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Feb 13, 2022
Oct 22, 2018
Oct 22, 2018
Feb 13, 2022


Fast generation of 2.5D meshes from elevation models.




docker run -it --rm -v /path-your-data:/data kladess/dem2mesh dem2mesh -rtc -verbose -inputFile /data/dem.tif -outputFile /data/mesh.ply


GDAL and OpenMP are the only dependencies. To install it run:

sudo apt-get install -y libgdal-dev libomp-dev


mkdir build && cd build
cmake ..


./dem2mesh -rtc -verbose -inputFile dem.tif -outputFile mesh.ply

⚠️ The DEM should use a coordinate reference system (CRS) that has matching horizontal and vertical units (for example, UTM). If you are getting stretched or deformed results, double check your CRS and use gdalwarp to reproject the raster DEM.


Flag Description Required
-inputFile Path to DEM raster datasource (GDAL compatible)
-outputFile Path to PLY mesh output
-maxVertexCount Target number of vertices for the output mesh. This number is not always guaranteed to be reached. Defaults to 100000
-maxTileLength Max length of a tile. Smaller values take longer to process but reduce memory usage by splitting the meshing process into tiles. Defaults to 1000.
-aggressiveness Value between 1 and 10 that specifies how "aggressive" the mesh simplification process should be at each iteration. Higher values simplify the mesh more aggressively but can decrease the fidelity of the mesh. Defaults to 5.
-bandNum Raster band # to use. Defaults to 1.
-maxConcurrency Maximum number of threads to use. Defaults to all CPUs available.
-edgeSwapThreshold Dot product threshold (between 0-1) to perform edge collapses. Performing edge collapses can violate the 2.5D constraints, but leads to better triangles for vertical structures. Defaults to disabled.
-rtc Use Relative To Center (RTC) X/Y coordinates in the output PLY mesh. This can be useful since most 3D visualization software use floating coordinate precision to represent vertices and using absolute coordinates might lead to jittering artifacts.
-verbose Print verbose output.


How does it compare to ?

The main difference is the meshing approach and output type. Tin-terrain uses a greedy approach, dem2mesh uses a gridding + simplification approach. Tin-terrain can output to quantized-mesh format (useful for displaying in Cesium), dem2mesh does not.

The meshing approach changes the way triangles are placed in the mesh. Greedy approaches tend to generate areas with large triangles in flat parts of the mesh, which is something we wanted to avoid in dem2mesh. The gridding approach generates more evenly sized and distributed triangles. Good sized triangles are important in OpenDroneMap for generating good orthophotos during the texturing step.