\n'))) *lognl = 0;
/* Send permanent failure response to the command, but the code used isn't
always a 5xx one - see comments at the start of this function. If the original
rc was FAIL_DROP we drop the connection and yield 2. */
if (rc == FAIL)
smtp_respond(smtp_code, codelen, TRUE,
user_msg ? user_msg : US"Administrative prohibition");
/* Send temporary failure response to the command. Don't give any details,
unless acl_temp_details is set. This is TRUE for a callout defer, a "defer"
verb, and for a header verify when smtp_return_error_details is set.
This conditional logic is all somewhat of a mess because of the odd
interactions between temp_details and return_error_details. One day it should
be re-implemented in a tidier fashion. */
else
if (f.acl_temp_details && user_msg)
{
if ( smtp_return_error_details
&& sender_verified_failed
&& sender_verified_failed->message
)
smtp_respond(smtp_code, codelen, FALSE, sender_verified_failed->message);
smtp_respond(smtp_code, codelen, TRUE, user_msg);
}
else
smtp_respond(smtp_code, codelen, TRUE,
US"Temporary local problem - please try later");
/* Log the incident to the logs that are specified by log_reject_target
(default main, reject). This can be empty to suppress logging of rejections. If
the connection is not forcibly to be dropped, return 0. Otherwise, log why it
is closing if required and return 2. */
if (log_reject_target != 0)
{
#ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
gstring * g = s_tlslog(NULL);
uschar * tls = string_from_gstring(g);
if (!tls) tls = US"";
#else
uschar * tls = US"";
#endif
log_write(where == ACL_WHERE_CONNECT ? L_connection_reject : 0,
log_reject_target, "%s%s%s %s%srejected %s%s",
LOGGING(dnssec) && sender_host_dnssec ? US" DS" : US"",
host_and_ident(TRUE),
tls,
sender_info,
rc == FAIL ? US"" : US"temporarily ",
what, log_msg);
}
if (!drop) return 0;
log_write(L_smtp_connection, LOG_MAIN, "%s closed by DROP in ACL",
smtp_get_connection_info());
/* Run the not-quit ACL, but without any custom messages. This should not be a
problem, because we get here only if some other ACL has issued "drop", and
in that case, *its* custom messages will have been used above. */
smtp_notquit_exit(US"acl-drop", NULL, NULL);
return 2;
}
/*************************************************
* Handle SMTP exit when QUIT is not given *
*************************************************/
/* This function provides a logging/statistics hook for when an SMTP connection
is dropped on the floor or the other end goes away. It's a global function
because it's called from receive.c as well as this module. As well as running
the NOTQUIT ACL, if there is one, this function also outputs a final SMTP
response, either with a custom message from the ACL, or using a default. There
is one case, however, when no message is output - after "drop". In that case,
the ACL that obeyed "drop" has already supplied the custom message, and NULL is
passed to this function.
In case things go wrong while processing this function, causing an error that
may re-enter this function, there is a recursion check.
Arguments:
reason What $smtp_notquit_reason will be set to in the ACL;
if NULL, the ACL is not run
code The error code to return as part of the response
defaultrespond The default message if there's no user_msg
Returns: Nothing
*/
void
smtp_notquit_exit(uschar *reason, uschar *code, uschar *defaultrespond, ...)
{
int rc;
uschar *user_msg = NULL;
uschar *log_msg = NULL;
/* Check for recursive call */
if (fl.smtp_exit_function_called)
{
log_write(0, LOG_PANIC, "smtp_notquit_exit() called more than once (%s)",
reason);
return;
}
fl.smtp_exit_function_called = TRUE;
/* Call the not-QUIT ACL, if there is one, unless no reason is given. */
if (acl_smtp_notquit && reason)
{
smtp_notquit_reason = reason;
if ((rc = acl_check(ACL_WHERE_NOTQUIT, NULL, acl_smtp_notquit, &user_msg,
&log_msg)) == ERROR)
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC, "ACL for not-QUIT returned ERROR: %s",
log_msg);
}
/* If the connection was dropped, we certainly are no longer talking TLS */
tls_in.active.sock = -1;
/* Write an SMTP response if we are expected to give one. As the default
responses are all internal, they should be reasonable size. */
if (code && defaultrespond)
{
if (user_msg)
smtp_respond(code, 3, TRUE, user_msg);
else
{
gstring * g;
va_list ap;
va_start(ap, defaultrespond);
g = string_vformat(NULL, TRUE, CS defaultrespond, ap);
va_end(ap);
smtp_printf("%s %s\r\n", FALSE, code, string_from_gstring(g));
}
mac_smtp_fflush();
}
}
/*************************************************
* Verify HELO argument *
*************************************************/
/* This function is called if helo_verify_hosts or helo_try_verify_hosts is
matched. It is also called from ACL processing if verify = helo is used and
verification was not previously tried (i.e. helo_try_verify_hosts was not
matched). The result of its processing is to set helo_verified and
helo_verify_failed. These variables should both be FALSE for this function to
be called.
Note that EHLO/HELO is legitimately allowed to quote an address literal. Allow
for IPv6 ::ffff: literals.
