Skip to content


Repository files navigation


CI AppVeyor status

utf8proc is a small, clean C library that provides Unicode normalization, case-folding, and other operations for data in the UTF-8 encoding. It was initially developed by Jan Behrens and the rest of the Public Software Group, who deserve nearly all of the credit for this package. With the blessing of the Public Software Group, the Julia developers have taken over development of utf8proc, since the original developers have moved to other projects.

(utf8proc is used for basic Unicode support in the Julia language, and the Julia developers became involved because they wanted to add Unicode 7 support and other features.)

(The original utf8proc package also includes Ruby and PostgreSQL plug-ins. We removed those from utf8proc in order to focus exclusively on the C library for the time being, but plan to add them back in or release them as separate packages.)

The utf8proc package is licensed under the free/open-source MIT "expat" license (plus certain Unicode data governed by the similarly permissive Unicode data license); please see the included file for more detailed information.

Quick Start

Typical users should download a utf8proc release rather than cloning directly from github.

For compilation of the C library, run make. You can also install the library and header file with make install (by default into /usr/local/lib and /usr/local/bin, but this can be changed by make prefix=/some/dir). make check runs some tests, and make clean deletes all of the generated files.

Alternatively, you can compile with cmake, e.g. by

mkdir build
cmake -S . -B build
cmake --build build

Using other compilers

The included Makefile supports GNU/Linux flavors and MacOS with gcc-like compilers; Windows users will typically use cmake.

For other Unix-like systems and other compilers, you may need to pass modified settings to make in order to use the correct compilation flags for building shared libraries on your system.

For HP-UX with HP's aCC compiler and GNU Make (installed as gmake), you can compile with

gmake CC=/opt/aCC/bin/aCC CFLAGS="+O2" PICFLAG="+z" C99FLAG="-Ae" WCFLAGS="+w" LDFLAG_SHARED="-b" SOFLAG="-Wl,+h"

To run gmake install you will need GNU coreutils for the install command, and you may want to pass prefix=/opt libdir=/opt/lib/hpux32 or similar to change the installation location.

General Information

The C library is found in this directory after successful compilation and is named libutf8proc.a (for the static library) and (for the dynamic library).

The Unicode version supported is 15.1.0.

For Unicode normalizations, the following options are used:

  • Normalization Form C: STABLE, COMPOSE
  • Normalization Form D: STABLE, DECOMPOSE
  • Normalization Form KC: STABLE, COMPOSE, COMPAT
  • Normalization Form KD: STABLE, DECOMPOSE, COMPAT

C Library

The documentation for the C library is found in the utf8proc.h header file. utf8proc_map is function you will most likely be using for mapping UTF-8 strings, unless you want to allocate memory yourself.

To Do

See the Github issues list.


Bug reports, feature requests, and other queries can be filed at the utf8proc issues page on Github.

See also

An independent Lua translation of this library, lua-mojibake, is also available.