This is the main repository for the Macaw binary analysis framework. This framework is implemented to offer extensible support for architectures.
The main algorithm implemented so far is a code discovery procedure
which will discover reachable code in the binary given one or more
entry points such as
_start or the current symbols.
The Macaw libraries are:
- macaw-base -- The core architecture-independent operations and algorithms.
- macaw-symbolic -- Library that provides symbolic simulation of Macaw programs via Crucible.
- macaw-x86 -- Provides definitions enabling Macaw to be used on X86_64 programs.
- macaw-x86-symbolic -- Adds Macaw-symbolic extensions needed to support x86.
- macaw-semmc -- Contains the architecture-independent components of the translation from semmc semantics into macaw IR. This provides the shared infrastructure for all of our backends; this will include the Template Haskell function to create a state transformer function from learned semantics files provided by the semmc library.
- macaw-arm -- Enables macaw for ARM (32-bit) binaries by reading the semantics files generated by semmc and using Template Haskell to generate a function that transforms machine states according to the learned semantics.
- macaw-arm-symbolic -- Enables macaw/crucible symbolic simulation for ARM (32-bit) architectures.
- macaw-ppc -- Enables macaw for PPC (32-bit and 64-bit) binaries by reading the semantics files generated by semmc and using Template Haskell to generate a function that transforms machine states according to the learned semantics..
- macaw-ppc-symbolic -- Enables macaw/crucible symbolic simulation for PPC architectures
- macaw-refinement -- Enables additional architecture-independent refinement of code discovery. This can enable discovery of more functionality than is revealed by the analysis in macaw-base.
The libraries that make up Macaw are released under the BSD license.
These Macaw core libraries depend on a number of different supporting libraries, including:
- elf-edit -- loading and parsing of ELF binary files
- galois-dwarf -- retrieval of Dwarf debugging information from binary files
- flexdis86 -- disassembly and semantics for x86 architectures
- dismantle -- disassembly for ARM and PPC architectures
- semmc -- semantics definitions for ARM and PPC architectures
- crucible -- Symbolic execution and analysis
- what4 -- Symbolic representation for the crucible backend
- parameterized-utils -- utilities for working with parameterized types
Dependencies for building Macaw that are not obtained from Hackage are supported via Git submodules:
$ git submodule update --init
Building with Cabal
The Macaw libraries can be individually built with Cabal v1, but as a group and more easily with Cabal v2:
$ ln -s cabal.project.dist cabal.project $ cabal v2-configure $ cabal v2-build all
To build a single library, either specify that library name instaed of
all, or change to that library's subdirectory before building:
$ cabal v2-build macaw-refinement
$ cd refinement $ cabal v2-build
Building with Stack
To build with Stack, first create a top-level
stack.yaml file by
symlinking to one of the provided
$ ln -s stack-ghc-8.6.3.yaml stack.yaml $ stack build
This codebase is a work in progress. Support for PowerPC support (both 32 and 64 bit) and X86_64 is reasonably robust. Support for ARM is ongoing.
This code is made available under the BSD3 license and without any support.