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19b09d5 May 24, 2016
@Kikobeats @RReverser @waja @martinms-usc @foorb @devillexio
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Development

Understanding scenario

The code of the theme is divided in 3 main sections: static files (as HTML and images), CSS and JS. Check out the folders tree:

.
├── LICENSE.md
├── README.md
├── assets
│   ├── css
│   │   └── uno-zen.css # the production css
│   ├── fonts
│   ├── img # favicons and cover image
│   ├── js
│   │   ├── src
│   │   │   ├── __init.coffee
│   │   │   ├── cover.coffee
│   │   │   ├── main.coffee
│   │   │   └── search.coffee
│   │   └── uno-zen.js # the production js
│   └── scss
│   │   ├── components # specific stuff
│   │   │   ├── _aside.scss
│   │   │   ├── _loading.scss
│   │   │   ├── _media-queries.scss
│   │   │   ├── _page-error.scss
│   │   │   ├── _pagination.scss
│   │   │   ├── _post.scss
│   │   │   └── _search.scss
│   │   ├── modules # basic stuff
│   │   │   ├── _buttons.scss
│   │   │   ├── _effects.scss
│   │   │   ├── _fonts.scss
│   │   │   ├── _forms.scss
│   │   │   ├── _global.scss
│   │   │   ├── _grid.scss
│   │   │   ├── _mixins.scss
│   │   │   ├── _reset.scss
│   │   │   └── _variables.scss
│   │   └── uno.scss # main file to create the CSS
|   └── vendor # frontend dependencies
├── bower.json
├── default.hbs
├── error.hbs
├── gulpfile.coffee
├── index.hbs
├── node_modules
├── package.json
├── partials # different partials view
│   ├── aside.hbs
│   ├── comments.hbs
│   ├── footer.hbs
│   ├── google-analytics.hbs
│   ├── links.hbs
│   ├── meta.hbs
│   ├── pagination.hbs
│   ├── search.hbs
│   └── social.hbs
├── post.hbs
└── tag.hbs

Putting the files in context:

  • The JS inside assets/js/src is compiled into assets/js/uno.js
  • The SCSS (we use SASS) inside assets/scss is compiled into assets/css/uno.css
  • We have some static files like post.hbs, tag.hbs, default.hbs, index.hbs,... the partials views inside assets/partials is used in this views.

For do it automatically and easily we use Gulp, check gulpfile.coffee for know how to we do it.

First Steps

For local development you need to have a local Ghost server running. It should look like this:

node index.js
Migrations: Up to date at version 003
Ghost is running in development...
Listening on 127.0.0.1:2387
Url configured as: http://127.0.0.1:2387
Ctrl+C to shut down

Note that my local Ghost is running in the port 2387.

With your local Ghost running, open another terminal and enter in the folder content/themes of your local Ghost and clone the theme repository and install the dependencies for local development:

$ git clone https://github.com/Kikobeats/uno-zen && cd uno-zen && npm install && bower install

Just run gulp command in the theme terminal. Now you have a development scenario, and looks like this:

With the default gulp command you are automatically launching the task that will compile all assets and reload the server when those assets change. To do that, we use BrowserSync, which is set up as middleware between the theme and Ghost. You can connect different devices and see how the website is responsive as well.

As you can see in the screenshot (top right window), BrowserSync needs to know which port to proxy, and it needs to be the same port as your Ghost server. If your Ghost server is in a different port than 2387 you need to modify gulpfile.coffee and add the correct port. BrowserSync should remain on 3000.

Customization

Highlight Code Support

The code highlight is based in Prism. By default, the languages supported are:

markup, css, c, javascript

If you want to support more languages:

1) go to prismjs.com/download, 2) generate your custom highlight code 3) paste in the prism file 3) compile the assets

Be careful, the current prism code is integrated with the color schema of the theme. You need to edit manually to get the correct look and feel.

Google Analytics

Go to Ghost Admin PanelCode InjectionBlog Header and add:

<script>
var ga_id = 'UA-YOUR_ID_HERE';
</script>

Comments

Go to Ghost Admin PanelCode InjectionBlog Header and add:

<script>
var disqus_shortname = 'YOUR_DISQUS_SHORTCUT_HERE';
</script>

Open Button

By default, the open buttons works binding the event of open the blog with a button called 'Posts' created into Ghost Navigation section. Here is the piece of code that create the bind:

var openButton = window.open_button || '.nav-posts > a'

As you see, you can specify a different button selector. For example, if You want to open your blog under 'Blog' button, then you add this in Admin PanelCode InjectionBlog Header:

<script>
var open_button = '.nav-blog > a'
</script>

Profile title

By default, the title that you see in the open page of your blog is extracted from your blog settings (Admin Panel → Blog Title).

If you want to customize it, you can do it:

Go to Ghost Admin PanelCode InjectionBlog Header and add:

<script>
var profile_title = 'Kiko Beats';
</script>

Profile subtitle

The purpose of the subtitle is resume the bio in a phrase. This will be shown in the mobile/tablet version instead of the bio.

Go to Ghost Admin PanelCode InjectionBlog Header and add:

<script>
var profile_resume ='Software Engineer';
</script>

Posts list headline

By default, the title that you see in the page with your blog posts list is 'Writings.' but you might want to adjust this text.

If you want to customize it, you can do it:

Go to Ghost Admin PanelCode InjectionBlog Header and add:

<script>
var posts_headline = 'Random Stuff';
</script>

Colors

Edit the file assets/scss/modules/_variables.scss. Remember that is necessary compile the build to load the new style, so keep running your gulp process in background.

Social Networks

Edit the file partials/social.hbs.

Links

Go to Ghost Admin PanelNavigation and add/edit items.

"Blog" link is always included by default, so you don't need to add it manually.

Favicon

Create your favicons with Favicon Generator and put it into assets/img.

Cover

Go to Ghost Admin Panel → General → Blog Cover

Cover Filter

The linear gradient of the cover filter is based in $cover-primary and $cover-secondary colors. If you want to adapt the filter for your cover, check background-filter mixin.

Custom static pages

Check the page part in the Ghost Official Documentation.

Multiaccount support

You can enable the multiaccount support editing posts.hbs code commented inside the meta post information.

Preparing for production

When you consider that the development is done and you want to deploy a new version, package your code using gulp build command, that minify and concatenate all necessary code.

Usage with Ghost(Pro)

Run the 'scripts/build.sh' command to create an archive of the theme files. The default archive is called 'uno-zen.zip', but you can pass a preferred name for the archive, for example 'scripts/build.sh uno-zen.2.6.8.zip' will create an archive with the name 'uno-zen.2.6.8.zip'. This archive can then be uploaded through the blog admin panel at ghost.org.