AWS Elastic Beanstalk blue-green deployment automation from ThoughtWorks Mingle Team
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EbDeployer Build Status Build Status Gem Version Dependency Status

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Low friction deployments should be a breeze. Elastic Beanstalk provides a great foundation for performing Blue-Green deployments, and EbDeployer add a missing link to automate the whole flow out of box.

Deploy Service by EbDeployer


$ gem install eb_deployer


Step One: AWS Account Setup

Create an AWS IAM user for deploy and give it privilege to operate Elastic Beanstalk. Download the access keys for executing the deployment tasks later. Ensure your command line is primed with appropriate access_keys using one of techniques mentioned on aws blog. For example using environment variable:

$ export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=xxx

Step Two: Packaging

You need to package your application for Elastic Beanstalk stack first. For Java app a warball is appropriate. For Ruby on Rails app a tar.gz file is good. You can also package a Rails/Sinatra app as a war ball using warbler and deploy to Java stack. (Please remember to run rake assets:precompile first for a rails app.)

If you were deploying to Elastic Beanstalk Ruby stack, simply zip your codebase is good enough, for example:

    $ git ls-files | zip -@

Step Three: Generate configuration and Configure deployment process

$ eb_deploy

This will generate a default configuration at location 'config/eb_deployer.yml'. It is almost empty but working one. And it will generate settings for two environments 'development' and 'production'. Some options can be tweaked. The yml files includes documentation on how you can best suit it to your purpose.

Step Four: Fasten your seat belt

run deploy

$ eb_deploy -p <package built> -e <environment>

Then open aws console for Elastic Beanstalk to see the result of this deployment.

Configure Smoke Testing your stack

EB_Deployer allows you to automate your deployment and then some. You can also add smoke tests to your deployment - thus ensuring that the app you deployed is also working correctly. Adding a smoke test suite is also simple. Check "smoke_test" section in your eb_deployer.yml. We show a simple curl based smoke test that helps you test if your app is up and responding to http.

smoke_test: |
  curl_http_code = "curl -s -o /dev/null -w \"%{http_code}\" http://#{host_name}"
  Timeout.timeout(600) do
    until ['200', '302'].include?(`#{curl_http_code}`.strip)
      sleep 5

Any rakeable test suite can be run as part of the smoke test(selenium, cucumber, capybara, and so on.) You can add more smoke tests by calling arbitrary rake tasks (Please make sure check return status):

smoke_test: |
  `rake test:smoke HOST_NAME=#{host_name}`
  raise("Smoke failed!") unless $?.success?

Smoke testing gets you one step closer to continuous delivery.

Blue-Green deployment

Since every deployment now runs smoke test, you now have a better safety net around your deployments. This allows us to trigger automatic blue-green deployments.

To do this you need not do anything special. So far we have deployed the application only once. Let's call this the 'green' stack. Any subsequent calls to deployment will deployment a copy of this application to a new stack - the 'blue' stack. Smoke tests will be run on it and once everything passes the 'blue'(new) stack will be switched to the 'green' stack. Thus your new code will now be on the active stack and the user will experience no downtime.

Once this new stack is stable or has run for a while you can choose to delete the old stack. Or if you are doing continuous delivery you may be ready to another 'blue' deployment. You could just trigger another deployment and repeat this every hour/day/week... you get the idea.

Destroying a stack

So you are done with this environment, you can destroy it easily as well.

# destroy one environment
$ eb_deployer -d -e <environment>

and you are done!

Later tutorials coming soon will cover

  • how to setup RDS or other AWS resource and share them between blue green environments

Take a look at code if you can not wait for the documentation.

eb_deploy.yml configuration file

Like Rails database.yml file, EbDeployer will read eb_deploy.yml file as ERB template file. So you can trade it as standard ERB template file, and substitute Ruby script. For example, the following eb_deployer.yml file partial configures DBPassword parameter for your CloudFormation template from an environment variable:

  template: config/my_rds.json
    DBPassword: <%= ENV['MYDBPASSWORD'] %>

EbDeployer also provides the following help methods for convenience:

  1. random_hash: it basically is SecureRandom.hex[0..9]
  2. package_digest: it is your eb package file digest
  3. environment: environment name you passed in when executing eb_deploy script using -e option.


Automated zero downtime deployment to AWS Elastic Beanstalk for Rails with EbDeployer

Co-presented session with Amazon ElasticBeanstalk team at AWS re:Invent 2013: slideshare and video (starting at 27:46)

Deploy Service by EbDeployer

Rails 3/4 Support

EbDeployer environment

Introduction to EbDeployer

Papertrail Solution for Rails Applications on ElasticBeanstalk

Elastic Beanstalk Tips and Tricks (* recommended to read for new Elastic Beanstalk users )


  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Added some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

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