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WCDB is an efficient, complete, easy-to-use mobile database framework used in the WeChat application. It's based on SQLite and SQLCipher, and supports five languages: C++, Java, Kotlin, Swift and Objective-C.



  • ORM (Object Relational Mapping): WCDB provides a flexible, easy-to-use ORM for creating tables, indices and constraints, as well as CRUD through C++/Java/Kotlin/Swift/Objc objects.
  • WINQ (WCDB language integrated query): WINQ is a native data querying capability which frees developers from writing glue code to concatenate SQL query strings.

With ORM and WINQ, you can insert, update, query and delete objects from database in one line code:

// C++
database.insertObjects<Sample>(Sample(1, "text"), myTable);
database.updateRow("text2", WCDB_FIELD(Sample::content), myTable, WCDB_FIELD(Sample::id) == 1);
auto objects = database.getAllObjects<Sample>(myTable, WCDB_FIELD(Sample::id) > 0);
database.deleteObjects(myTable, WCDB_FIELD(Sample::id) == 1);
// Java
database.insertObject(new Sample(1, "text"), DBSample.allFields(), myTable);
database.updateValue("text2", DBSample.content, myTable,;
List<Sample> objects = database.getAllObjects(DBSample.allFields(), myTable,;
// Kotlin
database.insertObject<Sample>(Sample(1, "text"), DBSample.allFields(), myTable)
database.updateValue("text2", DBSample.content, myTable,
val objects = database.getAllObjects<Sample>(DBSample.allFields(), myTable,
// Swift
try database.insert(Sample(id:1, content:"text"), intoTable: myTable)
try database.update(table: myTable,
                    on: Sample.Properties.content,
                    with: "text2"
           == 1)
let objects: [Sample] = try database.getObjects(fromTable: myTable,
                                                where: > 0)
try database.delete(fromTable: myTable where: == 1)
// Objc
[database insertObject:sample intoTable:myTable];
[database updateTable:myTable
       == 1];
NSArray* objects = [database getObjectsOfClass:Sample.class
                                > 0];
[database deleteFromTable:myTable == 1];


Through the framework layer and sqlcipher source optimization, WCDB have more efficient performance.

  • Multi-threaded concurrency: WCDB supports concurrent read-read and read-write access via connection pooling.
  • Deeply optimized: WCDB has deeply optimized the source code and configuration of SQLite to adapt to the development scenarios of mobile terminals. At the same time, WCDB has also been optimized for common time-consuming scenarios, such as writing data in batches.


WCDB summarizes common problems in practice to provide a more complete development experience for database development:

  • Encryption Support: WCDB supports database encryption via SQLCipher.
  • Corruption recovery: WCDB provides a built-in repair kit for database corruption recovery.
  • Anti-injection: WCDB provides a built-in protection from SQL injection.
  • Database model upgrade: The database model is bound to the class definition, so that the addition, deletion and modification of database fields are consistent with the definition of class variables.
  • Full-text search: WCDB provides an easy-to-use full-text search interface and includes tokenizers for multiple languages.
  • Data Migration: WCDB supports to migrate data from one databasse to another with simple configuration. And developers don't need to care about the intermediate status and progress of the migration.
  • Data Compression: WCDB supports to compress content via Zstd within specific fields of a database table through a simple configuration. Once configured, the details of data compression and decompression become transparent to developers, and WCDB can automatically compress existing data.


WCDB has interfaces in three languages: C++, Java, Kotlin, Swift, and Objc. Interfaces in different languages share the same underlying logic. The code structure of WCDB is shown in the figure below:

Under such architecture, WCDB in different languages can have the same interface structure and interface capabilities. In one project, you can write database code in different languages with one WCDB. Database logic in different languages will not conflict. Some global interfaces such as error monitoring can work on database logic in different languages at the same time.

Build and Install

Following wikies contain the detailed instructions about building and installing of WCDB.


Tutorials of different languages can be found below:


If you are interested in contributing, check out the [], also join our Tencent OpenSource Plan.