Argument: none
Returns: TRUE if testing was completed;
FALSE on a temporary failure
*/
BOOL
smtp_verify_helo(void)
{
BOOL yield = TRUE;
HDEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("verifying EHLO/HELO argument \"%s\"\n",
sender_helo_name);
if (sender_helo_name == NULL)
{
HDEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("no EHLO/HELO command was issued\n");
}
/* Deal with the case of -bs without an IP address */
else if (sender_host_address == NULL)
{
HDEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("no client IP address: assume success\n");
f.helo_verified = TRUE;
}
/* Deal with the more common case when there is a sending IP address */
else if (sender_helo_name[0] == '[')
{
f.helo_verified = Ustrncmp(sender_helo_name+1, sender_host_address,
Ustrlen(sender_host_address)) == 0;
#if HAVE_IPV6
if (!f.helo_verified)
{
if (strncmpic(sender_host_address, US"::ffff:", 7) == 0)
f.helo_verified = Ustrncmp(sender_helo_name + 1,
sender_host_address + 7, Ustrlen(sender_host_address) - 7) == 0;
}
#endif
HDEBUG(D_receive)
{ if (f.helo_verified) debug_printf("matched host address\n"); }
}
/* Do a reverse lookup if one hasn't already given a positive or negative
response. If that fails, or the name doesn't match, try checking with a forward
lookup. */
else
{
if (sender_host_name == NULL && !host_lookup_failed)
yield = host_name_lookup() != DEFER;
/* If a host name is known, check it and all its aliases. */
if (sender_host_name)
if ((f.helo_verified = strcmpic(sender_host_name, sender_helo_name) == 0))
{
sender_helo_dnssec = sender_host_dnssec;
HDEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("matched host name\n");
}
else
{
uschar **aliases = sender_host_aliases;
while (*aliases)
if ((f.helo_verified = strcmpic(*aliases++, sender_helo_name) == 0))
{
sender_helo_dnssec = sender_host_dnssec;
break;
}
HDEBUG(D_receive) if (f.helo_verified)
debug_printf("matched alias %s\n", *(--aliases));
}
/* Final attempt: try a forward lookup of the helo name */
if (!f.helo_verified)
{
int rc;
host_item h;
dnssec_domains d;
host_item *hh;
h.name = sender_helo_name;
h.address = NULL;
h.mx = MX_NONE;
h.next = NULL;
d.request = US"*";
d.require = US"";
HDEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("getting IP address for %s\n",
sender_helo_name);
rc = host_find_bydns(&h, NULL, HOST_FIND_BY_A | HOST_FIND_BY_AAAA,
NULL, NULL, NULL, &d, NULL, NULL);
if (rc == HOST_FOUND || rc == HOST_FOUND_LOCAL)
for (hh = &h; hh; hh = hh->next)
if (Ustrcmp(hh->address, sender_host_address) == 0)
{
f.helo_verified = TRUE;
if (h.dnssec == DS_YES) sender_helo_dnssec = TRUE;
HDEBUG(D_receive)
{
debug_printf("IP address for %s matches calling address\n"
"Forward DNS security status: %sverified\n",
sender_helo_name, sender_helo_dnssec ? "" : "un");
}
break;
}
}
}
if (!f.helo_verified) f.helo_verify_failed = TRUE; /* We've tried ... */
return yield;
}
/*************************************************
* Send user response message *
*************************************************/
/* This function is passed a default response code and a user message. It calls
smtp_message_code() to check and possibly modify the response code, and then
calls smtp_respond() to transmit the response. I put this into a function
just to avoid a lot of repetition.
Arguments:
code the response code
user_msg the user message
Returns: nothing
*/
static void
smtp_user_msg(uschar *code, uschar *user_msg)
{
int len = 3;
smtp_message_code(&code, &len, &user_msg, NULL, TRUE);
smtp_respond(code, len, TRUE, user_msg);
}
static int
smtp_in_auth(auth_instance *au, uschar ** s, uschar ** ss)
{
const uschar *set_id = NULL;
int rc, i;
/* Run the checking code, passing the remainder of the command line as
data. Initials the $auth<n> variables as empty. Initialize $0 empty and set
it as the only set numerical variable. The authenticator may set $auth<n>
and also set other numeric variables. The $auth<n> variables are preferred
nowadays; the numerical variables remain for backwards compatibility.
