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[ICLR 2020] "FasterSeg: Searching for Faster Real-time Semantic Segmentation" by Wuyang Chen, Xinyu Gong, Xianming Liu, Qian Zhang, Yuan Li, Zhangyang Wang
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README.md

FasterSeg: Searching for Faster Real-time Semantic Segmentation [PDF]

Language grade: Python License: MIT

Wuyang Chen, Xinyu Gong, Xianming Liu, Qian Zhang, Yuan Li, Zhangyang Wang

In ICLR 2020.

Overview

We present FasterSeg, an automatically designed semantic segmentation network with not only state-of-the-art performance but also faster speed than current methods.

Highlights:

  • Novel search space: support multi-resolution branches.
  • Fine-grained latency regularization: alleviate the "architecture collapse" problem.
  • Teacher-student co-searching: distill the teacher to the student for further accuracy boost.
  • SOTA: FasterSeg achieves extremely fast speed (over 30% faster than the closest manually designed competitor on CityScapes) and maintains competitive accuracy.
    • see our Cityscapes submission here.

Cityscapes

Methods

supernet

fasterseg

Prerequisites

  • Ubuntu
  • Python 3
  • NVIDIA GPU + CUDA CuDNN

This repository has been tested on GTX 1080Ti. Configurations (e.g batch size, image patch size) may need to be changed on different platforms.

Installation

  • Clone this repo:
git clone https://github.com/chenwydj/FasterSeg.git
cd FasterSeg
  • Install dependencies:
pip install requirements.txt
  • Install PyCuda which is a dependency of TensorRT.
  • Install TensorRT (v5.1.5.0): a library for high performance inference on NVIDIA GPUs with Python API.

Usage

0. Prepare the dataset

1. Search

cd search

1.1 Pretrain the supernet

We first pretrain the supernet without updating the architecture parameter for 20 epochs.

  • Set C.pretrain = True in config_search.py.
  • Start the pretrain process:
CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0 python train_search.py
  • The pretrained weight will be saved in a folder like FasterSeg/search/search-pretrain-256x512_F12.L16_batch3-20200101-012345.

1.2 Search the architecture

We start the architecture searching for 30 epochs.

  • Set the name of your pretrained folder (see above) C.pretrain = "search-pretrain-256x512_F12.L16_batch3-20200101-012345" in config_search.py.
  • Start the search process:
CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0 python train_search.py
  • The searched architecture will be saved in a folder like FasterSeg/search/search-224x448_F12.L16_batch2-20200102-123456.
  • arch_0 and arch_1 contains architectures for teacher and student networks, respectively.

2. Train from scratch

  • cd FasterSeg/train
  • Copy the folder which contains the searched architecture into FasterSeg/train/ or create a symlink via ln -s ../search/search-224x448_F12.L16_batch2-20200102-123456 ./

2.1 Train the teacher network

  • Set C.mode = "teacher" in config_train.py.
  • Set the name of your searched folder (see above) C.load_path = "search-224x448_F12.L16_batch2-20200102-123456" in config_train.py. This folder contains arch_0.pt and arch_1.pth for teacher and student's architectures.
  • Start the teacher's training process:
CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0 python train.py
  • The trained teacher will be saved in a folder like train-512x1024_teacher_batch12-20200103-234501

2.2 Train the student network (FasterSeg)

  • Set C.mode = "student" in config_train.py.
  • Set the name of your searched folder (see above) C.load_path = "search-224x448_F12.L16_batch2-20200102-123456" in config_train.py. This folder contains arch_0.pt and arch_1.pth for teacher and student's architectures.
  • Set the name of your teacher's folder (see above) C.teacher_path = "train-512x1024_teacher_batch12-20200103-234501" in config_train.py. This folder contains the weights0.pt which is teacher's pretrained weights.
  • Start the student's training process:
CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0 python train.py

3. Evaluation

Here we use our pretrained FasterSeg as an example for the evaluation.

cd train
  • Set C.is_eval = True in config_train.py.
  • Set the name of the searched folder as C.load_path = "fasterseg" in config_train.py.
  • Download the pretrained weights of the teacher and student and put them into folder train/fasterseg.
  • Start the evaluation process:
CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0 python train.py
  • You can switch the evaluation of teacher or student by changing C.mode in config_train.py.

4. Test

We support generating prediction files (masks as images) during training.

  • Set C.is_test = True in config_train.py.
  • During the training process, the prediction files will be periodically saved in a folder like train-512x1024_student_batch12-20200104-012345/test_1_#epoch.
  • Simply zip the prediction folder and submit to the Cityscapes submission page.

5. Latency

5.0 Latency measurement tools

  • If you have successfully installed TensorRT, you will automatically use TensorRT for the following latency tests (see function here).
  • Otherwise you will be switched to use Pytorch for the latency tests (see function here).

5.1 Measure the latency of the FasterSeg

  • Run the script:
CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0 python run_latency.py

5.2 Generate the latency lookup table:

  • cd FasterSeg/latency
  • Run the script:
CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0 python latency_lookup_table.py

which will generate an .npy file. Be careful not to overwrite the provided latency_lookup_table.npy in this repo.

  • The .npy contains a python dictionary mapping from an operator to its latency (in ms) under specific conditions (input size, stride, channel number etc.)

Citation

@inproceedings{chen2020fasterseg,
  title={FasterSeg: Searching for Faster Real-time Semantic Segmentation},
  authors={Chen, Wuyang and Gong, Xinyu and Liu, Xianming and Zhang, Qian and Li, Yuan and Wang, Zhangyang},
  booktitle={International Conference on Learning Representations},
  year={2020}
}

Acknowledgement

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