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Arduino library for HC-SR04 ultrasonic distance sensor.

HC-SR04 is an ultrasonic sensor that measures distances from 2 to 400cm.

HC-SR04

This is a simple library for it!

Usage

Sensor is initialized by creating instance of class UltraSonicDistanceSensor and providing trigger and echo pins.

UltraSonicDistanceSensor sensor(triggerPin, echoPin);

Default value for maximum measurement distance is 4m, since HC-SR04 sensor can't measure reliably beyond that. However, if you are using another sensor or if you you don't care about distances larger than some value, you can set a maximum distance in cm yourself.

UltraSonicDistanceSensor sensor(triggerPin, echoPin, maxDistanceCm);

Besides defining max distance, you can also define max time of measurement (in micro seconds). This is important when you want to ensure your program does not block for longer than specific period of time.

UltraSonicDistanceSensor sensor(triggerPin, echoPin, maxDistanceCm, absoluteTimeout);

Then, to measure the distance, you just call measureDistanceCm(), which will return distance in centimeters (double). If distance is larger than 400cm, it will return negative value.

The calculation assumes a temperature of around 20°C. For improved accuracy you may also provide a temperature yourself, either an average for your location or directly measured from another sensor. The call for a temperature of 3.5°C would as such look like this: measureDistanceCm(3.5).

Example

In this simple example, we need to connect sensors pins like this:

  • vcc to 5V
  • trig to digital pin 13
  • echo to digital pin 12
  • gnd to gnd
#include <HCSR04.h>

// Initialize sensor that uses digital pins 13 and 12.
const byte triggerPin = 13;
const byte echoPin = 12;
UltraSonicDistanceSensor distanceSensor(triggerPin, echoPin);

void setup () {
    Serial.begin(9600);  // We initialize serial connection so that we could print values from sensor.
}

void loop () {
    // Every 500 miliseconds, do a measurement using the sensor and print the distance in centimeters.
    float distance = distanceSensor.measureDistanceCm();
    Serial.println(distance);
    delay(500);
}

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Arduino library for HC-SR04 ultrasonic distance sensor.

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