Afterwards, have a go at expanding the set_id string, even if
authentication failed - for bad passwords it can be useful to log the
userid. On success, require set_id to expand and exist, and put it in
authenticated_id. Save this in permanent store, as the working store gets
reset at HELO, RSET, etc. */
for (i = 0; i < AUTH_VARS; i++) auth_vars[i] = NULL;
expand_nmax = 0;
expand_nlength[0] = 0; /* $0 contains nothing */
rc = (au->info->servercode)(au, smtp_cmd_data);
if (au->set_id) set_id = expand_string(au->set_id);
expand_nmax = -1; /* Reset numeric variables */
for (i = 0; i < AUTH_VARS; i++) auth_vars[i] = NULL; /* Reset $auth<n> */
/* The value of authenticated_id is stored in the spool file and printed in
log lines. It must not contain binary zeros or newline characters. In
normal use, it never will, but when playing around or testing, this error
can (did) happen. To guard against this, ensure that the id contains only
printing characters. */
if (set_id) set_id = string_printing(set_id);
/* For the non-OK cases, set up additional logging data if set_id
is not empty. */
if (rc != OK)
set_id = set_id && *set_id
? string_sprintf(" (set_id=%s)", set_id) : US"";
/* Switch on the result */
switch(rc)
{
case OK:
if (!au->set_id || set_id) /* Complete success */
{
if (set_id) authenticated_id = string_copy_malloc(set_id);
sender_host_authenticated = au->name;
sender_host_auth_pubname = au->public_name;
authentication_failed = FALSE;
authenticated_fail_id = NULL; /* Impossible to already be set? */
received_protocol =
(sender_host_address ? protocols : protocols_local)
[pextend + pauthed + (tls_in.active.sock >= 0 ? pcrpted:0)];
*s = *ss = US"235 Authentication succeeded";
authenticated_by = au;
break;
}
/* Authentication succeeded, but we failed to expand the set_id string.
Treat this as a temporary error. */
auth_defer_msg = expand_string_message;
/* Fall through */
case DEFER:
if (set_id) authenticated_fail_id = string_copy_malloc(set_id);
*s = string_sprintf("435 Unable to authenticate at present%s",
auth_defer_user_msg);
*ss = string_sprintf("435 Unable to authenticate at present%s: %s",
set_id, auth_defer_msg);
break;
case BAD64:
*s = *ss = US"501 Invalid base64 data";
break;
case CANCELLED:
*s = *ss = US"501 Authentication cancelled";
break;
case UNEXPECTED:
*s = *ss = US"553 Initial data not expected";
break;
case FAIL:
if (set_id) authenticated_fail_id = string_copy_malloc(set_id);
*s = US"535 Incorrect authentication data";
*ss = string_sprintf("535 Incorrect authentication data%s", set_id);
break;
default:
if (set_id) authenticated_fail_id = string_copy_malloc(set_id);
*s = US"435 Internal error";
*ss = string_sprintf("435 Internal error%s: return %d from authentication "
"check", set_id, rc);
break;
}
return rc;
}
static int
qualify_recipient(uschar ** recipient, uschar * smtp_cmd_data, uschar * tag)
{
int rd;
if (f.allow_unqualified_recipient || strcmpic(*recipient, US"postmaster") == 0)
{
DEBUG(D_receive) debug_printf("unqualified address %s accepted\n",
*recipient);
rd = Ustrlen(recipient) + 1;
*recipient = rewrite_address_qualify(*recipient, TRUE);
return rd;
}
smtp_printf("501 %s: recipient address must contain a domain\r\n", FALSE,
smtp_cmd_data);
log_write(L_smtp_syntax_error,
LOG_MAIN|LOG_REJECT, "unqualified %s rejected: <%s> %s%s",
tag, *recipient, host_and_ident(TRUE), host_lookup_msg);
return 0;
}
static void
smtp_quit_handler(uschar ** user_msgp, uschar ** log_msgp)
{
HAD(SCH_QUIT);
incomplete_transaction_log(US"QUIT");
if (acl_smtp_quit)
{
int rc = acl_check(ACL_WHERE_QUIT, NULL, acl_smtp_quit, user_msgp, log_msgp);
if (rc == ERROR)
log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC, "ACL for QUIT returned ERROR: %s",
*log_msgp);
}
if (*user_msgp)
smtp_respond(US"221", 3, TRUE, *user_msgp);
else
smtp_printf("221 %s closing connection\r\n", FALSE, smtp_active_hostname);
#ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
tls_close(NULL, TLS_SHUTDOWN_NOWAIT);
#endif
log_write(L_smtp_connection, LOG_MAIN, "%s closed by QUIT",
smtp_get_connection_info());
}
static void
smtp_rset_handler(void)
{
HAD(SCH_RSET);
incomplete_transaction_log(US"RSET");
smtp_printf("250 Reset OK\r\n", FALSE);
cmd_list[CMD_LIST_RSET].is_mail_cmd = FALSE;
}
/*************************************************
* Initialize for SMTP incoming message *
*************************************************/
/* This function conducts the initial dialogue at the start of an incoming SMTP
message, and builds a list of recipients. However, if the incoming message
is part of a batch (-bS option) a separate function is called since it would
be messy having tests splattered about all over this function. This function
therefore handles the case where interaction is occurring. The input and output
files are set up in smtp_in and smtp_out.
The global recipients_list is set to point to a vector of recipient_item
blocks, whose number is given by recipients_count. This is extended by the
receive_add_recipient() function. The global variable sender_address is set to
the sender's address. The yield is +1 if a message has been successfully
started, 0 if a QUIT command was encountered or the connection was refused from
the particular host, or -1 if the connection was lost.
Argument: none
Returns: > 0 message successfully started (reached DATA)
= 0 QUIT read or end of file reached or call refused
< 0 lost connection
*/
int
smtp_setup_msg(void)