Fruits-360: A dataset of images containing fruits
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Fruits-360: A dataset of images containing fruits

Version: 2018.09.07.0

A high-quality, dataset of images containing fruits. The following fruits are included: Apples (different varieties: Golden, Golden-Red, Granny Smith, Red, Red Delicious), Apricot, Avocado, Avocado ripe, Banana (Yellow, Red), Cactus fruit, Cantaloupe (2 varieties), Carambula, Cherry (different varieties, Rainier), Cherry Wax (Yellow, Red, Black), Clementine, Cocos, Dates, Granadilla, Grape (Pink, White, White2), Grapefruit (Pink, White), Guava, Huckleberry, Kiwi, Kaki, Kumsquats, Lemon (normal, Meyer), Lime, Lychee, Mandarine, Mango, Maracuja, Melon Piel de Sapo, Mulberry, Nectarine, Orange, Papaya, Passion fruit, Peach, Pepino, Pear (different varieties, Abate, Monster, Williams), Physalis (normal, with Husk), Pineapple (normal, Mini), Pitahaya Red, Plum, Pomegranate, Quince, Rambutan, Raspberry, Salak, Strawberry (normal, Wedge), Tamarillo, Tangelo, Tomato (different varieties, Maroon, Cherry Red), Walnut.

Dataset properties

Total number of images: 55244.

Training set size: 41322 images (one fruit per image).

Test set size: 13877 images (one fruit per image).

Multi-fruits set size: 45 images (more than one fruit (or fruit class) per image)

Number of classes: 81 (fruits).

Image size: 100x100 pixels.

Filename format: image_index_100.jpg (e.g. 32_100.jpg) or r_image_index_100.jpg (e.g. r_32_100.jpg) or r2_image_index_100.jpg. "r" stands for rotated fruit. "r2" means that the fruit was rotated around the 3rd axis. "100" comes from image size (100x100 pixels).

Different varieties of the same fruit (apple for instance) are stored as belonging to different classes.

Repository structure

Folders Training and Test contain images for training and testing purposes.

Folder test-multiple_fruits contains images with multiple fruits. Some of them are partially covered by other fruits. This is an excelent test for real-world detection.

Folder src/image_classification contains the python code for training the neural network. It uses the TensorFlow library.

Folder src/utils contains the C++ code used for extracting the fruits from background.

Folder papers contains the research papers related to this dataset.

Alternate download

The dataset can also be downloaded from: Kaggle

How to cite

Horea Muresan, Mihai Oltean, Fruit recognition from images using deep learning, Acta Univ. Sapientiae, Informatica Vol. 10, Issue 1, pp. 26-42, 2018.

How we created the dataset

Fruits were planted in the shaft of a low speed motor (3 rpm) and a short movie of 20 seconds was recorded.

A Logitech C920 camera was used for filming the fruits. This is one of the best webcams available.

Behind the fruits we placed a white sheet of paper as background.

However due to the variations in the lighting conditions, the background was not uniform and we wrote a dedicated algorithm which extract the fruit from the background. This algorithm is of flood fill type: we start from each edge of the image and we mark all pixels there, then we mark all pixels found in the neighborhood of the already marked pixels for which the distance between colors is less than a prescribed value. We repeat the previous step until no more pixels can be marked.

All marked pixels are considered as being background (which is then filled with white) and the rest of pixels are considered as belonging to the object.

The maximum value for the distance between 2 neighbor pixels is a parameter of the algorithm and is set (by trial and error) for each movie.

Results

We have run TensorFlow on these data and the results are presented in this research paper.

History

Fruits were filmed at the dates given below (YYYY.MM.DD):

2017.02.25 - Apple (golden).

2017.02.28 - Apple (red-yellow, red, golden2), Kiwi, Pear, Grapefruit, Lemon, Orange, Strawberry.

2017.03.05 - Apple (golden3, Braeburn, Granny Smith, red2).

2017.03.07 - Apple (red3).

2017.05.10 - Plum, Peach, Peach flat, Apricot, Nectarine, Pomegranate.

2017.05.27 - Avocado, Papaya, Grape, Cherrie.

2017.12.25 - Carambula, Cactus fruit, Granadilla, Kaki, Kumsquats, Passion fruit, Avocado ripe, Quince.

2017.12.28 - Clementine, Cocos, Mango, Lime, Lychee.

2017.12.31 - Apple Red Delicious, Pear Monster, Grape White.

2018.01.14 - Banana, Grapefruit Pink, Mandarine, Pineapple, Tangelo.

2018.01.19 - Huckleberry, Raspberry.

2018.01.26 - Dates, Maracuja, Salak, Tamarillo.

2018.02.05 - Guava, Grape White 2, Lemon Meyer

2018.02.07 - Banana Red, Pepino, Pitahaya Red.

2018.02.08 - Pear Abate, Pear Williams.

2018.05.22 - Lemon rotated, Pomegranate rotated.

2018.05.24 - Cherry Rainier, Cherry 2, Strawberry Wedge.

2018.05.26 - Cantaloupe (2 varieties).

2018.05.31 - Melon Piel de Sapo.

2018.06.05 - Pineapple Mini, Physalis, Physalis with Husk, Rumbutan.

2018.06.08 - Mulberry.

2018.06.16 - Walnut, Tomato Cherry Red.

2018.06.17 - Cherry Wax (Yellow, Red, Black).

2018.08.19 - Tomato Maroon, Tomato 1-4.

License

MIT License

Copyright (c) 2017-2018 Mihai Oltean, Horea Muresan

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.