Prometheus plugin for Kong
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hbagdi docs(README) update custom server block and remove dropped metrics
Aggregated metrics have been dropped in a44518e.

The prometheus lua server block has a bug and has been updated to use
the exporter's collect method itself.
Latest commit c1aabb5 Jan 3, 2019

Kong Prometheus Plugin

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This plugin exposes metrics in Prometheus Exposition format.

Available metrics

  • Status codes: HTTP status codes returned by upstream services.
  • Latencies Histograms: Latency as measured at Kong:
    • Request: Total request latency
    • Kong: Time taken for Kong to route, authenticate and run all plugins for a request
    • Upstream: Time taken by the upstream to respond to the request.
  • Bandwidth: Total Bandwidth (egress/ingress) flowing through Kong.
  • DB reachability: Can the Kong node reach it's Database or not (Guage 0/1).
  • Connections: Various NGINX connection metrics like active, reading, writing, accepted connections.

Grafana Dashboard

Metrics collected via this plugin can be graphed using the following dashboard:

Using the plugin

Enable the plugin

$ curl http://localhost:8001/plugins -d name=prometheus

Scraping metrics

Via Kong's Admin API

Metrics are availble on the admin API at /metrics endpoint:

curl http://localhost:8001/metrics

Via Kong's proxy

If your proxy nodes also serve the Admin API, then you can create a route to /metrics endpoint and apply a IP restriction plugin.

curl -XPOST http://localhost:8001/services -d name=prometheusEndpoint -d url=http://localhost:8001/metrics
curl -XPOST http://localhost:8001/services/prometheusEndpoint/routes -d paths[]=/metrics
curl -XPOST http://localhost:8001/services/prometheusEndpoint/plugins -d name=ip-restriction -d config.whitelist=

On a custom port

Alternatively, this plugin has the capability to serve the content on a different port using a custom server block in Kong's NGINX template.

If you're using Kong 0.14.0 or above, then you can inject the server block using Kong's injecting Nginx directives feature.

Consider the below file containing an Nginx server block:

# /path/to/prometheus-server.conf
server {
    server_name kong_prometheus_exporter;
    listen; # can be any other port as well

    location / {
        default_type text/plain;
        content_by_lua_block {
             local promethus = require "kong.plugins.prometheus.exporter"

    location /nginx_status {
        access_log off;

Assuming you've the above file available in your file-system on which Kong is running, add the following line to your kong.conf to scrape metrics from 9542 port.


If you're running Kong version older than 0.14.0, then you can achieve the same result by using a custom Nginx template.

Sample /metrics output

$ curl http://localhost:8001/metrics
root@vagrant-ubuntu-trusty-64:~# curl -D - http://localhost:8001/metrics
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: openresty/
Date: Mon, 11 Jun 2018 01:39:38 GMT
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Connection: keep-alive
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *

# HELP kong_bandwidth Total bandwidth in bytes consumed per service in Kong
# TYPE kong_bandwidth counter
kong_bandwidth{type="egress",service="google"} 1277
kong_bandwidth{type="ingress",service="google"} 254
# HELP kong_datastore_reachable Datastore reachable from Kong, 0 is unreachable
# TYPE kong_datastore_reachable gauge
kong_datastore_reachable 1
# HELP kong_http_status HTTP status codes per service in Kong
# TYPE kong_http_status counter
kong_http_status{code="301",service="google"} 2
# HELP kong_latency Latency added by Kong, total request time and upstream latency for each service in Kong
# TYPE kong_latency histogram
kong_latency_bucket{type="kong",service="google",le="00001.0"} 1
kong_latency_bucket{type="kong",service="google",le="00002.0"} 1
kong_latency_bucket{type="kong",service="google",le="+Inf"} 2
kong_latency_bucket{type="request",service="google",le="00300.0"} 1
kong_latency_bucket{type="request",service="google",le="00400.0"} 1
kong_latency_bucket{type="request",service="google",le="+Inf"} 2
kong_latency_bucket{type="upstream",service="google",le="00300.0"} 2
kong_latency_bucket{type="upstream",service="google",le="00400.0"} 2
kong_latency_bucket{type="upstream",service="google",le="+Inf"} 2
kong_latency_count{type="kong",service="google"} 2
kong_latency_count{type="request",service="google"} 2
kong_latency_count{type="upstream",service="google"} 2
kong_latency_sum{type="kong",service="google"} 2145
kong_latency_sum{type="request",service="google"} 2672
kong_latency_sum{type="upstream",service="google"} 527
# HELP kong_nginx_http_current_connections Number of HTTP connections
# TYPE kong_nginx_http_current_connections gauge
kong_nginx_http_current_connections{state="accepted"} 8
kong_nginx_http_current_connections{state="active"} 1
kong_nginx_http_current_connections{state="handled"} 8
kong_nginx_http_current_connections{state="reading"} 0
kong_nginx_http_current_connections{state="total"} 8
kong_nginx_http_current_connections{state="waiting"} 0
kong_nginx_http_current_connections{state="writing"} 1
# HELP kong_nginx_metric_errors_total Number of nginx-lua-prometheus errors
# TYPE kong_nginx_metric_errors_total counter
kong_nginx_metric_errors_total 0