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##ConvolutionalNeuralNetwork

A general purpose convolutional neural network.

Under construction. This network it currently under development and expected to be finished soon. When finished I will write a blog post on how to write the thing from scratch yourself.

###About

This project is a simple to use general purpose convolutional neural network framework. It features several types of layers which can be linked together as they are needed. Written in C++ which allows it to run blazingly fast (not just yet) and stay extremely portable (it has no dependencies).

###Usage

The network has a layered design which allows different configurations of how many layers and what layer types should be stacked together.

There are four types of layers:

  • Convolution. The convolution layer will perform the main feature extraction for the provided sample.
  • Pooling. The pooling layer performs a downsampling of the input by the factor of filterSize (defaults to 2) and with a stride provided in stride (defaults to 2). So the default downsampling is equal to 2x2.
  • Hidden. The hidden layer is a layer of a regular multi layer perceptron. It's only difference from the output layer is the way it computes its backpropagation gradients.
  • Output layer. The final layer. There are no hyperparameters to specify, just make sure you end the network with an output layer.

A fancy ASCII art of the network structure:

+-------------------+---------------+-----+--------------+-----+--------------+
| Convolution layer | Pooling layer | ... | Hidden layer | ... | Output layer |
+-------------------+---------------+-----+--------------+-----+--------------+

The convolution & pooling layer combinations are optional and there are no restrictions on how many there can be. If no conv & pooling layers are present the netowrk behaves line a regular multilayer perceptron. While the pooling layer itself is also optional it is recommended since the network yields better results when used (spatial invariance).

#####Code

Here's what an example might look like (so far only the MLP part is working):

using namespace sf;

//Size of our input data
const unsigned long inputWidth = 3;
const unsigned long inputHeight = 1;

//A bunch of samples. The 1 & 2 are similar so are 3 & 4 and 5 & 6.
double sample1[] = {1.0, 0.2, 0.1};     //Cow
double sample2[] = {0.8, 0.1, 0.25};    //Cow
double sample3[] = {0.2, 0.95, 0.1};    //Chicken
double sample4[] = {0.11, 0.9, 0.13};   //Chicken
double sample5[] = {0.0, 0.2, 0.91};    //Car
double sample6[] = {0.21, 0.12, 1.0};   //Car

//A new network with the given data width and height
Net *net = new Net(inputWidth, inputHeight);

sf::LayerDescriptor descriptor;
descriptor.type = kLayerTypeHiddenNeuron;
descriptor.neuronCount = 4;

net->addLayer(descriptor); //A hidden neural layer with 4 neurons
net->addLayer(descriptor); //A hidden neural layer with 4 neurons

descriptor.type = kLayerTypeOutputNeuron;

net->addLayer(descriptor); //Finish it off by adding an output layer

//Add all the samples with their corresponding labels
net->addTrainingSample(sample1, "cow");
net->addTrainingSample(sample2, "cow");
net->addTrainingSample(sample3, "chicken");
net->addTrainingSample(sample4, "chicken");
net->addTrainingSample(sample5, "car");
net->addTrainingSample(sample6, "car");

//And now we play the waiting game
net->train();

//This example is similar to "chicken" so we expect the chicken probability to be close to 1 and car and cow to be close to 0
double example[] = {0.1, 0.98, 0.01};
auto output = net->classifySample(example);

//Let's see what we get
for (auto &tuple : output)
    std::cout << std::get<1>(tuple) << ": " << std::get<0>(tuple) << std::endl;

std::cout << std::endl;

return 0;

####Building it

You can open it using Xcode or just make build. To toggle debug mode (exposes all private properties, ...) just update the #define DEBUG flag in the helpers.h.

###TODO

Things to come (in order):

  • Finish PoolingLayer backpropagation
  • Finish ConvolutionLayer backpropagation
  • A few tweaks here and there
  • Release alpha version
  • Merge OutputNeuronLayer and HiddenNeuronLayer
  • Refactor to C++14 (no raw pointers, ...)
  • Finish various TODOs (code comments)
  • Release beta version After this point I don't have a concrete plan of what to do next. Here are some things I'm considering:
  • Speed it up
  • CUDA support
  • Add tests :>
  • ???

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A general purpose convolutional neural network.

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