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Use yaourt in Fedora
0.What is yaourt?
Yaourt (Yet AnOther User Repository Tool) is a wrapper for pacman which adds automated access to the AUR. Yaourt uses the same syntax as pacman. From now, Fedora users can easily use yaourt to install AUR's packages. Thx to @1dot75cm.
- AUR support (search, install, check conflict and dependency)
- Interactive search and install
- Building packages directly from ABS source
- Handling backup files: .pac*
- Save, restore alpm database. Query directly from a backup file.
- Search orphans and test local database
- Support splitted packages
Add FZUG repository, then execute the following command:
$ sudo dnf install yaourt
Configuration for pacman:
$ sudo vim /etc/pacman.conf [options] RootDir = /opt/arch/ # Very important!!! You should create this directory. DBPath = /opt/arch/var/lib/pacman/ # Database Path LogFile = /var/log/pacman.log Architecture = auto # Add Archlinux's Core、Community、Multilib、Extra、Archlinuxcn repository info [core] SigLevel = Optional TrustedOnly Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist [community] SigLevel = Never Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist [multilib] SigLevel = Never Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist [extra] SigLevel = Never Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist [archlinuxfr] SigLevel = Optional TrustedOnly Server = http://repo.archlinux.fr/$arch [archlinuxcn] SigLevel = Optional TrustedOnly Server = http://repo.archlinuxcn.org/$arch
$ sudo pacman -Sy
using an external download tool:
# vim /etc/pacman.conf # pacman XferCommand = /usr/bin/axel -a %u -o %o # vim /etc/makepkg.conf # yaourt DLAGENTS=('http::/usr/bin/axel -a %u -o %o')
For example, we will be install ppsspp.
$ sudo yaourt -Sdd ppsspp # skip all dependency version checks $ sudo yaourt -Qi ppsspp # view package information, if the lack of dependency, you should use of DNF for installation $ yaourt-link -s ppsspp # The related files symbolic links to the system link to: /usr/bin/ppsspp link to: /usr/share/applications/ppsspp.desktop link to: /usr/share/man/man1/ppsspp.1.gz link to: /usr/share/pixmaps/ppsspp.svg Operating finish: community/ppsspp 1.0.1-3
$ yaourt-link -r ppsspp # remove symbolic links in system remove link: /usr/bin/ppsspp remove link: /usr/share/applications/ppsspp.desktop remove link: /usr/share/man/man1/ppsspp.1.gz remove link: /usr/share/pixmaps/ppsspp.svg Operating finish: community/ppsspp 1.0.1-3 $ sudo yaourt -R ppsspp # remove ppsspp $ sudo yaourt -Q # query installed packages
4.Management multi environments
Sometime, You want to install different packages in different environments. Use yaourt-link to facilitate management.
$ yaourt-link -q # list all of the domain's config default Current: pacman.conf -> /etc/pacman.d/multiconf/default $ sudo cp /etc/pacman.d/multiconf/default /etc/pacman.d/multiconf/arch1 $ sudo vim /etc/pacman.d/multiconf/arch1 RootDir = /opt/arch1/ # Very important!!! DBPath = /opt/arch1/var/lib/pacman/ # Database Path $ yaourt-link -q # list again arch1 default Current: pacman.conf -> /etc/pacman.d/multiconf/default $ yaourt-link -S arch1 # switch to arch1 $ sudo yaourt -Sy # sync repository $ sudo yaourt -Sdd bash; yaourt -Q core/bash 4.3.039-1 (base) $ yaourt-link -S default; yaourt -Q # switch to default community/ppsspp 1.0.1-3
Q: Why Archlinux's package? Why not Ubuntu?
A: Archlinux strictly abide by the FHS, the file system directory structure is very standard, compatible with Fedora. At the same time, Archlinux and Fedora's development speed is very fast ,the compatibility between them is not guaranteed, these things may eat all of the cheese in your house.YMMV.
Q: How to solve the dependency issues?
A: First, you need execution
ldd command for you software. You will be see "
libXXX.so.X => no fonund". Then, you need to use
DNF to find this library (Ex,
dnf provides */libXXX.so.X). Finally, install these packages. If
DNF did not find the package, you will be use
pacman/yaourt query dependent (
yaourt -Qi ppsspp) and install it (
yaourt ffmpeg). Finally, use
yaourt-link link to the system (
yaourt-link -s ffmpeg). The
yaourt-link does not overwrite existing files. (Docker may be a better solution)
Happy Hacking! :_)