Common IPS build system
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This is Common IPS Build System (CIBS). It intend to replace all userland-hell known from OpenSolaris and OpenIndiana.

CIBS is inspired by Common Debian Build System

Major features are:

  • Makefile-based (need GNU make)
  • Modular design (include for GNU configure, or for CMake-based packages)
  • Tracking build dependencies
  • Building packages independently (no more terrible "consolidations" or "incorporations")

To create and publish an IPS package you need:

  • CIBS package installed (pkg:/developer/pkg/cibs)
  • Makefile describing what and how you are building
  • At least one canonical IPS manifest.

Look into directory examples for examples.

Best practices

Split development file and runtime

In contrast to some crazy distributions (like Solaris or Arch Linux) we do split runtime and development files (as Debian does).

Any shared library should be packaged into separate package reflecting library's soname, e. g. library/gmp10 includes Nothing else. But library/gmp includes headers, man pages, maybe static libraries etc. - anything that required to build applications using GMP. Both packages - library/FOO and library/FOOxxx are built from the same source, and library/FOO must depend on library/FOOxxx in such a way:

depend fmri=pkg:/library/FOOxxx@$(ips-version) type=require
depend fmri=pkg:/library/FOOxxx@$(ips-version) type=incorporate

The trick is that IPS will use library/FOOxxx to fulfil runtime dependencies, and we will be allowed to perform smooth migration on newer library (e. g. library/FOOyyy) without breaking existing packages. Of course, newer library/FOO will depend on library/FOOyyy, but library/FOOyyy can be installed along with library/FOOxxx. Again, library/FOOyyy and library/FOOxxx must be installable together so none of them can ship docs, man pages or images or anything, but a shared library itself.

Another example is Node.js or Python. Use developer/nodejs and runtime/nodejs package for development files and runtime. runtime/nodejs includes only the binary - /usr/bin/nodejs - and maybe other runtime files, man pages etc.

CIBS modules

This module defines common variables and targets. All other modules include this module, and it should not be included directly, unless you are doing something really special.

Targets provided by

All targets (but clean) provided by this module are abstract and do nothing. Other modules extend these targets. Each target has its annex target-stamp which does the real job. Each *-stamp is a file created with touch command. All internal dependencies are implemented through these "stamps", but developer can use basename for target, e. g. make unpack instead of make unpack-stamp.

Meaning of these targets depends on other included modules:

  • unpack - put sources into the source directory (./work/source by default),
  • patch - modify sources,
  • configure - configure sources, e. g. execute GNU configure or CMake,
  • build - build sources, e. g. compile with C compiler,
  • install - install files into proto directory.

Each target in the list above depends on previous target. Yes, except clean.

clean has a double-colon rule and by default it is:

    rm -f *-stamp
    rm -rf $(workdir)

Building many variants defines a macro add-variant to extend above targets and to define related variables such as protodir.<variant>. Calling $(eval $(call add-variant,FOO)) will add dependencies to configure-stamp, build-stamp,install-stamp and define extra variables:

variants += FOO
protodir.FOO = $(workdir)/proto/FOO
builddir.FOO = $(workdir)/build/FOO

configure-stamp    : configure-FOO-stamp
build-stamp        : build-FOO-stamp
install-stamp      : install-FOO-stamp
%-FOO-stamp: variant = FOO

The add-variant macro is used by and modules for building 32-bit or 64-bit packages. You may want to use it for any other purpose, e. g. to compile Curl with OpenSSL or with GNU TLS. Standard modules, such as, take care of every variant defined. You can tune building by defining variables like configure-options.FOO, e. g.:

$(eval $(call add-variant,ssl))
$(eval $(call add-variant,gnu))

configure-options.gnu = --without-ssl --with-gnutls
configure-options.ssl = --with-ssl --without-gnutls

This module defines configure, build and install targets by GNU autotools. These targets are implicit (e. g. configure-%-stamp), and you can completely override any of them by explicit target (e. g. configure-foo-stamp) in the top Makefile.

Variable configure holds the name of the configure script ("$(sourcedir)/configure" by default). You can redefine it if the configure script is not in the top source directory or has a different name.

Use the configure-options variable to append or replace options passed to the configure script. Use the configure-options.<variant> to define variant specific options (see above).

Variable configure-env holds environment variables for the configure script, such as CC, CFLAGS, LDFLAGS etc. As usual, you can append or completely replace them. Use the configure-env.<variant> to define variant specific environment variant.

Build and install targets use target-specific variable target for invoking make. This variable is empty for build-%-stamp and is set to "install" for install-%-stamp. You can redefine it in the top Makefile to build/install only a subset of a package. E. g. for NCurses with wide character support this will build and install only libraries (without programs and terminal database):

$(eval $(call add-variant,wide))
build-wide-stamp: target = libs
install-wide-stamp: target = install.libs

Another target-specific variable is "make-vars". The value of this variable is appended to make command. By default it is set to V=1 for build-%-stamp (disable silent rules) and to DESTDIR="$(protodir)" for install-%-stamp. You can append or completely replace "make-vars" to make hacks or when you are using for packages which are not actually use autotools, but some hand-made configure scripts.

This module provides functions to work with IPS manifests and publish packages.

Targets provided by

  • publish - publish IPS package into IPS repository
  • pre-publish - make everything required to publish (including downloading archive, patching, compiling, mogrifying manifests etc), but do not publish. Usefull for final verifications what is going into IPS repository. All intermediate and final manifests are in "work/manifests" directory.
  • build-dep - install build dependencies

Variables used by

  • ips-repo - IPS repository to publish, e. g. make publish ips-repo=

Any variable defined in Makefile will be passed to pkgmogrify and can be used in IPS manifests (*.p5m). This is especially useful when with variable ips-version, which is by default = version. Example is OpenSSL, where version = 0.9.8x, but ips-version= (because letters are not allowed by IPS).

These variables passed additionally: build32 = # or empty, and build64 = # or empty. These variables can be used to cut off some line in package manifest (by commenting out). By default these vars are # (pound). If module is included, build32 becomes '' (empty), so lines like:

$(build32) file path=usr/lib/

become uncommented. Same for modules

Other automatic variables are protodir.<variant> and builddir.<variant>. These variables hold paths to corresponding directories used to install or build package. <variant> can be, for example, 32 or 64. This allow exact specifying which file is requested, e. g.:

file $(builddir.32)/ path=usr/lib/

Use this modules to get sources from Git repositories. With this module included targets download and unpack mean the same thing - clone git reporitory into source directory ("work/source"), then checkout given tag, commit or branch.

Makefile should define two variables:

  • git-url - URL of Git repository, used as git clone $(git-url) $(sourcedir)
  • git-checkout - Git tag, branch or commit; used as git checkout $(git-checkout)

For example see "examples/symlinks".

Same as, but for Mercurial

Makefile should define two variables:

  • hg-url - URL of mercurial repository, used as hg clone $(hg-url) $(sourcedir)
  • hg-update - Mercurial tag, branch or commit; used as hg update $(hg-update)

If this module is included, entire source tree will be copied into all requested building directories. This is useful for packages that do not support building out of source tree, such as zlib or openssl.