Simulations of Hanabi strategies
Hanabi is a cooperative card game of incomplete information. Despite relatively simple rules, the space of Hanabi strategies is quite interesting. This project provides a framework for implementing Hanabi strategies in Rust, and also implements extremely strong strategies.
The best strategy is based on the "information strategy" from this paper. See results (below). It held state-of-the-art results (from March 2016) until December 2019, when researchers at Facebook surpassed it by extending the idea further with explicit search.
Please feel free to contact me about Hanabi strategies, or this framework.
Install rust (rustc and cargo), and clone this git repo.
Then, in the repo root, run
cargo run -- -h to see usage details.
For example, to simulate a 5 player game using the cheating strategy, for seeds 0-99:
cargo run -- -n 100 -s 0 -p 5 -g cheat
Or, if the simulation is slow, build with
--release and use more threads:
time cargo run --release -- -n 10000 -o 1000 -s 0 -t 4 -p 5 -g info
Or, to see a transcript of the game with seed 222:
cargo run -- -s 222 -p 5 -g info -l debug | less
To write a strategy, you simply implement a few traits.
The framework is designed to take advantage of Rust's ownership system
so that you can't cheat, without using stuff like
Generally, your strategy will be passed something of type
This game view contains many useful helper functions (see here).
If you want to mutate a view, you'll want to do something like
let mut self.view = OwnedGameView::clone_from(borrowed_view);.
An OwnedGameView will have the same API as a borrowed one.
time cargo run --release -- --results-table
To update this file:
time cargo run --release -- --write-results-table
On the first 20000 seeds, we have these scores and win rates (average ± standard error):
|cheat||24.8594 ± 0.0036||24.9785 ± 0.0012||24.9720 ± 0.0014||24.9557 ± 0.0018|
|90.59 ± 0.21 %||98.17 ± 0.09 %||97.76 ± 0.10 %||96.42 ± 0.13 %|
|info||22.5194 ± 0.0125||24.7942 ± 0.0039||24.9354 ± 0.0022||24.9220 ± 0.0024|
|12.58 ± 0.23 %||84.46 ± 0.26 %||95.03 ± 0.15 %||94.01 ± 0.17 %|
Most similar projects I am aware of:
- https://github.com/rjtobin/HanSim (written for the paper mentioned above which introduces the information strategy)
Some researchers are trying to solve Hanabi using machine learning techniques: