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This is a maintained Rust project that exposes the DataStax cpp driver at in a somewhat-sane crate. It was originally a fork of but that is no longer maintained.

It is a wrapper around the raw driver binding crate cassandra-cpp-sys.

Documentation (

Getting started

Local environment

For this crate to work, you must first have installed a sufficiently-recent version of the datastax-cpp driver (at least 2.16). Follow the steps in the cpp driver docs to do so. Pre-built packages are available for most platforms.

Make sure that the driver (specifically libcassandra_static.a and are in your /usr/local/lib64/ directory


Alternatively you can use the Floki utility to create you a Dockerized compilation environment. After installing Floki, just type


in the root of this project. You will be dropped into a Rust compilation environment; type cargo build as normal to build the driver.


See the API documentation.

The Cassandra Query Language (CQL) documentation is likely to be useful.

Since this crate provides a relatively thin wrapper around the DataStax driver, you may also find the DataStax documentation and API docs useful.


For a straightforward example see

There are additional examples included with the project in tests and examples.

Lending iterator API (version 3.0)

Version 3.0 fixes a soundness issue with the previous API. The iterators in the underlying Cassandra driver invalidate the current item when next() is called, and this was not reflected in the Rust binding prior to version 3.

To deal with this, the various iterators (ResultIterator, RowIterator, MapIterator, SetIterator, FieldIterator, UserTypeIterator, KeyspaceIterator, FunctionIterator, AggregateIterator, TableIterator, ColumnIterator) no longer implement std::iter::Iterator. Instead, since this is a lending iterator, these types all implement a new LendingIterator trait. We define this ourselves because there is currently no widely-used crate that implements it.

To upgrade, change

for row in result {
  // ... do something with row ...


let mut iter = result.iter();
while let Some(row) = {
  // ... do something with row ...

The intermediate variable iter is necessary, otherwise you will infinitely visit the first row of the result!

Other changes:

  • Many types now take a lifetime argument, e.g., Value is now Value<'a>, ResultIterator is now ResultIterator<'a>. In almost all cases you can omit this and it will be inferred for you. If not, you can usually write Value<'_> to let Rust worry about it for you.
  • RowIterator no longer implements Display (since it would consume the iterator); however Row does.
  • TupleIterator is removed - it was never used, since you use the set iterator (Value::get_set()) for lists, sets, and tuples.
  • ConstDataType::sub_data_by_name and ConstDataType::sub_type_name now take &self rather than an explicit argument.
  • FunctionMeta::argument now returns the name and type, rather than just ().

New session API (version 2.0)

Version 2.0 introduces a new and safer API. Statements (and PreparedStatement and Batch) are now associated with a specific Session. In addition, the legacy .wait() API is removed in favour of the now-ubiquitous .await.

  • This crate's functions have became async, meaning they can only be called as part of an asynchronous workflow. To use these functions, you can either call them from within an asynchronous function using the .await operator, or you can call them from a synchronous context using the block_on method from tokio runtime.

  • The stmt! macro and Statement::new method have been replaced with the Session::statement() method, which records the association with the session. Simply update your code to use the new method instead of the macro to continue using its functionality.

  • Statements are executed with .execute(), which consumes the statement: you cannot execute the same statement twice; if you need this, recreate the statement.

  • Batch::new is removed in favour of Session::batch.

  • There is a new error, BatchSessionMismatch, which occurs if you try to add statements from different Sessions into the same Batch.

  • Connection methods are tidied up. Cluster::connect_async is removed since Cluster::connect is now async. Session::connect and Session::connect_keyspace are removed - use Cluster::connect and Cluster::connect_keyspace instead.

  • Session::close (which allowed waiting until in-flight requests on the session were complete) is removed because it is non-trivial to implement safely. This functionality is no longer supported.

  • Cluster::set_ssl now consumes its argument, for improved safety.

Futures (version 0.15)

Since version 0.15, this crate uses std::future, allowing your code to use futures:0.3, async/await, etc.

Previous versions (up to 0.14) used futures:0.1. You can either remain on the 0.14 stream, update your code to use std::future, or use a compatibility shim (e.g., futures::compat).

Migrating from version 0.8

The API changed significantly in version 0.10. (Version 0.9 was skipped, for consistency with the cassandra-cpp-sys version number.) For a summary of the main changes, see CHANGELOG.

Feature flags

This crate includes the feature flag early_access_min_tls_version, which allows you to build against a version of the DataStax driver including the cass_ssl_set_min_protocol_version method, as defined in this PR. You must have a version of the driver supporting this installed locally to be able to compile (and run) with this feature flag.

When this this feature is available in the mainline driver this flag will be set to do nothing and deprecated, and the functions will be added to the main library. The flag will then be retired in the next breaking change.


This code is open source, licensed under the Apache License Version 2.0 as described in LICENSE.


Please see for details on how to contribute to this project.


This crate is regularly built by Travis; to see details of the most recent builds click on the "build" badge at the top of this page.

You must have the DataStax driver installed on your system in order to build this crate.

The unit tests assume Cassandra is running on the local host accessible on the standard port. The easiest way to achieve this is using Docker and the standard Cassandra image, with

docker pull cassandra
docker run -d --net=host --name=cassandra cassandra

You should run them single-threaded to avoid the dreaded org.apache.cassandra.exceptions.ConfigurationException: Column family ID mismatch error. The tests share a keyspace and tables, so if run in parallel they interfere with each other.

cargo test -- --test-threads 1

Remember to destroy the container when you're done:

docker stop cassandra
docker rm cassandra


This project was forked from cassandra, which was no longer being maintained.


Cassandra (CQL) driver for Rust, using the DataStax C/C++ driver under the covers.







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