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497e60e May 19, 2018
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Parallel Learning Guide

This is a guide for parallel learning of LightGBM.

Follow the Quick Start to know how to use LightGBM first.

Choose Appropriate Parallel Algorithm

LightGBM provides 3 parallel learning algorithms now.

Parallel Algorithm How to Use
Data parallel tree_learner=data
Feature parallel tree_learner=feature
Voting parallel tree_learner=voting

These algorithms are suited for different scenarios, which is listed in the following table:

  #data is small #data is large
#feature is small Feature Parallel Data Parallel
#feature is large Feature Parallel Voting Parallel

More details about these parallel algorithms can be found in optimization in parallel learning.

Build Parallel Version

Default build version support parallel learning based on the socket.

If you need to build parallel version with MPI support, please refer to Installation Guide.

Preparation

Socket Version

It needs to collect IP of all machines that want to run parallel learning in and allocate one TCP port (assume 12345 here) for all machines, and change firewall rules to allow income of this port (12345). Then write these IP and ports in one file (assume mlist.txt), like following:

machine1_ip 12345
machine2_ip 12345

MPI Version

It needs to collect IP (or hostname) of all machines that want to run parallel learning in. Then write these IP in one file (assume mlist.txt) like following:

machine1_ip
machine2_ip

Note: For Windows users, need to start "smpd" to start MPI service. More details can be found here.

Run Parallel Learning

Socket Version

  1. Edit following parameters in config file:

    tree_learner=your_parallel_algorithm, edit your_parallel_algorithm (e.g. feature/data) here.

    num_machines=your_num_machines, edit your_num_machines (e.g. 4) here.

    machine_list_file=mlist.txt, mlist.txt is created in Preparation section.

    local_listen_port=12345, 12345 is allocated in Preparation section.

  2. Copy data file, executable file, config file and mlist.txt to all machines.

  3. Run following command on all machines, you need to change your_config_file to real config file.

    For Windows: lightgbm.exe config=your_config_file

    For Linux: ./lightgbm config=your_config_file

MPI Version

  1. Edit following parameters in config file:

    tree_learner=your_parallel_algorithm, edit your_parallel_algorithm (e.g. feature/data) here.

    num_machines=your_num_machines, edit your_num_machines (e.g. 4) here.

  2. Copy data file, executable file, config file and mlist.txt to all machines.

    Note: MPI needs to be run in the same path on all machines.

  3. Run following command on one machine (not need to run on all machines), need to change your_config_file to real config file.

    For Windows:

    mpiexec.exe /machinefile mlist.txt lightgbm.exe config=your_config_file
    

    For Linux:

    mpiexec --machinefile mlist.txt ./lightgbm config=your_config_file
    

Example