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A utility library for working with LSATs (Lightning Service Authentication Tokens) in javascript
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lsat-js is a suite of tools for working with LSATs in Nodejs and Typescript.

An LSAT, or Lightning Service Authentication Token, is a "Lightning native macaroon based bearer API credential" 1. In other words, a new authentication specification that supports account-less authentication using lightning invoices and payments.


First install as a module using npm or yarn into your package:

$> npm --save install lsat-js
# or
$> yarn add lsat-js


lsat-js is not a stand-alone server or client and so it can't issue or generate Lsats on its own. It simply offers utlities for working with Lsats including:

  • Serialization and deserialization
  • Validation
  • Working with caveats (restrictions placed on the LSAT's macaroon)

To test with an actual server that issues LSATs, check out boltwall. The below example assumes a running boltwall (or compatible) server on your local machine. The same utilities can be used against raw LSATs as well.

import { Lsat } from 'lsat-js'
import fetch from 'node-fetch'

// fetching a protected route which will return a 402 response and LSAT challenge
  .then(resp => {
    const header = resp.headers.get('www-authenticate')
    const lsat = Lsat.fromHeader(header)

    // show some information about the lsat

    // after the invoice is paid, you can add the preimage
    // this is just a stub for getting the preimage string
    const preimage = getPreimage()

    // this will validate that the preimage is valid and throw if not

    return fetch('http://localhost:5000/protected', {
      headers: {
        'Authorization': lsat.toToken()
  .then(resp => resp.json())
  .then(json => {
    console.log('With valid LSAT, we should get a response:', json)
  .catch(e => console.error(e))


To view detailed API docs and type information, please see our full API documentation.

lsat-js provides the following utilities for working with LSATs:


A class for serializing and deserializing an LSAT. It supports:

  • Getting an LSAT from a response header
  • Getting an LSAT the raw challenge (header without the LSAT type prefix)
  • Serializing and Deserializing from a "token" (i.e. what the client sends in the Authorization header)
  • Adding and verifying the preimage (it will throw if the preimage is not properly formatted or if it does not match the invoice's payment hash)
  • Checking if the macaroon is expired
  • Versioning through the Identifier class (also exposed via lsat-js) to support future updates to LSAT serialization
  • Adding new first party caveats
  • Listing all caveats on an LSAT's macaroon


A caveat is a "condition" that is placed on a macaroon that restricts its use. Using these, an LSAT can contain additional authorization restrictions besides just payment, e.g. time based or user based restrictions or authorization levels. This also allows for "attenuation", i.e. the holder of the LSAT can lend out the authorization with additional caveats restricting its use.

Creating a caveat is as simple as:

import { Caveat } from 'lsat-js'

const caveat = new Caveat({
  condition: 'expiration',
  value: + 10000, // expires in 10 seconds
  comp: '=', // this is the default value, also supports "<" and ">"
console.log(caveat.encode()) // returns `expiration=1577228778197`
console.log(Caveat.decode(caveat.encode())) // creates new caveat w/ same properties

To add the caveat to a macaroon you'll need to use a compatible macaroon library such as macaroon.js, or add it to an LSAT's macaroon with the addFirstPartyCaveat method available on the Lsat object.


A function that takes a raw macaroon and a caveat and returns true or false depending on if the macaroon contains that caveat.


Verifies caveats given one or a set of caveats and corresponding "satisfiers" to test the caveats against. A satisfier is an object with a condition, a satisfyFinal function, and an optional satisfyPrevious function. satisfyFinal will test only the last caveat on a macaroon of the matching condition and satisfyPrevious compares each caveat of the same condition against each other. This allows more flexible attenuation where you can ensure, for example, that every "new" caveat is not less restrictive than a previously added one. In the case of an expiration, you probably want to have a satisfier that tests that a newer expiration is sooner than the first expiration added, otherwise, a client could add their own expiration further into the future.

The exported Satisfier interface described in the docs provides more details on creating your own satisfiers


This can only be run by the creator of the macaroon since the signing secret is required to verify the macaroon. This will run all necessary checks (requires satisfiers to be passed as arguments if there are caveats on the macaroon) and return true if the macaroon is valid or false otherwise.

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