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Cherry

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Cherry - Text classification with no machine learning knowledge needed

Cherry Windson
Download https://pypi.python.org/pypi/cherry
Source https://github.com/Windsooon/cherry
Keywords machine learning, text classification

Document

Feature

Text classification in five minutes

Even though you had never learned about machine learning. You can use Cherry to train your text classification model in 5 minutes with over 80% accuracy (check out the example models). Cherry also provides extra features for users who want to improve their model.

Easy to optimize and optimize performance

Cherry provide performence() and display() api to help you debug and improve your model.

Requirements

- Python (above 3.6)

Installation

Install using pip

pip install cherry
# Cherry use nltk for text tokenizer 
pip install nltk
# After install nltk, You need to download punkt
>>> import nltk
>>> nltk.download('punkt')

or clone the project from github.

git clone git@github.com:Windsooon/cherry.git

Built in model

Cherry has three built in models,newsgroups, review and email:

  • The 20 Newsgroups dataset

    These datasets contain 11,315 news. they were organized into 20 different newsgroups, each corresponding to one of the below topic:

    • alt.atheism, comp.graphics, comp.os.ms-windows.misc, comp.sys.ibm.pc.hardware
    • comp.sys.mac.hardware, comp.windows.x, misc.forsale, rec.autos
    • rec.motorcycles, rec.sport.baseball, rec.sport.hockey, sci.crypt
    • sci.electronics, sci.med, sci.space, soc.religion.christian
    • talk.politics.guns, talk.politics.mideast, talk.politics.misc, talk.religion.misc
  • Comics & Graphic book review

    These datasets contain 108,463 reviews from the Goodreads book review website, Every book review also has rating from 0 point to 5 points.

  • SMS Spam Collection

    These datasets contain 5,578 SMS messages manually extracted from the Grumbletext Web site and randomly chosen ham messages of the NUS SMS Corpus (NSC).

Quick Start

Use built-in model

In the Comics & Graphic book review datasets, every book review also has rating from 0 point to 5 points. If you want to predict rating based on the book review:

This is an extremely entertaining and often insightful collection by Nobel physicist Richard Feynman drawn from slices of his life experiences. Some might believe that the telling of a physicist’s life would be droll fare for anyone other than a fellow scientist, but in this instance, nothing could be further from the truth.

After finish Installation, in your project path run cherry.train('review')

# You only need to run this line of code at the first time.
# This line of code will:
# 1. Download `review` datasets from remote server (User in China may need use VPN)
# 2. Train datasets using default settings ([Countvectorizer](https://scikit-learn.org/stable/modules/generated/sklearn.feature_extraction.text.CountVectorizer.html) and [MultinomialNB](https://scikit-learn.org/stable/modules/generated/sklearn.naive_bayes.MultinomialNB.html))
>>> cherry.train('review')

Then you can use classify() to predict the rating now.

>>> res = cherry.classify('review', text='This is an extremely entertaining and often
insightful collection by Nobel physicist Richard Feynman drawn from slices of his life
experiences. Some might believe that the telling of a physicist’s life would be droll
fare for anyone other than a fellow scientist, but in this instance, nothing could be
further from the truth.')

The return res is a Classify object has two built-in method. get_probability() will return an array contains the probability of each category. The order of the return array depend on category name, in this case would be 0, 1, 2, 3, 4. We can see that there is 99.63% (9.96313288e-01) this review will be classify as 4 point.

# The probability of this review had been rating as 4 points is 99.6%
>>> res.get_probability()
array([[6.99908424e-11, 2.48677319e-11, 6.17978214e-06, 3.39472694e-03,
    9.96313288e-01, 2.85805135e-04]])

Another method get_word_list() return a list that contains words that Cherry use for classifying.

>>> res.get_word_list()
[[(2, 'physicist'), (2, 'life'), (1, 'truth'), (1, 'telling'), (1, 'slices'), (1, 'scientist'), (1, 'richard'), (1, 'nobel'), (1, 'instance'), (1, 'insightful'), (1, 'feynman'), (1, 'fellow'), (1, 'fare'), (1, 'extremely'), (1, 'experiences'), (1, 'entertaining'), (1, 'droll'), (1, 'drawn'), (1, 'collection'), (1, 'believe')]]

As you can see, some of the words in the review didin't show up here. There are two reasons for this 1) The training data didn't contain that word. For instance, The word Backend and Engineer never show up in training data. So the model don't know how to classify these words. 2) the word is a stop word.

