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Easy Rails integration for the Aker security framework.

branch: rails3
README.md

Aker-Rails

aker-rails is the Rails plugin for Aker 3.0 and later. It is a thin wrapper around Aker's rack support.

There are separate plugins for Rails 3.x and Rails 2.3.x. You're looking at the version for Rails 3.x. The version for Rails 2.3.x has a version number with major version 2.

Reader's note: this README uses YARD markup to provide links to Aker-Rails' API documentation. If you aren't already, consider reading it on rubydoc.info so that the links will be followable.

Setup

Prerequisites

aker-rails requires Rails ~> 3.0.

Since aker-rails is just a thin wrapper, you'll want to be familiar with Aker before you get started.

Get the gem

aker-rails is a gem plugin. In order to use it, include it in your application's Gemfile:

gem 'aker-rails'

Between this and the Bundler.require that most Rails 3 applications do as part of their initialization process, that's all you usually need to do to get aker and aker-rails loaded in your Rails application.

Add a global configuration for Aker

Put your global configuration config/application.rb. By global configuration I mean the parts that are the same no matter which environment you are using, like the portal name and the modes.

# In config/application.rb, inside the Application subclass definition
config.aker do
  # The authentication protocol to use for interactive access.
  # :form is the default.
  ui_mode :form

  # The authentication protocol(s) to use for non-interactive
  # access.  There is no default.
  api_mode :http_basic

  # The portal to which this application belongs.  Optional.
  portal :ENU
end

(Migration note: this differs from the Rails 2.3 version of this plugin. Aker configuration should not happen in a Rails 3 initializer.)

For more information on the configuration syntax and options, see the aker API documentation for Aker::Configuration.

Add per-environment configurations

In the environment initializer for each of your application's environments, put the parts of the Aker configuration which are env-specific. E.g., the LDAP server you use in production might not be visible from your workstation. This means that the authorities line will be env-specific.

# In config/environments/production.rb, for example
config.aker do
  # The authorities to use.  See the aker API documentation
  # for Aker::Authorities for options.
  authorities :ldap

  # The server-central parameters file for authority
  # and policy parameters (optional). See
  # Aker::CentralParameters for a discussion of why this is a
  # good idea.
  central '/etc/nubic/aker-prod.yml'
end

(Migration note: this differs from the Rails 2.3 version of this plugin. Aker configuration should not happen in a Rails 3 after_initialize block.)

Integration into your app

With the plugin installed, Aker provides a general infrastructure for supporting authentication and authorization in your application. If you want to require authentication or authorization for particular resources (and I think you do), you need to do a bit more configuration.

Securing pages

In any controller which authentication is required, include {Aker::Rails::SecuredController}. If authentication is required for all controllers, you can include this module in ApplicationController.

If you want to further require that all actions in a controller require that the user be a member of a certain group, you can use the {Aker::Rails::SecuredController::ClassMethods#permit permit} method:

class ManuscriptController < ApplicationController
  include Aker::Rails::SecuredController
  permit :editor
end

Partial authorization

Aker also supports resources which are only partially limited to a particular group or groups. The helper for this is also called {Aker::Rails::Application#permit? permit}:

# In a controller action
class DashboardController < ApplicationController
  # ...
  def index
    if permit?(:editor)
      @manuscripts = Manuscript.all
    end
  end
end

# Or in a view
<%= permit?(:editor) do %>
   @manuscripts.collect { |m| m.title }.join(', ')
<% end %>

This permit helper is available to all subclasses of ApplicationController, not just ones that mix in {Aker::Rails::SecuredController}. This means you can have a publically-accessible page which has additional/different content for a logged-in user.

The current user

Aker provides a method {Aker::Rails::Application#current_user current_user} to all controllers and views. It will return a Aker::User object for the current user, or nil if there isn't one.

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