This plugin provides native AF_Packet support (http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man7/packet.7.html) for Bro.
Before installing the plugin, make sure the kernel headers are installed and your kernel supports PACKET_FANOUT  and TPACKET_V3.
Bro Package Manager
The plugin is available as package for the Bro Package Manager and can be installed using the following command:
bro-pkg install bro-af_packet-plugin
To install uncompiled plugins, Bro's source code must be available to the package manager (see package manager's documentation for more information).
The following will compile and install the AF_Packet plugin alongside Bro, assuming it can find the kernel headers in a standard location:
# ./configure && make && make install
If the headers are installed somewhere non-standard, add
--with-kernel=<kernel-header-directory> to the
configure command. Furthermore,
--with-latest-kernel will use the latest headers available instead of looking for
the headers matching the running kernel's version. If everything built and installed
correctly, you should see this:
# bro -NN Bro::AF_Packet Bro::AF_Packet - Packet acquisition via AF_Packet (dynamic, version 1.3) [Packet Source] AF_PacketReader (interface prefix "af_packet"; supports live input) [Type] AF_Packet::FanoutMode [Constant] AF_Packet::buffer_size [Constant] AF_Packet::enable_hw_timestamping [Constant] AF_Packet::enable_fanout [Constant] AF_Packet::fanout_mode [Constant] AF_Packet::fanout_id
|||Note that some kernel versions between 3.10 and 4.7 might exhibit a bug that prevents the required symmetric hashing. The script available at https://github.com/JustinAzoff/can-i-use-afpacket-fanout can be used to verify whether PACKET_FANOUT works as expected.|
Once installed, you can use AF_Packet interfaces/ports by prefixing them
af_packet:: on the command line. For example, to use AF_Packet
to monitor interface
# bro -i af_packet::eth0
To use AF_Packet, running Bro without root privileges, the Bro processes needs
the CAP_NET_RAW capability. You can set it with the following command (on each
# setcap cap_net_raw+eip <path_to_bro>/bin/bro
The AF_Packet plugin automatically enables promiscuous mode on the interfaces.
As the plugin is using PACKET_ADD_MEMBERSHIP to enter the promiscuous mode
without interfering others, the PROMISC flag is not touched. To verify that the
interface entered promiscuous mode you can use
To adapt the plugin to your needs, you can set a couple of parameters like buffer size. See scripts/init.bro for the default values.
To use the AF_Packet plugin with
custom load balance method can
be utilized. The following shows an exemplary configuration:
[manager] type=manager host=localhost [proxy-1] type=proxy host=localhost [worker-1] type=worker host=localhost interface=af_packet::eth0 lb_method=custom lb_procs=8 pin_cpus=0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7 # Optional parameters for per node configuration: af_packet_fanout_id=23 af_packet_fanout_mode=AF_Packet::FANOUT_HASH af_packet_buffer_size=128*1024*1024
If all interfaces using
lb_method=custom should be configured for AF_Packet, the
prefix can be globally definied by adding the following line to
- Even using AF_Packet's
ETH_P_ALL, the kernel removes VLAN tags. While the tags are provided spereately, there is no efficient way to pass them to Bro.