Use your own dataset

Create a folder your_model_name under datasets in project path like this:

├── project path
│   ├── datasets
|   │   ├── your_model_name
|   │   │   ├── category1
|   |   │     ├── file_1
|   |   │     ├── file_2
|   |   │     ├── …
|   │   │   ├── category2
|   |   │     ├── file_10
|   |   │     ├── file_11
|   |   │     ├── …

Train you dataset:

# By default, encoding will be utf-8,
# You only need to run `train` at the first time
>>> cherry.train('your_model_name', encoding='your_encoding')
# Classify text, `text` can be a list of text too.
>>> res = cherry.classify('your_model_name', text='text to be classified')

Example

Let's build an email classifier from sketch, cherry will use this model to predict an email is spam or not.

Project setup

mkdir tutorial
cd tutorial

# Create a virtual environment to isolate our package dependencies locally
python3 -m venv env
source env/bin/activate  # On Windows use `env\Scripts\activate`

# Install cherry and nltk
pip install cherry
pip install nltk
>>> import nltk
>>> nltk.download('punkt')

# Create a new folder for email dataset
mkdir -p datasets/email_tutorial

Prepare dataset

  1. Download the datasets from SMS Spam Collection v. 1 then unzip it and put it inside tutorial/datasets/email_tutorial folder, now you got a file named SMSSpamCollection.txt which contains lots of emails.

  2. Create a folder name ham and spam inside email_tutorial dir.

  3. Create a script email.py in the same folder using code below to extract the email content and group them by category. every file would only contain text.

     import os
     import json
    
     ham_counter = 0
     spam_counter = 0
    
     with open('SMSSpamCollection.txt', 'r') as f:
         for line in f.readlines():
             if line.startswith('ham'):
                 ham_counter += 1
                 with open(os.path.join('ham', str(ham_counter)), 'w') as nf:
                         _, text = line.split('ham', 1)
                         nf.write(text.strip())
             else:
                 spam_counter += 1
                 with open(os.path.join('spam', str(spam_counter)), 'w') as nf:
                         _, text = line.split('spam', 1)
                         nf.write(text.strip())
    
  4. Now your folder structure should look like this:

     tutorial
        ├── dataset
        │   ├── email_tutorial
        |   |   ├── email.py
        |   |   ├── SMSSpamCollection.txt
        │   │   ├── ham
        │   │   ├── spam
    
  5. Run python email.py

  6. Delete SMSSpamCollection.txt and email.py

  7. Back to the path of tutorial, Like cd path_to/tutorial

  8. Train the email model:

     >>> import cherry
     >>> cherry.train('email_tutorial', encoding='latin1')
    
  9. Inside email_tutorial folder you can find clf.pkz, ve.pkz, email_tutorial.pkz which Cherry will use them for classify later.

      >>> res = cherry.classify('email_tutorial', 'Thank you for your interest in cherry! We wanted to let you'
           'know we received your application for Backend Engineer, and we are delighted that you'
           'would consider joining our team.')
      # 99.9% is a ham email
      >>> res.get_probability()
      array([[9.99985571e-01, 1.44288379e-05]])
      >>> res.get_word_list()
      [[(1, 'wanted'), (1, 'thank'), (1, 'team'), (1, 'received'), (1, 'let'),
      (1, 'joining'), (1, 'consider'), (1, 'application')]]
    
  10. If you want to know good your model did, you can use performance() which will use k-fold cross validation (By default, K equals to 10):

      >>> res = cherry.performance('email_tutorial', encoding='latin1', output='files')
      >>> res.get_score()
    

    The report will be save in report files, you can find the precision, recall, and f1-score.

                  precision    recall  f1-score   support
    
            0       0.99      1.00      0.99       485
            1       0.97      0.95      0.96        73
    
     accuracy                           0.99       558
    macro avg       0.98      0.97      0.98       558
    

    weighted avg 0.99 0.99 0.99 558

    If you want to know which text had been clasiify wrong:

