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A 'DBI' Interface to the Yandex Clickhouse Database Providing Basic 'dplyr' Support
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RClickhouse

Project Status: Active - The project has reached a stable, usable state and is being actively developed. Project Status: Active - The project has reached a stable, usable state and is being actively developed. Build Status CRAN_Status_Badge CRAN RStudio mirror downloads

Overview

Yandex Clickhouse is a high-performance relational column-store database to enable big data exploration and 'analytics' scaling to petabytes of data. Methods are provided that enable working with 'Yandex Clickhouse' databases via 'DBI' methods and using 'dplyr'/'dbplyr' idioms.

This R package is a DBI interface for the Yandex Clickhouse database. It provides basic dplyr support by auto-generating SQL-commands using dbplyr and is based on the official C++ Clickhouse Client.

To cite this library, please use the BibTeX entry provided in inst/CITATION.

Installation

This package is available on CRAN, and thus installable by running:

install.packages("RClickhouse")

You can also install the latest development version directly from github using devtools:

devtools::install_github("IMSMWU/RClickhouse")

Usage

Create a DBI Connection:

Note: please be aware that {RClickhouse} doesn't use a HTTP interface in order to communicate with Clickhouse. Thus, You may use the native interface port (by default 9000) instead of the HTTP interface (8123).

con <- DBI::dbConnect(RClickhouse::clickhouse(), host="example-db.com")

Write data to the database:

DBI::dbWriteTable(con, "mtcars", mtcars)

dbListTables(con)
dbListFields(con, "mtcars") 

Query a database using dplyr:

library(dplyr)
tbl(con, "mtcars") %>% 
  group_by(cyl) %>% 
  summarise(smpg=sum(mpg))
  
tbl(con, "mtcars") %>% 
  filter(cyl == 8, vs == 0) %>% 
  group_by(am) %>% 
  summarise(mean(qsec))

# Close the connection
dbDisconnect(con)

Query a database using SQL-style commands with DBI::dbGetQuery:

DBI::dbGetQuery(con, "SELECT
                             vs
                            ,COUNT(*) AS 'number of cases'
                            ,AVG(qsec) AS 'average qsec'
                      FROM mtcars
                      GROUP BY vs")

# Save results of querying:
res <- DBI::dbGetQuery(con, "SELECT (*)
                             FROM mtcars
                             WHERE am = 1")

# Or save the whole set of data (only useful for smaller datasets, for better performance and for larger datasets always use remote servers):
mtcars <- dbReadTable(con, mtcars)

# Close the connection
dbDisconnect(con)

Query a database using ClickHouse functions

# Get the names of all the avaliable databases
DBI::dbGetQuery(con, "SHOW DATABASES")

# Get information about the variable names and types
DBI::dbGetQuery(con, "DESCRIBE TABLE mtcars")

# Compact CASE - WHEN - THEN conditionals
DBI::dbGetQuery(con, "SELECT multiIf(am='1', 'automatic', 'manual') AS 'transmission'
                            ,multiIf(vs='1', 'straight', 'V-shaped') AS 'engine' 
                      FROM mtcars")

# Close the connection
dbDisconnect(con)

Config File

You may use a config file that is looked up for automatic initialization of the dbConnect parameters.

To do so, create a yaml file (default RClickhouse.yaml), in at least one directory (default lookup paths of parameter config_paths: ./RClickhouse.yaml, ~/.R/RClickhouse.yaml, /etc/RClickhouse.yaml), e.g. ~/.R/configs/RClickhouse.yaml and pass a vector of the corresponding file paths to dbConnect as config_paths parameter. In RClickhouse.yaml, you may specify a variable number of parameters (host, port, db, user, password, compression) to be initialized using the following format (example):

host: example-db.com
port: 1111

The actual initialization of the parameters of dbConnect follows a hierarchical structure with varying priorities (1 to 3, where 1 is highest):

  1. Specified input parameters when calling dbConnect. If parameters are unspecified, fall back to (2)
  2. Parameters specified in RClickhouse.yaml, where the level of priority depends on the position of the path in the config_path input vector (first position, highest priority etc.). If parameters are unspecified, fall back to (3).
  3. Default parameters (host="localhost", port = 9000, db = "default", user = "default", password = "", compression = "lz4").

Acknowledgements

Big thanks to Kirill Müller, Maxwell Peterson, Artemkin Pavel and Hannes Mühleisen.

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