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hfwang Use gcloud oauth token before trying application default credentials (#…

This changes the oauth token source to first try to retrieve auth tokens using `gcloud config config-helper` first before trying application default credentials. This behavior will only exist when the proxy is invoked as a binary, but not when it is used as a library. The intent here is that its likely reasonable for individuals to run the proxy, but if they are using the proxy as a library, we do still want to encourage them to use a service account, since that is more reliable for production configurations
Latest commit ec8f5ac Aug 9, 2018


Cloud SQL Proxy

The Cloud SQL Proxy allows a user with the appropriate permissions to connect to a Second Generation Cloud SQL database without having to deal with IP whitelisting or SSL certificates manually. It works by opening unix/tcp sockets on the local machine and proxying connections to the associated Cloud SQL instances when the sockets are used.

To build from source, ensure you have go installed and have set GOPATH. Then, simply do a go get:

go get github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/cloudsql-proxy/cmd/cloud_sql_proxy

The cloud_sql_proxy will be placed in $GOPATH/bin after go get completes.

cloud_sql_proxy takes a few arguments to configure:

  • -fuse: requires access to /dev/fuse as well as the fusermount binary. An optional -fuse_tmp flag can specify where to place temporary files. The directory indicated by -dir is mounted.
  • -instances="project1:region:instance1,project3:region:instance1": A comma-separated list of instances to open inside -dir. Also supports exposing a tcp port instead of using Unix Domain Sockets; see examples below. Same list can be provided via INSTANCES environment variable, in case when both are provided - proxy will use command line flag.
  • -instances_metadata=metadata_key: Usable on GCE only. The given GCE metadata key will be polled for a list of instances to open in -dir. The format for the value is the same as the 'instances' flag. A hanging-poll strategy is used, meaning that changes to the metadata value will be reflected in the -dir even while the proxy is running. When an instance is removed from the list the corresponding socket will be removed from -dir as well (unless it was also specified in -instances), but any existing connections to this instance will NOT be terminated.

Note: -instances and -instances_metadata may be used at the same time but are not compatible with the -fuse flag.

By default, the proxy will authenticate under the default service account of the Compute Engine VM it is running on. Therefore, the VM must have at least the sqlservice.admin API scope ("https://www.googleapis.com/auth/sqlservice.admin") and the associated project must have the SQL Admin API enabled. The default service account must also have at least WRITER/EDITOR priviledges to any projects of target SQL instances.

Specifying the -credential_file flag allows use of the proxy outside of Google's cloud. Simply create a new service account, download the associated JSON file, and set -credential_file to the path of the JSON file. You can also set the GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS environment variable instead of passing this flag.

Example invocations:

./cloud_sql_proxy -dir=/cloudsql -instances=my-project:us-central1:sql-inst &
mysql -u root -S /cloudsql/my-project:us-central1:sql-inst

# For -fuse you do not need to specify instance names ahead of time:
./cloud_sql_proxy -dir=/cloudsql -fuse &
mysql -u root -S /cloudsql/my-project:us-central1:sql-inst

# For programs which do not support using Unix Domain Sockets, specify tcp:
./cloud_sql_proxy -dir=/cloudsql -instances=my-project:us-central1:sql-inst=tcp:3306 &
mysql -u root -h

To use inside a Go program:

If your program is written in Go you can use the Cloud SQL Proxy as a library, avoiding the need to start the Proxy as a companion process.


If you're using the the MySQL go-sql-driver you can use helper functions found in the proxy/dialers/mysql package. See example usage.


If you're using the the Postgres lib/pq, you can use the cloudsqlpostgres driver from here. See example usage.

I'm open to adding more drivers, feel free to file an issue.

To use from Kubernetes:

Deploying Cloud SQL Proxy as a sidecar container

Follow this page. See also Connecting from Google Kubernetes Engine.

Deploy Cloud SQL Proxy as a Cluster Service using Helm

Follow this instruction. This chart creates a Deployment and a Service, but we recommend deploying the proxy as a sidecar container in your pods.