Skip to content


Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
Download ZIP
Manga processor for the Kindle e-book reader.
Branch: master


Many years ago I received an Amazon Kindle gift. I immediately began playing around with it and reading about certain undocumented features that the Kindle has to offer. After a couple of hours I discovered it to be the perfect device for reading Manga is almost always grayscale, and the aspect ratio fits the Kindle's 600x800 pixel screen almost perfectly. Better yet, the Kindle's undocumented image viewer actually keeps track of the last image you viewed and thus you are always able to return to the page you left off on when you power on your Kindle. The device supports several popular image formats (jpeg, png, gif, etc), and is able to dither and downscale images to fit the screen.

However... The Kindle's image viewer does have certain shortcomings:

  • The Kindle is very picky about file format; any additional embedded data (thumbnails, comments, possibly even exif data) can confuse it. As a result, images may not display properly or even not at all (which actually prevents you from reading the given book, as one bad panel will prevent you from viewing subsequent images).
  • The first image that you view in a Manga (until the Kindle first writes the "bookmark" file) seems to be arbitrary even when files are named sequentially. About half the time it will correctly pick the first file in the batch, at other times it will pick out some other image seemingly at random.
  • Normally for Kindle to find your Manga scans you have to press Alt+Z on the home screen. I haven't always had luck with it correctly identifying image directories. At other times, after finding an image directory the Kindle will appear to hang while trying to access it (forcing you to return to the home screen).
  • The Kindle image viewer has no functionality to rotate images. So if there is a horizontally large image (such as what often happens with dual-page scans), it can be difficult to make out the text because the image is simply scaled to fit (consequently leaving a lot of wasted space at the bottom of the screen).
  • Scanlation images are oftentimes much larger than the 600x800 screen; not only does this make them take more space on your memory card but it also slows down image loading (the Kindle has to read more data off of the slow SD card and scale the image). Scanlations often also include color scans of covers and inserts which take up more space than a grayscale equivalent (which is would be fine for the Kindle's limited display).
  • Kindle's image viewer provides no way to sort images (to determine in which order they are shown). This can be very problematic especially considering that scanlation groups have differing naming conventions, and as a result files from later chapters may appear before earlier ones when you are reading your Manga (spoilers ftl).

I was annoyed with these issues and thus Mangle was born (the program name is a mix of "Manga" and "Kindle" in case you haven't figured it out yet; I thought it was pretty clever at the time). Fortunately you can get all the benefits of my work without really doing anything (and it won't even cost you anything since Mangle is free, GPL software. With Mangle you can easily:

  • Sort and organize images from different directories; bulk rename feature for output to the Kindle.
  • Optionally re-save images in a format Kindle will be sure to understand with no visible quality loss.
  • Downsample and rotate images for optimal viewing on Kindle, convert to grayscale to save space and improve contrast.
  • Automatically generate book meta-data so that your Manga is always properly detected and viewable in-order.

Here is a recent screenshot showing off some of the export options that you can configure on a per-book basis in Mangle:

Mangle options dialog

You can also check out what Mangle output looks like on the Kindle on the action shots page.

Mangle is cross platform, and doesn't require an install (it's a standalone executable that you can run from anywhere). It is also "environmentally friendly" by not messing with your registry or modifying your system in any way. If you ever want to uninstall it, just delete the executable and you're done.

Usage Instructions

Mangle is pretty easy to use, so this won't be really in-depth. If you have any questions drop me a line though.

  1. Add images to the current book by selecting the Book | Add | Files or Book | Add | Directory menu items.
  2. If certain images are not in the order you want, select them in the window, and select the Book | Shift | Up or Book | Shift | Down menu items.
  3. Configure the book title and image processing options by selecting Book | Options; this will be the title you see in the Kindle home menu.
  4. Create a root-level directory on your SD memory card/Kindle called pictures (case might matter).
  5. Once you are satisfied with the your images and options select Book | Export and select the pictures directory you just created.
  6. After the export is complete your new Manga books will show up along with all your other books (if they don't for some reason, press Alt+Z while on the home menu).

The Usual Disclaimer

You probably know how this goes by now... Mess around with your Kindle at your own risk. Honestly, nothing bad is going to happen; however if something does then it's your problem.

Running From Source

Because Mangle is written in Python, a scripting language, it's trivial to get it up and running on the operating system of your choice. First you should make sure that you have the required dependencies installed:

Now you can fetch the latest version of the code and run the mangle.pyw script to execute Mangle.


If you don't want to run Mangle from source, you can use the following pre-built binaries. As I don't have the means to make MacOS X releases myself, I am providing the slightly out of date (and unsupported) package built by Rob White in its place. Linux users should execute the Python scripts with the interpreter and libraries installed on their system.

Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.