      >>> res = cherry.performance('email_tutorial', encoding='latin1')
      >>> res.get_score()
      Text: Dhoni have luck to win some big title.so we will win:) has been classified as: 1 should be: 0
      Text: Back 2 work 2morro half term over! Can U C me 2nite 4 some sexy passion B4 I have 2 go back? Chat NOW 09099726481 Luv DENA Calls £1/minMobsmoreLKPOBOX177HP51FL has been classified as: 0 should be: 1
      Text: Latest News! Police station toilet stolen, cops have nothing to go on! has been classified as: 0 should be: 1
      ...
    
  11. To display the graph, you can use

     >>> res.display('email_tutorial', encoding='latin1')
    

    img

  12. If you want to improve your model, you can use search method.

    >>> parameters = {'clf__alpha': [0.1, 0.5, 1],'clf__fit_prior': [True, False]}
    >>> cherry.search('email_tutorial', parameters)
    

API

def train(model, language='English', preprocessing=None, categories=None, encoding='utf-8', vectorizer=None, vectorizer_method='Count', clf=None, clf_method='MNB', x_data=None, y_data=None)

  • model (String)

    The name of the model, you can use build-in models email, review and newsgroups, or pass the folder name of your dataset.

  • language (String)

    The language of the training dataset. Cherry supports English and Chinese.

  • preprocessing (function)

    The function will be called once for every input data before training.

  • categories (List)

    Specify the training directory, for instance ['alt.atheism', 'comp.graphics', 'comp.os.ms-windows.misc'].

  • encoding (String)

    The encoding of the dataset.

  • vectorizer (Sklearn object)

    Feature extraction function use to convert the data into vertcor,by default is CountVectorizer(). you can pass different feature extraction function from Sklearn.

    For some long texts you can use TfidfVectorizer(),If you need to save memory you can use HashingVectorizer(), (get_word_list() function wouldn't work at this case)

  • vectorizer_method (String)

    Cherry supports shortcut to set up feature extraction function when vectorizer is None. Count corresponds to CountVectorizer(tokenizer=tokenizer, stop_words=get_stop_words(model)), Tfidf corresponds to TfidfVectorizer and Hashing corresponds to HashingVectorizer.

  • clf (Sklearn object)

    Classify function, by default is MultinomialNB(). You can pass classify function from Sklearn.

  • clf_method (String)

    Cherry supports shortcut to set up classify function when clf is None, MNB corresponds to MultinomialNB(alpha=0.1), SGD corresponds to SGDClassifier, RandomForest corresponds to RandomForestClassifier, AdaBoost corresponds to AdaBoostClassifier.

  • x_data (numpy array)

    training text data, if x_data and y_data is None, cherry will try to find the text files data in model

  • y_data (numpy array)

    correspond labels data, if x_data and y_data is None, cherry will try to find the text files data in model

def classify(model, text)

  • model (String)

    The name of the model, you can use build-in models email, review and newsgroups, or pass the folder name of your dataset.

  • text (List / String)

    the text to be classify.

def performance(model, language='English', preprocessing=None, categories=None, encoding='utf-8', vectorizer=None, vectorizer_method='Count', clf=None, clf_method='MNB', x_data=None, y_data=None, n_splits=10, output='Stdout')

Just as same as train() API

  • n_splits (Integer)

    number of folds. Must be at least 2.

  • output ('Stdout' or 'Files')

    'Stdout' will print the scores to standerd output and 'Files' will store the scores into a local file named 'report'.

def search(model, parameters, language='English', preprocessing=None, categories=None, encoding='utf-8', vectorizer=None, vectorizer_method='Count', clf=None, clf_method='MNB', x_data=None, y_data=None, method='RandomizedSearchCV', cv=3, n_jobs=-1):

TODO

def display(model, language='English', preprocessing=None, categories=None, encoding='utf-8', vectorizer=None, vectorizer_method='Count', clf=None, clf_method='MNB', x_data=None, y_data=None)

Just as same as train() API

Tests

>>> python runtests.py

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text classification - no machine learning knowledge needed

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